Facts About Concussion and Brain Injury

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
Facts about Concussion and Brain Injury: Where To Get Help

What Is a Concussion?

A concussion is a type of traumatic brain injury—or TBI—caused by a bump, blow, or jolt to the head or by a hit to the body that causes the head and brain to move rapidly back and forth. This sudden movement can cause the brain to bounce around or twist in the skull, creating chemical changes in the brain and sometimes stretching and damaging brain cells.

Concussions Are Serious

Medical providers may describe a concussion as a “mild” brain injury because concussions are usually not life-threatening. Even so, the effects of a concussion can be serious.

Because the brain is very complex, every brain injury is different. Some symptoms may appear right away, while others may not show up for days or weeks after the concussion. Sometimes the injury makes it hard for people to recognize or to admit that they are having problems.

The signs of concussion can be subtle. Early on, problems may be missed by patients, family members, and doctors. People may look fine even though they’re acting or feeling differently.

Because all brain injuries are different, so is concussion recovery. Most people with mild injuries recover fully, but it can take time. Some symptoms can last for days, weeks, or longer.

In general, recovery is slower in older persons. Also, persons who have had a concussion in the past may find that it takes longer to recover from their current injury.

This article explains what can happen after a concussion, how to get better, and where to go for more information and help when needed.


Medical Help

People with a concussion need to be seen by a doctor. While most are seen in an emergency department or a doctor’s office, some people must stay in the hospital overnight.

Your doctor may do a scan of your brain (such as a CT scan) or other tests. Other tests, known as “neuropsychological” or “neurocognitive” tests, assess your learning and memory skills, your ability to pay attention or concentrate, and how quickly you can think and solve problems. These tests can help your doctor identify the effects of a concussion. Even if the concussion doesn’t show up on these tests, you may still have a concussion.

Your doctor will send you home with important instructions to follow. Be sure to follow all of your doctor’s instructions carefully.

If you are taking medications—prescription, over-the-counter medicines, or “natural remedies”—or if you drink alcohol or take illicit drugs, tell your doctor. Also, tell your doctor if you are taking blood thinners (anticoagulant drugs), such as Coumadin and aspirin, because they can increase the chance of complications.


Danger Signs

In rare cases, a dangerous collection of blood (hematoma) may form on the brain after a bump, blow, or jolt to the head or body that may squeeze the brain against the skull. Call 9-1-1 right away or contact your doctor or emergency department if you have one or more of the following danger signs after a bump, blow, or jolt to the head or body:

  • One pupil larger than the other.
  • Drowsiness or inability to wake up.
  • A headache that gets worse and does not go away.
  • Slurred speech, weakness, numbness, or decreased coordination.
  • Repeated vomiting or nausea, convulsions or seizures (shaking or twitching).
  • Unusual behavior, increased confusion, restlessness, or agitation.
  • Loss of consciousness (passed out/knocked out). Even a brief loss of consciousness should be taken seriously.

Danger Signs — Children, Toddlers, and Infants

Take your child to the emergency department right away if the child has received a blow or jolt to the head and:

  • Any of the signs and symptoms listed in the Danger Signs & Symptoms of a Concussion list.
  • Will not stop crying and cannot be consoled.
  • Will not nurse or eat.

Symptoms of Brain Injury

“I just don’t feel like myself.”

Persons of All Ages

Most people with a concussion have one or more of the symptoms listed below and recover fully within days, weeks or a few months. But for some people, symptoms of concussion can last even longer. Generally, if you feel that “something is not quite right,” or if you are feeling “foggy,” you should talk with your doctor.

Concussion symptoms are often grouped into four categories, including:

  • Remembering and Thinking
    • Difficulty thinking clearly
    • Feeling slowed down
    • Difficulty concentrating
    • Difficulty remembering new information
  • Physical
    • Headache
    • Nausea or vomiting (early on)
    • Balance problems
    • Dizziness
    • Fuzzy or blurry vision
    • Feeling tired, having no energy
    • Sensitivity to noise or light
  • Emotional/Mood
    • Irritability
    • Sadness
    • More emotional
    • Nervousness or anxiety
  • Sleep Disturbance
    • Sleeping more than usual
    • Sleeping less than usual
    • Trouble falling asleep

Some of these symptoms may appear right away, while others may not be noticed for days or months after the injury, or until the person starts resuming their everyday life and more demands are placed upon them. Sometimes, people do not recognize or admit that they are having problems. Others may not understand why they are having problems and what their problems really are, which can make them nervous and upset.

The signs and symptoms of a concussion can be difficult to sort out. Early on, problems may be missed by the person with the concussion, family members, or doctors. People may look fine even though they are acting or feeling differently.

Young Children

Very young children (i.e., infants, toddlers, and preschoolers) often bump and bruise their heads. This can happen as a result of motor vehicle crashes, falls, getting hit in the head with a ball or toy, or from tricycle/bike accidents. Sometimes these events can be serious and result in a concussion.

Young children can have the same symptoms of a concussion as older children, but it is harder for them to let others know how they are feeling. In addition to the symptoms mentioned on page 5, call your child’s doctor right away if your child seems to be getting worse or if you notice any of the following:

  • Crying more than usual
  • Headache that will not go away
  • Change in the way they play, perform or act at school
  • Change in nursing, eating, or sleeping patterns
  • Becoming easily upset or increased temper tantrums
  • Sad mood
  • Lack of interest in usual activities or favorite toys
  • Loss of new skills, such as toilet training
  • Loss of balance, unsteady walking
  • Poor attention

Older Adults

Because concussions are often missed or misdiagnosed among older adults, be especially alert if you know that an older adult has fallen or has a fall-related injury, such as a hip fracture. Older adults may have a higher risk of serious complications from a concussion, such as bleeding on the brain. Headaches that get worse or increased confusion are signs of this complication. If they occur, see a doctor right away. Older adults often take blood thinners; if they do, they should be seen immediately by a health care provider if they have a bump or blow to the head or body even if they do not have any of the symptoms listed above.


Getting Better

“Sometimes the best thing you can do is just rest and then try again later.”

Although most people recover fully after a concussion, how quickly they improve depends on many factors. These factors include how severe their concussion was, their age, how healthy they were before the concussion, and how they take care of themselves after the injury.

Some people who have had a concussion find that at first it is hard to do their daily activities, their job, to get along with everyone at home, or to relax. Ignoring your symptoms and trying to “tough it out” often makes symptoms worse.

Rest is very important after a concussion because it helps the brain to heal. You’ll need to be patient because healing takes time. Only when the symptoms have reduced significantly, in consultation with your doctor, should you slowly and gradually return to your daily activities, such as work or school. If your symptoms come back or you get new symptoms as you become more active, this is a sign that you are pushing yourself too hard. Stop these activities and take more time to rest and recover. As the days go by, you can expect to gradually feel better.

If you already had a medical condition at the time of your concussion (such as chronic headaches), it may take longer for you to recover from the concussion. Anxiety and depression may also make it harder to adjust to the symptoms of a concussion. While you are healing, you should be very careful to avoid doing anything that could cause a bump, blow, or jolt to the head or body. On rare occasions, receiving another concussion before the brain has healed can result in brain swelling, permanent brain damage, and even death, particularly among children and teens.

After you have recovered from your concussion, you should protect yourself from having another one. People who have had repeated concussions may have serious long-term problems, including chronic difficulty with concentration, memory, headache, and occasionally, physical skills, such as keeping one’s balance.

Tips for Healing: Adults

Here are a few tips to help you get better:

  • Get plenty of sleep at night, and rest during the day.
  • Avoid activities that are physically demanding (e.g., heavy housecleaning, weightlifting/working-out) or require a lot of concentration (e.g., balancing your checkbook). They can make your symptoms worse and slow your recovery.
  • Avoid activities, such as contact or recreational sports, that could lead to a second concussion. (It is best to avoid roller coasters or other high-speed rides that can make your symptoms worse or even cause a concussion.)
  • When your doctor says you are well enough, return to your normal activities gradually, not all at once.
  • Because your ability to react may be slower after a concussion, ask your doctor when you can safely drive a car, ride a bike, or operate heavy equipment.
  • Talk with your doctor about when you can return to work. Ask about how you can help your employer understand what has happened to you.
  • Consider talking with your employer about returning to work gradually and about changing your work activities or schedule until you recover (e.g., work half-days).
  • Take only those drugs that your doctor has approved.
  • Do not drink alcoholic beverages until your doctor says you are well enough. Alcohol and other drugs may slow your recovery and put you at risk of further injury.
  • Write down the things that may be harder than usual for you to remember.
  • If you’re easily distracted, try to do one thing at a time. For example, don’t try to watch TV while fixing dinner.
  • Consult with family members or close friends when making important decisions.
  • Do not neglect your basic needs, such as eating well and getting enough rest.
  • Avoid sustained computer use, including computer/video games early in the recovery process.
  • Some people report that flying in airplanes makes their symptoms worse shortly after a concussion.

Tips for Healing: Children

Parents and caregivers of children who have had a concussion can help them recover by taking an active role in their recovery:

  • Having the child get plenty of rest. Keep a regular sleep schedule, including no late nights and no sleepovers.
  • Making sure the child avoids high-risk/ high-speed activities such as riding a bicycle, playing sports, or climbing playground equipment, roller coasters or rides that could result in a second bump, blow, or jolt to the head or body. Children should not return to these types of activities until the doctor says they are well enough.
  • Giving the child only those drugs that are approved by the pediatrician or family physician.
  • Talking with the doctor about when the child should return to school and other activities and how the parent or caregiver can help the child deal with the challenges that the child may face. For example, your child may need to spend fewer hours at school, rest often, or require more time to take tests.
  • Sharing information about concussion with parents, siblings, teachers, counselors, babysitters, coaches, and others who interact with the child helps them understand what has happened and how to meet the child’s needs.

Where to Get Help

Help for People with Concussion

“It was the first time in my life that I couldn’t depend on myself.”

There are many people who can help you and your family as you recover from a concussion. You do not have to do it alone.

Show this article to your doctor or health care provider and talk with them about your concerns. Ask your doctor about whether you need specialized treatment and about the availability of rehabilitation programs.

Your doctor can help you find a health care provider who has special training in treating concussion. Early treatment of symptoms by a specialist may speed recovery. Your doctor may refer you to a neuropsychologist, neurologist, or specialist in rehabilitation.

Keep talking with your doctor, family members, and loved ones about how you are feeling, both physically and emotionally. If you do not think you are getting better, tell your doctor.

For more information, see the resources listed below.

Help for Families and Caregivers

“My husband used to be so calm. But after his injury, he started to explode over the littlest things. He didn’t even know that he had changed.”

When someone close to you has a concussion or a more serious brain injury, it can be hard to know how best to help. They may say that they are “fine” but you can tell from how they are acting that something has changed.

If you notice that your family member or friend has symptoms of a concussion that are getting worse, talk to them and their doctor about getting help. They may need help if you can answer YES to any of the following questions:

  • Are any of the concussion symptoms substantially affecting their life activities (such as feeling restricted in their activities due to symptoms, performance in school or at work has changed, unhappy with life changes)?
  • Has their personality changed?
  • Do they get angry for no reason?
  • Do they get lost or easily confused?
  • Do they have more trouble than usual making decisions?

You might want to talk with people who share your experience. The Brain Injury Association of America can put you in contact with people who can help (listed in the resource section below).

Resources for Getting Help

“I thought I was all alone, but I’m not. There are lots of people out there who understand what I’ve been through.”

Several groups help people and their families deal with concussion and more serious brain injuries. They provide information and put people in touch with local resources, such as support groups, rehabilitation services, and a variety of health care professionals.

  • CDC’s Injury Center has created resources and conducts research to help prevent concussion and more serious brain injuries and improve outcomes for survivors. For more information contact CDC toll-free at 1-800-CDC-INFO (1-800-232-4636) or visit CDC’s Injury Center on the Web at www.cdc.gov/TraumaticBrainInjury.
  • The Brain Injury Association of America (BIAA) has a national network of many state affiliates and hundreds of local chapters and support groups across the country that provide help in your community.

    You can reach BIAA by calling the toll-free National Brain Injury Information Center at 1-800-444-6443.

    You can also get information through their website at www.biausa.org. Both the help line and the website can provide you with information about the BIAA affiliate closest to you.

  • The Defense and Veterans Brain Injury Center (DVBIC) works to ensure that active duty military and veterans with brain injury receive the best evaluation, treatment, and follow-up. You can reach DVBIC by calling toll-free at 1-800-870-9244 or by visiting their website at www.dvbic.org.

    For more information about TBI in the military, including an interactive website for service members, veterans, and families and caregivers, please visit: www.TraumaticBrainInjuryatoz.org.

From the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. www.cdc.gov.
Disclaimer: This information is not meant to be a substitute for professional medical advice. The reader is advised to always seek the advice of a physician prior to changing any treatment or to receive answers to questions regarding a specific medical condition.

Posted on BrainLine November 17, 2017. Reviewed March 27, 2019.

Disclaimer: This information is not meant to be a substitute for professional medical advice. The reader is advised to always seek the advice of a physician prior to changing any treatment or to receive answers to questions regarding a specific medical condition.


Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (2017, July 6). Traumatic Brain Injury & Concussion. Retrieved November 17, 2017, from www.cdc.gov

Comments (413)

Hiya I went out clubbing the other night and some bloke hit me on the back of my head on side behind my ear and I keep getting headacks and I pack paracetamol ever time I get pains then it comes bk when pills wear off plz help me

My husband and i have some arguments so he hit his head on the wall for many time ,2 days he have some pain by touching that part but today that is 3 rd day when he woke up in the morning he was felling some dizzyness, is there any thing to worry about ,should we have to go for any test please show us the way...

please help I have a 17 year old use to be such a great girl she has had 4 concussions in less than a year now she is getting mad and screaming all the time she curses doesn't want me or her dad around.  She is a straight A student Vasrsity Cheer capain. we are at a loss what to do she gets mad over the littles things when she is mad she bangs her head on the wall I've had to restrain her several times so she doesn't hurt herself drs. arent helping we need help or she is not going to graduate and go to college please someone help.

i was walking on the road instantly one ike hit me i got injured on brai skull bit blood clotted..please tell me how to get heal of it?as it is paining to my right eye also..n headache..how to get recover?

There is a story by JJ Virgin that has also been in the media lately about how high doses of omega 3s helped her son recover from life threatening traumatic brain injuries. Please check it out . I don't have the video and info links in front of me but will post later.

PLEASE HELP ME IF YOU CAN.

I'm going through this CRAZY HEAD PROBLEM RIGHT NOW, trying to solve his problem THE BEST I CAN, but nothing is helping me. I've been having  experiencing everything that is wrote on this website since 2010 till now 2014 (2015 coming up) and im telling people now but people think im crazy. Please give me advice if you CAN PLEASE! (sokdaranang@gmail.com) and this is my story. I had a serious car accident in 1999 when i was four. The car flip at least 4 times and i flew out the window but survive. I survive and never had a problem with it until 2010 when i was a Sophmore in high school. Around August when school started. I was very young and unkowledge about everything and so focus on school and work. It was also cause i was afraid to check cause its the brain. A fear of mine. So years pass by, one year after graduation i went to visit my family from a different state. I never told anyone my problem but i was comfotable so i talk about my problems. they told to to get it check up it could be from the car accident. i went to the emergency room twice but they didnt want to help me. i went to couldnt find anything and all i know is that im getting worse, and feel like my life is over, please contact me if you could give me an he brain doctor. he gave me a CT scan EED test blood and urine test and Medication, could find anything. I just had a MRI Scan in thailand yesterday and they NEGATIVE. I feel like ive been sleep walking in life and cant do anything right AND ITS ONLY GETTING WORSE. PLEASE HELP IF YOU CAN.

I read the comments below and it makes my heart ache.  I too have been there. I was in a car accident 14 years ago this month.  I didn't hit my head directly, but I did punch myself in the jaw (due to the way I was holding my arm, and we were shaken violently.  We had hit construction plates that weren't properly placed and our card stuck to the bottom of the plate.  The doctor said it was the equivalent of a 55 mph ride into a wall.  I have had many of the symptoms described here, but I have a happy ending to the story.  At that time, I experienced so many of the symptoms mentioned, but no one would believe me except my naturopath.  All the medicines from the doctors made me sick, but the homeopathic remedy I took helped me more than anything else. For the next 7 years I struggled mostly with brain fatigue and my vision.  I was woozy most of the time and this got worse under florescent lights.  A couple of times I almost fainted from them.  During that 7th year I began going to school to become a homeopath myself.  During class I would have to wear a hat and sunglasses.  During my studies I came across a rather obscure remedy that was related to the one I had been taking.  I had been told my visual disturbances were irreversible and that I would be a little dizzy for the rest of my life.  When I took the remedy, I didn't expect this to change a bit, but when I woke up the next morning the world stood still for the first time in 7 years.  I could be under florscent light for much longer periods of time and I have felt fairly well since.  I want to encourage you!  I really learned quite a lot during the time I was recovering.  I learned to deal with disturbing thoughts and a brain that didn't work like I was used to and overcome, I had to learn to enjoy my world even if I was a little woozy.  I had to accept limitations, but in the end God answered my prayers . . . I was able to recover almost completely AND I learned a strength I never would have had, had this not happened.  The best method of coping for me was letting God teach me and use this experience to enrich my life in the end.

Hi I'm Denise from New Jersey , a licensed massage therapist. 8 months ago I fell down a flight of stairs, never hitting my head but I was holding the railing with one hand and slid all the way down landing on my butt and back. I got up and remember feeling as if someone shook my head very hard . 2 days later I was dizzy nauseas and feeling crappy. Here I am 8 months later. Some symptoms got better. Some new symptoms appeared. I had dizziness, light sensitivity, smell sensitivity, brain felt like it was shaking, nausea, pressure on face, pressure in head, pressure in eye, twitching when sleeping, menstrual cycle heavy and light, body temperature hot or cold, numbness in feet and arm especially at night . Now I have photophobia, eyes are seeing things closer than they are and a lil head pressure, balance is bad. Everything else went away oh and neck pain. The weirdest thing is that its only on the left side of my head . This PCS syndrome is so weird . I've had acupuncture and get neck massages regularly. They both help ease symptoms. I feel Dr.s don't know much about this so we need to continue raising awareness on PCS/TBI and educate each other on how to ease and hopefully find a treatment for this. I don't believe in medication , I believe that there are alternatives for our healing/recovery. Lets fight and continue to support one another. Please feel free to contact me denisemonroylmt@aol.com

Hi Denise:

Most doctors are boobs and don't know how to evaluate whether a person has had a concussion or not. I had a similar jarring of my brain after missing a couple of steps walking down my basement stairs. I suddenly fell forward and, as in your case, I did not actually hit my head. Had a severe headache after I made the mistake of exercising two days later because, as doctors told me "You couldn't have had a concussion because you didn't hit your head." As I said, most doctors are clueless.

I got a concussion Oct. 1st at one of my football games for high school and I can't sleep and have massive migraines throughout the night causing me to stay awake. I've been getting 2 to 3 hours of sleep for the past 2 weeks. I've been to numerous doctors and have to go get a MRI. I'm not sure what's....... Please help to inform me

I'm 14 and I have had a concussion since August I go to physically therphy for it but I get these scary thoughts is that normal

My fiance left for work at 6am, he always left early so he could take his time on his 45 minute trip to work.I ALWAYS WAKE UP WITH HIM EVERY MORNING AND OUR NOW 8 MONTH OLD DAUGHTER WOULD PLAY WITH HER DADDY WHILE OUR 5 YEARS OLD WAS STILL SLEEPING.WE DID THIS EVERY MORNING!!!!On Sept 23 2014.he left for work,it was THE ONLY DAY OUT OF 2 YEARS I SLEPT IN UNTILL ABOUT 20 MINUTES AFTER HE LEFT FOR WORK BCUZ OUR DAUGHTER HAD ME UP ALL NIGHT.when I woke up I called him and I got NO ANSWER..I sent him a video of his daughter crawling for first time..no answer.I thought maybe he left his phone in his car when he parked it at his job and got into his work truck for the day...AROUND 8 O'CLOCK AND STILL NO PHONE CALL ED I MADE A MISSING PERSONS REPORT ON HIM.the police officer came to my front door and says " does your fiance drive a 2008 white Vw passat?I Said..Yes..he said well " when your husband was coming out of the gas station ( which is only about a mile from our home) he was smashed by a state highway truck!!! HE died on the scene of the accident so they took him right across the street to a small ER to revive him then they air lifted him to shock trauma.I WAS SO MAD THAT NOONE CONTACTED ME..AND MY FIANCE WAS IN A FATAL CAR ACCIDENT AND I HAD NO IDEA! .AS SOON AS I FOUND OUT I RUSGED ME AND OUR BABIES TO THE HOSPITAL HE WAS AT STILL UNAWARE OF THE TRAUMA HE HAD..WELL..HE WAS IN ICU IN A COMA!...HIS RIGHT FRONTAL LOBE IS DAMAGED..EVERY RIB WAS BROKE..HIS LEG NEEDED A ROB PUT IN..HIS NECK WAS FRACTURED...LUNGS WERE MESSED UP...THE DOCS SAID HD WAS A VERY LUCKY MAN TO SURVIVE WHAT HE WENT THREW.Now on October 12th..he gas came out of his coma about a week agao..he has moved out of ICU and has went into the PROGRESSIVE CARE UNIT..they downsized his trac and put the feeding tube in side of his belly so it isn't all over his face.THE DOCS CANT BELIEVVE HOW WELL HE'S DOING.well the other night I sent the night with him..HE IS VERY AGGRAVATED HE CANT TALK N HE'S GENERALLY A VERY HYPER PERSON..he needed his trac cleaned out and he wanted me to do ig and I told him I couldn't and I explained why..he took his hand hand held my throat! I was in SJOCK.I LET THE DOC KNOW AND HE SAID IT WOULD JUST BE BCUZ HE'S EXTREMELY AGGRAVATED .AFTER HE DID IT..TEARS RAN DOWN HIS FACE IMMEDIATLY AND HE TRIED TO TELL ME SOMETHING.I JUST HELP HIS HAD AND COMFORTED HIM! I DONT KNOW WHAT YO DO AND THE DOCS DONT TELL YOU SHIT! I ASK HIM IF HE FEEL ANGRY AND HE SHAKEN HIS HAD NO.HE IS ALWAYS HOLDING MY HAD AND PUCKERING UP HIS LIPS TO KISS ME..I HOPE HE DOES NOT COME OUT VIOLENT...I CANT HAVE MY FAMILY DISTRYED!!!!! HAS ANYONE BEEN IN THIS KIND OF SITUATION????

Ive had 5 concussions in the last 2 years from hockey (im 15 by the way) i feel that they should take more steps to reduce hits to the head in hockey. I cant drive at night anymore (i live in canada where you can get your learners at 14) because the headlights from other cars give me bad headaches and sometimes i slur words when taking fast and make more mistakes when writing things at school, like missing letters in words even though i still get A and B grades. Most people dont realize how bad concussions really are. My classmatesat school tell me im a wuss and concussions arent bad. In health and science classes at schools they should teach kids about brain injuries. Many of my friends and me twice have gotten concussions and kept playing contact a sports which could be life threatening if they had recieved another hit to the head, because kida just think "oh its just a headache im fine" not enough people are aware of the serios consiquences of head injuries.

My husband was in a major accident in 1995. He suffered an extreme head injury. His logic and reasoning were skewed, poor impulse control and short term memory loss. In December of 2013 he suffered another head injury and has front right lobe encepholomacia. He has had seizures and has become paranoid and dangerous. I tried to stay, help my husband. I looked for help everywhere. He would scream, throw violent temper tantrums and blame me. He called me crazy and said I needed medication daily. In fact things got so bad the police and his doctors were called several times. They did nothing really to help. I was left in danger, tired, confused and my energy was spent. I told him I had to leave one day on June 3rd and that I just couldn't take anymore. I have reason to believe he was and still is using meth. Before I could get anyone to help me leave and call the local police in the area he flew out of the house in a rage, went to a local crisis center for domestic violence and pretended he was the victim. He got an immediate danger order against me and I was removed from the house in 20 mins. I had to file a restraining order as well to try to keep safe.  I owned everything in the house and had to fight the restraining order which he kept putting off three times. Finally on August 13th they granted me the restraining order and dropped his. In July he put our dogs up for free on facebook and my daughter interveened and we found a place for them to go. He has consistently done things usually between the 19th and the 3rd of the month. August 20th he filed for divorce stating thaI took marbles, a bb gun and tampons. I have no idea how to fight this. It seems no one has took me seriously and that he needs serious help and until he gets it I am in danger. This month he got a stalking order against me. He has been the one stalking me, using facebook to deflame me, he lies constantly and continues to call me crazy, my reputation is shattered, my health has taken a toll with all the stress and I am financially destitute. My question is why? Is this part of the brain trauma, the meth addiction or is he just narcissistic? What do I do to get my life back? Why are there no laws when someone gets this dangerous to commit them?

My son (4 years old) fell of our bar stool on Sunday an knocked himself out with my floor being stone I rushed him I'm hospital but as we got there he was fine play in ect nothin looked wrong with him now it's 4 o'clock Tuesday morning an he's be in sick an make in weird noises in his sleep what do I do please can someone give me some advice xx

So im very worried for my well being. Im afraid I have a concussion. I have a prolonged headache since last Friday and as of right now its Wednesday. However, that is my ONLY symptom of a concussion. The odd thing is I never suffered a hit to the head or neck in any way, however, I did yell my ass off during last Fridays High School football game. After yelling for some time I began to get a severe headache and felt dizzy. I doubt I have a concussion, but it is a possibility.

Didn't get what I'm looking for

I think your daughters back teeth may be growing in which is causing her pain

Take her to the hospital. Tell them she have Sevier head pain and pressure. I will pray for u.

I am a 52 year young .  was starting a big Catering business with business partners and a big investor. also i was manager at a huge Christian university when i was managing a restaurant on campus.I was always very active at work home life and ministry not remembering i believe i slipped on water.food grease and a hose went  up in the air came down on my head, shoulder neck resulting in rotator cuff repair, winged scapula and PCS. I have had symptoms continue for 2 years this coming September. headaches, vomiting when overloaded, no sleep to days of sleep, disoriented, blurred vision, hallucinations at nite when i cant sleep i see trees and stuff in my dark room, large crowds  give me tunnel vision or like walls closing in, moving head back and forth at church from monitor to monitor to see speaker becomes taxing eyes heard to move side to side head eyes hurt. swoosh sound in ears when i move my head side to side or if one walks in front of me past me i hear swosh or noise like a tic tic tic..i feel like rain on my face and at times people are talking in slow motion. at times i am having difficulty talking, thinking remembering, concentrating, on tests from my drs i cant recal well, speed stinks..not feel myself worried im not ok. feel like something is wrong and its not being caught..any help i would be grateful..believing God has answers hear for me  thank you

you should get your child checked for Lead poisoning. make sure that there are no led paint chips in your garden antique furnitureand many antiques

In October of this year, it will be two years since I collided with another person on the ice rink.  This collision was with enough force that I ended up in the air.  I landed on my head and then slid about thirty feet across the ice.  I am in my forties.  My life has never been the same.  I lost some time, had severe head pain and dizziness, was extremely nauseated, and could not see clearly for a few minutes after the hit. The hospital glued my head slice back together, observed me for several hours and sent me home with instructions to be woken every hour.  That was it.  No one told me how important those first days were. Even though I felt "off" I figured I was good after the initial 24 hours.  I carried on in my life.  Laughing used to trigger a headache and blurry vision.  I have improved, but I am coming to the conclusion that I will never be the same.  I have had headaches, dizziness, unsteady balance if I move my head in certain directions, memory loss, severe sleep disturbance, personality changes regarding patience and coping, problems with speech or recalling words or saying the right words, recollection, fatigue, restlessness, and if I exercise at all, I will have head pain or headaches for several days.  I used to be able to multi task and just keep on top of everything.  Now, I can be overwhelmed by a large crowd at the grocery store.  In the beginning, it seemed anything I hadn't done in awhile was a "new' thing for my brain to figure out.  I had trouble remembering what I used to open a can.  I could not remember how to make my favourite recipe.  I could not remember passwords or combinations.  These things were discovered slowly as I encountered them again during the months that followed my head injury. I am grateful that I have come this far, but I fear that this is how I am going to stay.  I have read so many different stories.  I have researched.  Some say there is hope for full recovery and that it just takes time....years even.  It is unsettling how three seconds of time can change  life forever.  For all those who have experienced any form of head injury, make sure you seek good advice immediately and let the brain heal.  Those first days and weeks are vital. 

A lot of these stories are exactly what dr. Amen, of the amen clinic, treats. You ALL need to read the book, "change your brain, change your life". He has many patients who deal with the behavioral changes that happen after a tbi. In particular, the changes that many of you describe that other medical professionals have no explanation for, like becoming aggressive, foggy thought, loss of memory years later, can't concentrate even though you were an "a" student before the injury, etc... I have no association with dr. Amen, but I've read his books dealing with ADHD and I believe he is your best bet for help!

I need help my 9 years daughter having seveier pain around her ear face and neck.this pain normaly started at night time.some times it's pain for 5 minutes and she start playing again within 10,20 ,30 minutes pain start again,she is crying so heavy when pain starts, once stop she playing like normal kids, any one have any suggestion let me know, I will pray for you. Thanks

To the wife of July 2014 posting. Can husbands different behavior be from accident of brain injury. I have had a tbi for over 11yrs. My answer is yes. 

It can be from different reasons. The questions of you lying can be from his lack of memory and not having the cognitive to put a, b and c events together. Meaning that he may not know what effect his memory has and is questioning you for the problems. Here is what happened to me. I moved items and did not recall that I had....therefore I became paranoid, thinking that someone else was doing it. I not only did not recall, I had cognitive, transitioning and multi tasking issues, all that come into a play.

Another item that happened. I would have spells I called deregulation and after my personality would be different, as would be how i did things that would be different. I may be aggressive, happy, or osculate very rapidly in emotions where did not before. The mixes where not the same each time, often being different. My sugar levels changed as did sodium levels, there was a behavior, physical, metabolic changes. Speech ability (slurr) to communicate in context too ability to read began back wards or down to up.

I read that these can be internal changes, as you were suspecting, such as a very slow blood leak in brain, aneryreasum, stroke etc all being not bold and straight forward but effecting none the less. My suggestion is to keep a daily journal. What to write environment that can have effect but specific to above try going to the Mayo Clinic site, pick some areas of symptoms and changes that happen. The go to the section that says how to prep for appointment....Document....Then take this to the doctor.

Try if possible to get a doctor that has some interest and or knowledge in brain injury as it is complex, subtle, hidden and they do not get it. Get support for you and him via brain injury associations etc. These problems will not go away quickly. As you may be aware tbi improves with time, slowly.

Do not take his issues to personal, distance your emotions when you are umm accused. Its just the medical condition. Take extreme self care and go out and enjoy your self, take time out for you. 

My son had an head injury. He got hit on the head while playing at recess, by a twelve foot "metal" football goal post. Since the school system failed him, by not calling the paramedics everything else as far as doctors visits has been very overwhelming. .no one did anything for any of his symptoms, " but god"the Neuro basically directed every symptom he had on add or adhd.Two years later I find out he has had an Tbi. He was a gifted student and maintain ed his average until this tragedy, now he's failing in every subject, has very aggressive behavior "stabbed himself in the stomach with scissors"he wasn't bleeding or anything but just the start of odd and aggressive behavior. Thru it all god has helped me and thru it all he's blessed me and I still have praise inside of me!! We just had an appointment at a spinal specialist, "smh " God is great! Man can fail you but IF YOU CAN LET GO AND LET GOD .......HE WILL SEE YOU THU!

I was in a 5 car pile up on the free way. After Getting hit 4 Times I was in complete shock and wasnt thinking I ran out the car and ended up getting hit by a car. I was knocked out for about 10 minutes max and when I woke up I suffered short term memory lost. When I got to the hospital I was told I had no broken bones. I had a concussion, whip lash injuries, some back injuries, Sprained leg and ankle. I'm 20 years old and its been 4 months since my accident I have good days and bad days. I still sleep a lot nd when I do too much in one day I get bad migraines. I still get confused sometimes especially when my head is hurting still have some eye problems like double vision but mostly when I lay down and its very random. My memory is getting better however I had a great memory before the accident. I was very active and a fun love able person. I know God has a plan for me leave your healing to God don't loose faith!

Hit tree in tractortrailer two months ago , my ears are still ringing after I came to was knocked out for about an hour

My husband had a car accident 13 years ago. His car had stalled on the highway so he pulled over to the shoulder, called me to come and pick him up and call a tow truck. When I got there about 30 minutes later, there were police, a fire truck,  no husband, no tow truck but a smashed up vehicle. The officer approached me and told me the ambulance had taken my husband to a near by hospital.I got back in the car and went there right away. When I walked in, my husband had an egg size bump on his foot, his knee hurt and a couple of scrapes on his forehead. Thank God! This was a Saturday afternoon and someone thought the shoulder was a lane and crashed right into the back of his truck. The doctors stitched up his forehead, gave him some pain pills and told him to make an appt with his PCP. We were home a few hours and he had headache, and nausea. Asked me to take him back to the ER. Very unlike him, so I did this as fast as I cold without making him even more nauseous. Everything looks fine, sent him home with the same instructions as earlier in the day. Just keep an eye on him, and boy was he lucky. You see when I saw the police report, he had been thrown 80 feet from the vehicle, and unconscious laying on the highway, (My husband was very fit with al lot of muscle, but still approx 200 lbs). Thank heaven for a lady form the nearby army base ( think she was a nurse) that stopped to help. He didn't tell me this, except for after we got he police report. He said , he remembered someone over him talking to him. He lost his cell phone that was in his hand and his flip flops from his feet, never seen again. We felt very fortunate that he was OK and those things were all that happened. Years later he started hearing his heartbeat in his ear, and his equilibrium was off. So he went to the doctor, she told him he might have an annuerism- he went back alone did some tests and told me everything was fine. Again we move forward in time- his behavior started becoming different, cant truly explain how, but different. He started asking me a lot of questions about where I was , what I was doing and with who, much more than the normal relationship questions. He then started a quest to catch me lying or doing something questionable to the extreme.(BTW, I was just going to work) My question if anyone can answer is; we thought we walked away lucky- I am wondering how much trama may have been caused internally that was not picked up. All I know is that the man I know now is not the same man I married. Could this accident possibly be a cause of his new behaviors?

I am not a doctor, so I am not answering as a professional. But I can tell you as someone who has had a TBI, it completely changed me as a person. I know another person who had one 14 years ago, and he told me he's never been the same (emotionally speaking).

Over two years ago, at the age of twelve, I suffered a concussion from playing basketball and hit the back of my head on a concrete floor. In the process, I also broke my arm, so when I went to Urgent Care, they only asked me if I had passed out, and when I said no, they ignored my head and only focused on my arm. I actually had to go back into Urgent Care the next day because I could not focus as well and was having double vision. They had me take a CATscan, and when it came back clear, they diagnosed it as a "mild" concussion. Well, it's been almost three years, and I still cannot go to school full time. I cannot do my homework without being tired, and I can barely do any physical exercise without getting an extremely painful headache. Since getting my concussion, I've gone through many phases. I could not listen to loud noise or be in bright light (I had to put blankets over my window just so I could stay in my room), I went to eye therapy for over a year to get rid of the double vision, which worked, but it was very tiring, plus I was not able to go to school at all for two months straight. Because of the lack of social activity in my life, my friends continued their lives without me and stopped calling me, so I became depressed and had suicidal thoughts. I felt as if no one cared, but I never attempted anything, so after going through months of therapy, I was more emotionally stable. I have an extremely difficult time falling asleep and waking up. When I do fall asleep, sometimes it can already be five or six in the morning. Aside from that, I have acid reflux, terrible heartburn, migraines, three MRIs, several blood tests, and awful stomach problems that have been occuring for years. Since no doctor has been able to diagnose what is actually wrong with my stomach, I have to go to another doctor this month. I've had to go gluten and dairy free, because one of the many doctors I've seen suggested it. It doesn't seem to be making much of a difference, since I've been doing it for a while now, but every time I try to get back to eating gluten, my stomach has a bad reaction since it isn't used to it. At fourteen, I should be out having fun with my friends, but now I'm too afraid I won't feel good enough, so I never call them. I should be excited for high school, but I'd prefer to be homeschooled. Life has its bumps, and I'm trying to be patient, but sometimes it's so hard, and I get mad at myself for letting it happen to me. Please understand that it can happen to anyone, even you. If you get a concussion, even one that heals quickly, don't rush into everything and put yourself in more danger. Ease into things, and think about what your life will be like long-term. If you keep getting concussions, I can basically guarantee you will have problems later on in life. Be careful, and God bless.

Hit my head under a counter top I was cleaning the floor and came up and hit my head will that cause any damage

I fainted yesterday; hit my face/ side of head on the floor. My chin is swollen, bruised and numb. I also have bruising on my knees so luckily they took impact too. About an hour later I felt fine. But then as I went to walk again vision went blury. It's the next day and my chin is still numb and I get the odd ache in my head...I also felt extremely tired and sick today think I'm suffering concussion. Never had it this bad before.

I think I have this. Cause a few days ago. I got up to go to the bathroom and got in there didn't get to close the door andi was dizzy, fell straight to the floor and couldn't see or move for about 5-10 mins. I was so scared and I still am.

Think I am a bit late to this but...if anyone is still on here, I wish to say my experience and how the doctors system is stupid. 

In 2009, 2nd October. I remember this date as its my birthday. That day I turned 18. Was having a party at my house, got silly drunk, ran down the stairs, was pretty much falling asleep while running, I fell about 7 ft like a pencil down the stairs and landed on the corner of a table, small table. Top left of my forehead caught the edge of the table. I also hit my stomach. I am positive I blacked out during my fall, because when I landed I then remember being turned over by friends and being asked my name. I was not sick, head was painful, but not a lot came up. I did not go to the hospital. Still to this day get pains in my head. Also the next year, around June/July 2010; I again was drunk, round a friend house, believe I got alcohol poisoning. Was in my friends bed, threw up down the wall, then fell out of bed, hit my head on the corner of the door frame, forgot the say I am not the smallest of people, so my weight falling is fairly high, I then repeat idly hit my head on the door frame as I thought it was a pillow, remember that bit. Crawled the the bathroom, threw up in the bath, then laid on the floor, threw up, and slept in my sick till lunch the next day where I was then ill for around 4 days. Happened Wednesday night, still ill Sunday, had to call in sick work 2 days. Also this was the same place in which I hit it before. 

I have seen the doctor a number of times who just palm me off saying its nothing. I have had a blood test, tried 3 different meds, which did not help. Saw a nurologogist who tapped my knee, asked me general questions and put it down to my weight. Despite me hitting my head extremely hard in the same place twice. 

Still to this day I get pains in my head. I swear I am getting dumber as the days go by. I struggle to concentrate, sleep, speak, I will be in mid conversation then all of a sudden my head will just forget what I am saying, I will try n think of what it was but my head is thinking about crap, that is all my head thinks about is crap. My head twitches, I get de ja vu, get it where it makes me heave for some reason. I am constantly in a day dream. 

I also have a congenital squint and 2D vision, depth perception, these have all gotten better since growing older. 6 operations, still find it difficult going down stairs as I feel like I am falling off a cliff. My right eye has gotten worse, sight wise, and over the past few months has been going off to the right. 

Just so fed up with docs not believing me. Is my head something to worry about. The pain is horrible, and so distracting. My head has never been checked. Can the pain still last this long? I feel like I am becoming stupid, mentally retarded. I just cannot think, or focus, concentrate, my head does not function the way it use to. :( feel so crap, no one will listen to me. 

I'm 53 yrs old and have had several concussions ( 15-20) in my life.Some mild some sever, last sever one was 2010 playing baseball last mild one was Sept 7/13. I experience headaches, confusion,short term memory lose, can't concentrate. drop things all the time, my dexterity is that of a 85 year old. bright lights, loud bass noise affect me greatly easley agitated  but most of all FRUSTRATION 

Is this going to be my life from here on ?

I have seen the best doctors, can't play the sports I love, baseball, football and hockey, had to be removed from a forklift job that I have had for over 20 years.

My doctor has advise me to consider permanent disability 

I am a testing psychologist and I've seen people with Traumatic Brain Injury. I've seen a lot of people on here hurting and talking about their frustrations with "proving" the injury is affecting them. Let me give you some tips on how to help your case (and the assessing psychologist). 

1) Make sure the assessing psychologist is someone with trained experience with traumatic brain injury. Ask them how many assessments like yours have they done (it should be in the dozens if not hundreds). Ask them if they are supervised and if so by whom. Also ask them if they are a certified neuropsychologist (not all psychologists who qualified to evaluate will have that level of certification but it will help you to know they're credentialed)

2) Give as much PAPER evidence about your premorbid functioning as you can. Things like grades, previous testing reports (especially important), awards, commendations, letters of recommendation, etc will provide the assessing psychologist an idea of how well you were functioning prior to the injury (often times referred to as "premorbid functioning"). This helps establish impairment (especially if you have a 1:1 example--i.e. lower IQ, lower grades, poorer job reviews) and is very important if you are trying to claim disability or service eligibility. 

3) In terms of what tests psychologists should give you should most definitely ask for "neuropsychological testing." This is a VAST term and can encompass a lot so try and be specific as to your difficulties. Here are common problems associated with TBI: Language problems, memory problems, visual problems, and executive functioning problems. This last one is a fancy term that we use to describe the function of the "Frontal Lobe." It encompasses many different things (quite a bit of debate about it actually) and includes things like decision making, emotion regulation, attention control, flexibility in thinking, problem solving, etc. In the vast majority of TBI cases problems with executive functioning is extremely common and should be a STANDARD aspect of any good battery. You should insist that the psychologist checks this. 

4) Medical check-ups. It is really important that you have a team of professionals helping you to manage these difficulties. TBIs can be complex and the effects subtle. Insist that your providers talk with each other and FOLLOW UP WITH THEM. Yes we're busy, but we want to help! It really helps to have you coordinate what you can. If part of your TBI causes difficulty with that please let your team know and ask that you be assigned a case manager (often times a Social Worker) who can help keep track of all your appointments. 

Best of luck and don't give up! You inspire us with your fortitude and commitment. And to our wounded soldiers. Thank you and God Bless.

On 12/26/13, I slipped on ice and hit the back of my head. The person with me said my eyes never closed, but I was unresponsive and when I finally came out of it, couldn't form any words for several minutes. Hitting my head changed my life. I went right back to work, using computers and completing full days. By April 2014, I realized I wasn't getting any better and had several issues: personality changes, having to stop to pull a sentence together, repeating myself, vertigo and a very strange drifting and lilting feeling. I finally took two months off from work and it was about 6 weeks into resting that I was able to form a thought and act on it. I saw 3 ENT's for the vertigo with last one being the only one concerned enough to actually help. I had cognitive testing that came back normal (which cost me my short term disability status and the PhD failed to report that I didn't finish the testing, thank you very much jerk) but I don't feel well mentally. I'm still suffering the drifting feeling and visually littered rooms make me breakdown. Grocery shopping is a nightmare and extremely stressful. I hope to be my smart, quick thinking, witty self again some day, but worry that won't happen. It's been almost 6 months. 

I served in Operation Iraqi Freedom and got hit twice by roadside bombs. The first one was the worst in that I fell back into the humvee and my Kevlar came off of my head and I went head first into the radio before being thrown from the humvee which I landed on the back of my head and right shoulder and was unconscious for around 5 to 8 minutes. I was transported to the hospital and diagnosed with a concussion. After being home for 2 years I started getting very bad migraines losing focus and concentration with a lot of things. I've been fighting the va since then for tbi which they will not award me although I have paper work from hospital in Baghdad with concussion diagnosis. I have learned that tbi has severe coincendences and is very hard to get help and treatment for, especially through th va. At times aside from the headaches one side of my face eye and hair hurts almost like it's sore at times and not always the same side or place. Really wish I could get help.

I live in Michigan and I was hit by a car 5 yeas ago, had injuries and recovered (or thought I was) however due to priorities more serious at the time, I did not pursue a lawsuit. As time has passed over the last 5 years I am currently started to suffer from affects of the accident. Is there anything else I can do now?

I was bending over and I hitt my head on the top metal bar of my bunk bed really hard, and the next day I woke up and I had a headache and my throat hurt but then it go worse, I got a fever up to 103.5 for two days straight and I refused to go to the hospital becase I'm terrified of needles and ivys. Plus, I'm not even sure if I have a concusion or not. When I'm laying down my head doesn't hurt but, when I stand up and walk aroumd I feel this sharp pounding pain In the right Side of my brain.

I'm 17 years of age, and i've had the exact symptoms listed except for vomiting. I was injured by a large amount of students in 8th grade, and now i can't process normally than i would have before the incident. I can't even remember how i would have processed before the incident. I feel like i'm not myself, and i can't even see a doctor. Is this my fate to have this happen to me, and just have to deal with it? Is this the plan God has for me?

Hello All Love, Peace, Joy & Hugs. May we all be instructed and provided with the necessary help we need to let go of this tortuous suffering brain injuries introduce us to. I am 46 now and have experienced 3 auto accidents with 2 cars written off. My recommendations are lithium orotate for anxiety and rage. You can order off the Internet, it is a lot less harmful than prescription meds and it works- I went 3 weeks without and bore the consequences this nutrient is integral to holding it together with no side effects. The other recommendations are yes the book by Dr d Amen Change your brain, Change your life but also your diet and incorporate brain nutrients. Look up low inflammatory diets and avoid all bad oils anything GMO etc. I do a living foods lifestyle and if I have any caffeine or bad oil I rage (partial seizures my doctor says). I do lots of phosphotydil choline and other choline a some by injection. I have come far since I found these helpful nutrients, and participated in a cognition program and I know you can too. I need therapy as well as my partner as we are challenged in perception and communication because I am so different. By the way the lithium orotate really helps with paranoia. May your healing journey be the best ever. Leigh

Yes ask for the medication nootropil look it up since this is the generic name. Good luck and sorry for your terrible life changing injuries. I understand you maybe not exactly but I sustained second impact syndrome concussions and the worst injury of my life..8 weeks ago was second hit and being a high level athlete I'm scared this could be career ending. I'm not able to do more than a slow walk. Good luck and stay strong. Turn your faith to God he's the best healer ;)

I was beaten in the head by my father when I was seven years old.  My life changed forever from that moment on.  I am sure at this point in my life, looking back at that traumatic moment, I sustained a concussion.  This triggered the terrible inflammation I still suffer from, and caused a post traumatic episode in college, that was even more physically and emotionally difficult to deal than the original episode.  I am starting to reverse the inflammatory nerve damage, a very long process, and am starting to connect with my memories of what happened.  I am also just starting to emotionally connect with myself again, something that had been slipping away from me ever so subtly over the years.  Is there a medication that will "calm down my brain" so I can finally start to get on top of this hideous brain injury I have had for so long?  I have been misdiagnosed all my life by doctors and my parents made my condition worse, I will skip the details.  At 59 years old I am finally satisfied that my condition "was not my fault", as explained by my ignorant parents, and can be helped by medicines designed to help a brain that is still sending out pain signals to my body, even though the event was so long ago. My condition is literally " mind blowing". I am for the first time in my life satisfied that I have the answer to the question I have been secretly been asking myself all my life, "what is wrong with me"?  Now that I have reached this point, it's finally time for me to get treatment, and mend a lifetimes worth of damage, before its too late!

My sister and I were fighting..she hit me really really hard with her fist on my head.then my head started hurting.i thought 1 pupil was bigger than the other one..:.but I really don't think it is.i have school tomorrow and I'm scared to go to sleep and not wake up..I think I'm ganna stay up just to make SHUR.BUT I don't want to cuz I'm Sooo tired.but I have no symptoms of one tho.

Go to doctor As soon as possible!!! Like yesterday fast

Go to a emergency room ASAP! It is nothing to joke with & could be very serious. Even if you don't have insurance. Go to any hospital. If you can go to a country hospital. They have to take you. If you don't have insurance. They may offer you a one time deal. You pay $100 & they have a case worker there to help you file papers. You won't owe anything more. I had this happen at the end of 2007 for a kidney stone. I am in PA & each state may be different. If you aren't in the US. You should seek any medical help. A stroke can cause numbness on one side of the body. In the US the ER will take you back as fast as possible & give you a cat scan. I have had one before & if you are afraid of enclosed spaces. Ask if they have a open Cat Scan. I hope this helps & you seek medical advice ASAP. BTW, I am not a dr. My advice is just that. I hope a dr. Sees your post & says more.

I had a concussion 3-4 years ago, the bump on my head had a grapefruit size back then... i never went to see the doctor, about 6 months ago i start having sever headaches they last 4 weeks or so, I've notice that every time i feel sick the bump in the back of my head has this jelly-water weird sensation (to the touch). I'm scare now 2 weeks ago the headaches returned but this time are causing numbness on hands, legs n lower back, my neck hurts n i had an episode where a horrible stabbing pain occurred n my left side of the face got numb and the right leg had no sensation. Please if someone can give me advice, it would be really appreciated. (Sorry about the grammar n spelling, english is my second language)

I got hurt over 5 years ago and i still have problems but aside from the pain I hear ringing anyway my neck hurts to much to type

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