Facts About Concussion and Brain Injury

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
Facts about Concussion and Brain Injury: Where To Get Help

What Is a Concussion?

A concussion is a type of traumatic brain injury—or TBI—caused by a bump, blow, or jolt to the head or by a hit to the body that causes the head and brain to move rapidly back and forth. This sudden movement can cause the brain to bounce around or twist in the skull, creating chemical changes in the brain and sometimes stretching and damaging brain cells.

Concussions Are Serious

Medical providers may describe a concussion as a “mild” brain injury because concussions are usually not life-threatening. Even so, the effects of a concussion can be serious.

Because the brain is very complex, every brain injury is different. Some symptoms may appear right away, while others may not show up for days or weeks after the concussion. Sometimes the injury makes it hard for people to recognize or to admit that they are having problems.

The signs of concussion can be subtle. Early on, problems may be missed by patients, family members, and doctors. People may look fine even though they’re acting or feeling differently.

Because all brain injuries are different, so is concussion recovery. Most people with mild injuries recover fully, but it can take time. Some symptoms can last for days, weeks, or longer.

In general, recovery is slower in older persons. Also, persons who have had a concussion in the past may find that it takes longer to recover from their current injury.

This article explains what can happen after a concussion, how to get better, and where to go for more information and help when needed.

Medical Help

People with a concussion need to be seen by a doctor. While most are seen in an emergency department or a doctor’s office, some people must stay in the hospital overnight.

Your doctor may do a scan of your brain (such as a CT scan) or other tests. Other tests, known as “neuropsychological” or “neurocognitive” tests, assess your learning and memory skills, your ability to pay attention or concentrate, and how quickly you can think and solve problems. These tests can help your doctor identify the effects of a concussion. Even if the concussion doesn’t show up on these tests, you may still have a concussion.

Your doctor will send you home with important instructions to follow. Be sure to follow all of your doctor’s instructions carefully.

If you are taking medications—prescription, over-the-counter medicines, or “natural remedies”—or if you drink alcohol or take illicit drugs, tell your doctor. Also, tell your doctor if you are taking blood thinners (anticoagulant drugs), such as Coumadin and aspirin, because they can increase the chance of complications.

Danger Signs

In rare cases, a dangerous collection of blood (hematoma) may form on the brain after a bump, blow, or jolt to the head or body that may squeeze the brain against the skull. Call 9-1-1 right away or contact your doctor or emergency department if you have one or more of the following danger signs after a bump, blow, or jolt to the head or body:

  • One pupil larger than the other.
  • Drowsiness or inability to wake up.
  • A headache that gets worse and does not go away.
  • Slurred speech, weakness, numbness, or decreased coordination.
  • Repeated vomiting or nausea, convulsions or seizures (shaking or twitching).
  • Unusual behavior, increased confusion, restlessness, or agitation.
  • Loss of consciousness (passed out/knocked out). Even a brief loss of consciousness should be taken seriously.

Danger Signs — Children, Toddlers, and Infants

Take your child to the emergency department right away if the child has received a blow or jolt to the head and:

  • Any of the signs and symptoms listed in the Danger Signs & Symptoms of a Concussion list.
  • Will not stop crying and cannot be consoled.
  • Will not nurse or eat.

Symptoms of Brain Injury

“I just don’t feel like myself.”

Persons of All Ages

Most people with a concussion have one or more of the symptoms listed below and recover fully within days, weeks or a few months. But for some people, symptoms of concussion can last even longer. Generally, if you feel that “something is not quite right,” or if you are feeling “foggy,” you should talk with your doctor.

Concussion symptoms are often grouped into four categories, including:

  • Remembering and Thinking
    • Difficulty thinking clearly
    • Feeling slowed down
    • Difficulty concentrating
    • Difficulty remembering new information
  • Physical
    • Headache
    • Nausea or vomiting (early on)
    • Balance problems
    • Dizziness
    • Fuzzy or blurry vision
    • Feeling tired, having no energy
    • Sensitivity to noise or light
  • Emotional/Mood
    • Irritability
    • Sadness
    • More emotional
    • Nervousness or anxiety
  • Sleep Disturbance
    • Sleeping more than usual
    • Sleeping less than usual
    • Trouble falling asleep

Some of these symptoms may appear right away, while others may not be noticed for days or months after the injury, or until the person starts resuming their everyday life and more demands are placed upon them. Sometimes, people do not recognize or admit that they are having problems. Others may not understand why they are having problems and what their problems really are, which can make them nervous and upset.

The signs and symptoms of a concussion can be difficult to sort out. Early on, problems may be missed by the person with the concussion, family members, or doctors. People may look fine even though they are acting or feeling differently.

Young Children

Very young children (i.e., infants, toddlers, and preschoolers) often bump and bruise their heads. This can happen as a result of motor vehicle crashes, falls, getting hit in the head with a ball or toy, or from tricycle/bike accidents. Sometimes these events can be serious and result in a concussion.

Young children can have the same symptoms of a concussion as older children, but it is harder for them to let others know how they are feeling. In addition to the symptoms mentioned on page 5, call your child’s doctor right away if your child seems to be getting worse or if you notice any of the following:

  • Crying more than usual
  • Headache that will not go away
  • Change in the way they play, perform or act at school
  • Change in nursing, eating, or sleeping patterns
  • Becoming easily upset or increased temper tantrums
  • Sad mood
  • Lack of interest in usual activities or favorite toys
  • Loss of new skills, such as toilet training
  • Loss of balance, unsteady walking
  • Poor attention

Older Adults

Because concussions are often missed or misdiagnosed among older adults, be especially alert if you know that an older adult has fallen or has a fall-related injury, such as a hip fracture. Older adults may have a higher risk of serious complications from a concussion, such as bleeding on the brain. Headaches that get worse or increased confusion are signs of this complication. If they occur, see a doctor right away. Older adults often take blood thinners; if they do, they should be seen immediately by a health care provider if they have a bump or blow to the head or body even if they do not have any of the symptoms listed above.

Getting Better

“Sometimes the best thing you can do is just rest and then try again later.”

Although most people recover fully after a concussion, how quickly they improve depends on many factors. These factors include how severe their concussion was, their age, how healthy they were before the concussion, and how they take care of themselves after the injury.

Some people who have had a concussion find that at first it is hard to do their daily activities, their job, to get along with everyone at home, or to relax. Ignoring your symptoms and trying to “tough it out” often makes symptoms worse.

Rest is very important after a concussion because it helps the brain to heal. You’ll need to be patient because healing takes time. Only when the symptoms have reduced significantly, in consultation with your doctor, should you slowly and gradually return to your daily activities, such as work or school. If your symptoms come back or you get new symptoms as you become more active, this is a sign that you are pushing yourself too hard. Stop these activities and take more time to rest and recover. As the days go by, you can expect to gradually feel better.

If you already had a medical condition at the time of your concussion (such as chronic headaches), it may take longer for you to recover from the concussion. Anxiety and depression may also make it harder to adjust to the symptoms of a concussion. While you are healing, you should be very careful to avoid doing anything that could cause a bump, blow, or jolt to the head or body. On rare occasions, receiving another concussion before the brain has healed can result in brain swelling, permanent brain damage, and even death, particularly among children and teens.

After you have recovered from your concussion, you should protect yourself from having another one. People who have had repeated concussions may have serious long-term problems, including chronic difficulty with concentration, memory, headache, and occasionally, physical skills, such as keeping one’s balance.

Tips for Healing: Adults

Here are a few tips to help you get better:

  • Get plenty of sleep at night, and rest during the day.
  • Avoid activities that are physically demanding (e.g., heavy housecleaning, weightlifting/working-out) or require a lot of concentration (e.g., balancing your checkbook). They can make your symptoms worse and slow your recovery.
  • Avoid activities, such as contact or recreational sports, that could lead to a second concussion. (It is best to avoid roller coasters or other high-speed rides that can make your symptoms worse or even cause a concussion.)
  • When your doctor says you are well enough, return to your normal activities gradually, not all at once.
  • Because your ability to react may be slower after a concussion, ask your doctor when you can safely drive a car, ride a bike, or operate heavy equipment.
  • Talk with your doctor about when you can return to work. Ask about how you can help your employer understand what has happened to you.
  • Consider talking with your employer about returning to work gradually and about changing your work activities or schedule until you recover (e.g., work half-days).
  • Take only those drugs that your doctor has approved.
  • Do not drink alcoholic beverages until your doctor says you are well enough. Alcohol and other drugs may slow your recovery and put you at risk of further injury.
  • Write down the things that may be harder than usual for you to remember.
  • If you’re easily distracted, try to do one thing at a time. For example, don’t try to watch TV while fixing dinner.
  • Consult with family members or close friends when making important decisions.
  • Do not neglect your basic needs, such as eating well and getting enough rest.
  • Avoid sustained computer use, including computer/video games early in the recovery process.
  • Some people report that flying in airplanes makes their symptoms worse shortly after a concussion.

Tips for Healing: Children

Parents and caregivers of children who have had a concussion can help them recover by taking an active role in their recovery:

  • Having the child get plenty of rest. Keep a regular sleep schedule, including no late nights and no sleepovers.
  • Making sure the child avoids high-risk/ high-speed activities such as riding a bicycle, playing sports, or climbing playground equipment, roller coasters or rides that could result in a second bump, blow, or jolt to the head or body. Children should not return to these types of activities until the doctor says they are well enough.
  • Giving the child only those drugs that are approved by the pediatrician or family physician.
  • Talking with the doctor about when the child should return to school and other activities and how the parent or caregiver can help the child deal with the challenges that the child may face. For example, your child may need to spend fewer hours at school, rest often, or require more time to take tests.
  • Sharing information about concussion with parents, siblings, teachers, counselors, babysitters, coaches, and others who interact with the child helps them understand what has happened and how to meet the child’s needs.

Where to Get Help

Help for People with Concussion

“It was the first time in my life that I couldn’t depend on myself.”

There are many people who can help you and your family as you recover from a concussion. You do not have to do it alone.

Show this article to your doctor or health care provider and talk with them about your concerns. Ask your doctor about whether you need specialized treatment and about the availability of rehabilitation programs.

Your doctor can help you find a health care provider who has special training in treating concussion. Early treatment of symptoms by a specialist may speed recovery. Your doctor may refer you to a neuropsychologist, neurologist, or specialist in rehabilitation.

Keep talking with your doctor, family members, and loved ones about how you are feeling, both physically and emotionally. If you do not think you are getting better, tell your doctor.

For more information, see the resources listed below.

Help for Families and Caregivers

“My husband used to be so calm. But after his injury, he started to explode over the littlest things. He didn’t even know that he had changed.”

When someone close to you has a concussion or a more serious brain injury, it can be hard to know how best to help. They may say that they are “fine” but you can tell from how they are acting that something has changed.

If you notice that your family member or friend has symptoms of a concussion that are getting worse, talk to them and their doctor about getting help. They may need help if you can answer YES to any of the following questions:

  • Are any of the concussion symptoms substantially affecting their life activities (such as feeling restricted in their activities due to symptoms, performance in school or at work has changed, unhappy with life changes)?
  • Has their personality changed?
  • Do they get angry for no reason?
  • Do they get lost or easily confused?
  • Do they have more trouble than usual making decisions?

You might want to talk with people who share your experience. The Brain Injury Association of America can put you in contact with people who can help (listed in the resource section below).

Resources for Getting Help

“I thought I was all alone, but I’m not. There are lots of people out there who understand what I’ve been through.”

Several groups help people and their families deal with concussion and more serious brain injuries. They provide information and put people in touch with local resources, such as support groups, rehabilitation services, and a variety of health care professionals.

  • CDC’s Injury Center has created resources and conducts research to help prevent concussion and more serious brain injuries and improve outcomes for survivors. For more information contact CDC toll-free at 1-800-CDC-INFO (1-800-232-4636) or visit CDC’s Injury Center on the Web at www.cdc.gov/TraumaticBrainInjury.
  • The Brain Injury Association of America (BIAA) has a national network of many state affiliates and hundreds of local chapters and support groups across the country that provide help in your community.

    You can reach BIAA by calling the toll-free National Brain Injury Information Center at 1-800-444-6443.

    You can also get information through their website at www.biausa.org. Both the help line and the website can provide you with information about the BIAA affiliate closest to you.

  • The Defense and Veterans Brain Injury Center (DVBIC) works to ensure that active duty military and veterans with brain injury receive the best evaluation, treatment, and follow-up. You can reach DVBIC by calling toll-free at 1-800-870-9244 or by visiting their website at www.dvbic.org.

    For more information about TBI in the military, including an interactive website for service members, veterans, and families and caregivers, please visit: www.TraumaticBrainInjuryatoz.org.

From the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. www.cdc.gov.
Disclaimer: This information is not meant to be a substitute for professional medical advice. The reader is advised to always seek the advice of a physician prior to changing any treatment or to receive answers to questions regarding a specific medical condition.

Posted on BrainLine November 17, 2017. Reviewed March 27, 2019.

Disclaimer: This information is not meant to be a substitute for professional medical advice. The reader is advised to always seek the advice of a physician prior to changing any treatment or to receive answers to questions regarding a specific medical condition.

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (2017, July 6). Traumatic Brain Injury & Concussion. Retrieved November 17, 2017, from www.cdc.gov

Comments (477)

Please remember, we are not able to give medical or legal advice. If you have medical concerns, please consult your doctor. All posted comments are the views and opinions of the poster only.

I am a testing psychologist and I've seen people with Traumatic Brain Injury. I've seen a lot of people on here hurting and talking about their frustrations with "proving" the injury is affecting them. Let me give you some tips on how to help your case (and the assessing psychologist). 

1) Make sure the assessing psychologist is someone with trained experience with traumatic brain injury. Ask them how many assessments like yours have they done (it should be in the dozens if not hundreds). Ask them if they are supervised and if so by whom. Also ask them if they are a certified neuropsychologist (not all psychologists who qualified to evaluate will have that level of certification but it will help you to know they're credentialed)

2) Give as much PAPER evidence about your premorbid functioning as you can. Things like grades, previous testing reports (especially important), awards, commendations, letters of recommendation, etc will provide the assessing psychologist an idea of how well you were functioning prior to the injury (often times referred to as "premorbid functioning"). This helps establish impairment (especially if you have a 1:1 example--i.e. lower IQ, lower grades, poorer job reviews) and is very important if you are trying to claim disability or service eligibility. 

3) In terms of what tests psychologists should give you should most definitely ask for "neuropsychological testing." This is a VAST term and can encompass a lot so try and be specific as to your difficulties. Here are common problems associated with TBI: Language problems, memory problems, visual problems, and executive functioning problems. This last one is a fancy term that we use to describe the function of the "Frontal Lobe." It encompasses many different things (quite a bit of debate about it actually) and includes things like decision making, emotion regulation, attention control, flexibility in thinking, problem solving, etc. In the vast majority of TBI cases problems with executive functioning is extremely common and should be a STANDARD aspect of any good battery. You should insist that the psychologist checks this. 

4) Medical check-ups. It is really important that you have a team of professionals helping you to manage these difficulties. TBIs can be complex and the effects subtle. Insist that your providers talk with each other and FOLLOW UP WITH THEM. Yes we're busy, but we want to help! It really helps to have you coordinate what you can. If part of your TBI causes difficulty with that please let your team know and ask that you be assigned a case manager (often times a Social Worker) who can help keep track of all your appointments. 

Best of luck and don't give up! You inspire us with your fortitude and commitment. And to our wounded soldiers. Thank you and God Bless.

On 12/26/13, I slipped on ice and hit the back of my head. The person with me said my eyes never closed, but I was unresponsive and when I finally came out of it, couldn't form any words for several minutes. Hitting my head changed my life. I went right back to work, using computers and completing full days. By April 2014, I realized I wasn't getting any better and had several issues: personality changes, having to stop to pull a sentence together, repeating myself, vertigo and a very strange drifting and lilting feeling. I finally took two months off from work and it was about 6 weeks into resting that I was able to form a thought and act on it. I saw 3 ENT's for the vertigo with last one being the only one concerned enough to actually help. I had cognitive testing that came back normal (which cost me my short term disability status and the PhD failed to report that I didn't finish the testing, thank you very much jerk) but I don't feel well mentally. I'm still suffering the drifting feeling and visually littered rooms make me breakdown. Grocery shopping is a nightmare and extremely stressful. I hope to be my smart, quick thinking, witty self again some day, but worry that won't happen. It's been almost 6 months. 

I served in Operation Iraqi Freedom and got hit twice by roadside bombs. The first one was the worst in that I fell back into the humvee and my Kevlar came off of my head and I went head first into the radio before being thrown from the humvee which I landed on the back of my head and right shoulder and was unconscious for around 5 to 8 minutes. I was transported to the hospital and diagnosed with a concussion. After being home for 2 years I started getting very bad migraines losing focus and concentration with a lot of things. I've been fighting the va since then for tbi which they will not award me although I have paper work from hospital in Baghdad with concussion diagnosis. I have learned that tbi has severe coincendences and is very hard to get help and treatment for, especially through th va. At times aside from the headaches one side of my face eye and hair hurts almost like it's sore at times and not always the same side or place. Really wish I could get help.

I live in Michigan and I was hit by a car 5 yeas ago, had injuries and recovered (or thought I was) however due to priorities more serious at the time, I did not pursue a lawsuit. As time has passed over the last 5 years I am currently started to suffer from affects of the accident. Is there anything else I can do now?

I was bending over and I hitt my head on the top metal bar of my bunk bed really hard, and the next day I woke up and I had a headache and my throat hurt but then it go worse, I got a fever up to 103.5 for two days straight and I refused to go to the hospital becase I'm terrified of needles and ivys. Plus, I'm not even sure if I have a concusion or not. When I'm laying down my head doesn't hurt but, when I stand up and walk aroumd I feel this sharp pounding pain In the right Side of my brain.

I'm 17 years of age, and i've had the exact symptoms listed except for vomiting. I was injured by a large amount of students in 8th grade, and now i can't process normally than i would have before the incident. I can't even remember how i would have processed before the incident. I feel like i'm not myself, and i can't even see a doctor. Is this my fate to have this happen to me, and just have to deal with it? Is this the plan God has for me?

Hello All Love, Peace, Joy & Hugs. May we all be instructed and provided with the necessary help we need to let go of this tortuous suffering brain injuries introduce us to. I am 46 now and have experienced 3 auto accidents with 2 cars written off. My recommendations are lithium orotate for anxiety and rage. You can order off the Internet, it is a lot less harmful than prescription meds and it works- I went 3 weeks without and bore the consequences this nutrient is integral to holding it together with no side effects. The other recommendations are yes the book by Dr d Amen Change your brain, Change your life but also your diet and incorporate brain nutrients. Look up low inflammatory diets and avoid all bad oils anything GMO etc. I do a living foods lifestyle and if I have any caffeine or bad oil I rage (partial seizures my doctor says). I do lots of phosphotydil choline and other choline a some by injection. I have come far since I found these helpful nutrients, and participated in a cognition program and I know you can too. I need therapy as well as my partner as we are challenged in perception and communication because I am so different. By the way the lithium orotate really helps with paranoia. May your healing journey be the best ever. Leigh

Yes ask for the medication nootropil look it up since this is the generic name. Good luck and sorry for your terrible life changing injuries. I understand you maybe not exactly but I sustained second impact syndrome concussions and the worst injury of my life..8 weeks ago was second hit and being a high level athlete I'm scared this could be career ending. I'm not able to do more than a slow walk. Good luck and stay strong. Turn your faith to God he's the best healer ;)

I was beaten in the head by my father when I was seven years old.  My life changed forever from that moment on.  I am sure at this point in my life, looking back at that traumatic moment, I sustained a concussion.  This triggered the terrible inflammation I still suffer from, and caused a post traumatic episode in college, that was even more physically and emotionally difficult to deal than the original episode.  I am starting to reverse the inflammatory nerve damage, a very long process, and am starting to connect with my memories of what happened.  I am also just starting to emotionally connect with myself again, something that had been slipping away from me ever so subtly over the years.  Is there a medication that will "calm down my brain" so I can finally start to get on top of this hideous brain injury I have had for so long?  I have been misdiagnosed all my life by doctors and my parents made my condition worse, I will skip the details.  At 59 years old I am finally satisfied that my condition "was not my fault", as explained by my ignorant parents, and can be helped by medicines designed to help a brain that is still sending out pain signals to my body, even though the event was so long ago. My condition is literally " mind blowing". I am for the first time in my life satisfied that I have the answer to the question I have been secretly been asking myself all my life, "what is wrong with me"?  Now that I have reached this point, it's finally time for me to get treatment, and mend a lifetimes worth of damage, before its too late!

My sister and I were fighting..she hit me really really hard with her fist on my head.then my head started hurting.i thought 1 pupil was bigger than the other one..:.but I really don't think it is.i have school tomorrow and I'm scared to go to sleep and not wake up..I think I'm ganna stay up just to make SHUR.BUT I don't want to cuz I'm Sooo tired.but I have no symptoms of one tho.

Go to doctor As soon as possible!!! Like yesterday fast

Go to a emergency room ASAP! It is nothing to joke with & could be very serious. Even if you don't have insurance. Go to any hospital. If you can go to a country hospital. They have to take you. If you don't have insurance. They may offer you a one time deal. You pay $100 & they have a case worker there to help you file papers. You won't owe anything more. I had this happen at the end of 2007 for a kidney stone. I am in PA & each state may be different. If you aren't in the US. You should seek any medical help. A stroke can cause numbness on one side of the body. In the US the ER will take you back as fast as possible & give you a cat scan. I have had one before & if you are afraid of enclosed spaces. Ask if they have a open Cat Scan. I hope this helps & you seek medical advice ASAP. BTW, I am not a dr. My advice is just that. I hope a dr. Sees your post & says more.

I had a concussion 3-4 years ago, the bump on my head had a grapefruit size back then... i never went to see the doctor, about 6 months ago i start having sever headaches they last 4 weeks or so, I've notice that every time i feel sick the bump in the back of my head has this jelly-water weird sensation (to the touch). I'm scare now 2 weeks ago the headaches returned but this time are causing numbness on hands, legs n lower back, my neck hurts n i had an episode where a horrible stabbing pain occurred n my left side of the face got numb and the right leg had no sensation. Please if someone can give me advice, it would be really appreciated. (Sorry about the grammar n spelling, english is my second language)

I got hurt over 5 years ago and i still have problems but aside from the pain I hear ringing anyway my neck hurts to much to type

My seven year old daughter sustained a concussion on March 20, 2014 a week after my mom passed. She and my oldest son were awaiting the school bus and a car accident transpired in front of the building which caused the cab in fault to jumped the curb and hit them. She had to receive several stitches in the back of her head and according to witnesses when she hit the ground her eyes were opened but she was unresponsive. She has been doing well, but I have recently noticed that when I call her to wake her, she doesn't wake as easily as she used to. She is still attending concussion therapy appointments and her first pain management appointment to assess the mental concerns from fear is coming next week. This has been a trial a serious trial for my entire family. I thank GOD everyday because it could have been far worse but it wasn't. Head injuries are nothing to play around with. I thank GOD everyday that my children were not injured worse then they were. I truly thank HIM... If you or someone you know has been diagnosed with a Traumatic Brain Injury, please, please monitor that person well. Also ensure they get all of the proper care to heal with the healing.

I had a injury to the head five months and the symptoms showed up weeks later after what happen. I have fatigued, unfocused at times, migrains plus my whole body feels brusied like I fell from a tall building. This isn't the first time I had an concussion in life there were two other times. I read every time you have a concussion m have another it take even longer to heal. Your brain can rest it has to work and heal and the same time so it takes time. I've read Lens (Low Energy Neurofeedback System) is a place to help. It puts back the nerve damage in the brain that send through your body to function. I never tried it but read an article that someone has and within two weeks that were getting back to their old self were their mind is sharper, they fiction right and don't get tired easy even though before they felt with the symptoms for a year. I hope someone can try and tell me the results that would make me feel better. I gotten through my other concussions but this time it's harder due to the impact was worser. Where I was hit on the front top part of my head it still feels like I just hit it but been five months though. It feels like the muscles are hard and tight whenever I tried to move my eyebrows. Im guessing sticking to a schedule of sleep around seven hours is good and cardio exercise 15 mins a day helps. Eating healthy foods that helps the brain works too plus cutting out the junk food. Depression and anxiety is part of the whole deal with PCS (post concussion syndrome) I hope everyone for the best and be strong! I read almost everyone's post and understand life is too precious and no one deserves pain not even someone's worse enemy. Be strong and think positive! It takes just a moment or even a second for the body to be injury but takes time to heal.

My daughter, who is now 22, had a severe accident when she was abour 17 months old. She was kneeling in a plastic kid's chair, facing the back of it, when she fell over and whacked her head on the corner of the stereo speaker. My husband, who was babysitting at the time, called me at my ceramics class and told me to come home, which I did. When I got there my daughter's bleeding had stopped but the cut was very deep and still oozing blood. We took her immediately to the pediatrician who advised us to go right to the emergency room. We ended up having to wait at the emergency room for over 4 hours (this was at 9pm at night) before anyone but the ER doctors and nurses looked at her. By midnight we were still waiting to be seen, my daughter was shrieking with hunger and boredom (we were told we'd be in and out, so we brought no supplies with us). Our opinion was that they thought we beat our kid and that's why they kept us there for so long. We finally had a plastic surgeon take care of our daughter around 1am, had 9 stitches put in, but nobody ever said anything about any concussion or what to do about it. She seemed to recover perfectly fine, but now 20 years later, she has severe social anxiety, depression, and wants to do professional judoka fighting so she can beat people up. This makes me wonder if her personality has changed due to the injury at 17 months. She was very aggressive with children when in daycare, and used to bite a lot until she was almost 4. Is this all due to the head injury? I sometimes make myself crazy wondering.

2 days ago I caught my foot on the front swinging door at my shop and slammed my head in the left temple area very hard! It was loud on that metal door. No vomiting but strange headaches. Felt like gravity or compressing all over left side. I went into local hospital (the one everyone says sucks...) and they just did full diagnostics on my cordination and pupil check. No catscan... The next day I felt I barely made it to work from dizziness and slight naucess and stopped to get Ice pack and tylenol. It helped as I rested 3 hours and now today I wake up with small head pain (swelling gravity) on opposite side temple area with very small drainage on my right eye. Had funny dreams too past 2 days.Out of all that I am feeling better as I type this. Although everyone says get it scanned at hospital, I am showing n oobvious signs of seriousness based on research. Headaches are less and less. I just can't believe I hit my own face on the door like that lol! I guess I'll go into hospital if I feel any strange but at age 33 you realy think alot about these injuries. Funny when you are younger you never stop tho think how delicate the human body realy is. This forum has helped stop my paranoia today lol! 

I had head injury 2 weeks ago had head glued and concussion now another lump has appeared on the back of Head still got headaches what should I do

I hit my head on the car roof about 40 minutes ago. The next five minutes, I have a sudden head ache, dizziness and nausea come to me all at once. I thought I was just nauseous because I haven't eaten dinner, so I did. The nausea was gone, but the dizziness was still there. I touched my head where it was hit, and when I touched it there was a small dry clot of blood on my scalp.

I tried putting ice on it but I still feel dizzy. I'm afraid to go to sleep, but I really feel sleepy. My arms and legs also feel weak right now. If I still have these tomorrow morning, mom and I might visit the doctor

I had auto accident bad concussion 1986 and PTSD from abuse because I had slurred speech, and confusion was in my bed and got abused by the police, I had a concussion I was 33 y.o. of the concussion. I HAD DONE NOTHING AT ALL..Took me ten years to deal with the PTSD, and at least 6 months to deal with the concussion. Heard in 1991 that the soldiers were coming back home with concussions and PTSD and tripling the affects.

Took me until 1991 to get back to work and I had ? eye therapy for PTSD that worked and I managed to relive my life.

7/2012 fell into huge whole in  the street and had a very bad concussion. Had to stopping working as a RN due to this, concussion and spinal injuries and pain.

11/2012 had a huge truck smash into back of my stopped car, throw my car 2-3 foot. I can no long function, but people around me don't see it, other than my partner and he can she the extreme changes and facial eye changes.He still can't understand the extreme horrible I'm dealing with. Extreme headache that just increase with doing anything that wouldn't do anything at all. Dry heaving , brain stem pain, neck pain can't function nor get the help I need..Spinal swelling and inflammation. What used to take me 10 minutes takes me 10 hours if I can even do it. I could do anything love to work as a RN critical care and no problems doing anything at all. Can't do or function at all. Hours and hours to attempt to do anything at all.

June 2012..PA LAW SUIT can't handle at all and the judge and atty could careless how bad I am...

My sister ( end stage COPD, O2) lived in my condo past 10 years, is dying but they are refusing to let her live there, as she has to have someone live with her a 24/7 AIDE that per MT POCONO PA is a tenant.  Therefore, she now at 66 yo lives in a nursing home.. This I could have handled, and done the legal paperwork today CAN"T FUNCTION to even address it, I getting sued for huge huge amounts and nothing I can do..

Judge in Stroudsburg Pa is abusing me I don't have a concussion, nothing wrong with me, atty gets anything they want...I can't handle anything THE CONCUSSION I can't function at all. This abuse as per the judge isn't affecting me at all.

This stress is make my condition worse and the judge could careless. As per him it doesn't affect me at all...Can't get someone to help.. Address or make someone help with concussion. Now can't function at all, no one can see the total affects but I can no longer function, do something anything and my eyes extreme pain, headache horrible, can't sleep at all 2-3 hours, you can see the extreme pain in my eyes, can't think at all. If I was stopped by police for drunking I can't walk straight, one one foot, get dizzy, nausea and dry heaving non stop is I lean or change position.

I'm 61 and no long can work and afraid I will never get better. Auto accident Geico refuses to pay medical bills, their IME says nothing wrong, even with bad spinal pain. Can't afford even the co payment to get the care I need. Doctors angry I don't follow thru CAN"T I CAN"T FUNCTION AND I"M AFRAID. Most doctors don't have a clue about them..Live on Long Island all I hear about in young people with sports injuries.. Doctors seem to be more interested in them....Any idea what I do or where I go for help...

Geico has been nothing but abusive..How or where do I get test to prove I have a major concussion and how do I deal with it.?

If I had a drug problem, alcohol issue, was suicidal there is somewhere to go and help to get better takes me 10 hours to write this and can't get any help or prove I have one....ANY IDEAS how I can prove my pain and concussion.. Stress causes more issues I understand with concussions...

HELP what test prove these things. CAT SCANS, MRI don't I'm told.... Would love to go back to doing what I love helping other people as a RN

Ive had 7 concusonms fromdirtbikin and football is this bad? I feel like my breathing is messed up to. I need treatment but dont have insurance.

I just left the hospital from seeing my teenaged niece wake for a few minutes after having slept for 4 days in the ICU. She was the passenger in a car that crash at a high speed and was ejected. She had a large head wound that was stapled shut and broken bones that were pinned and plated but her brain is not right. After a few minutes of waking up she went back to sleep and didn't wake up again. While she was awake she said words and made up words for things she asked for, she was unable to answer questions with replies that made sense and she roared like a lion. She knew my name but not who I am too her. She is not able to follow direction but drank when it was held up to her lips. What type of injury is this and what is the prognosis?


wow humans are somethings else..so complex AS IM READING THIS, IM THINKING....not all are affected the same with sustaining traumatic brain injury..i had an accident 2 1/2 yrs ago and Im good..have no crzy symptoms and thankfully only nausua in the morning, not every morning consitantly and not every single morning since the accident..its so weird. Im not depressed, don't have behavior issues, no epilepsy..Ugh OOOHHH I can be soooo much worse...SEE WHAT STAYING POSITIVE AND COACHING,TRAINING URSELF DO..I SHOULD MENTION GOD..MY STRENGTH,ATTITUDE & GRATITUDE(which made all the difference) EVEN WHEN I SUFFERED & REALLY HAD NO ONE.. CAME FROM HIM. WHEN UR GRATEFUL FOR UR LESSONS U R BLESSED TRAIN UR BRAIN TRAIN UR THOUGHTS while u exrcise therapy urself don't wait on no therapist..IT CAN B DONE THRU PATIENCE & BELIEF..CONSTANTLY (NONSTOP) IS THE KEY..FOR U THAT DONT BELIEVE IN GOD..JUST TRAIN URSELF..DONTCHA KNOW HEALING URSELF IS AN OLD ANCIENT ART hey im still training myself not to write so dam much HAHAHA
I posted on May 18th 2013. TBI from car accident.. I searched depression and grade 3 concussions and came across my own post I didn't realize I posted. Go figure 😊. Tonight here's what I wrote in my journal.. didn't want to tell anyone but today I forgot how to get to Dr. Mealy MEE LL I's office. I was in our driveway trying to figure out where it is and had no idea but was too embarrassed to ask my wife. Too many times in the last year not that I would ever hurt myself but I've thought about what it would be like to end all of this aggravation. Many times I just think this is too much to deal with and I can't take it anymore. I get very depressed, and very lonely and in my own thoughts and confused. I try to play it off and laugh. No one really understands what I'm going through and no one understands that I have a hard time communicating it. I've had enough physical pain the emotional pain is worse than you could ever imagine. I really need help, but then have afraid to ask for thoughts of that
I am 27 and a mother to a wonderful little boy. Almost 3 weeks ago we were traveling on i-79 north from Pittsburgh pa where we were visiting relatives. It was night time and we would be home in about 15 minutes. I went to pass a slower suv (seriously. They were going about 10mph lower than the speed limit) when all of a sudden they drifted over in front of me. I slammed on my breaks and swerved. I remember hearing a loud crash and the next thing I knew we were off the side of the road. It took me a second to focus and then I started asking my son if he was ok. He started crying and to my horror, he had a severe head wound and was bleeding badly. I had to climb over to the passenger side to get out because my door wouldn't open. After finding an old shirt for him to hold on his wound, I desperately tried to flag down a car for help because I couldn't find my phone(it went from the front seat to the trunk through a small gap in the back seat from the initial hit). Thank God someone finally stopped and called 911. I told the police I thought someone else hit me when I lost control. Turns out we hit and went up an embankment, flipping the car one full rotation. My son flew by helicopter to children's hospital where plastic surgeons were able to close his wound. I was kept over night and doctors found nothing wrong with me. 1 week later I was back in the ER with pain on the left side of my head, headache, nausea, fatigue and problems with memory. This all started a few days after the accident. They found I did have a concussion. I still do not feel right. And I thought I was being dramatic about it. But seeing that other people are having lasting symptoms makes me feel better.
about last October I fell down the stairs and hit my head agains the door, I immediately got up and went to work that night, I took pills and it work, days after the headaches started I finally went to the emergency room where they did a cat scan and said everything was good I just need rest with some pain killer, they finally stop, it's been 8 months and they started back again.
Every time my child bumps her head I'm afraid that she's going to lose brain cells. Lol.
My 14-year-old daughter was snow boarding with her older brothers this past Thanksgiving weekend 2012, she fell with hitting her head 3-times back front and back and yes she had a helmet on. When she returned home she had a really bad headache and did vomit couple of times, her head injury needed to bloom ! after 24 hours she was in the ER, she physical re-covered but was left with high anxiety and has a fear going to school for the fear of ? SO my question is can a person still have high anxiety after 10 months.

Anyone can have anxiety for longer than 10 months. People with concussions are more susceptible because they’re very vulnerable and in pain. Therapy would be the best option and anyway to school her without going anywhere would be good. Having a concussion is so scary, in my experience, and you feel like you’re constantly going to get hit again. Just support her and don’t doubt it. Hope she’s doing well.

I was struck on the head from behind by a blunt object knocking me out but as he threw me to the ground i remember his face, then i came in the house got ready for bed went to sleep and woke up next morning and and could not figure out what happened to my head, i still see his face. but i do not remember doing anything after he hit me. im still afraid to go to the police.
I had an accident where my horse and I fell. I did not realize I had a concussion until a couple days later. All the symptoms of a type 2 or worse concussion were there. the weird thing is, I remember the accident clearly and had never lost consciousness. I went to the doctor 2 months later and they didn't help. 4 months later, it is still majorly bothering me and the pain in my head and other is continuously becoming worse.
My doctor said my catscan was negative and started yelling at me making cry wanting to know how am I getting headaches and dizziness if the catscan is normal, I get agitated easily and angry for no reason really fast this is all new behavior for me, but the way she makes me feel I feel like telling her the headaches and dizziness are gone so I don't have to keep going to her and depend on other people for rides it's horrible to have to beg for a ride and I hate that workman's comp doctor she gets mad if I don't tell her What she wants to hear.Hopefully in time the headaches and dizziness will stop and I can be normal again.
File the workers comp paperwork. Get yourself seen by a doctor, and take care of your head. Log everything, and be prepared to see an IME doctor that your job will make you see. Your HR department is not there to help you. They get paid to fight LNI (workers comp) issues, so be prepared, and only say what is required of you to say. Contact your union if you have one. They can help you, and don't feel guilty about it. You hurt yourself on the job, and that's all that matters. I used to work in HR for a really large agency. Good luck. I also suffer from a TBI. I have never been the same so please do this for yourself sooner than later.
When my boyfriend was younger he fell and hit his head pretty hard. It knocked him out for a little when he woke up it was difficult for him to remember stuff. Lately he has been having really bad head aches. He feels pain on his his behind his left ear. He has been changing a lot lately. Also his vision hurts him, he can not look at something to long or close because it causes a headache. His attitude and personality has changed. I was wondering if perhaps this has anything to do with what happened when he was younger. If you could please help me I would truly appreciate it. Thank you. Ariana Sanchez
U can go to the court and section 35 her I don't know if they have that where u live
My now 19 yr old daughter has suffered 5 severe concussions, one of which caused her to be paralyzed from the waist down; in sporting events. Over A 4 yr period. She now is recovered Drs. say. She is now however so aggressive & suicidal, that her Dr. put her on Paxil, after Prozac made her even worse. We have had to call 911 on her & received absolutely no help, as she is A Adult now & they said they cannot force her to go to the hospital unless she actually tries to kill herself. Isn't trying to stab herself & her Father A attempt? The police & Mental health tech told us we had to let her leave or we would be holding her against her will & we would get in trouble. The police allowed her to get into her car and peel away from home & we did not hear from her for days. I have been fighting to get her help & keep being told \\\" she is A adult & she has to get her own help\\\" How can she when she does not even realize her problem. I spent days weeks & hours on the phone looking for help & have gotten no where. She hates me now for trying to get her to get help. She told me yesterday she wished I was dead. If anyone reading this has or knows of help for us as parents I would GREATLY appreciate it. P.S. The very first ? by all the help lines & facilities I called wanted to know first about her insurance. WTH. I do not care what it costs, my daughter, honor roll student; needs help NOW!
Wow..... interesting. Two weeks ago I hit a tree after hydroplaning on 495 at 60 to 70 miles per hour. I thought I was fine-no physical injuries- but I was complaining all the first week of "not feeling like myself". On day 8 I lost consciousness a few times during the day very briefly but I found it very weird lol.. I went home and slept for sixteen hours. Then became very depressed and felt suicidal I seem to be recovering now but I am just now realising that I probably had a concussion.
Don't give up! Keep searching for the right doctor who will listen to you. It took me almost 2 years to find the right neurologist who figured out what was going on with me. I was rear end at stop light by a pick up truck going 55 miles an hour. I only lost consciousness for a few seconds but was totally dazed and confused and in pain. I never felt right and knew things were wrong. I couldn\'t focus, things were too loud and too bright, I would zone out, forgot to pay my bills, couldn\'t keep my old household routine. This basically destroyed my relationship with my husband, son and daughter. I got the \"you look fine\", you\'re lazy\", \"just do what your told\". Come to find out I have a mild TBI and I suffer from frontal-temporal seizures as well. I have been in cognitive therapy for my memory issues. I am a CPA with an MBA who would have thought I couldn\'t shop for groceries for a week or decide on a parking spot or forget to rinse shampoo out of my hair on a regular basis. Some of these things have gotten better but some have lingered. I will undoubtedly have the seizures for the rest of my life. On the upside, I am more outgoing and I tend to speak my mind and say how I feel. I used to be much more reserved. So, at least I did get a couple of pluses;) Good Luck to all and keep searching for that doctor who will listen.....he/she is out there!
I got in a car accident a year ago and suffered a grade 3 concussion with TBI. Recently, I'm constantly sad and thinking of suicide, even though I don't think I'd harm myself. Constantly noise in my head. I do not want to tell anyone because they will think I'm crazy, or make me get physchitraic evaluation. I'm a 44, gt rear ended whle stopped at red light by kd going 45mph.....any advice??? I get really sad when alone. And have increased my drinking
I am 28 and had my fifth concussion now since the age of 10, I notice my mind is clearer now then ever after this one and I suffered it by braking m left orbital against an aluminum dry rack on 5/3/13 I feel stronger rather than weaker after this one can anyone help me understand how or why that may be docs have no answers for me?
mine is massive tramatic brain damage. The mri shows black, the specialist yelled " this is huge". ummmn ya all the symptoms are correct here minus the big time frustration involved as i await to get better. 7.5 years of feeling like im all tied up in a ball.
im scared i have one. whacked the hell out of the front-top (frontal lobe?) of my skull standing up to quick. Banged it on a metal pipe.... (yeah, I know, right). Have a headache, stiff neck, feel kind of like i got a lean on sometimes, every now and again will space out doing math. Today it happened. Pupils normal, no bright lights. Should i see doctor and file workers comp claim? It happened there, but god, it is just plain clumsiness!
The trunk on my car has long been dreaded as dangerous... and I always warned even grown men to be careful. It is very heavy and just slams down... a 15 yr old Intrepid. Well I got clobbered directly on the top of my head towards the front.. the wind took it.. three days ago... and I am on blood thinners for DVT's. I called for someone quickly and thank God my neice heard me. I remember little after that... I thought my sister was with me for the rescue and in the trauma unit. I had tremors in my right arm and hand... and nausa.. pain and neck pain. Noise in my ears from ring to a motor running on low ..like a fan. Sounds are louder... and noise make me irritable. I just want to sleep... the ER nurses were more concern than the neurologist who said... I am not concern after less than two minutes. The hospital is a Trauma Center but truly has declined on the level of care by physicians and doing what should be done vs what is cost effective. This hospital has lost some great physician's in the process and I was not happy to find I was going there. I am making an appointment with a neurologist of my own hospital and be followed for my symptoms " not cost effective treatment".
My story is about my son and i am sharing it in the hopes that people read these stories and realize they are right they are not crazy!!! The brain is like any muscle if you injure it it needs to heal. If you don"t heal it it will protect it"s self by not working properly. I try to compare it to someone spraining their ankle then the next day running a 10 km marathon. my son's story about several concussions and his last that ended him in 2 psyc hospitals is quite long so I am posting a copy of the letter i am sending to the doctors that wouldn't listen. For those who want the whole story as told by myself are welcome to contact me at linda.hurren@hotmail.com My son is M Hurren I'm sure you have many patients over the course of a year so you may not remember him. He was 20 years old and admitted with Psychosis. April 2012. I advised you at the time my son had suffered a severe concussion but you disregarded this as impossible and diagnosed him with Pycosis or marijuana induced schizophrenia. I understand why you would have assumed this to be his condition as his behavior was matching symptoms but I am writing this to let you know my son had severe post concussion syndrome by over using his concussed brain his brain had reverted to a child like state. Things he would have been taught and would talk about when he was younger sounded strange coming from a 20 year old man. I have attached a copy of a letter that I wrote to explain what happened including all the head injury's he received as a child and what I did to survive this but all I ask is to at least look at head injury as being an option even if the head injury was in the recent past . No tests can show concussions so head injury history is important. I can't help but wonder how many women/ men are in care on medications when all they need is rest The medication made his symptoms worse as he did not need them. My son is on NO medications and is back to living his normal life. He has been back to work since Aug 1 2012. Other than not really having anyone to talk to about his ordeal, as people still have a hard time accepting a mistreated concussion could cause this state of mind, he has had no ill effects. I believe he would still be locked in a hospital environment if I had not removed him as the medications would have continued to have adverse effects. Respectively Linda Hurren
if your eyes hurt after a concussion,please try GUNNAR GAMING GLASSES... my daughter suffered a concussion and the lights at school really hurt her eyes..sold at best buy and will signifigantly reduce eye pain
I'm 23 and I had concussion when I was 16. I was playing football and some idiot kicked the football straight at my eye (by accident). I think first of all I was worse than I am now because I suffered from headaches for a few years afterwards, but now I don't seem to get them anymore. My memory was pretty bad for a while afterwards. I am better now but I haven't exactly got a fantastic memory on me! The main thing that really ticks me off is ever since I had the concussion I've had a tremor in my neck that makes my head move to the side. This worsens when trying to concentrate looking at someone or having my picture taken, definitely when I get nervous it always happens. Now I've read people saying they've had tremors and their neck moves from side to side but mine just seems to go 1 way - pulls to the left. I was told by a neurologist, after getting an MRI scan (because of my headaches) to start lifting weights to strengthen my neck muscles and ease my headaches and I've been doing that ever since. Maybe that has helped my headaches but my neck tremor is still present and I've been trying to read up on how to fix it because it really irritates me.
Im 28 and have a history of concussions but have not had one in about 6 years. Recently I have had a lot of issues of memory loss and for lack of a better term i feel dumb. I am in a high performance sales position now and this is becomming more and more a worry to me. Not sure if anyone else has dealt with this but it is worrysome.
I've had 17 concussions the past year, and i only went to go get my head checked out for the first one. i cant barely function anymore, its starting to get really hard to do anything anymore.... Chris Ray 18
I so appreciate this article. As a specialist working with communication, I was recently asked to evaluate a student in school with a "r" problem that wouldn't resolve. In listening to what his teacher reported...mumbling, disorganization, impulsivity...and a parent report that the child had been in a car accident... I was able to surmise that the concussion the child had sustained was now impacting his communication. While the communication challenges at hand were minor for this student, it makes sense to support as well as monitor progress in school.