Facts About Concussion and Brain Injury

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
Facts about Concussion and Brain Injury: Where To Get Help

What Is a Concussion?

A concussion is a type of traumatic brain injury—or TBI—caused by a bump, blow, or jolt to the head or by a hit to the body that causes the head and brain to move rapidly back and forth. This sudden movement can cause the brain to bounce around or twist in the skull, creating chemical changes in the brain and sometimes stretching and damaging brain cells.

Concussions Are Serious

Medical providers may describe a concussion as a “mild” brain injury because concussions are usually not life-threatening. Even so, the effects of a concussion can be serious.

Because the brain is very complex, every brain injury is different. Some symptoms may appear right away, while others may not show up for days or weeks after the concussion. Sometimes the injury makes it hard for people to recognize or to admit that they are having problems.

The signs of concussion can be subtle. Early on, problems may be missed by patients, family members, and doctors. People may look fine even though they’re acting or feeling differently.

Because all brain injuries are different, so is concussion recovery. Most people with mild injuries recover fully, but it can take time. Some symptoms can last for days, weeks, or longer.

In general, recovery is slower in older persons. Also, persons who have had a concussion in the past may find that it takes longer to recover from their current injury.

This article explains what can happen after a concussion, how to get better, and where to go for more information and help when needed.

Medical Help

People with a concussion need to be seen by a doctor. While most are seen in an emergency department or a doctor’s office, some people must stay in the hospital overnight.

Your doctor may do a scan of your brain (such as a CT scan) or other tests. Other tests, known as “neuropsychological” or “neurocognitive” tests, assess your learning and memory skills, your ability to pay attention or concentrate, and how quickly you can think and solve problems. These tests can help your doctor identify the effects of a concussion. Even if the concussion doesn’t show up on these tests, you may still have a concussion.

Your doctor will send you home with important instructions to follow. Be sure to follow all of your doctor’s instructions carefully.

If you are taking medications—prescription, over-the-counter medicines, or “natural remedies”—or if you drink alcohol or take illicit drugs, tell your doctor. Also, tell your doctor if you are taking blood thinners (anticoagulant drugs), such as Coumadin and aspirin, because they can increase the chance of complications.

Danger Signs

In rare cases, a dangerous collection of blood (hematoma) may form on the brain after a bump, blow, or jolt to the head or body that may squeeze the brain against the skull. Call 9-1-1 right away or contact your doctor or emergency department if you have one or more of the following danger signs after a bump, blow, or jolt to the head or body:

  • One pupil larger than the other.
  • Drowsiness or inability to wake up.
  • A headache that gets worse and does not go away.
  • Slurred speech, weakness, numbness, or decreased coordination.
  • Repeated vomiting or nausea, convulsions or seizures (shaking or twitching).
  • Unusual behavior, increased confusion, restlessness, or agitation.
  • Loss of consciousness (passed out/knocked out). Even a brief loss of consciousness should be taken seriously.

Danger Signs — Children, Toddlers, and Infants

Take your child to the emergency department right away if the child has received a blow or jolt to the head and:

  • Any of the signs and symptoms listed in the Danger Signs & Symptoms of a Concussion list.
  • Will not stop crying and cannot be consoled.
  • Will not nurse or eat.

Symptoms of Brain Injury

“I just don’t feel like myself.”

Persons of All Ages

Most people with a concussion have one or more of the symptoms listed below and recover fully within days, weeks or a few months. But for some people, symptoms of concussion can last even longer. Generally, if you feel that “something is not quite right,” or if you are feeling “foggy,” you should talk with your doctor.

Concussion symptoms are often grouped into four categories, including:

  • Remembering and Thinking
    • Difficulty thinking clearly
    • Feeling slowed down
    • Difficulty concentrating
    • Difficulty remembering new information
  • Physical
    • Headache
    • Nausea or vomiting (early on)
    • Balance problems
    • Dizziness
    • Fuzzy or blurry vision
    • Feeling tired, having no energy
    • Sensitivity to noise or light
  • Emotional/Mood
    • Irritability
    • Sadness
    • More emotional
    • Nervousness or anxiety
  • Sleep Disturbance
    • Sleeping more than usual
    • Sleeping less than usual
    • Trouble falling asleep

Some of these symptoms may appear right away, while others may not be noticed for days or months after the injury, or until the person starts resuming their everyday life and more demands are placed upon them. Sometimes, people do not recognize or admit that they are having problems. Others may not understand why they are having problems and what their problems really are, which can make them nervous and upset.

The signs and symptoms of a concussion can be difficult to sort out. Early on, problems may be missed by the person with the concussion, family members, or doctors. People may look fine even though they are acting or feeling differently.

Young Children

Very young children (i.e., infants, toddlers, and preschoolers) often bump and bruise their heads. This can happen as a result of motor vehicle crashes, falls, getting hit in the head with a ball or toy, or from tricycle/bike accidents. Sometimes these events can be serious and result in a concussion.

Young children can have the same symptoms of a concussion as older children, but it is harder for them to let others know how they are feeling. In addition to the symptoms mentioned on page 5, call your child’s doctor right away if your child seems to be getting worse or if you notice any of the following:

  • Crying more than usual
  • Headache that will not go away
  • Change in the way they play, perform or act at school
  • Change in nursing, eating, or sleeping patterns
  • Becoming easily upset or increased temper tantrums
  • Sad mood
  • Lack of interest in usual activities or favorite toys
  • Loss of new skills, such as toilet training
  • Loss of balance, unsteady walking
  • Poor attention

Older Adults

Because concussions are often missed or misdiagnosed among older adults, be especially alert if you know that an older adult has fallen or has a fall-related injury, such as a hip fracture. Older adults may have a higher risk of serious complications from a concussion, such as bleeding on the brain. Headaches that get worse or increased confusion are signs of this complication. If they occur, see a doctor right away. Older adults often take blood thinners; if they do, they should be seen immediately by a health care provider if they have a bump or blow to the head or body even if they do not have any of the symptoms listed above.

Getting Better

“Sometimes the best thing you can do is just rest and then try again later.”

Although most people recover fully after a concussion, how quickly they improve depends on many factors. These factors include how severe their concussion was, their age, how healthy they were before the concussion, and how they take care of themselves after the injury.

Some people who have had a concussion find that at first it is hard to do their daily activities, their job, to get along with everyone at home, or to relax. Ignoring your symptoms and trying to “tough it out” often makes symptoms worse.

Rest is very important after a concussion because it helps the brain to heal. You’ll need to be patient because healing takes time. Only when the symptoms have reduced significantly, in consultation with your doctor, should you slowly and gradually return to your daily activities, such as work or school. If your symptoms come back or you get new symptoms as you become more active, this is a sign that you are pushing yourself too hard. Stop these activities and take more time to rest and recover. As the days go by, you can expect to gradually feel better.

If you already had a medical condition at the time of your concussion (such as chronic headaches), it may take longer for you to recover from the concussion. Anxiety and depression may also make it harder to adjust to the symptoms of a concussion. While you are healing, you should be very careful to avoid doing anything that could cause a bump, blow, or jolt to the head or body. On rare occasions, receiving another concussion before the brain has healed can result in brain swelling, permanent brain damage, and even death, particularly among children and teens.

After you have recovered from your concussion, you should protect yourself from having another one. People who have had repeated concussions may have serious long-term problems, including chronic difficulty with concentration, memory, headache, and occasionally, physical skills, such as keeping one’s balance.

Tips for Healing: Adults

Here are a few tips to help you get better:

  • Get plenty of sleep at night, and rest during the day.
  • Avoid activities that are physically demanding (e.g., heavy housecleaning, weightlifting/working-out) or require a lot of concentration (e.g., balancing your checkbook). They can make your symptoms worse and slow your recovery.
  • Avoid activities, such as contact or recreational sports, that could lead to a second concussion. (It is best to avoid roller coasters or other high-speed rides that can make your symptoms worse or even cause a concussion.)
  • When your doctor says you are well enough, return to your normal activities gradually, not all at once.
  • Because your ability to react may be slower after a concussion, ask your doctor when you can safely drive a car, ride a bike, or operate heavy equipment.
  • Talk with your doctor about when you can return to work. Ask about how you can help your employer understand what has happened to you.
  • Consider talking with your employer about returning to work gradually and about changing your work activities or schedule until you recover (e.g., work half-days).
  • Take only those drugs that your doctor has approved.
  • Do not drink alcoholic beverages until your doctor says you are well enough. Alcohol and other drugs may slow your recovery and put you at risk of further injury.
  • Write down the things that may be harder than usual for you to remember.
  • If you’re easily distracted, try to do one thing at a time. For example, don’t try to watch TV while fixing dinner.
  • Consult with family members or close friends when making important decisions.
  • Do not neglect your basic needs, such as eating well and getting enough rest.
  • Avoid sustained computer use, including computer/video games early in the recovery process.
  • Some people report that flying in airplanes makes their symptoms worse shortly after a concussion.

Tips for Healing: Children

Parents and caregivers of children who have had a concussion can help them recover by taking an active role in their recovery:

  • Having the child get plenty of rest. Keep a regular sleep schedule, including no late nights and no sleepovers.
  • Making sure the child avoids high-risk/ high-speed activities such as riding a bicycle, playing sports, or climbing playground equipment, roller coasters or rides that could result in a second bump, blow, or jolt to the head or body. Children should not return to these types of activities until the doctor says they are well enough.
  • Giving the child only those drugs that are approved by the pediatrician or family physician.
  • Talking with the doctor about when the child should return to school and other activities and how the parent or caregiver can help the child deal with the challenges that the child may face. For example, your child may need to spend fewer hours at school, rest often, or require more time to take tests.
  • Sharing information about concussion with parents, siblings, teachers, counselors, babysitters, coaches, and others who interact with the child helps them understand what has happened and how to meet the child’s needs.

Where to Get Help

Help for People with Concussion

“It was the first time in my life that I couldn’t depend on myself.”

There are many people who can help you and your family as you recover from a concussion. You do not have to do it alone.

Show this article to your doctor or health care provider and talk with them about your concerns. Ask your doctor about whether you need specialized treatment and about the availability of rehabilitation programs.

Your doctor can help you find a health care provider who has special training in treating concussion. Early treatment of symptoms by a specialist may speed recovery. Your doctor may refer you to a neuropsychologist, neurologist, or specialist in rehabilitation.

Keep talking with your doctor, family members, and loved ones about how you are feeling, both physically and emotionally. If you do not think you are getting better, tell your doctor.

For more information, see the resources listed below.

Help for Families and Caregivers

“My husband used to be so calm. But after his injury, he started to explode over the littlest things. He didn’t even know that he had changed.”

When someone close to you has a concussion or a more serious brain injury, it can be hard to know how best to help. They may say that they are “fine” but you can tell from how they are acting that something has changed.

If you notice that your family member or friend has symptoms of a concussion that are getting worse, talk to them and their doctor about getting help. They may need help if you can answer YES to any of the following questions:

  • Are any of the concussion symptoms substantially affecting their life activities (such as feeling restricted in their activities due to symptoms, performance in school or at work has changed, unhappy with life changes)?
  • Has their personality changed?
  • Do they get angry for no reason?
  • Do they get lost or easily confused?
  • Do they have more trouble than usual making decisions?

You might want to talk with people who share your experience. The Brain Injury Association of America can put you in contact with people who can help (listed in the resource section below).

Resources for Getting Help

“I thought I was all alone, but I’m not. There are lots of people out there who understand what I’ve been through.”

Several groups help people and their families deal with concussion and more serious brain injuries. They provide information and put people in touch with local resources, such as support groups, rehabilitation services, and a variety of health care professionals.

  • CDC’s Injury Center has created resources and conducts research to help prevent concussion and more serious brain injuries and improve outcomes for survivors. For more information contact CDC toll-free at 1-800-CDC-INFO (1-800-232-4636) or visit CDC’s Injury Center on the Web at www.cdc.gov/TraumaticBrainInjury.
  • The Brain Injury Association of America (BIAA) has a national network of many state affiliates and hundreds of local chapters and support groups across the country that provide help in your community.

    You can reach BIAA by calling the toll-free National Brain Injury Information Center at 1-800-444-6443.

    You can also get information through their website at www.biausa.org. Both the help line and the website can provide you with information about the BIAA affiliate closest to you.

  • The Defense and Veterans Brain Injury Center (DVBIC) works to ensure that active duty military and veterans with brain injury receive the best evaluation, treatment, and follow-up. You can reach DVBIC by calling toll-free at 1-800-870-9244 or by visiting their website at www.dvbic.org.

    For more information about TBI in the military, including an interactive website for service members, veterans, and families and caregivers, please visit: www.TraumaticBrainInjuryatoz.org.

From the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. www.cdc.gov.
Disclaimer: This information is not meant to be a substitute for professional medical advice. The reader is advised to always seek the advice of a physician prior to changing any treatment or to receive answers to questions regarding a specific medical condition.

Posted on BrainLine November 17, 2017. Reviewed March 27, 2019.

Disclaimer: This information is not meant to be a substitute for professional medical advice. The reader is advised to always seek the advice of a physician prior to changing any treatment or to receive answers to questions regarding a specific medical condition.

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (2017, July 6). Traumatic Brain Injury & Concussion. Retrieved November 17, 2017, from www.cdc.gov

Comments (499)

Please remember, we are not able to give medical or legal advice. If you have medical concerns, please consult your doctor. All posted comments are the views and opinions of the poster only.

On February 22, 2017, I slipped on ice and hit my head on a concrete step. My Apple Watch showed a significant drop in my heart rate until it couldn’t register anymore. I couldn’t move my body but I wasn’t unconscious. I knew I was knocked out because I heard my head’s hollow echo upon impact like cracking a coconut. I remember everything. I knew when my heart stopped and that I needed to get back to my body or risk dying. There was a six minute delay from when my watch registered the last beat to when I woke up. So I guess I was dead for about 4 minutes. I woke and saw stars like Bugs Bunny and my eyes hurt. I was dizzy, disoriented and in a rush to get to work. I went to the hospital later in the day and they said I had a very minor concussion. Since then, I’ve had severe anxiety, mood swings, memory gaps, depression, and a breakdown of my executive brain functions. I feel like my spirit came back to the wrong body. This one has malfunctions I never had to deal with before. Having an understanding of how much longer I have to endure this system failure is both comforting and depressing. At least now I know that this may never get better and to just accept what I cannot change so that I can focus on what I can effectively manage.

Not a minor concussion. If you lost any consciousness even for second that's a level 3 concussion. I just had one 2 days ago. First ever. I'm foggy, having a hard time concentrating, and feel lightly drunk. Yours sounds worse than mine. Get a specialist involved.

that is NOT MINOR.i hope you definitely saw someone else

After a fall and getting a concussion. After 2-3 months is it normal for the area to regain a bump and soreness?

I’m really sad and pissed right now after reading this because some time long ago at recess when I was like in 1st grade I tripped over construction that you could hardly see at school and hit my head on cement and was knocked out.

No one did anything. I woke up right there where I was when I knocked out, and I’m also super pissed that the teachers did nothing, so I told them and they sent me to nurse and nurse gave me a sticker that says “I’m bumped my head”, like wtf is that going to do, anyways I was having really bad headaches, dizziness, blurry vision, etc.

When I got home, I told my mom and she told me to lie on the couch so I did and then she waited for like 4 hours until actually taking me to the doctor.

I was really drowsy and tired and I asked if I could sleep, she said “No, you can’t” and now that I read that after a concussion you should get sleep, it made me mad how I used the rest of the little bit of energy I had to keep awake.

Anyways, thank you for telling us about this.

I'm 15 I hit the back of my head on the floor and my basketball game very hard... They said they hurd it in the stands... Now it's like I'm normal but not I'm moving show and I'm crying silently or sad I try to stay happy I feel like a light plus and it hurts but it doesn't hurt like it did yesterday what should I do and I have game Friday coming up don't want to let the team down

I understand im a college volleyball player that recently went through something similar. Your brain is more important that one game. Your teammates and coaches will understand.

As a child, 4-6 years of age, my Grandfather was very abusive toward me( I remember it all). What he did to get me to behave is to throw his work boot right at my head, I would catch the heel of it every time, I remember this like yesterday, this happened everyday. Physically what happened is, I blacked-out, and saw stars, I felt my head spinning, the worst was it hurt because I could breath and gasping for air. Fast-Forward to my school years, I had behavior problems, I remember instances of my bad behavior toward teachers and classmates. I remember being locked up in this padded cell until I calmed down, not realizing why I was there. Referred to a school for special needs kids because I was slow at speech and had hearing /comprehension difficulties. Fast forward to Jr high and High school years and looking back, I had academic trouble, I had poor grades, and couldn’t relate social with my peers. I skipped a lot of details but in conclusion, did the abuse I received have irreparable damage, I’m Middle Aged now and I feel inferior, can’t hold a job, and no career, I can be proud of, just a stocker at walmart

I know I can never understand how bad you feel about how things have turned out because of the actions of your grandparent but don't let that stop you from trying to move forward. It can be like your own lil' payback. Find a support group or maybe a specialist that can help you with the issues. And you can start trying to accomplish goals that you want . Maybe try starting a business , become an entrepreneur or even start or join a foundation that helps put a stop to child abuse. Just something you would be proud of start working actively towards it and life may just surprise you. I know I'm an absolute stranger. Just thought I should tell you what I was compelled to.

I suffer "side effects" while at Niagara Falls.

Since my TBI four years ago I have visited the falls 3 times and each time I go there the same thing happens. I get Dizzy, confused, off balance, Nausea and disoriented. This effect if I stay too long will last me a few days.

Does anyone else feel this way?

Hi I'm kaitlyn and I'm 18 in my life I have had three concussions, one when in was 3, 6, and 17. I was wondering does it cause hearing problems I feel like through the years they have just been getting worse, I have difficulty concentrating, I lose my balance sometimes, I have difficulty remembering new information and trouble sleeping and falling asleep is all that long term effects from the concussions.

Everything besides the hearing part your going thru I went thru and still have short term memory loss. That's why its hard for new to absorb anything new as its hard to concentrate one and two its hard for ur brain to hold it if it does. Feel free to message back anytime cause its good to have someone who understands this.

I fell and hit my head and had a mild concussion and six weeks later I still wake up with foggy vision and have it throughout the day. I see ziggly lines when I turn my head a certain way still hurts. Test came back fine. Is there anything out there to help at least a little?

With any head trauma get your neck looked at. My c1 was dislocated for almost 3 years after seeing specialist after specialist and no one ever looked at my neck.

I fell 8' off the adder onto my concrete drive. Grade 3 concussion. Its been 6 weeks and at times the dizzy seems like its worse. Also whip lash and broken clavicle etc. So the head is the worse. How long?

That level concussion it could be months or even a year or possibly more that I hate to say.

I sustained a serious concussion in a bike accident when I was knocked out for 40 minutes and taken unconscious to the hospital. I woke up in the emergency room. 

I find I have to be careful on how much I do as I can quickly develop a headache and suffer quite badly at times with blurred vision and also used to have dizzy spells the worst of which was when I went to the bathroom one day and the next thing I know, I was on the floor with the room spinning around fast.

The first 3 to 4 months after my accident were very dark days indeed with mood swings, hospital visits and sorting out all the legal implications of the accident. I would have constant flashbacks of the moment of the accident which would no go away.  I found if difficult to concentrate and take on ordinary things in life like going back to work after quite a long time off and sometimes just talking to people. It was like being in a fog, to be honest. Fortunately, with time things moved on, and now I am able to live a better life again.

A concussion isn't always just a physical injury but can have far greater implication as I found out. 

Do you have crying spells. I find myself crying alot every day for 6mts since my concussion was diagnosis. I'm trying hard to get the right help in treatment.

For about six months after I got a concussion, I was super emotional, and would cry at the drop of a hat. This was totally out of character for me. It eventually eased up, and I'm pretty much back to baseline.

I hope you find the right treatment for your concussion. Depending on the severity of your Concussion it can take time for “emotional equilibrium” to return again to your life. I became more emotional for a time after my serious concussion as its not just the physical injury but it can have effects on your way of thinking and your mood. Medication might help.
This year I have managed for the first time properly to return to the scene of my terrible accident I had when I was knocked off my bike and Knocked Unconscious and I woke up in hospital.
Strangely enough although I “welled up” I couldn’t CRY. I don’t know why but I felt with the passage of time I had learnt to deal with to some extent with the “emotional and psychological difficulties and trauma” of the event.
You can’t put a timeline on these things and can only hope the recovery process continues for you.

me too brutha

I got lumped up pretty good and got diagnosed with a concussion 12 days ago. They ran a scan and said no skull fractures or bleeding. My symptoms aren’t quite as bad but I still have the burning feeling in the back of my scalp and at times feels like my head is on fire. I still stay dizzy on a regular basis and constantly have to lay down to regain myself. I cleaned my ears with q-tips and found dried blood from both ears. Obviously got a little concerned so have been reading up on stuff. All of my symptoms seem normal except nothing on the dried blood. Any suggestions besides continue to bother my doctors office? Thanks for any advice.

I have the same burning in my brain as well after a concussion from being a back seat passenger in my friend's car. We were stopped waiting for a pedestrian walking in front of us. We were struck from behind. I hit the back of the front passenger seat and then was thrown back to my back seat.
Instant whiplash. Massive headaches still seven weeks later.

The doctor said I had a concussion. I went back to work and tried to have a normal life. Three weeks later, I lost my vision in both eyes at work. I was very dizzy, nauseous, feeling weak and ready to pass out. They called the ambulance because they said my body was in distress (blood pressure was  215/112) They rushed me the ER and my CT scan showed two mini-strokes. Wow, really? I was in shock.

After xrays, MRI, vascular tests and halter monitor for three days. They sent me home to go to my primary care physician to refer me to a neurologist. They did a very painful electrical testing of my brain and another MRI. He said no mini strokes now. But my BH is now normal. They gave lots of meds (brain nerve block, pain meds, headaches meds, anxiety meds, migraine meds too). Thank God!!

After seven weeks, I'm still having bad headaches on the left side of my head and into my temple. I'm on lots of meds. So why is this not helping?

I also feel burning like on fire in the back and top of brain. Sharp pain periodically in different areas in my brain when just doing some walking around. This is getting way too scary. Twitting body, having a hard time walking now, etc.

Now it has turned into TBI... PTSD symptoms the doctor said now. I keep seeing the accident, crying, not feeling myself at all anymore. I can't go to work anymore, can't go grocery shopping, can't drive with all these symptoms or prescribed meds, etc.

I called an attorney. They are sending me to a chiropractor for treatment. They are worried as well. They don't want to make matters any worse. Getting all the films from all the doctors and hospital to look everything all over. We shall see...hope this helps...

Prayers for everyone dealing with these horrific head injuries. I'm looking for relief soon. When will it all end?!!

Hope brain doctors read this too. We all need help...

I was at a Doct appt and started getting a severe headache, she said let me try something she gave me oxygen it helped within a few minutes! It helps alot try it, we get headaches pain from alot of things but lack of proper oxygen, is a big culprit!

Read *The Ghost in my Brain* by Clark Elliott. He's a neurologist and had a concussion and found help that returned his brain to working order.

I had a severe injury.... I blacked out and fell off of the top of 4 concret steps head-first onto more concrete, broke my nose, went to ER, doctor looked at my hands.... No marks from trying to break my fall.... This was about 5 years ago and I'm noticing I can't do things I used to do.....?

May I ask what things your not able to do as you once could before? For example write properly, hard to recall or learn new things?

I know how you feel. I had a concussion 3 years ago and I can’t get back to my normal life. I have many days where I can’t even think or see straight... unfortunately, there is not much help out there.

Do you have crying spells. Since my concussion I can't stop crying for 6mths. It a living nightmare

I really appreciated your tip to rest as much as possible after you get a concussion. My daughter has a concussion after wrecking her bike. I will be sure to try and get her to rest as much as possible so that she can get better soon.

My mother is 89 and fell face first on a cement bathroom floor on which she has a lump on her forehead and two black eyes. She’s been nauseous since. She is also having a hard time concentrating. She was seen at the hospital and was sent home. I’m concerned, should I be?

Same thing happened to me a couple of weeks ago. I dont feel like I’m recovering as quickly as I should. I don’t feel I have a concussion....just in shock.

Tips for recovery post concussion. We’re you given any information at the doctors office or when discharged from the hospital?

I have question...in 2012 (November) I slipped and fell in an empty swimming pool and hit my head really hard (the floor of it is made from concrete). I got up and felt fine afterwards and tried to laugh it off. My cousin thought I was seriously hurt cos it sounded like I literally cracked my head. I never went to the doc or hospital cos I felt fine. But for a few years now I felt a pain, that lasts for about 3-5 seconds in the exact spot I hit my head, it’ll happen for a few days go away for a while, come back, go away, etc. Lately I felt super paranoid about it and wondered if I’m okay. It’s been six years and other than that pain I’ve been fine.

My question is: am I right to worry six years on? Will this pain ever go away.

Amanda, I think you should get a checkup
.....like you I'm having effects from my injury..... especially memory.....I hope you get better!

It was July 4th 2015, It was about 8pm, a very warm evening and I was in my bedroom @ the side of the bed,had just opened the dual windows, turned fan on and started to take a folded Qn -size sheet and had begun the process of flipping it out to lay over the bed .. *LIGHTS OUT*
"I remember bits and pieces of information from finding myself on the floor, being in a confused state, the back middle - to - right curved area of my head was in excruciating pain, my head felt very huge. " The Next day, my daughter called me and said that I must have hit her icon on my Phone as I called her @ 11:47pm. ..but she was 1/2 awake and 6 hrs away, but said that she couldn't understand me ,because I was not making sense but before she could talk to me, I hung up.
It was Tuesday morning when my LPN came to fill my meds, she noticed that I seemed off. ( this was 4-5 days) I was very tired and not wanting to get up, had a migraine and ringing in my head, and She felt a Lump /Swelling on the back RT - side. I went to Dr but other than swelling they didn't find a bleed. So I was advised to rest.
NOW 2018 -
Since this event, I've had Ringing in my ears daily, increase in my migraine headaches, light sensitivity to the point I have to have darkened glasses as my pupils once dilated do not go down and cause much eye pain. I've been having trouble remembering things that are relevant to day to day, (what day it is, month, things when I'm speaking ,loosing ability to run ,jump,hop,skip, I'm now a "tipper - fwd & bkwds" ) hearing issues noise sensitivity but also can't hear in resteraunt if ppl are talking by me .other...
**I've had what they called in 2003 essential Tremor in my RT hand/arm, it now affects my ability to write ,do buttons, ECT.. It has now affecting my legs ,like internal shivering for days,and bouts of very spastic involuntary movements when I try to walk around, especially if I am fatigue. Sleep -
chronic insomnia despite medication.**
had MRI, Nothing
had CAT, Nothing

I'm exhausted and very frustrated and have back spinal vertebrae issues that I've had surgery on since 2/ 2014 (Fusions, Spinal cord Stenosis, cages,other) looking @ surgery Now...
I'm not sure what is going on with my body, & brain, and nervous system.
I really appreciate any advice..
Thank you very much.

Cindy, What happened to cause your blow to the head?

A few days ago I was in the woodwork class at my school, there's a kind of loft in it where they store spare wood. I was climbing down the ladder leading up to it and jumped down the last few steps. I miscalculated and hit my forehead full on the metal garage door.
I went to the nurses office and felt fine. But it's been three days and now I'm beginning to feel sick. Like I have a headcold. There's slight swelling on my forehead that hasn't gone down and it feels like there's pressure on it. The list of symptoms don't really help because for a few weeks now it takes a while for me to fall asleep and I'm always stressed at School, and I've never had a good memory, plus I'm partially sighted in my left eye and never wear my glasses so sometimes everything is blurry. I'm sixteen and never really exercise aside from some rock climbing. Please give me some advice?

So a few years ago I had a car accident and I wasn’t wearing my seat belt and I hit my head I had a mild concussion after that but now I have migraines when everything or everyone is loud I get hit by something say a dodge ball I smell strong perfume and I get to much sun or play on my phone to much could the migraines be related to the car accident.
And sometimes by back/neck hurts and then I get a migraine
I also have difficulty concentrating and I wasn’t bad before. (I wonder if I could get dementia or something later on because of the accident)

I was in an accident at work four months ago. A bar smashed me on the head comparable to a house smacking me on top the head. My hard hat saved my life. First month I slept, maybe awake for two hours a day and in so much pain I thought I may not wake up. I still have memory loss, ear pain, headaches, extreme fatigue, some coordination problems, concentrating problems. The list goes on. I can work at something for about ten minutes and need a break. WSIB says I have been off long enough and need to get back to work. They say pushing myself will help me heal faster. I know when I get tired my symptoms get worse. My dizziness and shakes take over. No one is listening. What can I do. I am afraid of getting worse. Kim

Hi Kim March/2018 The same thing happened to me at work. A bar slammed down on top of my head. It had built up hydraulic pressure. I was not wearing a hard hat.
I have had 9 weeks of different therapies, and am now doing physical therapy for neck pain. I have terrible migraines, double vision, and mood swings. I returned to work in April, mainly bc I could no longer afford it. Pa only pays 66% of lost wages, minus your insurance premiums. My employer has been less than helpful, not to mention accommodating in any way. Some days, I feel totally alone in this.
They do not even cooperate with time off for therapy and appointments. I am a salary employee, been here for over 30 years.
Have you experienced any of this treatment.
I have experienced problems with speech, memory loss, and fatigue. I see a neurologist who specializes in concussion.
I feel there is no end in sight.

Hellllloooo fellow TBI fighters...mine has lasted 4 years.. i am 61 and had 6...cowgirls are not invincible.......my concussion is a crazy story....you are allowed to laugh...we have a working far. We show animals......i was preparing my angus.....i thought my granddaughter nad steer to go...i was bending over cleaning my cow. And here comes a running 800 lb steer running at me. His legs grabbed my waist pulled my head on a boulder....thrust 3 times hearing each blow....i blacked out....i still had the hose...he chrged again...water stopped him....
We will all find the way...he got my brain stem... 1st and second vertbrae....lucky to walk and talk.....BLESS US ALL TO RECOVER

stay strong fellow cowgirl!!!!!!!

I read your comment and though not nice glad someone in cattle shared their story. On August 28, 2018 as my grandson was getting ready to head out to a show a stray dog came up from behind and scared the 7 month old, green still, Brahman heifer. I happen to be holding her and next thing know, I’m on the ground. My face was stepped on though she tried to jump over me. Mid concussion, broken nose and a bruised face for a month. I too blacked out but hearing my grandson screaming “grandma” woke me up. Bred and raised Brahmans all my life, my kids showed, breaking them is easy, until a dang stray dog came from behind us, the barn, and scared her. I’ts been months and I catch myself being so dumb, forgetful, but glad to be here. I’ll bee 61 in April, and have since helped break another one. It’s my right eye that o lay bothers me.

I was in a car accident about 2 years ago now. I know how truly harsh it can feel exactly. I forget so many important things like it never was a part of my life. Appointments I miss, scheduling appointments at the same time and not realizing it, forgetting what I was talking or thinking about, losing words that I know and have used all my life, tremors and shaky movements that come and go, etc... I feel like I am crazy now, and people have asked me if I am drunk when I don't drink alcohol. I progressed a long ways, as I stuttered and suffered amplified versions of my symptoms before, where now I seem to have settled into a semi/functional state that can be glossed over based on how I look. I confuse the intentions and actions/words of others in interactions- sometimes very blunt and rudely. I know better than to dis-respect others, so I isolate myself to prevent outbursts that I cannot control, and to avoid interacting in ways that others don't deserve. I feel like a different person completely, and it is something I try not to think about. I finally have some resolution financially to try and address my body, but I worry it's just a money pit in waiting that will produce minimal results. It's been 2 years, and I treated with therapy for as long as insurance allowed before the money was used. You are not alone, and I hope you know that our heart's can still guide your ways matter how broken, even if we find ourselves acting out on a whim. I know I feel bad afterwards, and I wish that I hadn't went ballistic out of nowhere, but it's just a part of whatever went wrong in our brains. Someday there will be better treatments and care, but until that day comes all we can do is try to be the best we can be, especially towards others. That is my take on a hard truth that I face, and I hope you see that it's not your fault.

Wow this could be me saying this Joshua. I had a head on crash three years ago. I can relate to each and every symptom you list. I have become isolated from my family and spending increasing amounts of time in my room. When I venture out full of hope it always goes wrong. I used to be such a sociable caring fun loving person and I cannot seem to interact with anybody these days. Worst of all I have five children who miss the mum I used to be. I miss that person so much. Nobody around me seems to truly understand much as they try.

So last year around August, I got a concussion while doing a routine check on the slides while lifeguarding. Before the pool opens, you walk up the dry slides to check for cracks and stuff, but on that day I was wearing a hat and didn’t see a beam ahead of me. I hit my head mainly on the top right side. It took a while to realize how I was feeling that day was serious. Was out of work for about a week, and ironically that first day back... I got hit in the head again. By a big shade umbrella that came loose in the wind. I was fine after that, but as it turns out not really. That second blow probably is the reason I ended up three months later being diagnosed with post concussion headaches. These have all but gone away now, but when they were happening, it was awful. Like every few days I’d get a headache in the same spot associated with that nausea and aloofness. It disrupted my studies a lot. I was given a migraine/seizure preventative medication that helped quite a bit. Unfortunately I don’t have insurance so I never got any more, but I’ve found CBD oil does wonders for anyone experiencing these themselves. Now when I get those headaches, it’s just a headache and the cbd helps a lot.

Now, fast forward to today. I borrowed my grandmothers car and ended up having to move the car after I’d parked it in the driveway. When I got in, I hit my head—of course in the exact spot—with the corner of a little compartment on the ceiling that was open. Right now after resting I feel finally cognitive enough to type well and think, but my head is still hurting and if I get up from bed I feel dizzy and really bleh. But earlier, I felt very out of it, not completely there, suddenly tired and I almost puked three times but stoped myself.
I am honestly quite worried, I wish I could just wear a helmet. I don’t know if I should go to the urgent care in the morning, but I don’t have the money honestly. I’m not sure, and I’m worried about the long lasting damage... I never even got a CT scan this whole time and unfortunately this isn’t even the first time I’ve had another blow be it minor or painful since my concussion.

Any advice? rose.goodapple@gmail.com

I’m not a doctor but i have advice. Since you already had a brain injury, you are more likely to suffer stronger effects the next time around. I recommend that you visit a hospital and stay there. Other then that, you should be fine. Please make sure you don’t suffer any serious symptoms (one pupil bigger than another, repeated vomiting, .etc). When at the hospital, get a CT scan to ensure you did not mess up your brain. (Sorry if i don’t make sense, i got a concussion too)

Take your time reading this. There’s a lot of information.

One head injury before my most recent one was when I got into a fight and was walking away after the fight, a guy ran up behind me and bounced my head off a post. I may have had a concussion from that, but I was never checked.

My recent head injury was when my ex punched me in the head, above my ear. It swelled and was awful. I wasn't checked for that either. I was told recently that I may have had a concussion, but since it was 1.5 years prior, they wouldn't check me. It seemed that they were more interested in judging me for not getting help sooner, but if you do have a concussion, it doesn't make it easy for you to just get help. Because you can't think like you used to.

I think there should be better protocol in how to handle patients who have had or could possibly have had a concussion and more people should understand that the effects can last longer than a few months. Depression and anxiety are symptoms of a concussion and the doctors shouldn't think that the issue is the symptoms and not the cause.

Things are frustrating enough when you have a concussion. The last thing you need is judgment and assumptions being made. "No, I couldn't get help for over a year and I thought I was okay. I know, now, that I am not. "