Facts About Concussion and Brain Injury

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
Facts about Concussion and Brain Injury: Where To Get Help

About Brain Injury

A blow or jolt to the head can disrupt the normal function of the brain. This is called a brain injury, or concussion. Doctors may describe these injuries as “mild” because concussions are usually not life threatening. Even so, the effects of a concussion can be serious.

After a concussion, some people lose consciousness or are “knocked out” for a short time, but not always — you can have a brain injury without losing consciousness.

Because the brain is very complex, every brain injury is different. Some symptoms may appear right away, while others may not show up for days or weeks after the concussion. Sometimes the injury makes it hard for people to recognize or to admit that they are having problems.

The signs of concussion can be subtle. Early on, problems may be missed by patients, family members, and doctors. People may look fine even though they’re acting or feeling differently.

Because all brain injuries are different, so is concussion recovery. Most people with mild injuries recover fully, but it can take time. Some symptoms can last for days, weeks, or longer.

In general, recovery is slower in older persons. Also, persons who have had a concussion in the past may find that it takes longer to recover from their current injury.

This article explains what can happen after a concussion, how to get better, and where to go for more information and help when needed.

Medical Help

People with a concussion need to be seen by a doctor. Most people with concussions are treated in an emergency department or a doctor’s office. Some people must stay in the hospital overnight for further treatment.

Sometimes the doctors may do a CT scan of the brain or do other tests to help diagnose your injuries. Even if the brain injury doesn’t show up on these tests, you may still have a concussion.

Your doctor will send you home with important instructions to follow. For example, your doctor may ask someone to wake you up every few hours during the first night and day after your injury.

Be sure to carefully follow all your doctor’s instructions. If you are already taking any medicines — prescription, over-the-counter, or “natural remedies” — or if you are drinking alcohol or taking illicit drugs, tell your doctor. Also, talk with your doctor if you are taking “blood thinners” (anticoagulant drugs) or aspirin, because these drugs may increase your chances of complications. If it’s all right with your doctor, you may take acetaminophen (for example, Tylenol®* or Panadol®*) for headache or neck pain.

Danger Signs — Adults

In rare cases, along with a concussion, a dangerous blood clot may form on the brain and crowd the brain against the skull. Contact your doctor or emergency department right away if, after a blow or jolt to the head, you have any of these danger signs:

  • Headaches that get worse
  • Weakness, numbness, or decreased coordination
  • Repeated vomiting

The people checking on you should take you to an emergency department right away if you:

  • Cannot be awakened
  • Have one pupil — the black part in the middle of the eye — larger than the other
  • Have convulsions or seizures
  • Have slurred speech
  • Are getting more and more confused, restless, or agitated

Danger Signs — Children

Take your child to the emergency department right away if the child has received a blow or jolt to the head and:

  • Has any of the danger signs for adults
  • Won’t stop crying
  • Can’t be consoled
  • Won’t nurse or eat Although you should contact your child’s doctor if your child vomits more than once or twice, vomiting is more common in younger children and is less likely to be an urgent sign of danger than it is in an adult.

Symptoms of Brain Injury

Persons of All Ages

“I just don’t feel like myself.”

The type of brain injury called a concussion has many symptoms. These symptoms are usually temporary, but may last for days, weeks, or even longer. Generally, if you feel that “something is not quite right,” or if you’re “feeling foggy,” you should talk with your doctor.

Here are some of the symptoms of a concussion:

  • Low-grade headaches that won’t go away
  • Having more trouble than usual:
    • Remembering things
    • Paying attention or concentrating
    • Organizing daily tasks
    • Making decisions and solving problems
  • Slowness in thinking, acting, speaking, or reading
  • Getting lost or easily confused
  • Neck pain
  • Feeling tired all the time, lack of energy
  • Change in sleeping pattern:
    • Sleeping for much longer periods of time than before
    • Trouble sleeping or insomnia
  • Loss of balance, feeling light-headed or dizzy
  • Increased sensitivity to:
    • Sounds
    • Lights
    • Distractions
  • Blurred vision or eyes that tire easily
  • Loss of sense of taste or smell
  • Ringing in the ears
  • Change in sexual drive
  • Mood changes:
    • Feeling sad, anxious, or listless
    • Becoming easily irritated or angry for little or no reason
    • Lack of motivation

Young Children

Although children can have the same symptoms of brain injury as adults, it is harder for young children to let others know how they are feeling. Call your child’s doctor if your child seems to be getting worse or if you notice any of the following:

  • Listlessness, tiring easily
  • Irritability, crankiness
  • Change in eating or sleeping patterns
  • Change in the way they play
  • Change in the way they perform or act at school
  • Lack of interest in favorite toys
  • Loss of new skills, such as toilet training
  • Loss of balance, unsteady walking

Older Adults

Older adults with a brain injury may have a higher risk of serious complications such as a blood clot on the brain. Headaches that get worse or an increase in confusion are signs of this complication. If these signs occur, see a doctor right away.

Getting Better

“Sometimes the best thing you can do is just rest and then try again later.”

How fast people recover from brain injury varies from person to person. Although most people have a good recovery, how quickly they improve depends on many factors. These factors include how severe their concussion was, what part of the brain was injured, their age, and how healthy they were before the concussion.

Rest is very important after a concussion because it helps the brain to heal. You’ll need to be patient because healing takes time. Return to your daily activities, such as work or school, at your own pace. As the days go by, you can expect to gradually feel better.

If you already had a medical problem at the time of your concussion, it may take longer for you to recover from your brain injury. Anxiety and depression may also make it harder to adjust to the symptoms of brain injury.

While you are healing, you should be very careful to avoid doing anything that could cause a blow or jolt to your head. On rare occasions, receiving another concussion before a brain injury has healed can be fatal.

Even after your brain injury has healed, you should protect yourself from having another concussion. People who have had repeated brain injuries, such as boxers or football players, may have serious problems later in life. These problems include difficulty with concentration and memory and sometimes with physical coordination.

Tips for Healing — Adults

Here are a few tips to help you get better:

  • Get plenty of sleep at night, and rest during the day.
  • Return to your normal activities gradually, not all at once.
  • Avoid activities that could lead to a second brain injury, such as contact or recreational sports, until your doctor says you are well enough to take part in these activities.
  • Ask your doctor when you can drive a car, ride a bike, or operate heavy equipment because your ability to react may be slower after a brain injury.
  • Talk with your doctor about when you can return to work or school. Ask your doctor about ways to help your employer or teacher understand what has happened to you.
  • Consider talking with your employer about returning to work gradually and changing your work activities until you recover.
  • Take only those drugs that your doctor has approved.
  • Don’t drink alcoholic beverages until your doctor says you are well enough to do so. Alcohol and certain other drugs may slow your recovery and can put you at risk of further injury.
  • If it’s harder than usual to remember things, write them down.
  • If you’re easily distracted, try to do one thing at a time. For example, don’t try to watch TV while fixing dinner.
  • Consult with family members or close friends when making important decisions.
  • Don’t neglect your basic needs such as eating well and getting enough rest.

Tips for Healing — Children

Parents and caretakers of children who have had a concussion can help them heal by:

  • Having the child get plenty of rest.
  • Making sure the child avoids activities that could result in a second blow or jolt to the head — such as riding a bicycle, playing sports, or climbing playground equipment — until the doctor says the child is well enough to take part in these activities.
  • Giving the child only those drugs that the doctor has approved.
  • Talking with the doctor about when the child should return to school and other activities and how to deal with the challenges the child may face.
  • Sharing information about concussion with teachers, counselors, babysitters, coaches, and others who interact with the child so they can understand what has happened and help meet the child’s needs.

Where to Get Help

Help for People With Brain Injuries

“It was the first time in my life that I couldn’t depend on myself.”

There are many people who can help you and your family as you recover from your brain injury. You don’t have to do it alone.

Show this article to your doctor or health care provider and talk with them about your concerns. Ask your doctor whether you need specialized treatment and about the availability of rehabilitation programs.

Your doctor may be able to help you find a health care provider who has special training in the treatment of concussion. Early treatment of symptoms by professionals who specialize in brain injury may speed recovery. Your doctor may refer you to a neurologist, neuropsychologist, neurosurgeon, or specialist in rehabilitation.

Keep talking with your doctor, family members, and loved ones about how you are feeling, both physically and emotionally. If you do not think you are getting better, tell your doctor.

Help for Families and Caregivers

“My husband used to be so calm. But after his injury, he started to explode over the littlest things. He didn’t even know that he had changed.”

When someone close to you has a brain injury, it can be hard to know how best to help. They may say that they are “fine” but you can tell from how they are acting that something has changed.

If you notice that your family member or friend has symptoms of brain injury that are getting worse or are not getting better, talk to them and their doctor about getting help. They may also need help if you can answer YES to any of the following questions:

  • Has their personality changed?
  • Do they get angry for no reason?
  • Do they get lost or easily confused?
  • Do they have more trouble than usual making decisions?

You might also want to talk with people who have experienced what you are going through. The Brain Injury Association can put you in contact with people who can help (see page 17).

Resources for Getting Help

“I thought I was all alone, but I’m not. There are lots of people out there who understand what I’ve been through.”

Several groups help people with brain injury and their families. They provide information and put people in touch with local resources, such as support groups, rehabilitation services, and a variety of health care professionals.

Among these groups, the Brain Injury Association (BIA) has a national office that gathers scientific and educational information and works on a national level to help people with brain injury. In addition, 44 affiliated state Brain Injury Associations provide help locally.

You can reach the BIA office by calling the toll-free BIA National Help Line at 1-800-444-6443. You can also get information through the national BIA Web site at www.biausa.org. Both the Help Line and the Web site can provide you with information about your closest state Brain Injury Association. More information about brain injury is available through the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) Web site at www.cdc.gov/ncipc/tbi.

For More Information:

Posted on BrainLine June 16, 2009

From the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. www.cdc.gov.

*Use of trade names is for identification only and does not imply endorsement by the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services.


Disclaimer: This information is not meant to be a substitute for professional medical advice. The reader is advised to always seek the advice of a physician prior to changing any treatment or to receive answers to questions regarding a specific medical condition.

Comments

About a month ago I got hit in the side of my head with a plastic drink that was unopened thrown from about 90 feet in the air estimated going about 50mph when it hit my head.

I am still having some issues that are alarming me. Still getting dizzy when I stand up or walk around, still have numbness on the side of my head, still have sharp pains and a constant headache, I can’t get my words out that I am wanting to say and still having blurry vision when trying to read anything
How long do these symptoms go on ??? When do you know if it is long term nerve damage?
I’m seeing a Neurologist and I have had several CT Scans and an MRI and tomorrow I get an EEG.
The scans so far show a severe concussion with some damage to nerves on the side of my head but they don’t give me a time frame for healing. Just keep telling me to be patient and relax. Don’t work... don’t do anything that uses my brain but how do I do that when I am the bread winner for my whole family of 6 and we don’t have money saved for me to take off work for months at a time?????

I’d like to know this as well!

I got a concussion back in August and I was diagnose PCS I haven’t been able to work bc of the dizziness, migraines and loss of memory, but my sleeping has been getting worse I can’t fall asleep I maybe fall asleep between 6 am-11 am and sleep a few hours. Has anyone had issues with sleep getting worse?

If I may say...music of any kind relaxes the mind...for all what were all going through on here....really to everyone on here...classical music at night calms the brain......makes the best relaxer!!!

Fell and hit the back of my head in a parking lot a few months ago, knocked me out for an unknown amount of time... Woke/came to with extreme spinning, dizziness, loss of hearing in the left ear with loud ringing, loss of smell and taste, unable to walk without a cane (and I'm not even 30 yet!) Severe nausea and headaches, hort term memory loss, etc etc the list goes on... Went to the hospital the next day, an MRI showed no fractures so they basically kicked me out. I have no insurance and it's been almost three months and nothing has changed... I'm terrified.. is this normal? Should I be worried and seek advice from a specialist ​or just stop being a baby and wait it out? I can't function and none of my research is helping!

i feel the same, my accident happened 11 dys ago but my headaches started occuring over a week ago, my headache although isnt gettinf worst, is always constant midly still, did yours end up improving ?

I had a very bad car accident last week and had concussion. my eyes are still very sensitive on lights, i get dizzy whenever I walk and i'm always tired. I hope it's nothing serious!

last Sunday I got knocked over playing kickball and slammed my head against the ground. This same thing happened about 4 years ago and I had a fractured skull and concussion from that incident. This time did not seem as bad but it has now been over a week and I am still having constant headaches, even after taking tylenol or ibuprofen. I also am not sleeping well and I notice every little sound. I have also noticed in the last few days that food does not taste good. Its almost like it tastes old or bland to me. I went to the dr last week and he said I most likely have a concussion but I do not know if I need to go back b/c of the headaches and lack of taste or if I just need rest.

I fell and hit forehead on cement sidewalk 4 months ago, CT showed all OK, but definite concussion with extreme vomiting, etc.
Went thru PT for balance/dizzy issues 10 weeks; much better. Still struggling with exhaustion half the time; have 2-3 normal days, but I then crash (sleep 9-10 hours 2-3 nights). I've always been active and this is a little depressing and discouraging. I've heard it can take a year for full recovery for us older (70) gals. ????

I fell recently and went to the ER tests showed no stroke but the symptoms come and then get better. It is frightening and great to know I'm not alone.

I hit the back of my head on a wall after a chair I was sitting in my officer broke. I didn't have any issues expect pain at the beginning which became ok after 10 minutes. I slept that night fine. Then the next day I started having headaches, which I still have 5 days after the injury. The headache is not severe but sometimes is bad. Even though at night I sleep well and when I sleep I don't feel any headache.

Aside from the headache I also started having nausea and I don't feel like eating. I do have acid reflux so I am not sure if that is causing it.

I went to see a doctor and he said there was no issues, that I was fine and i should only take anti-pain medicine.

So what I am asking is that, is it ok to feel this way after head injury?

You are experiencing exactly what my daughter has been dealing with for a long time. It's unfortunate how the medical community doesn't know what to do with long term concussion sufferers. One type of therapy that might have a positive affect for what you're dealing with is EMDR. It addresses the PTSD symptoms which also mimic Post Concussive Syndrome. Music helps my daughter and after being tested by a neuro psychologist she was able to get an IEP for school.
Don't give up. You will get better.

I recieved a severe head injury in my home. I don't know how or when but I had so many other injuries my head injury seemed not important. After calling an ambulance and arriving at the hospital I was basically taken by the EMT's to the waiting room and dumped into a wheelchair. I was totally treated so badly after arriving at the hospital I tried to leave. After waiting 3.5 hrs I finally saw a Dr. After he ordered some test the Dr came back to tell me I had brain cancer and a broken wrist. I was very confused but not so much that I believed I had braincancer. I was admitted to the Hospital and was told I needed to call my family. My daughter wasn't speaking to me very much and I called her and she didn't seem to care. The nurse cam back and asked if I had gotten to call my daughter. I had but it was clear she wasn't coming and I felt so embarrassed that the hospital had to call her again. I guess she convinced her to come then all my family came in. I was heart broken that I was told I had brain cancer and my only child didn't care enough to show up. I was taken to surgery and after the surgery I was told it was a brainbleed and they had stopped the bleeding. I went home after 3 days in the hospital. I was alone and scared because I was having a hard time doing everything. I learned very quickly who my friends were and how much I was loved. The most important thing I learned is you can't depend on anyone but yourself. I know no matter what happens you have to get back up and believe in yourself. It has been 1 1/2 years and I am able to do everything I did before except use my hands without watching them. I never realized how many things I used to do without watching myself. I am more lucky than many.
Now over 5 months and still head spinning and ringing in my left ears but doctor's don't give medicine what should I do?
3 DAYS ago my head was busted open by a metal pole falling the hospital did a cat scan and I was told I did not have a concussion but was given 6 staples in my head. However my vision is still blurry and I get dizzy very easily if I move to fast. Should I go back to the hospital?
I've always thought there was something different about me ever since high school football where I got flat-backed after a helmet to helmet during a kickoff. It was my first football play ever and I was really excited to hit someone. I gave and received hits for the next two years until I seriously injured my elbow and decided to quit. Recently last February I was in a collision where the impact energy caused me to hit my head against the hard plastic part that sticks out from the ceiling. It got me right on the temple and I felt really distorted the whole rest of the night and I was afraid to go to sleep but I did anyway. It went away and I never got it checked out. I do have all the symptoms though. I have had up and down mood swings, pressure headaches, and I never was this way in high school. I was prescribed zoloft for anxiety and depression that I was feeling a couple years ago because of mulitple deaths in my family in short periods of time my grandpa and grandma and one of my best friends all past away within a year of each other. My grandparents died of natural causes and my friend was hit by a drunk driver. I'm wondering why I've had trouble holding a job and making friends as of late and I now always just want to be in my room and I don't like going out with my friends anymore because I am scared of being seen as weak. I don't want to talk to my parents except I'll force myself to talk to my mom because she also is going through some depression and I don't want her to feel alone. I forgot to mention when I was little, I think 3, I was playing outside and climbing a tree I hung onto a branch and fell onto my head and bled all over the concrete, I felt a really stinging feeling all around my head like it was on fire and I was rushed to the hospital. Dont remember any other memory after that for at least a year when I started preschool. I remember on day one I was so scared of meeting new people and I still am. I made some friends though like I still am able to do but the problem has veen keeping them and really being able to trust someone. I don't trust my doctors, the president, my parents dont love each other anymore but pretended to for about 10 years growing up until I made them see clearly and now they sleep in seperate rooms..they seem a bit more peaceful since they kind of know the truth now, but I digress, I don't think that freak accident when I was three has played a part in my learning and growing capabilites but I'm not a doctor, maybe it has? Maybe all three of my head injuries have? None of which I've discussed with my doctors in detail but even if I do, I've had past experiences where I tell them that I have a problem and I think it's blank, but all they say is "it could be lets send you to a specialist", the results of which always come back negative. I had an incident where I hyperextended my elbow, or at least I think thats what its called, then in those moments I felt sort of like my whole arm was shocked with a taser or something. Coach said it was just a stinger and dismissed it. But ever since I've had complications that have spread throught my body. One doctor explained it to me in lamens terms he said my nerves were too short for my body, hence why I feel the numbness in my pinky and ring fingers of both hands interchangeably, and pain in my neck and ringing in my right ear. Physical therapy didnt help much just made the pain worse. I don't like taking pain killers because I'm afraid of damaging my liver more than it already is. I should probably start excercising regularly since I havent dont that since high school. I'm 25 but feel like my dad is my age and I'm 60.

Hello I do not have a concussion although this site greatly helped me. I am a seasoned debater (very experienced) sorry I have to have and ego in debate. Sorry off topic, I am debating a topic that states- -Full contact football should be banned for students under age 18 (this topic is fake of course) this is moc debate if you will. After reading through multiple comments I have now been able to understand the effects concussions can have on a person. From what I can tell the long term effects of concussions can really change a persons life.  I am touched by the accounts of many I am begining to feel what all of you are going through. thank you so much for giving me an insight to how bad concussions really are. my prayers are with yall!
 

My 14 year old was play boxing with gloves yesterday with friends he's been having a head ache ever since

Can stress make the concussion symptoms worse?

To the 16 year old who posted February 2017. GO TO A DOCTOR!

I'm 17 and I was hit to the back of my head in October 2016 and still having symptoms to my concussion. A lot of people noticed I've changed because I used to be so happy and energetic and always wanting to do fun things. Now I don't feel like being in school or outside my room it feels like I'm suffocating into a small hole and can't breathe or be myself I hate people. Now I feel like just someone being in same room as I am I wanna yell because I feel annoyed. I am diagnosed with PTSD, anxiety and depression. It's scary to even think or have thoughts like I do now. I wish I was myself and happy so I could graduate next year, excited for future events in my life but I just want a simple boring future now and it sucks to even want nothing for myself or anything from others. In may I'll be turning 18 and dealing with this traumatic stuff maybe for the rest of my life it will be a big nightmare that will never fade away.

I have a concussion and this helped me.

Danger signs in children is "Change in Sexual Drive?" Really?

I am 16 years old and I play football. I suffered two back to back concussions. The first one I got popped in the head while running full speed down the field on a punt and got hit by a player on the opposing team, but it didn't feel like a normal hit.  I did not feel any pain in my head the whole game because I had a twisted ankle, on the bus ride back I was laughing and having fun, then about an hour or two after the game I started getting very severe headaches and extreme nausea. It was one of the most painful things I ever felt. I did not mention this to anybody because I went to sleep and woke up fine the next morning. The following week I was not in practice due to other injuries but decided to play in the game (because we had no other good o-lineman). This was a bad idea, that game I was in for every play. I am a guard on offense and we run many pulling plays which result in head to head contact. The average weight of the d-lineman on the other team was close to 300 pounds and I weigh 180. I did not feel any pain like in the previous game but I was getting very dizzy and I started to forget where I was, I was about to tell the trainer what I was feeling but then our starting center got injured and I decided to stay in. 2-3 hours after the game (which we lost) I felt the same pain from the previous week but 100 times worse. The sound of a tv in the other room was killing me and the room was pitch black but I was still sensitive to the light, I threw up 20-30 times in the toilet and then passed out without remembering. It has been a year since then and I don't feel like I have healed at all. I have never ending headaches and recently I have had uncontrolled outbursts over nothing. I have a hard time concentrating now and my memory is very much worse. Recently I have even had a loss of appetite and now I weigh 145 pounds. I don't know what to do anymore because my concussion has interfered with my school work now and I'm scared it will ruin my life. Is there anything that I can do to make the pain go away besides painkillers?

I got a concussion on Feb 17 2012. Because I was involved in a auto accident, I was seen at UCI Medical Center in Irvine, CA. They said there was "no evidence" of brain injury, and I was not given instructions to follow-up with my Dr. I did mention it to my Dr anyway, but he did not seem concerned and now, five years later, I am having memory issues 🙄

I understand what this guy is talking about. I feel the same way! I'm not sure when I got my first head injury. The first time I can put my finger on was when I was 4 yrs old. All I remember is waking up in a what I thought at the time was a space ship! But now I know it was just my a CT scan. Since then I have taken many blows to the head. On Dec.12 2016 I received 3 traumatic blow's (two on the top of my head and one on the back of my head). I went unconscious for last time. On Dec 28th I started remembering my life up to that point (this whole time other people didn't know anything was wrong with me unless I told them). Sometimes I feel almost back to normal then something changes and I get all mixed up again. My eyes and ears start going in and out and my body goes numb. I have learned to cope with it by wearing sunglasses and playing music in my ears. The music also helps me keep time. Although I'm learning to deal with my lasting side effects I sometimes get discouraged because I'm missing out on life! I have a lot to live for even though it is hard to remember that sometimes. I write a lot and take a lot of pictures so I can remember, and I have learned not to focus on negative things that way when I get down I can look back on memories that remind me why I have to keep going!

I know the feeling. Former Army Soldier. I broke my neck in January last year for the second time. I walked away didn't know anything was wrong for hours. I hit my head so hard I dented my skull. One year later still having trouble and my headphones still hurt! Memory everything.

I have had multiple concussions over the years from playing too hard, motorcycle racing, street racing accidents, stock car racing, figure 8 racing and just forgetting I have a head on my shoulders. I seem to hit it a lot. I have had 3 concussions just in the last year. Jan 2016 ran into a support beam in a basement. I got hit hard in turn 1 at a track. Don't remember that but I saw photos of the car. Two days later I got dizzy and fell into my truck. Once again my head did not make it in. Bled like a pig. I've noticed a change about half way through the year. I'm 57 now. Always been forgetful, now appears short term memory is gone. I'm at the point that I leave notes on my phone to tell me what day it is and what to do. Can't concentrate, can't figure out problems, get lost while driving. Confused, headaches, dizzy, depressed. I get anxiety attacks. Hard to breath sometimes. I feel like I'm getting worse instead of better. Only had 1 violent episode but directed it on the dinning room chairs. They wound up breaking a couple things in the living room. I'm suicidal, that's not new but think a lot more about it. Wife doesn't understand. May end in divorce. I feel I'm slipping away. I don't want dementia. I've seen it. I'm scared and no one understands what I go through on a daily basis.

Many people have recovered from long term effects from a TBI, some don't. Researchers are trying to find a link as to why some recover and some do not. Some benefit from simple therapy. Based on the trauma you have had, I would look into it.

I find all of this fascinating. I'm researching latent brain function issues from trauma. I had my first major head trauma when I was about 16 when I was hit on the side of my head, by a person, and didn't fully lose consciousness, but 'saw stars' for a good while. When I was 19 a horse kicked me in the head, I was knocked out for about 5 mins, disoriented/confused, emotional, and ended up with 8 stitches just below the crown of my head. I'm pretty sure they only tooK x-rays back then (the late 80s, early 90s). By the time I was 25 I'd been in two major car wrecks, one of which rendered the car (and me) upside down & crawling out of a back window. ER sent me home. Fast forward to my 30s. I took up riding horses again, this time jumping. Always wearing a helmet, I received many blows to the head during falls. Most weren't a big deal, not even painful. The final one was bad. I came off after a jump, and I slammed the back of my head on the hard ground. It dented my helmet. (**I cannot say enough about wearing helMets to people who ride horses...and the adults who let their kids ride without - shame on you!!). I was knocked out for a min or two, got up talking (never remembered what I said to friends or talking to them). I didn't remember walking back to the barn. Waited a bit, then drove myself home. My mother fussed and forced me to go to ER the next morning. Scans all fine, sent home. Ok. So now I'm reading these articles on newer research and I realize, could I have a TBI? The last 10 years or so (I'm 49 now) I've noticed depth perception issues, I'm emotional to the point of annoying myself yet have periods where I show almost no affect at all. I get headaches, which vary in severity, but are mostly mild. I've had a full blown migraine 2-3 times ever and not recently. But I'm increasingly feeling like things aren't as they should be cognitively. It's hard to explain as there's nothing concrete to report. I've had some issues with work, which I never, ever had before now. I don't stay on top of tasks well and feel very lazy (the latter having been totally opposite of my personality in previous years). My question is, why should I bother with seeing a doctor? I feel as though they will just take another mri and report that all looks normal and send me home. Do I even need to follow up on this? I can't even make a decision about whether I want to or not. Am I being sent to the wrong doctors (ER)? I don't have a regular doctor, as I'm rarely hurt or ill now, but I don't even know what I'd say if I did see a doctor. Or if it's worth going through. (Lol, oh and I almost forgot my reason for writing this. I just hit my head again yesterday, accidentally, on a large, dense metal beam (I didn't see it). I have a lump, small dent, and it's very tender. I was disoriented for about 5 mins, but I think I was mostly shaken up.)

I performed a tumble on my bed which is hard and bouncy and had a headache all day. The next day I did some shadowboxing and felt a dull pain on the left upper part of my head. This was caused by accelerating and abruptly decelerating my head in a rotationary motion. Now I have many of the symptoms listed, tire easily, difficulty concentrating, feeling exhausted, slow reading etc. I believe that past concussions from accidents have made my brain very vulnerable to new concussions from seemingly mild forces.

I'm sorry. I hope for justice for your situation. People who have been through it understand it more. I can tell you as a female it wasn't much better for me. Blessings

i suffer fro m my incident for three years took to many blows to the head from fights last one left me blind in left eye didn't really know what was going on with me at first just i haven't been me have angry moods  have head ahces that keep me up with insomnia and fatigued concentration and focus and memory gotten bad and can't find the right words to say a lot and things come out all screwed up when i'm trying to carry a conversation on and my mind gets stuck on one thin g alot and can't get it to change subject on topics have fallen down and bumped into walls and can't see at night at all at night head lights from cars disorient me i get light headed and dizzy sleep schedule all jacked up hate going to get groceries cause it stresses me out trying to keep up with all I'm getting and shopping for good prices  blurred vision double vision and have been watching TV and the graphics be in like 3D almost like video game like and wouldn't be last about 5 to 10 minutes and it goes back to normal  and just recently i had a head ache that kept me up and it went away but i still couldn't sleep anxious mood and i lay in bed and my head felt weird just over my eye on left side in the front felt numbness  never felt that before  that was new to me but I'm still learning to deal with it all and its been 3 years now just take it one day at a time. reading and writing spelling and people take a toll on me i struggle with keeping up with that stuff can but really wears me out to wear i just want to be left a lone and go to sleep . used to never be like this I'm a people person now just leave me alone you get on my nerves. find my self doing things two or three times as well which is good make sure i lock the doors and turn off the stove and stuff have for got. like i said one day at a time.

That woman needs to be in jail. Did you file a police report each time? It must be documented by the authorities so you have proof. Then she'll go to jail, where she belongs! It does happen to men as well as women!

I wanted to post another comment on here because I was actually hit in the head a second time while still having post concussion syndrome symptoms. I couldn't find any information anywhere for what happens if you get hit in the head while still having post concussion symptoms. The symptoms I experienced after the 2nd hit were pretty bad, I actually thought I would die because I kept reading about 2nd impact syndrome and I had never felt that bad before in my life. The original hit was on May 14th 2016 I was in a sports accident were I was hit in the face and then hit the ground and blacked out for a few seconds. I was very confused when I woke up and couldn't remember actually being hit or anything directly before. I was sent to the ER and then told to rest. I was a dedicated athlete and I tried to return to the gym multiple times too soon which resulted in elevated symptoms and longer recovery time. Eventually I gave up and realized I would just be unable to exercise and I did start to recover after a while. I started school in September and I actually got hit in the head a second time in the classroom while still showing many post concussion symptoms from post concussion syndrome. A girl got up out of her chair and I went to get up at the same time and she hit heads with me. This was September 29th 2016. It is now November 17th 2016 and I want people to know I am feeling much better than a month ago. After being hit the second time I felt fine immediatly afterward but the next day I started feeling extremely bad. It got to its worst point about 2 weeks later. I felt extremely bad for about 1 month through all of October after the 2nd hit. Here are all of the symptoms I experienced after the 2nd hit while still having PCS. They were much more and much worse than the initial hit that knocked me out. I was unable to sleep the 2nd week following the 2nd hit because my head would shake whenever I laid on it. I also had the following symptoms: *tingling/numbness *visably shaking (almost like tremors) *nausea (very nauseated) *throbbing/pulsating in head *unable to lay on back of head or I would shake *fuzzy vision *liquid feeling in head *ringing in ears * stiff neck (shaking/choking feeling at times) *running out of breath when speaking *really dry mouth *very faint/weak feeling *very tight feeling in head and throughout face My lingering symptoms from the original concussion were only fuzzy vision,headache,ringing in the ears, and inability to exercise. When I would attempt to workout my head would get extremely tight and I would feel like it was hard to breath and my symptoms were completely unbearable. Like I said before I used to be a fitness fanatic before all this I wanted to teach fitness classes for a career so this has really hurt me. But anyways I ended up going to 2 hospitals(once 3 days after the second hit and once after 2 weeks when my symptoms peaked) i was cleared for no bleeding in the brain with a CT on the 1st visit and sent to a neurologist,opthamoigist, neuro physiatrist and some more places I forgot. They discovered that I also had a Whiplash type injury from the original hit which caused many of the symptoms such as the throbbing and stiff neck feeling. So if you were hit in a way that could have caused whiplash I highly recommend getting tested by a physical therapist or chiropractor. I'm currently being treated and it has helped a lot. I also was told the liquid feeling I get in my head is a vestibular issue in my inner ear. I am now taking these natural vitamins called Ring stop and they seem to have minimized my ear ringing and liquid feeling. After experiencing all those terrible symptoms I listed for pretty much all of October I am happy to say that it does get better. I am now only feeling the following symptoms here on November 17th. *fuzzy vision *ringing in the ears (improved with ring stop) *occasional dizziness *occasional tingly feeling (must less than before) *stiff neck Sometimes I'll feel very dizzy and that tingly feeling and then I'll feel a pulsation feeling in my head a couple times and I'll start feeling better. I've been told this is related to my whiplash injury. I also took 600mg Motrin to help me sleep during October. I'm now able to concentrate and do school work even though I am not in school I am now homebound due to what happened. I want to stress that I am no doctor and obviously my case may be different from many people but this has been a true nightmare for me and I really want to help other people who are going through this. Good doctors are very hard to find and I wanted to give information about having a 2nd concussion with post concussion syndrome. I could not find anything on this anywhere on the web so that's why I am posting this to let others know that even with a concussion on top of post concussion syndrome there will be relief eventually. I felt like giving up at times and I was afraid that this 2nd hit before my brain was fully healed was going to kill me. I'm happy to say it did not and I am feeling relief not great but I'm feeling relief. I hope that this will be helpful to many. Keep strong and stay positive. Good luck to everyone!

I'm so sorry about your situation. My heart goes out to you. I'm sending you positive vibes and love for a beautiful future.

For the gentleman on the receiving end of domestic abuse. I hear you loud and clear. My son was a victim of domestic abuse. Along with the physical injuries, a man feels ashamed and doesn't want to admit to it. I hope you don't encounter this person ever again. It's a crime in itself that authorities don't take this seriously.

I'm so sorry that happened to you. Abuse by females toward males isn't taken as seriously as male to female. I think this is due to males being the majority who inflict all types of abuse toward females. (Key: all types).. And somewhat routinely get a mere slap on the wrist until severe damage is done, if they are caught. This is terribly wrong. Abuse is abuse. Elderly, pets, anyone! You have suffered in silence, and it is good that you wrote your comment for others to see.

I hit the left temple area of my head on the corner of the stove hood almost 2 weeks ago. That day no problem, but next day, & every day/night since, I have had a headache several steps up from the worst migraine that I've ever had, & am so sensitive to light that even now I have my glasses on (tinted) & my sunglasses on. My doctor had blood work done to rule out temporal arteritis, & a CAT scan done, & said that both are "normal". I am to the point that I don't think that I can stand this pain of the headache any longer, & none of the Tylenol (allergic to Aspirin) even wave @ the pain. I can't drive, read, do anything. My doctor spent about 5 minutes on the exam (I know I need a new doctor, but we live in the boonies).

I got a concussion about a year ago. I was snowboarding and I landed on my head (twice) w the force of my full body weight coming down the mountain pretty quick. I immediately went back to school so I didn't fail my college classes (I actually passed w good grades). Now it is a year later and I don't feel much healed. I woke up this morning very dizzy and I get tension and concussion headaches quite frequently. MY only advice, let your brain heal! I didn't have much of an option bc I cannot afford to not graduate, but sometimes I wish I would have just dropped out. I have ptsd so this greatly affects how I heal. I wish I could go back everyday, bc life was hard enough before this concussion!

I suffered 3-5 concussions a year for a number of years from a violent abusive wife punching me in the head or using objects to inflict head trauma. It left me blind in my left eye, retina smashed up, and deteriorating loss of sight in my right eye. Also experience seizures on a weekly basis, loss of all sense of smell and taste from TBI. However, because I am not female no one gives a shit and still doesn't. Had I been female there would be no end to the help available. Police, courts, doctors could not care less. Why have laws against physical, mental and financial abuse if they are not applied?

I am having headaches that come and go. The right side of my head will hurt for a few seconds then the left side will start hurting for a few seconds then it goes away. I have been having migraines since I had my stroke in May 2016. Can anybody tell me what could be causing my headaches now and why they going from side to side. And they are sharp stabbing pains also. Can someone please help me with this.

I was attacked by 2 boxers while walking my dogs about 6 weeks ago.  I was knocked over by the boxers and was laying unconscious on the road for what I now believe was up to 5 minutes.  Two women came over and pulled the dogs off of me though I do not remember.  I didn't go to the doctor immediately.  Gradually over days, a very deep depression and insomnia hit me.  I had a CT scan and there were no blood clots or bleeding.  Over the past 6 weeks, I am struggling to resume my "normal" life.  I've been off work for 3 weeks.  My neuro doctor finally found a med I can tolerate so I can get some sleep.  I am 64 years old.  My neuro doctor told me it could take months for me to recover.  I feel so lost.

I have systemic lupus and had major brain swelling years ago. Recently received a concussion, seems to be taking longer to recover. Could they be related?

I got into a drunken fight almost 3 months ago and believe I sustained multiple concussions.  I remember getting hit in the side of the head and don't remember much after that, other than being nearly choked out from behind.  I woke up to my head feeling different the following day.  It hurt to swallow for about 2 weeks but that went away. 

I have been battling a constant headache since then.  Sometimes the pressure, nausea and pain eases but my head always feels compressed.  It's as if blood vessels or nerves in my brain/cranium have been bruised, stretched, torn or damaged.  I also have tinnitus in my left ear.  The pain becomes unbearable when the unnerving tingling starts from the back of my head and radiates up and down to my forehead.

The burning behind my eyes are another story but that hasn't happened in a while.  Just when I think I'm getting better, my head takes a turn for the worst.  I have had 2 CT scans and an MRI with and without contrast.  Doctors tell me they show no abnormalities.  Before my unfortunate incident, I enjoyed working out and running now I pay for it later when I do.

Recently I've seen a neurologist and was prescribed pills for migraines and Gabopentin.  I think the Gabopentin makes my headache worse but helps me to sleep.  I'm thinking of having my neck looked at to see if there could be any damage there.  I have suicidal tendencies sometimes. 

I pray to the mystery that is the universe...with time and great belief, we will all return to our former and happier selves.

Just turned 30,

Martin

My symptoms are very similar to the person who commented they fell in the shower. I feel fine but when I lay down to sleep I get a tingly sensation in head and it's uncomfortable. I have to sleep on stomach. I went to urgent care but they told me I'm OK. I did not have CT scan. I'm not sure if I should go to emergency.

I was involved in a track and field accident. I did the no contact sport and always ignored the concussion mandatory meetings for all athletes. Now I have had a post concussion syndrome for almost 6 months. A long jumper hit heads with me at full speed which caused me to fall directly back onto the back of my head after hitting heads with him. In a way I got a double concussion. I blacked out only for a few seconds and was sent by ambulance to the ER. I have not been better since then. I would have been MVP and Captain of Cross Country this year and I can't even walk a mile without getting worn out. I am completely exercise intolerant. All I want is to be able to participate in my sport again.

I was a football and suffered multiple blows to the head. How long should I wait for the headache to stop or call it a concussion?

A week ago I fell in the shower: I hit the back of my head against the toilet (the impact point was between the skull's lower part and where the neck begins): the toilet lid broke and went flying (which I think helped as that released the impact energy some more instead of being absorbed back by my head): I did not lose consciousness; I just rested a few minutes sitting down in the shower, then finished washing and iced my bump right away. For a few days I kept icing my head; and the bump has subsided: it doesn't even feel sensitive anymore, even though it's still there. I have NOT once experienced nausea, vomiting, blurry vision, or loss of balance: none of that. My concentration and attention at work have seemed fine, but I have started feeling subcutaneous tenderness at the top of my head and some slight tingle-like headache (I am not sure how else to describe them- they do not impair my abilities, but they are there as a dull background pain). Clearly, I did some "damage", but  I am wondering if the headaches are part of the healing process or if I am deteriorating. Is it normal to feel this way? 

Three years ago I went head on into a tree with a snowmobile. I had a concussion, broken back two places, broken sternum, broken clavicle, bleeding on the brain.

At 30 mph I hit a 12 inch diameter tree straight on. My helmet skipped off the tree on impact wrapping my neck and shoulder around the tree while the snowmobile back end crushed me against it.

I was put on pain meds Oxycodone 5 mg -325 ,for the next three years for pain from shoulder and kneck (it took 8 months for the clavicle to heal, knocked out a 1 inch piece of bone).

Two months ago my doctor pulled me off the oxy due to the recent spike in addiction related uses. For three weeks I went without pain meds other than Tylenol, which I took to many trying to control the pain (similar to an earache but in the neck). I had acid reflux and seem to vomit a lot.

He ended up putting me on fentanyl patch for 24 hour pain control three weeks ago. To make a long story shorter I have been constantly vomiting, so I stopped using patch. I still seem to vomit almost every day.

I have narrowed down my constant vomiting to this: any excessive stress situation, I get motion sickness while driving, visual stimulation, excessive visual or sound activities will cause me to vomit non stop.

After the accident I couldn't watch TV, be in a room with more than one person, spent a lot of time in the dark. Any brain stimulation (dog barking) would cause me to almost instantly become nauseous for the first month.

I am concerned that the three years I was on the oxy may have masked long term issues that I now seem to be having.

I have been at the same job for 20 years and have to leave meetings due to extreme nausea. I blamed the patch for the sickness, but even though I am off it I seem to be getting worst.

I need help with this.

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