Facts About Concussion and Brain Injury

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
Facts about Concussion and Brain Injury: Where To Get Help

What Is a Concussion?

A concussion is a type of traumatic brain injury—or TBI—caused by a bump, blow, or jolt to the head or by a hit to the body that causes the head and brain to move rapidly back and forth. This sudden movement can cause the brain to bounce around or twist in the skull, creating chemical changes in the brain and sometimes stretching and damaging brain cells.

Concussions Are Serious

Medical providers may describe a concussion as a “mild” brain injury because concussions are usually not life-threatening. Even so, the effects of a concussion can be serious.

Because the brain is very complex, every brain injury is different. Some symptoms may appear right away, while others may not show up for days or weeks after the concussion. Sometimes the injury makes it hard for people to recognize or to admit that they are having problems.

The signs of concussion can be subtle. Early on, problems may be missed by patients, family members, and doctors. People may look fine even though they’re acting or feeling differently.

Because all brain injuries are different, so is concussion recovery. Most people with mild injuries recover fully, but it can take time. Some symptoms can last for days, weeks, or longer.

In general, recovery is slower in older persons. Also, persons who have had a concussion in the past may find that it takes longer to recover from their current injury.

This article explains what can happen after a concussion, how to get better, and where to go for more information and help when needed.


Medical Help

People with a concussion need to be seen by a doctor. While most are seen in an emergency department or a doctor’s office, some people must stay in the hospital overnight.

Your doctor may do a scan of your brain (such as a CT scan) or other tests. Other tests, known as “neuropsychological” or “neurocognitive” tests, assess your learning and memory skills, your ability to pay attention or concentrate, and how quickly you can think and solve problems. These tests can help your doctor identify the effects of a concussion. Even if the concussion doesn’t show up on these tests, you may still have a concussion.

Your doctor will send you home with important instructions to follow. Be sure to follow all of your doctor’s instructions carefully.

If you are taking medications—prescription, over-the-counter medicines, or “natural remedies”—or if you drink alcohol or take illicit drugs, tell your doctor. Also, tell your doctor if you are taking blood thinners (anticoagulant drugs), such as Coumadin and aspirin, because they can increase the chance of complications.


Danger Signs

In rare cases, a dangerous collection of blood (hematoma) may form on the brain after a bump, blow, or jolt to the head or body that may squeeze the brain against the skull. Call 9-1-1 right away or contact your doctor or emergency department if you have one or more of the following danger signs after a bump, blow, or jolt to the head or body:

  • One pupil larger than the other.
  • Drowsiness or inability to wake up.
  • A headache that gets worse and does not go away.
  • Slurred speech, weakness, numbness, or decreased coordination.
  • Repeated vomiting or nausea, convulsions or seizures (shaking or twitching).
  • Unusual behavior, increased confusion, restlessness, or agitation.
  • Loss of consciousness (passed out/knocked out). Even a brief loss of consciousness should be taken seriously.

Danger Signs — Children, Toddlers, and Infants

Take your child to the emergency department right away if the child has received a blow or jolt to the head and:

  • Any of the signs and symptoms listed in the Danger Signs & Symptoms of a Concussion list.
  • Will not stop crying and cannot be consoled.
  • Will not nurse or eat.

Symptoms of Brain Injury

“I just don’t feel like myself.”

Persons of All Ages

Most people with a concussion have one or more of the symptoms listed below and recover fully within days, weeks or a few months. But for some people, symptoms of concussion can last even longer. Generally, if you feel that “something is not quite right,” or if you are feeling “foggy,” you should talk with your doctor.

Concussion symptoms are often grouped into four categories, including:

  • Remembering and Thinking
    • Difficulty thinking clearly
    • Feeling slowed down
    • Difficulty concentrating
    • Difficulty remembering new information
  • Physical
    • Headache
    • Nausea or vomiting (early on)
    • Balance problems
    • Dizziness
    • Fuzzy or blurry vision
    • Feeling tired, having no energy
    • Sensitivity to noise or light
  • Emotional/Mood
    • Irritability
    • Sadness
    • More emotional
    • Nervousness or anxiety
  • Sleep Disturbance
    • Sleeping more than usual
    • Sleeping less than usual
    • Trouble falling asleep

Some of these symptoms may appear right away, while others may not be noticed for days or months after the injury, or until the person starts resuming their everyday life and more demands are placed upon them. Sometimes, people do not recognize or admit that they are having problems. Others may not understand why they are having problems and what their problems really are, which can make them nervous and upset.

The signs and symptoms of a concussion can be difficult to sort out. Early on, problems may be missed by the person with the concussion, family members, or doctors. People may look fine even though they are acting or feeling differently.

Young Children

Very young children (i.e., infants, toddlers, and preschoolers) often bump and bruise their heads. This can happen as a result of motor vehicle crashes, falls, getting hit in the head with a ball or toy, or from tricycle/bike accidents. Sometimes these events can be serious and result in a concussion.

Young children can have the same symptoms of a concussion as older children, but it is harder for them to let others know how they are feeling. In addition to the symptoms mentioned on page 5, call your child’s doctor right away if your child seems to be getting worse or if you notice any of the following:

  • Crying more than usual
  • Headache that will not go away
  • Change in the way they play, perform or act at school
  • Change in nursing, eating, or sleeping patterns
  • Becoming easily upset or increased temper tantrums
  • Sad mood
  • Lack of interest in usual activities or favorite toys
  • Loss of new skills, such as toilet training
  • Loss of balance, unsteady walking
  • Poor attention

Older Adults

Because concussions are often missed or misdiagnosed among older adults, be especially alert if you know that an older adult has fallen or has a fall-related injury, such as a hip fracture. Older adults may have a higher risk of serious complications from a concussion, such as bleeding on the brain. Headaches that get worse or increased confusion are signs of this complication. If they occur, see a doctor right away. Older adults often take blood thinners; if they do, they should be seen immediately by a health care provider if they have a bump or blow to the head or body even if they do not have any of the symptoms listed above.


Getting Better

“Sometimes the best thing you can do is just rest and then try again later.”

Although most people recover fully after a concussion, how quickly they improve depends on many factors. These factors include how severe their concussion was, their age, how healthy they were before the concussion, and how they take care of themselves after the injury.

Some people who have had a concussion find that at first it is hard to do their daily activities, their job, to get along with everyone at home, or to relax. Ignoring your symptoms and trying to “tough it out” often makes symptoms worse.

Rest is very important after a concussion because it helps the brain to heal. You’ll need to be patient because healing takes time. Only when the symptoms have reduced significantly, in consultation with your doctor, should you slowly and gradually return to your daily activities, such as work or school. If your symptoms come back or you get new symptoms as you become more active, this is a sign that you are pushing yourself too hard. Stop these activities and take more time to rest and recover. As the days go by, you can expect to gradually feel better.

If you already had a medical condition at the time of your concussion (such as chronic headaches), it may take longer for you to recover from the concussion. Anxiety and depression may also make it harder to adjust to the symptoms of a concussion. While you are healing, you should be very careful to avoid doing anything that could cause a bump, blow, or jolt to the head or body. On rare occasions, receiving another concussion before the brain has healed can result in brain swelling, permanent brain damage, and even death, particularly among children and teens.

After you have recovered from your concussion, you should protect yourself from having another one. People who have had repeated concussions may have serious long-term problems, including chronic difficulty with concentration, memory, headache, and occasionally, physical skills, such as keeping one’s balance.

Tips for Healing: Adults

Here are a few tips to help you get better:

  • Get plenty of sleep at night, and rest during the day.
  • Avoid activities that are physically demanding (e.g., heavy housecleaning, weightlifting/working-out) or require a lot of concentration (e.g., balancing your checkbook). They can make your symptoms worse and slow your recovery.
  • Avoid activities, such as contact or recreational sports, that could lead to a second concussion. (It is best to avoid roller coasters or other high-speed rides that can make your symptoms worse or even cause a concussion.)
  • When your doctor says you are well enough, return to your normal activities gradually, not all at once.
  • Because your ability to react may be slower after a concussion, ask your doctor when you can safely drive a car, ride a bike, or operate heavy equipment.
  • Talk with your doctor about when you can return to work. Ask about how you can help your employer understand what has happened to you.
  • Consider talking with your employer about returning to work gradually and about changing your work activities or schedule until you recover (e.g., work half-days).
  • Take only those drugs that your doctor has approved.
  • Do not drink alcoholic beverages until your doctor says you are well enough. Alcohol and other drugs may slow your recovery and put you at risk of further injury.
  • Write down the things that may be harder than usual for you to remember.
  • If you’re easily distracted, try to do one thing at a time. For example, don’t try to watch TV while fixing dinner.
  • Consult with family members or close friends when making important decisions.
  • Do not neglect your basic needs, such as eating well and getting enough rest.
  • Avoid sustained computer use, including computer/video games early in the recovery process.
  • Some people report that flying in airplanes makes their symptoms worse shortly after a concussion.

Tips for Healing: Children

Parents and caregivers of children who have had a concussion can help them recover by taking an active role in their recovery:

  • Having the child get plenty of rest. Keep a regular sleep schedule, including no late nights and no sleepovers.
  • Making sure the child avoids high-risk/ high-speed activities such as riding a bicycle, playing sports, or climbing playground equipment, roller coasters or rides that could result in a second bump, blow, or jolt to the head or body. Children should not return to these types of activities until the doctor says they are well enough.
  • Giving the child only those drugs that are approved by the pediatrician or family physician.
  • Talking with the doctor about when the child should return to school and other activities and how the parent or caregiver can help the child deal with the challenges that the child may face. For example, your child may need to spend fewer hours at school, rest often, or require more time to take tests.
  • Sharing information about concussion with parents, siblings, teachers, counselors, babysitters, coaches, and others who interact with the child helps them understand what has happened and how to meet the child’s needs.

Where to Get Help

Help for People with Concussion

“It was the first time in my life that I couldn’t depend on myself.”

There are many people who can help you and your family as you recover from a concussion. You do not have to do it alone.

Show this article to your doctor or health care provider and talk with them about your concerns. Ask your doctor about whether you need specialized treatment and about the availability of rehabilitation programs.

Your doctor can help you find a health care provider who has special training in treating concussion. Early treatment of symptoms by a specialist may speed recovery. Your doctor may refer you to a neuropsychologist, neurologist, or specialist in rehabilitation.

Keep talking with your doctor, family members, and loved ones about how you are feeling, both physically and emotionally. If you do not think you are getting better, tell your doctor.

For more information, see the resources listed below.

Help for Families and Caregivers

“My husband used to be so calm. But after his injury, he started to explode over the littlest things. He didn’t even know that he had changed.”

When someone close to you has a concussion or a more serious brain injury, it can be hard to know how best to help. They may say that they are “fine” but you can tell from how they are acting that something has changed.

If you notice that your family member or friend has symptoms of a concussion that are getting worse, talk to them and their doctor about getting help. They may need help if you can answer YES to any of the following questions:

  • Are any of the concussion symptoms substantially affecting their life activities (such as feeling restricted in their activities due to symptoms, performance in school or at work has changed, unhappy with life changes)?
  • Has their personality changed?
  • Do they get angry for no reason?
  • Do they get lost or easily confused?
  • Do they have more trouble than usual making decisions?

You might want to talk with people who share your experience. The Brain Injury Association of America can put you in contact with people who can help (listed in the resource section below).

Resources for Getting Help

“I thought I was all alone, but I’m not. There are lots of people out there who understand what I’ve been through.”

Several groups help people and their families deal with concussion and more serious brain injuries. They provide information and put people in touch with local resources, such as support groups, rehabilitation services, and a variety of health care professionals.

  • CDC’s Injury Center has created resources and conducts research to help prevent concussion and more serious brain injuries and improve outcomes for survivors. For more information contact CDC toll-free at 1-800-CDC-INFO (1-800-232-4636) or visit CDC’s Injury Center on the Web at www.cdc.gov/TraumaticBrainInjury.
  • The Brain Injury Association of America (BIAA) has a national network of many state affiliates and hundreds of local chapters and support groups across the country that provide help in your community.

    You can reach BIAA by calling the toll-free National Brain Injury Information Center at 1-800-444-6443.

    You can also get information through their website at www.biausa.org. Both the help line and the website can provide you with information about the BIAA affiliate closest to you.

  • The Defense and Veterans Brain Injury Center (DVBIC) works to ensure that active duty military and veterans with brain injury receive the best evaluation, treatment, and follow-up. You can reach DVBIC by calling toll-free at 1-800-870-9244 or by visiting their website at www.dvbic.org.

    For more information about TBI in the military, including an interactive website for service members, veterans, and families and caregivers, please visit: www.TraumaticBrainInjuryatoz.org.

From the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. www.cdc.gov.
Disclaimer: This information is not meant to be a substitute for professional medical advice. The reader is advised to always seek the advice of a physician prior to changing any treatment or to receive answers to questions regarding a specific medical condition.

Posted on BrainLine November 17, 2017. Reviewed March 27, 2019.

Disclaimer: This information is not meant to be a substitute for professional medical advice. The reader is advised to always seek the advice of a physician prior to changing any treatment or to receive answers to questions regarding a specific medical condition.


Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (2017, July 6). Traumatic Brain Injury & Concussion. Retrieved November 17, 2017, from www.cdc.gov

Comments (526)

Please remember, we are not able to give medical or legal advice. If you have medical concerns, please consult your doctor. All posted comments are the views and opinions of the poster only.

Hi so this is the situation, me and my boyfriend had an argument and I slapped him really hard in the face twice that caused him to fall down and lost his vision for about 2 minutes or 3?, then after that he felt bad head ache and a bit dizzy and he vomitted. What do you think happen? he has concussion? or a brain injury? I am already panicking, hope someone can answer me.

I fell and hit my head on my dresser it really hit hard, but never knocked me out or bled. I held ice on it for 2 days it swelled up and my whole eye face and neck was black and blue. I never went to Dr. It's been approx. 2 months all is ok except the temple of my head is still very sore. I don't have any bad symptoms. It's just very sore....you think I should have it checked out.....

So it happened 5 years ago while I was playing volleyball. I accidentally hit my head first on the floor so hard, but it didn’t bleed. So I don’t visit a doctor. But until now, my head often hurts. Also, I loss interest in many things, always forgot something, out of focused and instantly sleepy even I’m on a active situation. Can anyone enlighten me what should I do and what it means? Or should I worry about this?

I have a four-year-old son who is going to daycare and I will get calls from them letting me know that he fell and hit his head outside on the cement I asked them to send me pictures and I saved them he would have big contusions on his head and that’s not the worst of it I lost track of how many times he fell and hit his head there and cement one of which nobody could even tell me what happened because they weren’t even watching him he’s also having development delay in speech delay I asked to get a CT scan but was told by one provider that they thought he was too young. I’m concerned that he might’ve experienced any type of damage they could’ve affected the delays he’s experiencing now and I could really use some advice I want the best for my child I want the best Headstart I don’t want them to be the kid in school being bullied I’ve done everything I can I haven’t seen the speech therapist twice a week I took him to a psychologist I got them in the Headstart I’ve got them in to everything I could possibly look up in fine. Please help!

Hi, I'm Arthur. Im 36 years of age. Since around the age of 5, I've been injured and concussed at least 14 times. I've cracked 7 vertebrae before the age of 15. I've been half paralyzed twice for about 2 days both times. I was an extremely active child and teen. Just tended to do alot of dumb things through the years. The second last time I hit my head badly, was around the age of 12. Since then, if I have to do certain mental tasks, my mind starts going fuzzy or it feels like something is being blocked in my head.

Hi I hit my head on a pole about a month ago and I keep making spelling mistakes , i keep misreading words, my vision gets blurry when the light is really bright , and I keep stuttering . What does this mean ?

I feel like I'm gonna fall but it's not vital

2 days ago a heavy wooden mirror fell on the top of my head. The next day when I woke up my left arm was numb and my left leg is swollen and now my right arm keeps going numb off and on. The left arm has stayed numb since. My neck also hurts. Is this a pinched nerve or something more serious?

I just fell off my stairs n hit my head on my angel in my garden, i also split my head open not that big off a gash but it still bleed. I have a headache n my bleeding stoped i should be ok.

Hi I am a care support worker , I was at a clients house when I slipped on black ice , I hit my head really hard on concrete floor , Mu vision went completely blank for around 5-10 seconds then slowly got my vision back . Ever since the fall I have been experiencing really bad headaches , I tend to sleep a lot more . It’s like I have a very foggy brain . I get angry over the littlest things , it is really affecting my mental health , I can’t be bothered to do anything anymore . Any advice you can give to me guys appreciate it

Can a person get a concussion, after a can of beans falling down 3-6 inches on top of the head? Thank you.

not unless you have had multiple concussions before. if you have concussion symptons just rest easy all you can do is reduce the demand on your brain and allow it to heal itself

What do I do when I forgot something

I slipped on ice and landed with my whole weight on the back of my head. (At least, I did not land on my butt or body, I just remember my head cracking off the ground.). I remember the noise it made, and I could hear a really high pitched piercing loud whining sound in my left ear. I managed to get up and inside, I don’t think I lost consciousness. A lump came up on the base of my skull and that filled the palm of my hand, but the skin was not broken. I was deaf in my left ear, but felt remarkably ok and was able to make the evening meal for my family! I did not want to go to the ER because of Covid (I am in the UK). My head was still sore so I called NHS24 and spoke to a doctor who ran a few ‘tests’ over the phone and told me to rest and make sure I had someone with me. At 5am I woke up with the worst headache, two swollen black eyes and a large bruise down my head and behind my neck. I went straight to the ER where I was given a CT Scan. I had a linear basilar skull fracture, with frontal lobe bruising and lesions (coup-contrecoup injury) . I was kept in for observation for one hour but because I passed all the tests I was allowed to go home! They did not test cranial nerve one, the olfactory nerve. When I got home I slowly realised that I had completely lost my sense of smell, and taste. When I later spoke to my GP I had to have a Covid test because of these symptoms, the test was negative. One week later I have bad headaches around the sinus area and back of the head. I have been researching, and in all likely hood I have ‘sheared off’ the olfactory filaments..smelling ‘nerves’ which happened when the brain moved forwards at speed after hitting the back of my head. It will probably be permanent and I am honestly almost suicidal. It feels like I am underwater, and everything smells and tastes of nothing and I have terrible tinnitus. People keep saying it could be worse, yes, but if you have not experienced this you have NO idea how awful it is.

I'm so sorry to hear this Lesley. How have you been? Are your symptoms getting better? Praying for you. And everyone here!

I too suffered a concussion, hit my head on the television. Went to the ER and was sent back home with Tylenol to rest for two days before returning to work. First day of work, I endured the worse migraine of my entire life such that the sound of a door closing was like a bomb blast in my head. It was terrible. However, weeks later, I noticed the right side of my body didn't feel the same. I suffered frequent light headedness, nerve pain, joint pain/stiffness, heaviness, tingling sensation, ... etc. All on the right side - neck to toe. It’s not easy to dealing with such, and every day I pray for strength, to be positive, happy, resilient, grateful no matter what, actively seek solutions, research, encourage myself and others, try to exercise, sleep & eat well, and have a good attitude. Some days are better than others, and sometimes I miss how I felt before all these. May God touch and heal us through His mercy.

Adversity may come, but we will surely OVERCOME. I love you all!

Hi Kaka,

Were you able to get a diagnosis? I too had an injury that resulted in the entire right side of my body feeling different -- more fatigue, less muscle stiffness/density, tires out faster. Did tests, MRI's/nerve conduction, all normal.

Hoping you can get me some news on your condition.

Sorry to hear about your situation. I had also a concussion on New Year’s eve and lost memory for about 15 mins and my husband who was with me said I was disoriented. I did not have a major issue, however, today after 22 days I just started to resume my normal life style, still no exercises, driving and carry on heavy items, but I trust you will improve so don’t get discouraged, just be patient Take it easy and really don’t overdue and reduce the screen time. I wish you all the best!

My dad fell while taking a shower and his the back of his head. He said he just stayed down for a while and then got up and just had some pain because of the hit. He said he hasn’t been able to sleep since that day of the accident. It’s been 6 nights with no sleep. He went to the doctor and got a CT but all they gave him was Tylenol

I took an ibuprofen 24 hours after a minor head injury, I be ok?

Yes you will be okay I swear

hi I was working on a job when a fork fell from 30 feet struck me in my head I was passed out when I came to my wife took me to the hospital I was sleepiness three months later I went back to work because I’m afraid of losing my home then the boss told me I better get back to work so September 1, 2002 I went back to work the very first day I picked up Shoveling Past out And my head hit the mixer when I woke up I was in the hospital paralyzed not knowing who I was or who were around me and to this very day I have headaches and I’m wondering if a concussion can last long as my concussion have last til this very day still have the sensation
Joe Wilson

I am 14 years old and got a concussion when I was 8. The bump is on my forehead and hasn't gone away at all. When I got the concussion it bruised both my eyes and made my face swell (nose bridge). I didn't get x-rays because the hospital advised that we didnt because of the risk. Is there any reason the bump isnt going away? I wouldn't care if it was anywhere else, but its on my forehead where everyone can see it.

July 19,2020 I was hit in my lower left chin, which caused a concussion and the symptoms started to follow. Headache, slurred speech, stuttering, and then came seizures. My legs felt like they were falling asleep or heavy. I need help with daily living. I’m very emotional and have anxiety. I have had 2 Cat scans, 1 MRI, 2 CBC’s and 1 EEG.
All have come back normal. I need help. Because I am clearly or normal. Any suggestions on what I should do next?

I am a 61 year old woman and was running pretty fast three months ago. I tripped and went flying and face planted on the concrete. I hit my forehead very hard and broke my nose and had a concussion. Since then I have mild headaches and sometimes piercing ones but what’s really bothering me is the fact that I still have one swollen somewhat dark eye and one almost black eye.Both underneath. Why is this? I thought black eyes leave.

I am a 73 year old woman and fell face down on a thin rug covering a concrete floor. I got two very black eyes and a big bump on my forehead. The black eyes looked awful, with severe bruising on my eyelids, eyes and spread out down my cheeks. I found my vision was affected, I had some trouble focusing, I had mild headaches and terrible insomnia. Over time, it spread even further to look like a mask...very much like a raccoon. It eventually spread out all the way down my cheeks to my chin. Gradually, the bruising all got lighter in color and, 6 weeks later, the bruising is gone now. There is still a little reddish bump on my forehead and some light bruise streaks on my cheeks (that not many would notice). I still have mild headaches. I was wearing glasses when I fell, and I think they protected me somewhat. I still have vision problems, a slight headache and trouble sleeping, but I think these problems will fade with time.

I fell Off wooden chair and hit the back of my head in the radiator and feel sick but my parents don't believe me

When I was 8 years old I hit the left side of my head and that affected the way the right side of my body works. My right hand and leg became heavy and slowly turned left handed. Today I'm 16 and I still walk with a limp and my hand hasn't grown since I was 8. Every time I try to eat or do something with my right hand, it starts to shake. Doctor help me because I'm in Yemen. Every doctor tells me something different.

In November, 2019, I fell and remember hitting back of head on ceramic tile floor. Had two large bumps with quite amount of bruising and some soreness. I’m 71-1/2 female. I recently noticed a flat spot on head where one of the bumps were. Recently been experiencing balance problems with balance and falling. Any advice would be appreciated. I was too embarrassed to seek medical advice with first fall.

In November, 2019, I fell and remember hitting back of head on ceramic tile floor. Had two large bumps with quite amount of bruising and some soreness. I’m 71-1/2 female. I recently noticed a flat spot on head where one of the bumps were. Recently been experiencing balance problems with balance and falling. Any advice would be appreciated. I was too embarrassed to seek medical advice with first fall.

I’m a 71 yr old female. In November, I fell and hit my head on ceramic tile floor. I has two bumps on my head and quite amount of bruising. I did not seek medical help. I seemed ok but noticed I have a flat spot on head where one of the bumps were. Lately I have had balance problem particularly on stairs. Any advice would be greatly appreciated.

My girlfriend bumped her head quite hard on a low car ceiling and feels dizzy and nauseous but she won't tell her parents because she wasn't supposed to be out after 7 but she really seems like she needs to got to ANE

Can a concussion healing time last over a year? Bc I’ve been having issues since may9th 2019

By now you may be better, but if they are still there then you need to go see a doctor because that could mean you have post-concussion syndrome.

I probably have a concussion but my mom won’t help me get checked out. She doesn’t believe me. It’s been a year so.

Get to the doctor.

My son has had a few concussions. He’s been receiving treatment- 2/3 times a month different doctors He hasn’t seen anyone since the virus has started and yesterday he hit his head on a wall by accident and got a bad headache and seemed very agitated. I just feel helpless. It’s been taking so long to recover. I gave him an ice pack he’s just miserable. Any help would be so appreciated.

Anyone try going to a brain center for neurological rehab help? Did it help you?

I hit my head while walking aand looking down. I walked into a fifth wheel camper . I could not see the front where the camper is off the ground while looking down. My head hit the side bottom edge . it felt like I was in highschool and somebody sucker punched me. I had had slight sharp headachy type pains , the dr said take tylenol which makes me feel better , this happened about 4 days ago so the swelling has went down, but today i had trouble remembering how to get to my daughters dr appt . but we took the interstate a way i usually dont go . so he it is what it is i just wanted to read the comments and see what i could find out about it. my dr responded to my email and from what i told her she seems to not think im going to die. she was like i will see you on the 15th which is my next in less then a week

My partner hit himself on the top of the head 4 months ago with a pick axe (dont ask) ...he had severe concussion but walked out of hospital before his head scan as he was too frightened.
He hasn't been himself since ....always being sick ....slurred speech etc
Today however he ran through my door and vomited....nose bleed .... bleeding ear.
In agony in his head! But refusing an ambulance as he cant afford to take time off work as hes so busy.
What am I to do please ....any suggestions xx

Call the hospital maybe you can get him in by saying he's not competent to make good decision

I got into a fight with one of my class mates We went to go fight in the bathroom so the teachers won’t break it up as we were fighting he tries to hit me and I dodged his hit but I also hit my head on the concrete wall. I hit my head so hard I don’t even remember hitting my head I was more worried about moving. Shortly after we both stopped and we worked out our differences. After all that I went back to class And I felt the side of my head and it was swelling up I thought nothing of it. I just knew that people can see the lump on my head. Everything just felt so weird like every time I went to get up I can feel the blood rushing to my head and I felt like everything was Turing and twisting and I had trouble getting up. I never went to the doctor’s to get this checked out but I still have some troubles such as speaking out loud clearly I tend to slur my words a lot and i won’t notice that I slurred my words until someone tells me. I don’t know what’s wrong but something happened to my brain when I hit my head.

the toughest thing to do is to reach out for help.........I'm a guy, a middle aged guy...not something I would normally do...but trying to tough this out o my own isn't working......

Returned 12/2011 after 5 years. I'm still a soup sandwich. 13 IEDs, shot 4 times in Afghanistan... mlm

I was diagnosed with epilepsy 9 years ago. Since then, I have had about 6-8 concussions. 4-5 were with impact to the front of my head with major swelling and bruising. I also had 1-2 concussions when I was 10-13 years old. I have had chronic migraines since I was 11. I am giving a history in order to better explain my history. My memory is getting progressively worse, I have a very difficult time remembering the names of co-workers and others, I get agitated very easily, am always anxious almost to the point of panicking. I have other problems but those are the worse. Does anyone else have a similar history? If so, what have you done?

I have a similar situation. I've had eight concussions in the last three and a half years. The doctors say that I am lucky. I've been struggling with speech and my emotional state is...questionable. I blew up over something small the other day at work. I've been going to therapy. I also do my best to breathe and listen to some light, quiet music whenever I can. Reading for small amounts of time also helps me.

I am the same, migraines since 12, took topirimate, concussion, can't remember coworkers names, anxiety, panicking attack over thought of getting migraine. On Ativan, antidepressants, learn deep breathing technique to deal with panic actually work. I still have post concussion syndrome at six months.

While I do not have epilepsy, I too have had a number of concussions throughout my life. My last one was a few years ago -in my 40's, and it took me almost two months where I felt somewhat normal ( i.e. I would forget where I parked my car, although I parked my car in the same place for 3 years). None the less, there are other things I see/suspect are as a result long term. My hand writing seems worse, while not being a great speller to begin with, that seems to have gotten worse. I feel more distracted. Also my hair within the year of that concussion had gone almost completely gray. For two years after, I would get inner ear infections, and suffer from vertigo as well as migraines.
I have not done anything, because I have not really found any articles that speak to long term effects of concussions and the changes seem subtle enough that I want to explain them away ( age etc...), and quite possibly put my head in the sand.

I feel that reading others symptoms on this site, make me feel that this may be something I should look into further, and possibly speak to a DR about. If it gets worse, as I age, It would be better that I prepare now for the sake of my family so I am not a burden.

On November 18th in gym we were playing basketball, I jumped and fell really hard. My head slammed on the ground and I was out for a good 5 minutes, the teachers weren't in the gym so people had to try and find one. When I woke up I was nauseous, had a bad headache, my head was bleeding and swollen, along with the fact that everything sounded like how the adults talk in Charlie Brown movies, my speech was bad, and I was swaying back and forth. luckily it was last period of the day but I had to go to the hospital. It's been a month since then everything is kind of back to normal, my speech is almost better, light and noise still trigger headaches, the nausea is almost there and the same with the others. I have to go to a neurologist because of how bad the blow was and because all my symptoms are still.

How can I stop my hair from falling out after my concussion? I had my incident back in July and I forget my passwords 5 minutes after I changed it. Blurred vision.

Walked into an open window hitting the top of my brow knocked me flat on my back very disoriented for what seemed like a short while. Now however I have a swollen knee in a lot of pain

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