Facts About Concussion and Brain Injury

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
Facts about Concussion and Brain Injury: Where To Get Help

What Is a Concussion?

A concussion is a type of traumatic brain injury—or TBI—caused by a bump, blow, or jolt to the head or by a hit to the body that causes the head and brain to move rapidly back and forth. This sudden movement can cause the brain to bounce around or twist in the skull, creating chemical changes in the brain and sometimes stretching and damaging brain cells.

Concussions Are Serious

Medical providers may describe a concussion as a “mild” brain injury because concussions are usually not life-threatening. Even so, the effects of a concussion can be serious.

Because the brain is very complex, every brain injury is different. Some symptoms may appear right away, while others may not show up for days or weeks after the concussion. Sometimes the injury makes it hard for people to recognize or to admit that they are having problems.

The signs of concussion can be subtle. Early on, problems may be missed by patients, family members, and doctors. People may look fine even though they’re acting or feeling differently.

Because all brain injuries are different, so is concussion recovery. Most people with mild injuries recover fully, but it can take time. Some symptoms can last for days, weeks, or longer.

In general, recovery is slower in older persons. Also, persons who have had a concussion in the past may find that it takes longer to recover from their current injury.

This article explains what can happen after a concussion, how to get better, and where to go for more information and help when needed.

Medical Help

People with a concussion need to be seen by a doctor. While most are seen in an emergency department or a doctor’s office, some people must stay in the hospital overnight.

Your doctor may do a scan of your brain (such as a CT scan) or other tests. Other tests, known as “neuropsychological” or “neurocognitive” tests, assess your learning and memory skills, your ability to pay attention or concentrate, and how quickly you can think and solve problems. These tests can help your doctor identify the effects of a concussion. Even if the concussion doesn’t show up on these tests, you may still have a concussion.

Your doctor will send you home with important instructions to follow. Be sure to follow all of your doctor’s instructions carefully.

If you are taking medications—prescription, over-the-counter medicines, or “natural remedies”—or if you drink alcohol or take illicit drugs, tell your doctor. Also, tell your doctor if you are taking blood thinners (anticoagulant drugs), such as Coumadin and aspirin, because they can increase the chance of complications.

Danger Signs

In rare cases, a dangerous collection of blood (hematoma) may form on the brain after a bump, blow, or jolt to the head or body that may squeeze the brain against the skull. Call 9-1-1 right away or contact your doctor or emergency department if you have one or more of the following danger signs after a bump, blow, or jolt to the head or body:

  • One pupil larger than the other.
  • Drowsiness or inability to wake up.
  • A headache that gets worse and does not go away.
  • Slurred speech, weakness, numbness, or decreased coordination.
  • Repeated vomiting or nausea, convulsions or seizures (shaking or twitching).
  • Unusual behavior, increased confusion, restlessness, or agitation.
  • Loss of consciousness (passed out/knocked out). Even a brief loss of consciousness should be taken seriously.

Danger Signs — Children, Toddlers, and Infants

Take your child to the emergency department right away if the child has received a blow or jolt to the head and:

  • Any of the signs and symptoms listed in the Danger Signs & Symptoms of a Concussion list.
  • Will not stop crying and cannot be consoled.
  • Will not nurse or eat.

Symptoms of Brain Injury

“I just don’t feel like myself.”

Persons of All Ages

Most people with a concussion have one or more of the symptoms listed below and recover fully within days, weeks or a few months. But for some people, symptoms of concussion can last even longer. Generally, if you feel that “something is not quite right,” or if you are feeling “foggy,” you should talk with your doctor.

Concussion symptoms are often grouped into four categories, including:

  • Remembering and Thinking
    • Difficulty thinking clearly
    • Feeling slowed down
    • Difficulty concentrating
    • Difficulty remembering new information
  • Physical
    • Headache
    • Nausea or vomiting (early on)
    • Balance problems
    • Dizziness
    • Fuzzy or blurry vision
    • Feeling tired, having no energy
    • Sensitivity to noise or light
  • Emotional/Mood
    • Irritability
    • Sadness
    • More emotional
    • Nervousness or anxiety
  • Sleep Disturbance
    • Sleeping more than usual
    • Sleeping less than usual
    • Trouble falling asleep

Some of these symptoms may appear right away, while others may not be noticed for days or months after the injury, or until the person starts resuming their everyday life and more demands are placed upon them. Sometimes, people do not recognize or admit that they are having problems. Others may not understand why they are having problems and what their problems really are, which can make them nervous and upset.

The signs and symptoms of a concussion can be difficult to sort out. Early on, problems may be missed by the person with the concussion, family members, or doctors. People may look fine even though they are acting or feeling differently.

Young Children

Very young children (i.e., infants, toddlers, and preschoolers) often bump and bruise their heads. This can happen as a result of motor vehicle crashes, falls, getting hit in the head with a ball or toy, or from tricycle/bike accidents. Sometimes these events can be serious and result in a concussion.

Young children can have the same symptoms of a concussion as older children, but it is harder for them to let others know how they are feeling. In addition to the symptoms mentioned on page 5, call your child’s doctor right away if your child seems to be getting worse or if you notice any of the following:

  • Crying more than usual
  • Headache that will not go away
  • Change in the way they play, perform or act at school
  • Change in nursing, eating, or sleeping patterns
  • Becoming easily upset or increased temper tantrums
  • Sad mood
  • Lack of interest in usual activities or favorite toys
  • Loss of new skills, such as toilet training
  • Loss of balance, unsteady walking
  • Poor attention

Older Adults

Because concussions are often missed or misdiagnosed among older adults, be especially alert if you know that an older adult has fallen or has a fall-related injury, such as a hip fracture. Older adults may have a higher risk of serious complications from a concussion, such as bleeding on the brain. Headaches that get worse or increased confusion are signs of this complication. If they occur, see a doctor right away. Older adults often take blood thinners; if they do, they should be seen immediately by a health care provider if they have a bump or blow to the head or body even if they do not have any of the symptoms listed above.

Getting Better

“Sometimes the best thing you can do is just rest and then try again later.”

Although most people recover fully after a concussion, how quickly they improve depends on many factors. These factors include how severe their concussion was, their age, how healthy they were before the concussion, and how they take care of themselves after the injury.

Some people who have had a concussion find that at first it is hard to do their daily activities, their job, to get along with everyone at home, or to relax. Ignoring your symptoms and trying to “tough it out” often makes symptoms worse.

Rest is very important after a concussion because it helps the brain to heal. You’ll need to be patient because healing takes time. Only when the symptoms have reduced significantly, in consultation with your doctor, should you slowly and gradually return to your daily activities, such as work or school. If your symptoms come back or you get new symptoms as you become more active, this is a sign that you are pushing yourself too hard. Stop these activities and take more time to rest and recover. As the days go by, you can expect to gradually feel better.

If you already had a medical condition at the time of your concussion (such as chronic headaches), it may take longer for you to recover from the concussion. Anxiety and depression may also make it harder to adjust to the symptoms of a concussion. While you are healing, you should be very careful to avoid doing anything that could cause a bump, blow, or jolt to the head or body. On rare occasions, receiving another concussion before the brain has healed can result in brain swelling, permanent brain damage, and even death, particularly among children and teens.

After you have recovered from your concussion, you should protect yourself from having another one. People who have had repeated concussions may have serious long-term problems, including chronic difficulty with concentration, memory, headache, and occasionally, physical skills, such as keeping one’s balance.

Tips for Healing: Adults

Here are a few tips to help you get better:

  • Get plenty of sleep at night, and rest during the day.
  • Avoid activities that are physically demanding (e.g., heavy housecleaning, weightlifting/working-out) or require a lot of concentration (e.g., balancing your checkbook). They can make your symptoms worse and slow your recovery.
  • Avoid activities, such as contact or recreational sports, that could lead to a second concussion. (It is best to avoid roller coasters or other high-speed rides that can make your symptoms worse or even cause a concussion.)
  • When your doctor says you are well enough, return to your normal activities gradually, not all at once.
  • Because your ability to react may be slower after a concussion, ask your doctor when you can safely drive a car, ride a bike, or operate heavy equipment.
  • Talk with your doctor about when you can return to work. Ask about how you can help your employer understand what has happened to you.
  • Consider talking with your employer about returning to work gradually and about changing your work activities or schedule until you recover (e.g., work half-days).
  • Take only those drugs that your doctor has approved.
  • Do not drink alcoholic beverages until your doctor says you are well enough. Alcohol and other drugs may slow your recovery and put you at risk of further injury.
  • Write down the things that may be harder than usual for you to remember.
  • If you’re easily distracted, try to do one thing at a time. For example, don’t try to watch TV while fixing dinner.
  • Consult with family members or close friends when making important decisions.
  • Do not neglect your basic needs, such as eating well and getting enough rest.
  • Avoid sustained computer use, including computer/video games early in the recovery process.
  • Some people report that flying in airplanes makes their symptoms worse shortly after a concussion.

Tips for Healing: Children

Parents and caregivers of children who have had a concussion can help them recover by taking an active role in their recovery:

  • Having the child get plenty of rest. Keep a regular sleep schedule, including no late nights and no sleepovers.
  • Making sure the child avoids high-risk/ high-speed activities such as riding a bicycle, playing sports, or climbing playground equipment, roller coasters or rides that could result in a second bump, blow, or jolt to the head or body. Children should not return to these types of activities until the doctor says they are well enough.
  • Giving the child only those drugs that are approved by the pediatrician or family physician.
  • Talking with the doctor about when the child should return to school and other activities and how the parent or caregiver can help the child deal with the challenges that the child may face. For example, your child may need to spend fewer hours at school, rest often, or require more time to take tests.
  • Sharing information about concussion with parents, siblings, teachers, counselors, babysitters, coaches, and others who interact with the child helps them understand what has happened and how to meet the child’s needs.

Where to Get Help

Help for People with Concussion

“It was the first time in my life that I couldn’t depend on myself.”

There are many people who can help you and your family as you recover from a concussion. You do not have to do it alone.

Show this article to your doctor or health care provider and talk with them about your concerns. Ask your doctor about whether you need specialized treatment and about the availability of rehabilitation programs.

Your doctor can help you find a health care provider who has special training in treating concussion. Early treatment of symptoms by a specialist may speed recovery. Your doctor may refer you to a neuropsychologist, neurologist, or specialist in rehabilitation.

Keep talking with your doctor, family members, and loved ones about how you are feeling, both physically and emotionally. If you do not think you are getting better, tell your doctor.

For more information, see the resources listed below.

Help for Families and Caregivers

“My husband used to be so calm. But after his injury, he started to explode over the littlest things. He didn’t even know that he had changed.”

When someone close to you has a concussion or a more serious brain injury, it can be hard to know how best to help. They may say that they are “fine” but you can tell from how they are acting that something has changed.

If you notice that your family member or friend has symptoms of a concussion that are getting worse, talk to them and their doctor about getting help. They may need help if you can answer YES to any of the following questions:

  • Are any of the concussion symptoms substantially affecting their life activities (such as feeling restricted in their activities due to symptoms, performance in school or at work has changed, unhappy with life changes)?
  • Has their personality changed?
  • Do they get angry for no reason?
  • Do they get lost or easily confused?
  • Do they have more trouble than usual making decisions?

You might want to talk with people who share your experience. The Brain Injury Association of America can put you in contact with people who can help (listed in the resource section below).

Resources for Getting Help

“I thought I was all alone, but I’m not. There are lots of people out there who understand what I’ve been through.”

Several groups help people and their families deal with concussion and more serious brain injuries. They provide information and put people in touch with local resources, such as support groups, rehabilitation services, and a variety of health care professionals.

  • CDC’s Injury Center has created resources and conducts research to help prevent concussion and more serious brain injuries and improve outcomes for survivors. For more information contact CDC toll-free at 1-800-CDC-INFO (1-800-232-4636) or visit CDC’s Injury Center on the Web at www.cdc.gov/TraumaticBrainInjury.
  • The Brain Injury Association of America (BIAA) has a national network of many state affiliates and hundreds of local chapters and support groups across the country that provide help in your community.

    You can reach BIAA by calling the toll-free National Brain Injury Information Center at 1-800-444-6443.

    You can also get information through their website at www.biausa.org. Both the help line and the website can provide you with information about the BIAA affiliate closest to you.

  • The Defense and Veterans Brain Injury Center (DVBIC) works to ensure that active duty military and veterans with brain injury receive the best evaluation, treatment, and follow-up. You can reach DVBIC by calling toll-free at 1-800-870-9244 or by visiting their website at www.dvbic.org.

    For more information about TBI in the military, including an interactive website for service members, veterans, and families and caregivers, please visit: www.TraumaticBrainInjuryatoz.org.

From the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. www.cdc.gov.
Disclaimer: This information is not meant to be a substitute for professional medical advice. The reader is advised to always seek the advice of a physician prior to changing any treatment or to receive answers to questions regarding a specific medical condition.

Posted on BrainLine November 17, 2017. Reviewed March 27, 2019.

Disclaimer: This information is not meant to be a substitute for professional medical advice. The reader is advised to always seek the advice of a physician prior to changing any treatment or to receive answers to questions regarding a specific medical condition.

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (2017, July 6). Traumatic Brain Injury & Concussion. Retrieved November 17, 2017, from www.cdc.gov

Comments (477)

Please remember, we are not able to give medical or legal advice. If you have medical concerns, please consult your doctor. All posted comments are the views and opinions of the poster only.

I am a 61 year old woman and was running pretty fast three months ago. I tripped and went flying and face planted on the concrete. I hit my forehead very hard and broke my nose and had a concussion. Since then I have mild headaches and sometimes piercing ones but what’s really bothering me is the fact that I still have one swollen somewhat dark eye and one almost black eye.Both underneath. Why is this? I thought black eyes leave.

I fell Off wooden chair and hit the back of my head in the radiator and feel sick but my parents don't believe me

In November, 2019, I fell and remember hitting back of head on ceramic tile floor. Had two large bumps with quite amount of bruising and some soreness. I’m 71-1/2 female. I recently noticed a flat spot on head where one of the bumps were. Recently been experiencing balance problems with balance and falling. Any advice would be appreciated. I was too embarrassed to seek medical advice with first fall.

I’m a 71 yr old female. In November, I fell and hit my head on ceramic tile floor. I has two bumps on my head and quite amount of bruising. I did not seek medical help. I seemed ok but noticed I have a flat spot on head where one of the bumps were. Lately I have had balance problem particularly on stairs. Any advice would be greatly appreciated.

My girlfriend bumped her head quite hard on a low car ceiling and feels dizzy and nauseous but she won't tell her parents because she wasn't supposed to be out after 7 but she really seems like she needs to got to ANE

Can a concussion healing time last over a year? Bc I’ve been having issues since may9th 2019

By now you may be better, but if they are still there then you need to go see a doctor because that could mean you have post-concussion syndrome.

I probably have a concussion but my mom won’t help me get checked out. She doesn’t believe me. It’s been a year so.

My son has had a few concussions. He’s been receiving treatment- 2/3 times a month different doctors He hasn’t seen anyone since the virus has started and yesterday he hit his head on a wall by accident and got a bad headache and seemed very agitated. I just feel helpless. It’s been taking so long to recover. I gave him an ice pack he’s just miserable. Any help would be so appreciated.

Anyone try going to a brain center for neurological rehab help? Did it help you?

I hit my head while walking aand looking down. I walked into a fifth wheel camper . I could not see the front where the camper is off the ground while looking down. My head hit the side bottom edge . it felt like I was in highschool and somebody sucker punched me. I had had slight sharp headachy type pains , the dr said take tylenol which makes me feel better , this happened about 4 days ago so the swelling has went down, but today i had trouble remembering how to get to my daughters dr appt . but we took the interstate a way i usually dont go . so he it is what it is i just wanted to read the comments and see what i could find out about it. my dr responded to my email and from what i told her she seems to not think im going to die. she was like i will see you on the 15th which is my next in less then a week

My partner hit himself on the top of the head 4 months ago with a pick axe (dont ask) ...he had severe concussion but walked out of hospital before his head scan as he was too frightened.
He hasn't been himself since ....always being sick ....slurred speech etc
Today however he ran through my door and vomited....nose bleed .... bleeding ear.
In agony in his head! But refusing an ambulance as he cant afford to take time off work as hes so busy.
What am I to do please ....any suggestions xx

Call the hospital maybe you can get him in by saying he's not competent to make good decision

I got into a fight with one of my class mates We went to go fight in the bathroom so the teachers won’t break it up as we were fighting he tries to hit me and I dodged his hit but I also hit my head on the concrete wall. I hit my head so hard I don’t even remember hitting my head I was more worried about moving. Shortly after we both stopped and we worked out our differences. After all that I went back to class And I felt the side of my head and it was swelling up I thought nothing of it. I just knew that people can see the lump on my head. Everything just felt so weird like every time I went to get up I can feel the blood rushing to my head and I felt like everything was Turing and twisting and I had trouble getting up. I never went to the doctor’s to get this checked out but I still have some troubles such as speaking out loud clearly I tend to slur my words a lot and i won’t notice that I slurred my words until someone tells me. I don’t know what’s wrong but something happened to my brain when I hit my head.

the toughest thing to do is to reach out for help.........I'm a guy, a middle aged guy...not something I would normally do...but trying to tough this out o my own isn't working......

Returned 12/2011 after 5 years. I'm still a soup sandwich. 13 IEDs, shot 4 times in Afghanistan... mlm

I was diagnosed with epilepsy 9 years ago. Since then, I have had about 6-8 concussions. 4-5 were with impact to the front of my head with major swelling and bruising. I also had 1-2 concussions when I was 10-13 years old. I have had chronic migraines since I was 11. I am giving a history in order to better explain my history. My memory is getting progressively worse, I have a very difficult time remembering the names of co-workers and others, I get agitated very easily, am always anxious almost to the point of panicking. I have other problems but those are the worse. Does anyone else have a similar history? If so, what have you done?

I am the same, migraines since 12, took topirimate, concussion, can't remember coworkers names, anxiety, panicking attack over thought of getting migraine. On Ativan, antidepressants, learn deep breathing technique to deal with panic actually work. I still have post concussion syndrome at six months.

While I do not have epilepsy, I too have had a number of concussions throughout my life. My last one was a few years ago -in my 40's, and it took me almost two months where I felt somewhat normal ( i.e. I would forget where I parked my car, although I parked my car in the same place for 3 years). None the less, there are other things I see/suspect are as a result long term. My hand writing seems worse, while not being a great speller to begin with, that seems to have gotten worse. I feel more distracted. Also my hair within the year of that concussion had gone almost completely gray. For two years after, I would get inner ear infections, and suffer from vertigo as well as migraines.
I have not done anything, because I have not really found any articles that speak to long term effects of concussions and the changes seem subtle enough that I want to explain them away ( age etc...), and quite possibly put my head in the sand.

I feel that reading others symptoms on this site, make me feel that this may be something I should look into further, and possibly speak to a DR about. If it gets worse, as I age, It would be better that I prepare now for the sake of my family so I am not a burden.

On November 18th in gym we were playing basketball, I jumped and fell really hard. My head slammed on the ground and I was out for a good 5 minutes, the teachers weren't in the gym so people had to try and find one. When I woke up I was nauseous, had a bad headache, my head was bleeding and swollen, along with the fact that everything sounded like how the adults talk in Charlie Brown movies, my speech was bad, and I was swaying back and forth. luckily it was last period of the day but I had to go to the hospital. It's been a month since then everything is kind of back to normal, my speech is almost better, light and noise still trigger headaches, the nausea is almost there and the same with the others. I have to go to a neurologist because of how bad the blow was and because all my symptoms are still.

How can I stop my hair from falling out after my concussion? I had my incident back in July and I forget my passwords 5 minutes after I changed it. Blurred vision.

Walked into an open window hitting the top of my brow knocked me flat on my back very disoriented for what seemed like a short while. Now however I have a swollen knee in a lot of pain

I was t-boned on my side in a motor vehicle accident over 5-weeks ago. Luckily, I walked away with only a concussion. But I still have severe dizziness, nausea, and headaches (that are worse than migraines). They are worsened by physical activity, working on the computer, shopping, and when I travel to higher elevations. I used to be extremely active and all I can do is sleep. I can barely work 15-hrs per week as the majority of my job is computer related. I am losing hope that I’ll fully recover, especially since I read a lot of you are experiencing symptoms months and years after your concussion... I will get to see a Neurologist on Dec 2nd. I’m really hoping to get answers and appropriate treatment.

Did you finally see a Dr and are you still recovering or fully recovered?

I am in your exact situation, super active with gym and work, now can't do anything, I've seen three neurologists, and a concussion specialist and they all say the same thing, it takes rest and time. This is frustrating. There is nothing you can do to speed up the recovery of the brain. I am at 16 weeks post concussion, and have spent $10,000 on chiropractors, physiotherapy, homeopathy, and accupuncture.

A old TV fell on my head last week I have a sunken in spot on my head and I think my head is bleeding inside but maybe I'm wrong not sure .I feel anxious talked to nurse on phone she says I should go to emergency room but I'm not sure I don't want to risk getting coronavirus and feel if my head was life threatening I'd have more pain instead of just a slight headache and blurred vision this am.I may have a concussion or a skull fracture .I'm not sure but I don't drive and have to walk to work tomorrow so I'm going to sleep but if I die tell my kids and grandchildren and family I love them.thanks and good luck on your head injury also .I'm going to rest and hope that helps my brain heal.Linda Harvey

I just read about what your goin through I was wondering how your appointment went. Last year I was also in an accident and had a brain aneurysm and I hit my head really hard which caused me to have very severe migraines where I would even say to people that my head was hurting so bad it felt like my brain was bleeding and I would just fall asleep out of nowhere for almost a whole day then I kept losing things after that I started to become really confused and completely out of it and suffered a stroke then hit my head in a dark room passed out and woke up in the ambulance but the stroke is what saved my life because I got taking to the emergency room and that's where they noticed I would need brain surgery. This was a little over a year ago now I'm doing good. Hope your doing alright and everything goes ok with the neurologist

My head feels like a baby softspot on my head .is this normal after a TV falls on my head I'm scared .I have a dent in my head now

2 1/2 weeks ago I missed a curb falling on my head which took the entire impact. Taken to the ER. CT was done, and, laceration above eye took 8 stitches. After BP came down a bit I was sent home. Since the I have had some blood out of the nose nostril on that side of the injury. Consulted my doctor who said it was probably a sinus problem, not, related to the injury. Today when I blew my nose even more blood came out of that nostral. Should I be concerned? 83 year old.

I had a similar accident and got 11 stitches and a fracture. The doctor was concerned because I had bleeding in the sinuses. Is there anyone you can ask for a second opinion?
If not, I would suggest writing your doctor and asking for a second look at your sinuses, especially if you haven't had this problem before.

Hi, I got a very bad hit on the back of my head by the hand-held steel shower while showering last Sunday. I started feeling headache and nausea after an hour and the headache continued till next day night. But the swelling on head is still there even after 5 days of hit.
After reading this article I am getting a strong feeling that concussion happened to me. I facing difficulty in work. In last 2 days I did the easiest work thrice by repeatedly doing the silly mistakes. I am feeling that am losing concentration on things,
Need your suggestion on this. Hope i will get a reply for this. Thank you for the useful information.
PS: I am suffering from Headache ( not confirmed whether it is migraine or something else) from last few years.

um so i was getting into the car two days ago and i hit my temple on the pointy bit of the door as it was swinging in. the past couple of days i have felt like im not in my own body and im not really all here, kinda like my bodies making decisions for me like moving and talking but like my thinking is delayed??? i dont know. its also an effort to hold a conversation too and i feel like i dont really have any emotions. i dont know if im just sleep deprived though so hopefully it will go away after a good sleep? anywhoooo

I had a mild concussion that was not complicated by anything per the CT scan. However, I did NOT heed the advice not to do anything strenuous (physical/mental). I had no problem with the physical rest but the mental rest was creating horrible boredom. The idea physicians have is that they will send a patient home because family members are more likely to know than the head injury patient that something is wrong. However, in my case I was on the computer blogging until 3 a.m one night, ignoring my horrible eyestrain. The next day, weakness set in to my right arm and wrist. The blow to my head was near the left side (eye orbit). I had NOT been counseled in any way by the Urgent Care or the doctor appointment I had with my primary care about weakness and what to make of that, so I just went with the fact that my CT was okay and ignored it. The problem is, I actually felt better (minimal bruising on the face/head) the first week of my concussion than I do the second. Now I have horrible eyestrain. I have light sensitivity. I have disrupted sleep. And I feel like my right hand — I'm right handed — is so clumsy and weak that if I didn't know any better I would suspect a stroke. Now get this: Everyone these days is addicted to their screens. Even my family members, being told I was supposed to STOP looking at my phone, kept texting me. When I asked them to stop after a week of being bothered with daily text messages, they got mad at me. I'm the one with the head injury but in my family THEY are the ones who need to be accommodated. My message to doctors and health professionals is not to assume the patient is better off at home. I didn't rest my brain at all possibly because of the judgment-impairing effects of the head injury and possibly because I got the false impression in the first 72 hours of my concussion that it was so mild. I

In summary, I'm the worse for what was diagnosed as a "mild concussion" wherein I didn't take the "rest your brain" advice seriously. As a result, I have pins and needles going down my right arm and weakness in my right wrist and hand. What's more, even though I presented at the Urgent Care and doctor's office as a fall victim, NOTHING about my spine was checked out. I was in a lot of pain from the fall after the concussion and simply went to a chiropractor for help. I was certain at the time that I didn't seriously injure anything but in hindsight I think the people who evaluated me should have taken my account with a grain of salt since that was possibly the "head injury" talking. I very well may have inured my neck falling sideways onto my left side, at which point my head hit a metal security door, and that may accounts for my neuropathy and weakness. Unfortunately, I will never know for sure because nobody ordered any X-rays (that's three medical appointments if you count the chiropractor). Meanwhile, my spouse who took time off work to watch over me per the instructions is now back at work and I do NOT feel safe to drive. (Beyond being tired, I feel like I am drugged in some way ever since the fall.)

In closing, when I read comments above that some people went to the hospital with memory loss and other more severe symptoms than I had and weren't even given a CT scan — or in my case no evaluation for spinal injury — I cringe at the lack of judgment medical providers had for people who weren't in their "right mind" to advocate for themselves in their post-head injury condition. So here's my message: If you find yourself in this situation, no matter if it's two days or two years, ask for an MRI or CT scan in the event you suspect there are problems (or even if you don't). Second if you have an addiction to your computer and smartphone or you know your family and friends can't pick up a phone and TALK vs. text, tell your doctor because you may be better off recovering in the hospital. At least that way your brain might actually have some time to heal. Mine didn't and my symptoms have become worse as a result of not giving my mind a break (I was too bored to rest in bed and watched too much TV, looked at my tablet too much, wrote a blog to the wee hours of the morning and kept receiving and responding to texts on my phone). The daily eyestrain is horrible and, in addition to the weakness I now feel on the right side of my body, I feel like someone stuffed a sock up the left side of nose (pain down the septum). The worst of it is, everyone thinks they can continue attaching me to the electronic leash that is my smarthphone — and I'm not allowed, apparently, to tell them "No".

sunday afternoon, so about 5-6 days ago, i was hit very hard on the top of my head with a break pad/ rotor while working on a car. the car was lifted and it jerked down and smashed into me. it sounds worse than it is but it still hurts and it was bad enough to knock me out for a few seconds. i got a pounding a headache a few hours afterwards and my whole head is very tight and tender. i went to my doctor the next day and he told me i had a mild concussion and i will be okay on thursday. it’s basically saturday now and my head is still killing me, my neck hurts, lights/ sound sensitive, i’m nauseous, everything. is this normal ? is it possible he miss diagnosed me or am i getting worse? i did go to school bc he told me it was okay. he just gave me a shot for my headache and sent me on my way

Ok, so the first thing I'm going to tell you is that every concussion is different. There are a lot of variables that determine how bad a person's injury is and when they will heal. Some of those variables include how hard you hit your head, where you hit your head, and your individual brain and genetics. Doctors cannot give a specific date when you should be healed because the brain is so complex and unique. I'm sorry that you have to go through this. Brain injuries, even the mildest concussion, can affect someone greatly. Seeing how you passed out and a car fell on your head, I think that your concussion is not very mild. I'm not a professional so I can't tell you exactly what to do or when you will be better, but I can tell you that you are not alone. A lot of doctors are so frustrating and they usually don't know what they are doing, unfortunately. I recommend either going back to that doctor or another one if you can, and see if there are other ways to get help, such as concussion therapy. I can't tell you that this will be easy or that you will get better soon, although I wish it were that easy. I wish the best of luck to you!

Last year I got a really bad concussion. I was climbing on my sink in my bathroom to get something from above the mirror and I slipped and fell across the bathroom and hit my head on the tub. My mom took me to the hospital because I couldn't remember anything at the time and I couldn't feel my head. My mom told them what she thought had happened and that I couldn't remember anything or feel my head or my neck. After she told them, they left me in a hospital room for 4 hours and sent us home without ANY scans. They told my mom to wake me up a few times during the night to make sure I was okay. I still didn't remember anything from the last week, but I started to remember important stuff. I ended up not being able to read or write for 9 months. I couldn't feel my head or neck for 7 months. I couldn't do anything for 8 months. I couldn't look at any screens for 8 months.
It has been 18 months and I can function normally again! After 97 therapy appointments (vision therapy, vestibular therapy, and Cervical therapy) I am back to almost normal! I still can't do math like I used to be able to, but I got really lucky! The doctors ended up (5 months into having a concussion) doing x-rays and scans. I could have easily died and I am so grateful to be here today! I hope my story helped someone!

Okay so around 2013 I fell out of a moving car on the back of my head and while I was trying to grab onto the car I landed head first.... it is currently 2019 I never went to the hospital because I was too scared to, still til this day I have really bad head aches where my eyes are burning, I start to see spot randomly, and I lose my balance. Recently I have been getting really irritated easily and if you know me I’m always a happy go lucky person. And 2 weeks ago I felt my head where I hurt and there is a lot of loose skin there that was never there... and also towards the top of my head there is a little dent that has recently developed and is really hurting and I feel like my headaches have gotten so worse that even when I sleep a good rest I wake up and it’s still there hurting more than ever. Usually sleeping it off always works nowadays I still wake up with them there and pounding out my ears. My can’t even be in a ponytail for too long because of how much it hurts. Idk how much a mri is gonna cost and I also don’t know if a mri with even help because of how long it’s been now. What do you guys think I should do?!

Do you not have accident compensation? NZ accidents get free treatment including MRIs...sounds like you need to go

There are forms you can fill out at the hospital if you cannot afford your have this done. There should be some kind of fund to help pay for your treatment. Otherwise, go to your local human services office and apply for Title 19 or Medicaid. You really need to be seen and not being able to afford it shouldn’t stop you from going. Good luck!

Please seek medical advice as soon as you can! Dude!

The obvious answer would be to go see a doctor. Don't be scared to have yourself checked. It's more frightening to have unknown health issues that you think could be linked to a critical injury. It's very important to seek medical attention to clarify what's going on.

I’m 60 years old & I’ve experienced 3 blows to the head within the last few weeks. The first was falling down on a flight of stairs. The back of my head was pouring blood, went straight to Urgent Care to get checked out. No stitches were required but I still have lumps. 2nd incident was at work. A big knot on my forehead, icing reduced the swelling. 3rd incident was Sunday working in Fine Jewelry. I was showing a customer a piece of jewelry. When I reached in to get it, the heavy wooden door slipped & hit the top of my head. I’ve had a headache for 3 days. Nausea has eased off. I’ve been off work so that’s giving me time to rest. I guess my fear is experiencing so many brain accidents in a short amount of time.

Two years ago I was hit in the side of my head by a Snapple drink bottle that hadn't been open yet, came from 150 ft in the air going 45 mph when the girl on the ride dropped it off her lap. Obviously it knocked me out and I woke up in the ER. The doctor said TBI, Severe concussion, brain bruised.
Now, two years later I have not been able to go back to work, closed my company down, my memory is almost non-existing, I get dizzy and fall out of no where so I use a cane now, not allowed to drive a vehicle because I have a 2 to 5 seizures every month, been diagnosed with having, severe memory loss, severe depression, severe anxiety, severe PTSD, developed a bad stutter, get angry out of no where and don't remember how ugly I was after I am told the next day...and etc...... anyway, I am posting on here to see if anyone reading this may have had some major issues for this long (two years) and if you recovered at all after 2 years.

I would really like to read that someone has had some positive changes with the issues developed because of your TBI or if so one has gotten any better it would be good to at least be realistic with myself and try to understand how I can't go back to MYSELF pre-Injury. Maybe some people do get better and some don't. Hell, I can't even remember what movie I watched last night....so there is some good chance I may get better...can't get too much worse.

I suffered a concussion caused by a top of head impact 7 months ago. At the time I felt dazed for 2 or 3 minutes. Since then I've had a continual headache which varies to a small extent in intensity. This began about 4 days after the incident and has continued ever since. I haven't had any other symptoms, other than loss of concentration caused by the relentless headache. It's a complete nightmare. My best wishes to everyone else afflicted by this.

I am a 15 year old girl and I was in a car accident 4 months ago and the doctor released me only two hours after crashing into the tree saying I was fine with some scratches on my eyes but never checked for a concussion. Well it is 4 months later school is starting soon and I am still having symptoms and I just want them to go away I keep forgetting things I get bad headaches I can’t sleep and I don’t know what to do can u guys please help

Did they do X-rays? I was blindside hit a rv at 40 mph , and my C-1/C-2 are herniated. I would get x-rays and a ct scan , and consult with a chiropractor. Mine here in Florida has been fantastic with helping me readjust my neck. I had the same headaches , and other issues . It will take time, I have ptsd when surrounded by heavy traffic, and short term memory is toast . every day is almost like a new day .

I've been trying to do research on my own after a work related accident. I've learned so much just by reading all of your comments. The comments have helped me more than my neurologist and articles online. I just want to thank all of you for sharing your experiences. Brain injury is a serious problem. The medical field seems to be very behind on this situation. Hopefully they will in the near future. I have owned and been working with and around horses for the past 15 yrs. I've had a few minor injuries and a lot of close calls. Almost 3 months ago, I went out to check on a horse at work. As I was walking away from the herd, one of the horses that was behind the other horse did a 360 and kicked me in the back of the head. My cowgirl hat took the blunt of the sharp hooves which would of sliced me open, but the kick was very forceful. I fell to my knees into the dirt. I was with a coworker. She told me to stay still and she was holding a shirt over the back of my head wesr I had some bleeding until the ambulance arrived. I just have to mention that I didn't know this horse very well that kicked me and I came to find out that he had a history of aggression. Most horses would never come after someone like that. After the kick all I could think about was staying awake and getting through it and being here for my oldest daughter who was getting induced with my first grandbaby that night. Well....I felt most of the underlying symptoms about one week into it. Like most of you, I get the sadness,moodiness, self loathing, headache in that spot. Very hard for me to conversate. It feels like it takes all of ly energy just to.get a sentence out which causes labored breathing. The Dr. Doesn't understand the breathing part when I talk to her. She says my lungs sound fine. It has nothing to do with the condition of my lungs which i keep telling everyone. They just don't get it. It's frustrating. I'm glad i read a few in here that are having the same issue. The other symptoms she can understand, but not the breathing. I see her this week and I am going to bring it up again and tell her about the articles. I'm very grateful because I know it could've been much worse. It's been rough though and I know eventually it'll get better. If it doesn't, I'll just have to learn to live life with the new me. Everyday is a blessing and I keep telling myself this and that I have to keep pushing forward. I'm impatient and want to feel better now. Well, that's not happening and God is the only one that's getting me through these lonely days. You do feel alone because people just don't understand unless they have or currently going through the same thing. Thanks again for all of your comments. God Bless and feel better!

I fell while at work, both my feet slipped out from under me at the same time and I fell butt first, but with my head banging the door I was trying to get through. I sat there nearly in tears holding both the front and the back of my head because even though I just hit the back, I knew my brain had also slammed into the front. It's been five days, and even though the ED doc did a CT scan of head and neck and nothing was broken or bleeding (thus only a mild concussion) I still have headaches and this annoying sound in my left ear of what I can only describe as a butterfly beating against my eardrum. I went back to the doctor who told me that he didn't think it was the head injury because if I had damaged my inner ear, then there would be worse wrong with me. It's so very frustrating. I have to wear my earplugs and play music or white noise to distract me from the fluttering. After reading about post-concussive syndrome, I hope this doesn't get worse. :(

I also have to listen to white noise. I have tinnitus a constant high pitch piercing sound going on 9 months now no relief.

It will get better as long as you get enough sleep and exercise your brain a bit ofcourse you shouldnt overdo it because you need allot of rest but it will speed up the process, its also a very good option to keep a healthy diet and do a little bit of exercise once its getting better. I have struggled with 3 mild concussion and its deffinitly possible to fully recover and even get a bit healthier in the process