Facts About Concussion and Brain Injury

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
Facts about Concussion and Brain Injury: Where To Get Help

What Is a Concussion?

A concussion is a type of traumatic brain injury—or TBI—caused by a bump, blow, or jolt to the head or by a hit to the body that causes the head and brain to move rapidly back and forth. This sudden movement can cause the brain to bounce around or twist in the skull, creating chemical changes in the brain and sometimes stretching and damaging brain cells.

Concussions Are Serious

Medical providers may describe a concussion as a “mild” brain injury because concussions are usually not life-threatening. Even so, the effects of a concussion can be serious.

Because the brain is very complex, every brain injury is different. Some symptoms may appear right away, while others may not show up for days or weeks after the concussion. Sometimes the injury makes it hard for people to recognize or to admit that they are having problems.

The signs of concussion can be subtle. Early on, problems may be missed by patients, family members, and doctors. People may look fine even though they’re acting or feeling differently.

Because all brain injuries are different, so is concussion recovery. Most people with mild injuries recover fully, but it can take time. Some symptoms can last for days, weeks, or longer.

In general, recovery is slower in older persons. Also, persons who have had a concussion in the past may find that it takes longer to recover from their current injury.

This article explains what can happen after a concussion, how to get better, and where to go for more information and help when needed.

Medical Help

People with a concussion need to be seen by a doctor. While most are seen in an emergency department or a doctor’s office, some people must stay in the hospital overnight.

Your doctor may do a scan of your brain (such as a CT scan) or other tests. Other tests, known as “neuropsychological” or “neurocognitive” tests, assess your learning and memory skills, your ability to pay attention or concentrate, and how quickly you can think and solve problems. These tests can help your doctor identify the effects of a concussion. Even if the concussion doesn’t show up on these tests, you may still have a concussion.

Your doctor will send you home with important instructions to follow. Be sure to follow all of your doctor’s instructions carefully.

If you are taking medications—prescription, over-the-counter medicines, or “natural remedies”—or if you drink alcohol or take illicit drugs, tell your doctor. Also, tell your doctor if you are taking blood thinners (anticoagulant drugs), such as Coumadin and aspirin, because they can increase the chance of complications.

Danger Signs

In rare cases, a dangerous collection of blood (hematoma) may form on the brain after a bump, blow, or jolt to the head or body that may squeeze the brain against the skull. Call 9-1-1 right away or contact your doctor or emergency department if you have one or more of the following danger signs after a bump, blow, or jolt to the head or body:

  • One pupil larger than the other.
  • Drowsiness or inability to wake up.
  • A headache that gets worse and does not go away.
  • Slurred speech, weakness, numbness, or decreased coordination.
  • Repeated vomiting or nausea, convulsions or seizures (shaking or twitching).
  • Unusual behavior, increased confusion, restlessness, or agitation.
  • Loss of consciousness (passed out/knocked out). Even a brief loss of consciousness should be taken seriously.

Danger Signs — Children, Toddlers, and Infants

Take your child to the emergency department right away if the child has received a blow or jolt to the head and:

  • Any of the signs and symptoms listed in the Danger Signs & Symptoms of a Concussion list.
  • Will not stop crying and cannot be consoled.
  • Will not nurse or eat.

Symptoms of Brain Injury

“I just don’t feel like myself.”

Persons of All Ages

Most people with a concussion have one or more of the symptoms listed below and recover fully within days, weeks or a few months. But for some people, symptoms of concussion can last even longer. Generally, if you feel that “something is not quite right,” or if you are feeling “foggy,” you should talk with your doctor.

Concussion symptoms are often grouped into four categories, including:

  • Remembering and Thinking
    • Difficulty thinking clearly
    • Feeling slowed down
    • Difficulty concentrating
    • Difficulty remembering new information
  • Physical
    • Headache
    • Nausea or vomiting (early on)
    • Balance problems
    • Dizziness
    • Fuzzy or blurry vision
    • Feeling tired, having no energy
    • Sensitivity to noise or light
  • Emotional/Mood
    • Irritability
    • Sadness
    • More emotional
    • Nervousness or anxiety
  • Sleep Disturbance
    • Sleeping more than usual
    • Sleeping less than usual
    • Trouble falling asleep

Some of these symptoms may appear right away, while others may not be noticed for days or months after the injury, or until the person starts resuming their everyday life and more demands are placed upon them. Sometimes, people do not recognize or admit that they are having problems. Others may not understand why they are having problems and what their problems really are, which can make them nervous and upset.

The signs and symptoms of a concussion can be difficult to sort out. Early on, problems may be missed by the person with the concussion, family members, or doctors. People may look fine even though they are acting or feeling differently.

Young Children

Very young children (i.e., infants, toddlers, and preschoolers) often bump and bruise their heads. This can happen as a result of motor vehicle crashes, falls, getting hit in the head with a ball or toy, or from tricycle/bike accidents. Sometimes these events can be serious and result in a concussion.

Young children can have the same symptoms of a concussion as older children, but it is harder for them to let others know how they are feeling. In addition to the symptoms mentioned on page 5, call your child’s doctor right away if your child seems to be getting worse or if you notice any of the following:

  • Crying more than usual
  • Headache that will not go away
  • Change in the way they play, perform or act at school
  • Change in nursing, eating, or sleeping patterns
  • Becoming easily upset or increased temper tantrums
  • Sad mood
  • Lack of interest in usual activities or favorite toys
  • Loss of new skills, such as toilet training
  • Loss of balance, unsteady walking
  • Poor attention

Older Adults

Because concussions are often missed or misdiagnosed among older adults, be especially alert if you know that an older adult has fallen or has a fall-related injury, such as a hip fracture. Older adults may have a higher risk of serious complications from a concussion, such as bleeding on the brain. Headaches that get worse or increased confusion are signs of this complication. If they occur, see a doctor right away. Older adults often take blood thinners; if they do, they should be seen immediately by a health care provider if they have a bump or blow to the head or body even if they do not have any of the symptoms listed above.

Getting Better

“Sometimes the best thing you can do is just rest and then try again later.”

Although most people recover fully after a concussion, how quickly they improve depends on many factors. These factors include how severe their concussion was, their age, how healthy they were before the concussion, and how they take care of themselves after the injury.

Some people who have had a concussion find that at first it is hard to do their daily activities, their job, to get along with everyone at home, or to relax. Ignoring your symptoms and trying to “tough it out” often makes symptoms worse.

Rest is very important after a concussion because it helps the brain to heal. You’ll need to be patient because healing takes time. Only when the symptoms have reduced significantly, in consultation with your doctor, should you slowly and gradually return to your daily activities, such as work or school. If your symptoms come back or you get new symptoms as you become more active, this is a sign that you are pushing yourself too hard. Stop these activities and take more time to rest and recover. As the days go by, you can expect to gradually feel better.

If you already had a medical condition at the time of your concussion (such as chronic headaches), it may take longer for you to recover from the concussion. Anxiety and depression may also make it harder to adjust to the symptoms of a concussion. While you are healing, you should be very careful to avoid doing anything that could cause a bump, blow, or jolt to the head or body. On rare occasions, receiving another concussion before the brain has healed can result in brain swelling, permanent brain damage, and even death, particularly among children and teens.

After you have recovered from your concussion, you should protect yourself from having another one. People who have had repeated concussions may have serious long-term problems, including chronic difficulty with concentration, memory, headache, and occasionally, physical skills, such as keeping one’s balance.

Tips for Healing: Adults

Here are a few tips to help you get better:

  • Get plenty of sleep at night, and rest during the day.
  • Avoid activities that are physically demanding (e.g., heavy housecleaning, weightlifting/working-out) or require a lot of concentration (e.g., balancing your checkbook). They can make your symptoms worse and slow your recovery.
  • Avoid activities, such as contact or recreational sports, that could lead to a second concussion. (It is best to avoid roller coasters or other high-speed rides that can make your symptoms worse or even cause a concussion.)
  • When your doctor says you are well enough, return to your normal activities gradually, not all at once.
  • Because your ability to react may be slower after a concussion, ask your doctor when you can safely drive a car, ride a bike, or operate heavy equipment.
  • Talk with your doctor about when you can return to work. Ask about how you can help your employer understand what has happened to you.
  • Consider talking with your employer about returning to work gradually and about changing your work activities or schedule until you recover (e.g., work half-days).
  • Take only those drugs that your doctor has approved.
  • Do not drink alcoholic beverages until your doctor says you are well enough. Alcohol and other drugs may slow your recovery and put you at risk of further injury.
  • Write down the things that may be harder than usual for you to remember.
  • If you’re easily distracted, try to do one thing at a time. For example, don’t try to watch TV while fixing dinner.
  • Consult with family members or close friends when making important decisions.
  • Do not neglect your basic needs, such as eating well and getting enough rest.
  • Avoid sustained computer use, including computer/video games early in the recovery process.
  • Some people report that flying in airplanes makes their symptoms worse shortly after a concussion.

Tips for Healing: Children

Parents and caregivers of children who have had a concussion can help them recover by taking an active role in their recovery:

  • Having the child get plenty of rest. Keep a regular sleep schedule, including no late nights and no sleepovers.
  • Making sure the child avoids high-risk/ high-speed activities such as riding a bicycle, playing sports, or climbing playground equipment, roller coasters or rides that could result in a second bump, blow, or jolt to the head or body. Children should not return to these types of activities until the doctor says they are well enough.
  • Giving the child only those drugs that are approved by the pediatrician or family physician.
  • Talking with the doctor about when the child should return to school and other activities and how the parent or caregiver can help the child deal with the challenges that the child may face. For example, your child may need to spend fewer hours at school, rest often, or require more time to take tests.
  • Sharing information about concussion with parents, siblings, teachers, counselors, babysitters, coaches, and others who interact with the child helps them understand what has happened and how to meet the child’s needs.

Where to Get Help

Help for People with Concussion

“It was the first time in my life that I couldn’t depend on myself.”

There are many people who can help you and your family as you recover from a concussion. You do not have to do it alone.

Show this article to your doctor or health care provider and talk with them about your concerns. Ask your doctor about whether you need specialized treatment and about the availability of rehabilitation programs.

Your doctor can help you find a health care provider who has special training in treating concussion. Early treatment of symptoms by a specialist may speed recovery. Your doctor may refer you to a neuropsychologist, neurologist, or specialist in rehabilitation.

Keep talking with your doctor, family members, and loved ones about how you are feeling, both physically and emotionally. If you do not think you are getting better, tell your doctor.

For more information, see the resources listed below.

Help for Families and Caregivers

“My husband used to be so calm. But after his injury, he started to explode over the littlest things. He didn’t even know that he had changed.”

When someone close to you has a concussion or a more serious brain injury, it can be hard to know how best to help. They may say that they are “fine” but you can tell from how they are acting that something has changed.

If you notice that your family member or friend has symptoms of a concussion that are getting worse, talk to them and their doctor about getting help. They may need help if you can answer YES to any of the following questions:

  • Are any of the concussion symptoms substantially affecting their life activities (such as feeling restricted in their activities due to symptoms, performance in school or at work has changed, unhappy with life changes)?
  • Has their personality changed?
  • Do they get angry for no reason?
  • Do they get lost or easily confused?
  • Do they have more trouble than usual making decisions?

You might want to talk with people who share your experience. The Brain Injury Association of America can put you in contact with people who can help (listed in the resource section below).

Resources for Getting Help

“I thought I was all alone, but I’m not. There are lots of people out there who understand what I’ve been through.”

Several groups help people and their families deal with concussion and more serious brain injuries. They provide information and put people in touch with local resources, such as support groups, rehabilitation services, and a variety of health care professionals.

  • CDC’s Injury Center has created resources and conducts research to help prevent concussion and more serious brain injuries and improve outcomes for survivors. For more information contact CDC toll-free at 1-800-CDC-INFO (1-800-232-4636) or visit CDC’s Injury Center on the Web at www.cdc.gov/TraumaticBrainInjury.
  • The Brain Injury Association of America (BIAA) has a national network of many state affiliates and hundreds of local chapters and support groups across the country that provide help in your community.

    You can reach BIAA by calling the toll-free National Brain Injury Information Center at 1-800-444-6443.

    You can also get information through their website at www.biausa.org. Both the help line and the website can provide you with information about the BIAA affiliate closest to you.

  • The Defense and Veterans Brain Injury Center (DVBIC) works to ensure that active duty military and veterans with brain injury receive the best evaluation, treatment, and follow-up. You can reach DVBIC by calling toll-free at 1-800-870-9244 or by visiting their website at www.dvbic.org.

    For more information about TBI in the military, including an interactive website for service members, veterans, and families and caregivers, please visit: www.TraumaticBrainInjuryatoz.org.

From the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. www.cdc.gov.
Disclaimer: This information is not meant to be a substitute for professional medical advice. The reader is advised to always seek the advice of a physician prior to changing any treatment or to receive answers to questions regarding a specific medical condition.

Posted on BrainLine November 17, 2017. Reviewed March 27, 2019.

Disclaimer: This information is not meant to be a substitute for professional medical advice. The reader is advised to always seek the advice of a physician prior to changing any treatment or to receive answers to questions regarding a specific medical condition.

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (2017, July 6). Traumatic Brain Injury & Concussion. Retrieved November 17, 2017, from www.cdc.gov

Comments (499)

Please remember, we are not able to give medical or legal advice. If you have medical concerns, please consult your doctor. All posted comments are the views and opinions of the poster only.

sunday afternoon, so about 5-6 days ago, i was hit very hard on the top of my head with a break pad/ rotor while working on a car. the car was lifted and it jerked down and smashed into me. it sounds worse than it is but it still hurts and it was bad enough to knock me out for a few seconds. i got a pounding a headache a few hours afterwards and my whole head is very tight and tender. i went to my doctor the next day and he told me i had a mild concussion and i will be okay on thursday. it’s basically saturday now and my head is still killing me, my neck hurts, lights/ sound sensitive, i’m nauseous, everything. is this normal ? is it possible he miss diagnosed me or am i getting worse? i did go to school bc he told me it was okay. he just gave me a shot for my headache and sent me on my way

Ok, so the first thing I'm going to tell you is that every concussion is different. There are a lot of variables that determine how bad a person's injury is and when they will heal. Some of those variables include how hard you hit your head, where you hit your head, and your individual brain and genetics. Doctors cannot give a specific date when you should be healed because the brain is so complex and unique. I'm sorry that you have to go through this. Brain injuries, even the mildest concussion, can affect someone greatly. Seeing how you passed out and a car fell on your head, I think that your concussion is not very mild. I'm not a professional so I can't tell you exactly what to do or when you will be better, but I can tell you that you are not alone. A lot of doctors are so frustrating and they usually don't know what they are doing, unfortunately. I recommend either going back to that doctor or another one if you can, and see if there are other ways to get help, such as concussion therapy. I can't tell you that this will be easy or that you will get better soon, although I wish it were that easy. I wish the best of luck to you!

Last year I got a really bad concussion. I was climbing on my sink in my bathroom to get something from above the mirror and I slipped and fell across the bathroom and hit my head on the tub. My mom took me to the hospital because I couldn't remember anything at the time and I couldn't feel my head. My mom told them what she thought had happened and that I couldn't remember anything or feel my head or my neck. After she told them, they left me in a hospital room for 4 hours and sent us home without ANY scans. They told my mom to wake me up a few times during the night to make sure I was okay. I still didn't remember anything from the last week, but I started to remember important stuff. I ended up not being able to read or write for 9 months. I couldn't feel my head or neck for 7 months. I couldn't do anything for 8 months. I couldn't look at any screens for 8 months.
It has been 18 months and I can function normally again! After 97 therapy appointments (vision therapy, vestibular therapy, and Cervical therapy) I am back to almost normal! I still can't do math like I used to be able to, but I got really lucky! The doctors ended up (5 months into having a concussion) doing x-rays and scans. I could have easily died and I am so grateful to be here today! I hope my story helped someone!

Okay so around 2013 I fell out of a moving car on the back of my head and while I was trying to grab onto the car I landed head first.... it is currently 2019 I never went to the hospital because I was too scared to, still til this day I have really bad head aches where my eyes are burning, I start to see spot randomly, and I lose my balance. Recently I have been getting really irritated easily and if you know me I’m always a happy go lucky person. And 2 weeks ago I felt my head where I hurt and there is a lot of loose skin there that was never there... and also towards the top of my head there is a little dent that has recently developed and is really hurting and I feel like my headaches have gotten so worse that even when I sleep a good rest I wake up and it’s still there hurting more than ever. Usually sleeping it off always works nowadays I still wake up with them there and pounding out my ears. My can’t even be in a ponytail for too long because of how much it hurts. Idk how much a mri is gonna cost and I also don’t know if a mri with even help because of how long it’s been now. What do you guys think I should do?!

Do you not have accident compensation? NZ accidents get free treatment including MRIs...sounds like you need to go

There are forms you can fill out at the hospital if you cannot afford your have this done. There should be some kind of fund to help pay for your treatment. Otherwise, go to your local human services office and apply for Title 19 or Medicaid. You really need to be seen and not being able to afford it shouldn’t stop you from going. Good luck!

Please seek medical advice as soon as you can! Dude!

The obvious answer would be to go see a doctor. Don't be scared to have yourself checked. It's more frightening to have unknown health issues that you think could be linked to a critical injury. It's very important to seek medical attention to clarify what's going on.

I’m 60 years old & I’ve experienced 3 blows to the head within the last few weeks. The first was falling down on a flight of stairs. The back of my head was pouring blood, went straight to Urgent Care to get checked out. No stitches were required but I still have lumps. 2nd incident was at work. A big knot on my forehead, icing reduced the swelling. 3rd incident was Sunday working in Fine Jewelry. I was showing a customer a piece of jewelry. When I reached in to get it, the heavy wooden door slipped & hit the top of my head. I’ve had a headache for 3 days. Nausea has eased off. I’ve been off work so that’s giving me time to rest. I guess my fear is experiencing so many brain accidents in a short amount of time.

Two years ago I was hit in the side of my head by a Snapple drink bottle that hadn't been open yet, came from 150 ft in the air going 45 mph when the girl on the ride dropped it off her lap. Obviously it knocked me out and I woke up in the ER. The doctor said TBI, Severe concussion, brain bruised.
Now, two years later I have not been able to go back to work, closed my company down, my memory is almost non-existing, I get dizzy and fall out of no where so I use a cane now, not allowed to drive a vehicle because I have a 2 to 5 seizures every month, been diagnosed with having, severe memory loss, severe depression, severe anxiety, severe PTSD, developed a bad stutter, get angry out of no where and don't remember how ugly I was after I am told the next day...and etc...... anyway, I am posting on here to see if anyone reading this may have had some major issues for this long (two years) and if you recovered at all after 2 years.

I would really like to read that someone has had some positive changes with the issues developed because of your TBI or if so one has gotten any better it would be good to at least be realistic with myself and try to understand how I can't go back to MYSELF pre-Injury. Maybe some people do get better and some don't. Hell, I can't even remember what movie I watched last night....so there is some good chance I may get better...can't get too much worse.

I suffered a concussion caused by a top of head impact 7 months ago. At the time I felt dazed for 2 or 3 minutes. Since then I've had a continual headache which varies to a small extent in intensity. This began about 4 days after the incident and has continued ever since. I haven't had any other symptoms, other than loss of concentration caused by the relentless headache. It's a complete nightmare. My best wishes to everyone else afflicted by this.

I am a 15 year old girl and I was in a car accident 4 months ago and the doctor released me only two hours after crashing into the tree saying I was fine with some scratches on my eyes but never checked for a concussion. Well it is 4 months later school is starting soon and I am still having symptoms and I just want them to go away I keep forgetting things I get bad headaches I can’t sleep and I don’t know what to do can u guys please help

Did they do X-rays? I was blindside hit a rv at 40 mph , and my C-1/C-2 are herniated. I would get x-rays and a ct scan , and consult with a chiropractor. Mine here in Florida has been fantastic with helping me readjust my neck. I had the same headaches , and other issues . It will take time, I have ptsd when surrounded by heavy traffic, and short term memory is toast . every day is almost like a new day .

I've been trying to do research on my own after a work related accident. I've learned so much just by reading all of your comments. The comments have helped me more than my neurologist and articles online. I just want to thank all of you for sharing your experiences. Brain injury is a serious problem. The medical field seems to be very behind on this situation. Hopefully they will in the near future. I have owned and been working with and around horses for the past 15 yrs. I've had a few minor injuries and a lot of close calls. Almost 3 months ago, I went out to check on a horse at work. As I was walking away from the herd, one of the horses that was behind the other horse did a 360 and kicked me in the back of the head. My cowgirl hat took the blunt of the sharp hooves which would of sliced me open, but the kick was very forceful. I fell to my knees into the dirt. I was with a coworker. She told me to stay still and she was holding a shirt over the back of my head wesr I had some bleeding until the ambulance arrived. I just have to mention that I didn't know this horse very well that kicked me and I came to find out that he had a history of aggression. Most horses would never come after someone like that. After the kick all I could think about was staying awake and getting through it and being here for my oldest daughter who was getting induced with my first grandbaby that night. Well....I felt most of the underlying symptoms about one week into it. Like most of you, I get the sadness,moodiness, self loathing, headache in that spot. Very hard for me to conversate. It feels like it takes all of ly energy just to.get a sentence out which causes labored breathing. The Dr. Doesn't understand the breathing part when I talk to her. She says my lungs sound fine. It has nothing to do with the condition of my lungs which i keep telling everyone. They just don't get it. It's frustrating. I'm glad i read a few in here that are having the same issue. The other symptoms she can understand, but not the breathing. I see her this week and I am going to bring it up again and tell her about the articles. I'm very grateful because I know it could've been much worse. It's been rough though and I know eventually it'll get better. If it doesn't, I'll just have to learn to live life with the new me. Everyday is a blessing and I keep telling myself this and that I have to keep pushing forward. I'm impatient and want to feel better now. Well, that's not happening and God is the only one that's getting me through these lonely days. You do feel alone because people just don't understand unless they have or currently going through the same thing. Thanks again for all of your comments. God Bless and feel better!

I fell while at work, both my feet slipped out from under me at the same time and I fell butt first, but with my head banging the door I was trying to get through. I sat there nearly in tears holding both the front and the back of my head because even though I just hit the back, I knew my brain had also slammed into the front. It's been five days, and even though the ED doc did a CT scan of head and neck and nothing was broken or bleeding (thus only a mild concussion) I still have headaches and this annoying sound in my left ear of what I can only describe as a butterfly beating against my eardrum. I went back to the doctor who told me that he didn't think it was the head injury because if I had damaged my inner ear, then there would be worse wrong with me. It's so very frustrating. I have to wear my earplugs and play music or white noise to distract me from the fluttering. After reading about post-concussive syndrome, I hope this doesn't get worse. :(

I also have to listen to white noise. I have tinnitus a constant high pitch piercing sound going on 9 months now no relief.

It will get better as long as you get enough sleep and exercise your brain a bit ofcourse you shouldnt overdo it because you need allot of rest but it will speed up the process, its also a very good option to keep a healthy diet and do a little bit of exercise once its getting better. I have struggled with 3 mild concussion and its deffinitly possible to fully recover and even get a bit healthier in the process

A car rear-ended me & even though I had a seatbelt on, I had a whiplash effect then immediate grogginess was my initial symptom. Otherwise, I felt fine and figured the grogginess would go away in a few days or so. My car was totaled. I knew I had prescheduled a physical with my doctor so reported my grogginess and a headache to her. She felt - as did I - that my body was trying to heal and to give it time while checking in anytime I feel a change.

The symptoms started clarifying themselves as I saw a major setback in short term memory. My work required me to see value through complexity and conceive of creative, system-worthy solutions. Now, suddenly, if I had two thoughts, I would always forget the second if I did not write it down immediately. Still, my doctor advised we wait to see how it heals. Three months later I had a stroke and they kept me 3 days in the ER to do tests. I did some research and saw two concerning reports that "if you get a concussion above the age of 65, you have a tenfold chance of a stroke 3 months later". I saw another report that said, "If you have a concussion and are over 65, you have a very high risk of Atrial Fibrillation". The irony here is the only surgery I have ever had was an elective RF Ablation to prevent Atrial Flutter from becoming Atrial Fibrillation, per what I recalled my cardiologist saying. He later denied saying that and seemed uncomfortable when I asked him to help me understand why I did get A-Fib around seven months after he determined the surgery was a success, or even why I had the stroke.

Is there any research from a source doctors regard that better explains whether there is any possible connection between my concussion and its symptoms - memory loss, balance, cognitive, emotional anxiety. impatience, with the stroke that happened exactly 3 months later. My doctor dropped me suddenly without telling me when I simply asked her and the Cardiologist seemed to waive it off.

I am also concerned that there may be other implications ahead (pun unintended).

A appreciate any help or references I can look at to get a more objective assessment.

I had a blow to the side of my head 3 months ago after it happened i went very very tired and i was in extreme pain round my head ear and neck and shoulders also it went blue down the side of my face and neck i then lost interest in my well being i didn't want to do my hair i was so tired and then i started not being able to stand for long without thinking i was falling over then on my shoulder i started getting a lump im. On warfarin too and i started taking a extra tablet as it took the lump away and eased my shoulder pain slightly but now and the past few weeks it feels like my blood is having difficulty running down my arm tge side of the blow and also my other arm but not as bad, then the past few days ive been swelling up and getting really fat and i can't bend my wrist and my fingers have swollen im still so very tired and could easily sleep for a few days and not want to get out of bed my other wrist is normal but ive noticed there's similar pain down my other arm but not as much as the side where i had the blow to my head, also my fingers have swollen on both hands obe side much worse and more painful than the other. I got very bad chest pains the first 2 weeks after the blow too but they aren't as bad now but are still there now and again its ny arms 8 can't even lift them up i can't put clothes on tbe pain is unbearable and im so so tired but it wakes me up its worse when I'm laid down too. My tablets make the pain ease a little but im getting worried now because my wrist i can't bend and its so painful


Do NOT take extra blood-thinning tablets, even if they are prescribed, without physician approval. You don't want to trigger internal bleeding! In fact, people on blood thinners are specifically told to discuss the medication with their doctor in the event of head injury as it can mean more risk for a brain bleed. Blood thinners are in no way going to have any impact on your pain level and if you think that they are you are experiencing the placebo effect.

The brain controls all the nerve impulses along with the spine. If your brain and/or spine is injured you will have all kinds of odd symptoms, including weak limbs, numbness or burning sensations, clumsiness, a foggy or dopey feeling, migraines or even breathing problems. For those who are not recovering as expected after a concussion, after a car accident or fall (trauma), do yourself a HUGE favor and seek out the help of a neurologist (not a just primary care physician).

Two months ago on a Sunday night I was hit from behind at a stoplight, went to ER in neck collar. ER doc did ct of neck and touch your nose test, sent me on my way. By that Wednesday I had a pounding headache and confusion and did not feel well along with dizziness and fatigue. I saw my doctor a few days later who never addressed that I might have a concussion. It was my daughters boyfriends Mom who is a vet who suggested after hearing my symptoms that I might have a concussion. It took 2-3 visits to my doctor and me pleading to get to a neurologist 4 weeks later. My doctor was an internal medicine doctor, in my opinion he failed me. Reading the comments has made me feel better about where I am at in the healing process and how much time it takes especially if you are a woman and in the 40-60 age range. Post concussion headaches are no joke as I am still suffering from them and I wish the medical system was better at identifying concussions.

Allen, 30 years old. About 3 months ago, I was in a serious automobile accident. I was driving a flatbed truck, and a car crashed into my passenger side at 65 no breaks. My seatbelt became dislodged, and I flew across the cabin, smashing my head into the window. The truck then lost control and went airborne. Upon landing my head flew into the dash. I didnt lose conciousness. Though I did have a cut on top of my head. And a bump. The bump still remains varying in size day by day, and my symptoms are dizziness/vertigo, not feeling like myself, mild confusion (I have a hard time thinking of certain words. Or thinking of things to say in a conversation, and fatigue. I'm terrified that it'll never go away.

I havent been able to see a doctor more than once, my work took forever to file the workmans comp (still waiting) and I've done what I can to self treat. As a single doctor's visit Costs 100$.

To be honest I'm very afraid, and no one understands. They just keep telling me "it will get better" but I feel completely alone. As of a week ago i lost my vehicle, and I'm deeply in debt from recovery. I start my first job since the accident tomorrow, and I'm horrified. I dont even know if I can work, just that my life is going to hell and I'm losing everything.. so I have no choice but to try. I'm scared, and I feel so alone. And uncertain.. the one time I could afford to see the doctor they had absolutely no answers stating "it could take up to a year to get better" but I read these articles and I'm mortified.. some of you have had these issues for years after.. what if its perminate? Their has to be something I can do. Please I'm begging! If anyone knows anything that could help, or advice. Even just an encouraging, comforting word please reach out to me.

I dont know how much longer I can do this alone. I feel so inferior, so defeated.. and every time I close my eyes.. all I can see are those damned headlights barreling at me. God bless you all, and I'm so sorry your going though this. If your story is similar, If you feel alone, sad or hopeless.. contact me, we can keep each other strong. God bless you all, and I'm here for you.. all of you

You need to have an advocate. Please talk to trustworthy people you know who are mature and are experienced and successful in business and/or medicine. Ask them if they know any attorneys who they trust and if you can use their name -- and in particular -- if possible, an attorney who has a great deal of experience in personal injury cases. That attorney will also usually be experienced with Workers Compensation cases. You don't want an attorney who mainly handles domestic relations or criminal or bankruptcy or property closings, etc. Personal injury cases are serious and you want someone who specializes in this field. Please do not go by television commercials or social media comments. Just like with doctors and other medical professionals, and basically any type of service or product, ask people who are knowledgeable in a field and ask who they would want a family member to go to for help. Personal injury cases are usually on a contingent fee basis, which generally means that they work for a percentage of a dollar amount they succeed in helping you to get for your injuries and other damages, if they succeed on your behalf. They will help you and be an advocate for you, and help you with figuring out what you need to do to protect yourself. They often have either on staff or connections with or can suggest someone who you can help with figuring out the medical maze. Also, if you know of any nurses or anyone who has a friend or family member who is a nurse, they are often very valuable sources of information regarding doctors, medical facilities, etc. that they would want a family member to see. Ask their permission to use their name(s) and only repeat positive information that they give you. Good luck to you! One other thought -- do you have a 211 or type or similar information hotline in your state, county or community? You could also ask the reference librarian(s) at your local public library for help in finding resources, nonprofits, agencies, organizations that might help with your situation. In addition, check to see if you have a social services department or person in your town or city. They may be able to help you with information and sometimes services.

I wish I would’ve seen this back when you posted. The first thing I’m going to tell you is GET AN ATTORNEY. You don’t have to do this alone and you can’t delay getting medical treatment. They will tell you how to handle everything and even do most of it for you. Get to a doctor and don’t delay any longer please. And look up PTSD. It may sound scary but you’ll be fine and you’ll feel better when you are more informed. You can do this. And you can recover. Good luck

Try a rehab center, they will help with recovery and give advice. there are a few voluntary ones around the place.

Hi Allen,
I’m not a professional and I’ve never had an injury like yours. I’m on this website seeking how to best care for my teen who has a mild concussion. Seeing your story made me want to reach out to you because it sounds like things have been really tough for you. I wanted you to know that someone heard you and is praying for and thinking of you today.

I also want you to know that doctors are required to see people. If you are experiencing such severe symptoms you need to be seen. You cannot go without care because of the copay - go to the emergency room, or call the doctors office in advance to tell your circumstances. They are required to treat you.


How are you now?

I was in a little fight about 14 weeks ago, someone punched in the chin and I just started to see a lot of little stars, it was a KO. In that moment i didn't felt bad at all, but the next weekend i started to feel all of the sympthoms. I was so scared, but eventually I had improvement, but I didn't rest in those days. Since 3 weeks ago all sympthoms came back but worse. I'm from Mexico, and here doctors dosen't take concussions as a seorous issue. I guess I will hace to struggle alone against PCS.

Now i have headache, vertigo, memory issues and some kind of aphasia. All my CT ans MRI are clean.

Don't let depression beats you, soon or later we will be fine.

Hi there,

When I was about 7, my parents tell me, I fell off a balcony and hit my head. I don't remember that ever happening and, I don't have very many memories of my childhood to begin with. When I was 8, I split my forhead open on a radiator and was stitched up. During my elementary years, I was in so many fights, I can't really count them. In high school, I played football, and on one occasion was concussed (true daze) but never did anything for it. When I was about 16, I experienced chronic headaches for about two years.

I have had depression, anger, irritability, difficulty concentrating, anxiety and panic attacks since I was twelve. I am 26 now.

I practice Tai Chi, meditation, yoga, and I work as much as I can. I am incredibly exhausted, all the time. I have no energy. I feel heavy. My head feels as if there is always pressure in the back and my thought process feels slow.

It feels like there is no way out. I am seeking a solution. Thanks for listening,


Chi - I am so sorry. I am on here seeking help for my own concussion, but had to reply to you to let you know that at least one person ready your story and I am sending as much goodness your way as I can. I truly hope you are able to find ways to undo or recover from some of the damage that has been done to your poor brain. Hang in there. We gotta believe that there's a way to make it better, even if it's only a little bit. I'm going to try the M.I.N.D. diet. Maybe that will help you too, although it sounds like you're already doing everything you can.
You got this.

I play netball in uni and i got smacked in the back of the head with the ball it really hurt and i felt pressure round my head i was hit just below the ponytail really hard i collapsed and got up feeling sick and sleepy i feel dizzy tree days later should i go to the doctors?

Yes go see the doctor. I fell and hit the back of my head while wearing a helmet and still got a concussion.

Please dont rush you recovery. I tried to push a little too hard and it set me back. Please go slow.

I slipped on a patch of ice really hard when I was about 11-12 (I'm surprised my skull didn't split from the impact), and was knocked out for probably 2 minutes. I was treated for concussion, but I can say I've not felt the same ever since. I'm now 20, and have had to live with limited concentration and a somewhat constant pressure at the back of my skull that occasionally becomes a headache if I think too hard about something (exactly the part that hit the icy concrete). I have trouble storing things in my short term memory as well as I used to, which is really alarming because I'm only a young adult and it worries me that it may lead to problems later on. My mind is almost always foggy/heavy, some days being worse than others. I can't problem solve very quickly. Pattern based problems are easier, but trying to work out Maths in a pinch is almost impossible for me to do in a small timeframe. I suspect that the fall may have been more significant that I initially thought, but I'm also thankful that I didn't crack open my skull on that day. It would have been a totally different story if I had.

The same thing happened to me my friend about two weeks ago to the day. I am thankful that I didn’t die or my head didn’t crack open. I’m having the exact same problems you are must be the same part of the brain. I feel like it get better some days and then other days I forget what day it is which is crazy. I’m just going to have to relearn short term memory and relearn time saving skills. I believe this part of the brain is The same thing happened to me my friend about two weeks ago to the day. I am thankful that I didn’t die or my head didn’t crack open. I’m having the exact same problem as you are must be the same part of the brain. I feel like it get better some days and then other days I forget what day it is which is crazy. I’m just going to have to relearn short-term memory and relearn time saving skills. I believe this part of the brain is located there.

I hit the right part on my forehead is the sharp pointed corner of a car hood. It hurt a lot and I thought I was bleeding but wasn’t. I know it’s gonna hurt for a few days but it feels like the right side of my brain is hurting. And my vision seems to be messing with me. I can’t tell if it’s just me or something serious. I have no health insurance and don’t know what I should do. My lady thinks it’s not a big deal but this feels different

I got hit on the head by a roller coaster door because the man accidentally hit the wrong button , I brushed it off but cried later and felt sick , i have had headaches ever since and my head feels like it’s indented I haven’t done anything about it it’s been a while and idk what’s up.

Go to the doctor to get checked out friend.

I had a tree limb fall on me didn't black out just kinda dazed off and got dizzy quick went to the ER and they said I had a low concussion which I thought it was bs but I mean there doctors they're trained for this anyway he said I was fine but it's been 2 weeks and I feel tightness and pressure on my head and neck and my eyes feel sore and started breathing heavily and feeling like I can't catch my breath also been feeling super nauseous but never really throw up and feel depressed from time to time and have severe anxiety attacks also is this normal

Time to see a neurologist. You may have pressure on your cerebellum or brain stem. Hi thee to a doctor, ASAP!

On January 8 I was in a terrible rear end accident. Isustaa concussion with bleeding on the brain. As of the last CT Scan, the bleeding was still there. On April 3 I slipped in water at a hotel and fell on my back and hit my head. Can Nyone tell me whether the bleeding will reabsorb. It’s now 3 months and one week. Please someone rest. I am 67.

I'm a 57 year old women who has had 5 concussions in my lifetime. Two within six months. The Neurologist could not diagnose what was wrong, I've had confusion, dizziness, tired all the time, can't concentrate, seizures, weakness. Finally my physical therapist suggesteded it was concussion sydrome. Its been a year! Will it ever get better?

yes it will

I was in a bad relationship and probably had up to 4-5 concussions . It’s been 4 yrs I’ve been away from him. Can those old ones cause problems now? I’m having speech problems. And vision problems. I had a MRI. The doctor said no stroke but then showed me 4 spots on my brain and chalked it up to nothing. The one spot is on the speech area the Broca’s area. Thank you

On four separate occasions from September, 2018 to February, 2019 I was knocked to the concrete floor by jail guards, or by slipping on newly wet-mopped floors. I was diagnosed with a concussion after the first incident and my symptoms have increasingly worsened since then, e.g. dizziness, constant headache, greatly reduced hearing and eyesight, lethargy, confusion, impotence and a host of other ailments. My condition today is worse than its ever been. I've never sued anyone in my 64 year old life but am considering doing so. I just ran into one of the jail nurses in the public library and she told me she thinks I have a good case against the jail and the medical unit and will testify for me. Does this sort of lawsuit have a decent success rate? If so, how soon should I pursue it?

Several years ago my son was playing basketball and fell hitting the back of his head on the hardwood however got right up and continued playing. Nothing was ever done, I found out by viewing film of the incident. He has never been seen nor does he want to be. He does sometimes get very frustrated and loses his temper and has headaches that can sometimes be intense. Can this type injury have a long term effect that gets worst if not attended to?

I fell on top of my head and it was a mild concussion. Didn't knock out or anything but its been a week and I still have headaches and if someone says a sentence to me, I cannot repeat it back. I feel 10 times dumber and I was wondering when I am able to exercising and such

Please see a doctor. These are definitely signs of a concussion.

I fell very hard forward onto cement. I don't remember hitting the cement. Was knocked out for a few seconds. When I opened my eyes I was face down on the ground. My doctor says I have whiplash. I had knee surgery from the fall. Have been going to physical therapy since for back neck knee and ankle. But know one seems to take me serious when I say I think I have a Concussion. I have a lot of the symptoms. I read where whiplash is a big symptom for concussion. My family have been noticing that I act different. I have horrible headaches.
I cry all the time for no reason. And more symptoms. I don't know what to do. Vicki

God bless you. You will be in my prayers. I know it's awful but hang in there - some or all of this will recede with time. I took a nasty fall into my bathtub face down last night - seem to have a mild concussion and was very confused at first re the shower bench, shower curtain, rug etc... I am grateful it was not worse like yours. Loving prayers for a full recovery.

My 11 year old daughter fell and hit the back of her head on a table, she blacked out for a bit. The dr said it was a mild concussion. She didn’t do much activity for 2-3 weeks then got running around again. We noticed she had a hard time catching her breath, she wouldn’t be doing anything but felt like she couldn’t get a good breath. That and when she was running in basketball she felt lightheaded during and had a headache after. She sat out a couple more weeks. Now she’s back into it and the breathing issues are back. Do I let her continue- the issues will go away eventually, or take her back to the dr?

I am 24 years old and have just suffered my 4th concussion from standing up under kitchen countertop quickly when the dog barked and hitting my head at a weird angle I just wanted to let everyone know that these small and often embarrassing incidences can also cause problems you should be aware of and it doesn’t have to be from a large traumatic event as the countertop has caused the worst effects to me personally. My other concussions where from playing high school football and getting hit by a drunk driver head on driving down the opposite side of the road. Trust me that things do get better I have previously had symptoms for months that I thought would become my new reality that began to fade away until they weren’t noticeable anymore. Also a PSA to teach your dog not to bark bc one day he might scare the shit out of you over a squirrel and you could crack your melon on a table like myself. If you just read this somber yet realistic article remember that these are possiblities not necessarily your reality and that a positive attitude will make a world of difference.