News & Headlines

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The New York Times | Aug 17, 2018
In the opioid epidemic, outcomes like Andrew Foote’s are a largely unseen casualty. An overdose of heroin and fentanyl four years ago left Andrew with severe brain damage. “People think that if you overdose on drugs, you either die or you’re O.K.,” his mother, Linda Foote, told me. “But that’s not true.” For Andrew’s parents, the fear that their son will die has now been replaced by a new set of realities and unanswerable questions: Is this a good life? Is he happy? What will happen to him when they grow old?
Sports Illustrated | Aug 16, 2018
“A lot of people think that rest takes cares of these problems, but that’s actually not the case,” says Dr. Micky Collins, director of the University of Pittsburgh’s sports medicine concussion program. “We actually need active and targeted treatments.” A concussion can present symptoms falling into six categories—cognitive/fatigue, vestibular, ocular, post-traumatic migraine, cervical and anxiety/mood—and each symptom has its own unique treatment to be most effectively managed.
The Washington Post | Aug 15, 2018
Research published Tuesday in the Journal of the American Medical Association suggests that at least a fraction of the blame could be placed on traumatic brain injuries. Researchers found that of the nearly 7.5 million people who make up the population of Denmark, more than 34,500 deaths between 1980 and 2014 were by suicide. Approximately 10 percent of those who took their own lives had also suffered a medically documented traumatic brain injury.
The New York Times | Aug 13, 2018
Yankees play-by-play broadcaster, Michael Kay, called out a pair of injured players on his radio show earlier this week: Jacoby Ellsbury (hip) and Clint Frazier (concussion). Kay said his comments about Frazier and Ellsbury’s slow return from injury were facetious, but Frazier was not pleased. Frazier tweeted "Facetious or not, I don’t appreciate what you said today. I’m doing everything I can to get healthy so I can play symptom-free... so steer clear of publicly calling me out for not when we haven’t even had one convo about my concussion this year. #ShameOnYouBro"
The Wasington Post | Aug 13, 2018
About 2.5 million teens, or 15 percent of U.S. high school students, say they sustained a concussion during a recent 12-month period while participating in sports or physical activity, according to a report from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. About 1 million of those teen athletes reported two or more concussions in that year.
The Conversation | Aug 13, 2018
Humans have big brains and our frontal lobes, just behind the forehead, are particularly huge. Injuries to this part of the brain often happen after blows to the head or a stroke. Paradoxically, some people with frontal lobe injuries can seem unaffected – until they’ve been carefully evaluated.
Inverse | Aug 13, 2018

In a set of four papers published August 7 in the Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation, a team of researchers at the University of Buffalo found that a small sample of 21 retired professional contact-sport athletes did not show any signs of early-onset dementia. This finding runs counter to the public perception brought on over the last few years by various teams of researchers examining the brains and cognitive functions of professional athletes in high-risk sports. But it’s not a final answer, just one more dimension of the picture.

The Augusta Chronicle | Aug 13, 2018
Former University of Georgia players and their families discuss their experiences and fears dealing with multiple concussions in their athletic careers. "I can’t lie, we’re all scared. We’re concerned because we don’t know what the future holds. When I’m at home and I do something, if I forget something I have to stop to think, ‘Is this because I’m getting older or I’m just not using my brain, or is this an effect of playing football?’ I don’t know that," says former Georgia running back Terrell Davis.
Northwest News Network | Aug 13, 2018
Between 2014 and 2017, Washington’s Medicaid program sent 16 brain injured patients to Oklahoma. In each case, the patient flew by air ambulance at a cost of $230,000 per flight. But there was one problem. The state didn’t have any plan to get them back. In fact, once the patients got to Brookhaven they fell between the cracks of two state agencies.
Fansided | Aug 6, 2018

Recently, more and more players are joining the fight in hockey. However, these fights aren’t against other players, but rather, against the NHL itself. Daniel Carcillo is one of many players who are now suing the NHL for withholding information about traumatic brain injuries. Daniel claims that the NHL didn’t give players enough information relating to the long-term effects of repeated blows to the head or concussions in general. In this multi-article piece, journalist Sam Boland detail's Carcillo’s background and experience in the NHL, the NHL’s stance on concussions and more.

Daily Mail (UK) | Aug 3, 2018
A landmark study published in the journal Brain from the Mario Negri Institute for Pharmacological Research of Milan and the University of Glasgow provides the first evidence that just a single traumatic brain injury can generate an abnormal form of dementia associated protein tau that can slowly spread through the brain, resulting in memory deficits and neuronal damage.
Fortune | Aug 3, 2018
Steve Cohen's clinic network has thrust him into the fight over privatizing the VA and led some to question his motives. The Cohen Network and Cohen’s own spokesman insist they’re not trying to privatize the VA and their only goal is helping veterans. “No single private person in this country has ever donated more money to save veterans’ lives and treat their mental health needs than Steve Cohen has,” Cohen’s spokesman, Mark Herr, said. The organization blames others for the problems in Los Angeles, New York, and Washington. The story of the Cohen Network illustrates what could lie in store for veterans as Trump pursues his campaign pledge to place their care in the hands of the private sector.
USA Today | Aug 3, 2018
After suffering a traumatic brain injury in high school, Kevin Saum, confronts safety issues in athletics in a popular podcast. The podcast discusses big hits, penalties, and whether rule or equipment changes can make the game safer. Now up to 133 episodes Heads 'N Tales is about to celebrate its third anniversary. "I knew he was a fighter. I knew he'd do something big. I didn't expect him to sit back," said Vanorski, who coached Saum from sixth through eighth grades.
The Good Men Project | Aug 2, 2018
How do you decide if your son should (or should not) play tackle football? Perspectives from these two highly involved parents might help. We talked with Anthony and Cassandra McReynolds of Boise, Idaho. Cassandra and Anthony are the parents of three boys. Anthony also coaches their competitive baseball, AAU basketball and flag football teams.
ABC News | Jul 31, 2018
Heading -- deflecting a ball with the head in soccer -- is a way to send a teammate the ball, and a way to score. But does this sports practice lead to more brain injury in women than in men? It seems so, according to a study published Tuesday in the journal Radiology. A research team led by Dr. Michael Lipton, professor of radiology at Albert Einstein College of Medicine and Montefiore Medical Center, looked at whether or not heading had similar effects on men and women’s brains.
The Washington Post | Jul 31, 2018

Duping one of the nation’s most common concussion screening tests is nearly five times easier than previously measured, according to a new study conducted by researchers at Butler University. The researchers found that half of test takers who “sandbagged,” or purposefully underperformed, on the Immediate Post-concussion Assessment and Cognitive Test, known as ImPACT, went undetected. That means those test takers were able to fool the exam, and thus might have returned to physical activity sooner than medically appropriate.

Newsweek | Jul 31, 2018

Seattle Seahawks linebacker Joshua Perry has been forced to retire from football aged 24 due to concussion issues. The former Ohio State student revealed on Twitter that he had sustained the sixth concussion of his career, which had generated “huge concern” for his well-being. “I’ve recently sustained my sixth documented concussion,” he wrote. “It wasn’t from a high velocity, big contact play. It was a very pedestrian thing, and that was a huge concern to me. The last thing I want to do is put the health of my brain and my future wellbeing in jeopardy over a game and a paycheck.”

Psychology Today | Jul 30, 2018
Did you know that it may be quite common for athletes to have symptoms of PTSD after a concussion? Fear triggers a host of changes in the body within seconds that can linger after the danger is past. In a small study of athletes who had suffered a concussion and filled out questionnaires within 13 days, nearly 13 percent reported "flashbacks" and 8 percent nightmares. Close to 18 percent checked off "Having trouble keeping thoughts of the incident out of your head."
Reuters | Jul 30, 2018
The NFL has approved more than $500 million in concussion-claims settlements, according to a report filed Monday. Claims administrators released a report on the concussion settlement that showed those funds had been released in less than two years, according to the Associated Press. The NFL’s reports previously had estimated the payouts would be just a bit more than $400 million in the first 10 years.
KFYR News (ND) | Jul 27, 2018
The North Dakota legislature's interim health committee is looking at a draft bill that would change the definition of a brain injury. According to state law, damage caused by a stroke or aneurysm is not considered a brain injury, which can limit the medical or financial aid that patients receive. Changing the language could include such situations.
NPR | Jul 27, 2018
Daniel, a Marine Corps veteran, used to fire a rocket launcher called the shoulder-launched multipurpose assault weapon. Two decades later, he still experiences dizzy spells and disorientation. But the Department of Veterans Affairs doesn't have a category for vets like him, who may have sustained traumatic brain injuries from training rather than combat.
NPR | Jul 26, 2018
The military is trying to figure out whether troops can sustain brain injuries from firing certain powerful weapons. Two Marines who used to shoot these weapons think they already know. "It's exhilarating," says Daniel, a former gunner in the Marine Corps who asked that we not use his last name. "When you feel a concussive wave, it's an awesome thing. It fills you with awe." It also may do bad things to your brain.
The New York Times | Jul 25, 2018
All seven members of the world's largest hotrod team, Don Schumacher Racing, pledged their brains to concussion research Friday as part of an effort geared to reach military members as much as racing fans. Through its sponsorship with the U.S. Army, Schumacher connected with the Infinite Hero Foundation, a nonprofit that works with the Concussion Legacy Foundation. CLF has received pledges of more than 3,500 brains to conduct post-mortem research on the effects of CTE — a disease linked to repetitive head injuries seen in football and other contact sports, and also in military personnel.
The New York Times | Jul 25, 2018
Limited by federal law, the veterans' health system can't study the benefits of cannabis or prescribe it to patients. Nearly a million veterans may be using it anyway without medical guidance on which product might help with which ailment, how much to use, or how marijuana might interact with other medications. Ordinarily, their first stop for advice like that would be the Department of Veterans Affairs health system but the department has largely said no to medical marijuana, citing federal law. It won’t recommend cannabis products for patients, and for the most part, it has declined even to study their potential benefits.
The New York Times | Jul 25, 2018
The NFL ultimately decided to settle its concussion lawsuit. The NHL is taking another path. “The NFL’s litigation strategy was informed less by the law than by the public relations and existential threat that concussions posed uniquely to their sport,” said Jodi Balsam, who teaches at Brooklyn Law School and worked at the NFL. In contrast, the NHL strategy has been largely to ignore negative publicity, or at least not to seem outwardly rattled by it, and unapologetically attempt to use the law to its advantage.
Task & Purpose | Jul 25, 2018
I began to wonder if one of the most damaging things that PTSD can do is prevent us from our ability to cope with these past traumas. Any trauma that might have reasonably occurred outside of military service, could invalidate any existing or future diagnosis. If people were in treatment, which most were not, it meant that only one trauma was being addressed. It would be like working on a broke down car but insisting that the only thing that needed to be fixed were the wheels.
NPR | Jul 24, 2018
Doctors are closer to a test in live brains that could help diagnose chronic traumatic encephalopathy, a disease that's been linked to concussions and other repeated brain assaults. The Journal of Alzheimer's Disease published a study Tuesday that helps broaden the understanding of who is potentially affected by CTE to include military personnel. And, perhaps more significantly, the study represents a step forward in developing a test for the disease in the living.
TODAY | Jul 24, 2018
Neurologists say that victims of physical abuse can be left with severe brain injuries that are rarely diagnosed or treated. Now, staff at the Phoenix-based Barrow Neurological Institute, a top brain injury clinic, have made it their mission to help victims and bring needed attention to this national health problem.
Genetic Engineering & Biotechnology News | Jul 24, 2018
Investigators from the David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA have identified a brain lipid molecule (LPA) that was significantly increased after TBI. The researchers also found that LPA was elevated in areas associated with cell death and axonal injury, both major hallmarks of moderate and severe TBI. These findings strengthen the evidence that LPA could be used as a biomarker of TBI through blood testing, potentially providing a prognostic indicator of injury and outcome.
LiveScience | Jul 24, 2018
A new blood test approved by the FDA to detect brain injuries might reduce the number of potentially unnecessary brain scans, according to a new study published July 24 in the journal The Lancet Neurology. The researchers argue that the blood test could reduce the number of unnecessary CT scans performed on patients suspected of having a TBI. However, several experts aren't convinced the new test would be a significant boon to patients.
HealthDay News | Jul 24, 2018
Traumatic brain injury can be a permanently disabling experience, but new research shows that obesity compounds the health problems survivors face. Achieving and maintaining a healthy diet and engaging in regular physical activity following a traumatic brain injury (TBI) are critical goals for recovery," said lead researcher Laura Dreer, from the University of Alabama at Birmingham, and her colleagues.
The New York Times | Jul 23, 2018
Veterans share their stories of struggling with moral injury and how they came to understand their symptoms. "I was in a combat infantry unit in Vietnam from 1969 to 1970. After returning home, I experienced the usual PTSD symptoms: nightmares, flashbacks, hypervigilance, the need to self-medicate and an exaggerated startle reflex," says one veteran. "Years later, I read Jonathan Shay’s book 'Achilles in Vietnam and immediately understood the concept of moral injury."
Chicago Tribune | Jul 18, 2018
The damaging effects of a concussion are well-known, and recent research finds the injuries are common among U.S. high school students. In a representative survey of nearly 15,000 kids in grades 9-12, just over 15% said they had suffered at least one concussion over the prior year. What's more, 6% of respondents "reported two or more concussions" over the past 12 months, and 2% said they'd experienced four or more of the head injuries.
Forbes | Jul 18, 2018
Per order of a federal judge, a special investigator will not be appointed to the NFL’s $1 billion Concussion Settlement program to crack down on supposedly fraudulent claims. According to the July 18 ruling from U.S. District Court for the Eastern District of Pennsylvania Judge Anita B. Brody, though “sufficient evidence of probable fraud to warrant serious concern” was found, the order denied the NFL’s request to have a third-party investigator examine the claims submission process and says the current system in place to disregard dubious claims is working properly. This came after the NFL alleged this past spring that an administrator determined that 23 percent of the claims submitted to the program were fraudulent.
The New York Times | Jul 18, 2018
Lawyers representing former NFL players in their concussion claims estimate payouts from the settlement with the league will likely reach $1.4 billion. The lawyers filed a status update Wednesday saying an actuary estimates the approved payouts to date and the number of players who had filed to be a part of the settlement is outpacing any previous estimate. The actuary says participation rates are 21 percent higher than estimated when the settlement was reached.
The New York Times | Jul 13, 2018
A federal judge in Minnesota on Friday denied class-action status for a lawsuit by former players accusing the National Hockey League of failing to protect them from head injuries and concealing information about the long-term effects of concussions. The ruling dealt a major setback to dozens of retired NHL players who have joined a lawsuit similar to one brought against the National Football League.
Boston Herald | Jul 2, 2018
The brains of the late state auditor and former boxer Joe DeNucci and the late National Hockey League player Jeff Parker have been found to have chronic traumatic encephalopathy — providing further evidence that football players aren’t the only ones who get the progressive brain disease.The CTE Center at Boston University School of Medicine is leading much of the research into the mysteries surrounding CTE, working toward the ultimate goal of being able to diagnose the disease in living patients.
First Coast News (ABC) | Jul 2, 2018
They say if it isn't broken, don't fix it. But what happens when something is broken, but no one can see it? That is the dilemma of a concussion. "It's an invisible injury, we call [it]," said Dr. Nata Salvatori with the Brooks Center for Sports Therapy. Salvatori says concussions are heavily underdiagnosed, especially in female athletes. She attributes part of that to the difficulty in spotting it. "You're going to have a negative MRI, you're going to have a negative CT scan," Salvatori said, "so there's nothing objective to show."
Task & Purpose | Jul 2, 2018
The bright lights and booming sounds of fireworks on the Fourth of July can be tough for veterans suffering from post-traumatic stress disorder. The loud noises and bright lights of fireworks can trigger some bad memories for military veterans. “I’ve had dreams at night and then I wake up and realize it’s only fireworks,” said Atwater’s Frank Paredes, who is a 98-year old World War II Veteran.
USA Today | Jun 29, 2018
Football killed Tyler Hilinski. Officially, the Washington State quarterback’s cause of death was suicide. But that seems to be a matter of semantics after Tuesday’s news that Hilinski had the early stages of chronic traumatic encephalopathy (CTE). Hilinski’s death defies reason. He spent most of his career as a quarterback, a position not as prone to violent hits as, say, linebacker or lineman. Yet Hilinski, who had always been so good-natured and even-keeled, showed signs of depression last fall.
The Washington Post | Jun 29, 2018
Extensive portions of video depositions related to a concussion lawsuit brought against the National Hockey League by about 150 former players became public this month. The video depositions make for infuriating viewing. “You’ve seen all the research and the data,” said NHL Commissioner Gary Bettman. “There’s no medical or scientific certainty that concussions lead to CTE.”
The New York Times | Jun 27, 2018
While the severity of a collision does not necessarily translate to the severity of a concussion — or whether one takes place at all — M.L.B. put its concussion protocol in place in 2011 to avoid recurrences of situations like the ones that cut short the career of the former Mets outfielder Ryan Church.
Revisionist History Podcast | Jun 27, 2018
Malcolm gave a talk at the University of Pennsylvania on the subject of proof. How much evidence do we need of the harmfulness of some behavior, before we act? The lecture was about the long-ago fight over miner’s asthma — and about the unexpected death of a Penn student named Owen Thomas. Revisionist History returns to the question at the heart of the talk, with a visit to Owen Thomas’s family.
TODAY | Jun 26, 2018
Tyler Hilinski was a promising college football quarterback at Washington State University who died by suicide earlier this year at the age of 21. Now his parents, Mark and Kym, are speaking out about mental health and Chronic Traumatic Encephalopathy (CTE) in a new Sports Illustrated documentary. “It was a shock to … find out that he had it, and to realize that the sport that he loved may have contributed to that diagnosis,” the mother tells TODAY’s Hoda Kotb.
The New York Times | Jun 14, 2018
Against the backdrop of the global war on terror, moral injury has become a growing area of study within the psychology community, but whether it should be defined as an official disorder is still a contentious debate. It is not listed in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders and is often conflated with post-traumatic stress disorder and traumatic brain injury, two health issues that are closely associated with the post-Sept. 11 veteran experience.
Quartz | Jun 12, 2018
Just a year after the NFL settled for $1 billion with the families of players who suffered brain damage, and after the college athletes’ league reached a settlement to provide free biannual medical screening for athletes, the NCAA will tackle the matter again publicly in a Texas civil court. But this time, the NCAA officials will have to testify in front of a jury. The trial, which begins today (June 11), will be the first time NCAA representatives will have to answer questions in court about brain injury, revealing just what they knew about CTE and the risks of playing football, how long they knew it, and whether they hid information about those dangers from college athletes.
KTTS | Jun 12, 2018
One of the challenges in the criminal justice system is helping people not become repeat offenders when they're released from prison. We hear all the time about the need to treat mental illness among inmates. But new research suggests something new to consider when it comes to the brain -- an actual brain injury. Identifying inmates with brain damage can give them an entirely new chance of turning their lives around.
NPR | Jun 11, 2018
American diplomats in Guangzhou, China are reporting strange symptoms that the State Department says are similar to what would follow a concussion or minor traumatic brain injury. NPR's Mary Louise Kelly speaks to New York Times Steven Lee Myers about his reporting on the story.
WTOP | Jun 8, 2018
For the last five years, Ken Falke has helped thousands of combat veterans overcome the stress, anxiety and trauma of war at his 37-acre Bluemont, Virginia retreat, Boulder Crest. Now, he wants to help others find the same peace — namely the 43.8 million Americans who struggle with mental health issues each year. Falke and his team of therapists and wellness experts, many of whom are veterans themselves, don’t treat their guests with traditional PTSD methods and medication. At Boulder Crest, it’s all about an alternative approach called post-traumatic growth (PTG). Simply put, PTG is learning how to find strength in trauma and then growing from that experience.
ABC News | Jun 7, 2018
A new study, published in the Journal of Neurosurgery, followed 35 NCAA football athletes through the course of the 2016 football season and used simple blood tests to try to detect brain damage resulting from subconcussive impacts, which don't usually cause symptoms. The researchers developed an easy-to-use diagnostic test and looked at the blood samples of the 35 athletes in the study, specifically looking for two biomarkers –- tau proteins and neurofilament light polypeptide, called NF-L -- which can become elevated in the blood after even mild brain injury.
Chicago Tribune | May 29, 2018

Losing your sense of smell isn’t something that’s obvious right away, like going blind or deaf. A smell is something we notice if it’s there. The absence of a smell is harder to discern. The side effects of concussions are well documented: headache, amnesia, vomiting, loss of consciousness. Research is growing around chronic traumatic encephalopathy, a degenerative brain disease that affects football players and others who suffered repeated blows to the head. But I didn’t know a concussion can destroy your sense of smell.

WebMD | May 29, 2018

Although millions of Americans suffer concussions each year, many aren't given information about traumatic brain injury or follow-up care, a new study finds. "The lack of follow-up after a concussion is concerning because these patients can suffer adverse and debilitating effects for a very long time," said study lead author Seth Seabury. "Even patients who reported experiencing significant post-concussive symptoms often failed to see a provider. This reflects a lack of awareness, among patients and providers, that their symptoms may be connected to their brain injury," Seabury added.

Everyday Health | May 29, 2018
On May 23, 2018, more than 150 men and women gathered in an auditorium at the Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai in New York City, to discuss a topic that is usually reserved for football players — chronic traumatic encephalopathy (CTE). But this time the focus was on if and how it affects the female brain.
Portland Tribune | May 29, 2018
Oregon lawyer David Kracke explains the background to Oregon's landmark concussion legislation. Max's Law governs a coach's responsibility when a player is concussed, or when a concussion is suspected. Max's Law has essentially set out guidelines that a coach must follow in the event that he or she suspects a player has received a blow to the head or body and then exhibits signs or symptoms consistent with a concussion. Once that threshold is met, certain requirements kick in.
Sports Illustrated | May 24, 2018
For Dr. Ann McKee and her colleagues, the hockey players are the next frontier in brain trauma research. She cannot divulge specific findings until the data is finalized and published, but she estimates that between 60% and 70% of hockey players whose brains have been donated to the BU bank, a relatively small group compared to their football brethren, were discovered to have CTE.
ESPN | May 20, 2018
NASCAR is implementing the use of the King-Devick test to screen for concussions when drivers are brought to the infield medical center. The test, developed in association with the Mayo Clinic, typically takes only a few minutes and consists of reading numbers listed in a row with various spacing between them. The topic of concussion testing for drivers was heightened when IndyCar announced earlier this week that it had started using the I-Portal Portable Assessment System.
Neurology Advisor | May 18, 2018
A study published in the American Journal of Emergency Medicine demonstrates that misdiagnosis of concussion in adults is somewhat common in the emergency department, despite patients presenting with known concussion signs and symptoms. Approximately 16% of head injuries that met the World Health Organization's concussion criteria did not result in a concussion diagnosis.
NPR | May 18, 2018
For the first time, the U.S. military is speaking publicly about what it's doing to address potential health risks to troops who operate certain powerful shoulder-mounted weapons. These bazooka-like weapons produce forceful explosions just inches from the operator's head. Though several scientific reports over the past year have noted the possible risk, until now military officials have been reluctant to speak publicly about whether repeated exposure to these blasts might result in injury to a shooter's brain. Tracie Lattimore, who directs the Army's traumatic brain injury program, agreed to an interview with NPR to talk about steps the military is taking.
BBC Future | May 16, 2018

Concussion is a common brain injury. But what actually happens to the brain when we are concussed? As part of the Body of Evidence series, BBC Future explores what happens in the brain after a bang on the head.

Los Angeles Times | May 14, 2018
A new study shows that mild TBIs can have serious consequences for military veterans by raising their risk of dementia. Researchers who examined the medical records of more than 350,000 Americans who served during the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan found that men and women who experienced at least one mild TBI were more than twice as likely as their uninjured peers to develop dementia after they retired from the military.
The New York Times | May 7, 2018
To the family of the former N.H.L. player Jeff Parker, the posthumous diagnosis of C.T.E., or chronic traumatic encephalopathy, was the predictable conclusion. All those hits to the head, including that final one that knocked him out of the game altogether, and all those subsequent years of struggle? In the final, difficult years before Parker’s death last September at age 53, the family figured that it must be C.T.E. “It just makes me sad,” John Parker, Jeff’s younger brother, said through tears. “It doesn’t bring him back. It just makes you feel sad, that he was living with this, and it’s a thing. It’s a real thing.”
ABC News (MN) | May 7, 2018
All totaled, Kyle suffered at least 10 severe concussions from grade school into high school and missed most of ninth grade because of recurring headaches. In college, Kyle's pain, depression and anxiety had become overwhelming. In 2015, he committed suicide in his dorm room at the age of 20. In a suicide note, he wrote that the concussions "altered" his life. An examination of Kyle's brain tissue revealed he had the early stages of Chronic Traumatic Encephalopathy, or CTE.
ABC News (TX) | May 7, 2018
George Andrie was part of the legendary Cowboys Doomsday Defense, a 5-time pro-bowler and Super Bowl Champion. Andrie has also been diagnosed with dementia by 4 different doctors who believe it's related to the head blows he received while playing in the NFL. But these days the once powerful defensive end sits quietly at home, rarely leaving the house and unable to care for himself. “They said not only does your father not qualify for this level of dementia. He doesn't qualify for any neurocognitive damage whatsoever."
NBC News San Diego | May 3, 2018
The U.S. National Institutes of Health acknowledges CBD contains neuroprotectant and anti-inflammatory properties. In the case of a concussion, the brain swells or inflames. Theories suggest CBD could trigger repair mechanisms in the brain to counteract swelling. But sports leagues don’t want to touch CBD because of its source. That’s where a San Diego-based biotech company, Renew Biopharma, may have found a solution.
Boston University | May 3, 2018
Playing American football before age 12 leads to symptoms of cognitive, behavioral and mood disorders an average of 13 years earlier than other players, a Boston University study released Monday showed. The study by researchers at the Boston University School of Medicine and released on the school's website examined brain injuries, including chronic traumatic encephalopathy (CTE), in 246 deceased American football players, 211 of whom were diagnosed with CTE after death.
Quartz | May 3, 2018
The most worrying part of Brady’s response, when asked if he was "concerned" about the risk of CTE, is the enthusiasm he showed to "arm" others with questionable information. When one of the league’s most high-profile players spouts dubious claims about CTE prevention, it draws attention away from meaningful discussions about how the game could or should be changed to protect its athletes.
Investigate West | May 2, 2018

Over the past six months, reporters working on a series about high school sports concussions in Oregon have made 235 requests for records — or rather, the same request 235 times. Oregon has one state law to govern how local jurisdictions handle public records. But the responses to this same request are wide and varied across the state.

WKYC News | May 1, 2018
Most people think of NFL players or male soldiers when they talk about Traumatic Brain Injuries. Did you know there is a lack of brain injury research for women? In fact, the world’s largest brain bank has fewer than 10 female brains. The VA’s National Brain Bank is trying to conduct more female brain injury research by collaborating with the non-profit PINK Concussions, a female brain injury organization.
The Roanoke Times | May 1, 2018
More than half of soccer players suffer some concussion symptoms annually. Virginia Tech researchers are working to reduce that number by rating the head injury-prevention effectiveness of headbands and caps available on the market for soccer players. The system will give players and their parents a unique safety perspective by using the first independent rating system of its kind.
NPR | Apr 30, 2018
Military personnel may be endangering their own brains when they operate certain shoulder-fired weapons, according to an Army-commissioned report released Monday. The report, from the Center for a New American Security, says these bazooka-like weapons pose a hazard because they are powered by an explosion just inches from the operator's head. "When you fire it, the pressure wave feels like getting hit in the face," says Paul Scharre, a former Army Ranger who directs the technology and national security program at the Center. Scharre is a co-author of the center's report: Protecting Warfighters from Blast Injury. The report looks at a range of injuries caused by blast waves — pulses of high-pressure air that emanate from an explosion and travel faster than the speed of sound.
ABC News (AU) | Apr 30, 2018
According to a new report, the first of its kind in Australia, 40% of family violence victims have sustained a brain injury. Many victims were also unaware of the cumulative impact of mild traumatic brain injuries "and the fact that multiple blows to the head over a long period of time can really lead to significant disability and brain injury", Dr Ayton said. "The fact is that waiting lists to get assessed can sometimes take 18 months, so when you consider that along with the complexity and the chaos that might be happening in these situations, that's just not realistic in terms of being able to get accurate assessments and diagnoses." The report also found that perpetrators were twice as likely to have sustained a brain injury themselves in the past — in some cases, inflicted during childhood — creating "a vicious cycle of inter-generational violence".
The Conversation | Apr 30, 2018

Injury to the adult brain is all too common. A brain injury will often show up on brain scans as a well-defined area of damage. But often the changes to the brain extend far beyond the visible injury. Changes in the brain also continue to evolve for many months after injury. Part of this is simply the clearing away of debris by a normal healing process (for example, the clearance of bruising in the brain after a concussion). And there are things we can do to aid our brain’s recovery.

Conkite News (AU) | Apr 25, 2018

Concussions in athletes have received attention in recent years, but experts are now looking to also address the needs of a large, yet overlooked, population – domestic abuse victims. Most of the blows from an abuser are to one of the most vulnerable parts of the body and, over years of daily and weekly incidents, those hits take a toll. “In a domestic violence situation, a lot of the abuse is focused on the head,” said Jonathan Lifshitz, director of the Translational Neurotrauma Research Program at the University of Arizona. Lifshitz said that football players, who encounter significant blows but are supported by on-hand medical assistance at games and in the off-season, have a different brain-injury reality than abuse victims. Brain injury research has followed soldiers after combat and professional athletes but the subjects have been mostly male, Zieman said. Researchers are just beginning to understand differences between men and women with concussions.

Investigate West | Apr 23, 2018

If there’s one thing adults just don’t understand, it’s probably the world and culture of high school. So when we started talking about a series on head injuries in youth sports, we thought: “Why not ask student journalists to help?” Last fall, project manager Lee van der Voo and I visited Portland-area classrooms to tell students about Rattled: Oregon’s Concussion Discussion, ask for their input, and see if they wanted to contribute. Sure enough, they did. And for many of them, the interest is personal.

The Conversation | Apr 23, 2018
Much of what we know about traumatic brain injury is the result of a large body of research and media attention over the last 10 to 15 years on athletes and sports-related concussion. Until recently, the link between traumatic brain injury and intimate partner violence has been largely unexplored. So, since June of 2017, a research team at University of British Columbia has been collaborating with Kelowna Women’s Shelter in a community-based research project designed to examine the connection between traumatic brain injury and intimate partner violence.
Chicago Tribune | Apr 18, 2018
The NFL named a new chair to its head, neck and spine committee on Thursday, a Johns Hopkins neurosurgeon who co-authored a paper two years ago titled, "Football and Chronic Traumatic Encephalopathy: How Much Evidence Actually Exists?"
NINDS | Apr 17, 2018
Following head injury, the protective lining that surrounds the brain may get a little help from its friends: immune cells that spring into action to assist with repairs. In a new study, scientists from the National Institutes of Health watched in real-time as different immune cells took on carefully timed jobs to fix the damaged lining of the brain, also known as meninges, in mice. These results may help provide clues to the discovery that the meninges in humans may heal following mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) and why additional hits to the head can be so devastating.
EurekAlert | Apr 17, 2018
The University of Glasgow's Sir Graham Teasdale, co-creator of the Glasgow Coma Scale, has teamed with Paul M. Brennan and Gordon D. Murray of the University of Edinburgh to create new assessment tools that build on the Glasgow Coma Scale in order to provide greater information on injury severity and prognosis in patients with traumatic brain injury (TBI) while still offering simplicity of use. These tools are described and evaluated in two companion papers published today in the Journal of Neurosurgery.
Gizmodo | Apr 17, 2018

A new study published this week in The Lancet Psychiatry reaffirms that traumatic brain injuries (TBIs), even those that are relatively mild, are linked to a higher risk of dementia in our later years. The researchers obtained and studied the medical records of 2.5 million Danish-born residents living in the country in 1995. (Unlike many countries, including the US, the medical histories of residents of Scandinavian countries like Denmark are easily tracked through various nationwide registries). They then looked ahead in time to see how many of the Danes over the age of 50 would go on to be diagnosed with dementia at some point between 1999 to 2013.

Medscape | Apr 16, 2018

Only a minority of all concussions in children are the result of contact sports, a new study suggests. The findings indicate that strategies to prevent such injuries in children will have to extend outside youth sports, the researchers say. "While sports concussions have been important in raising awareness of concussions, it is important to remember that many nonsports/life activities can result in concussion as well and that it is a common injury in childhood and not just in sports," senior study author, Christina Master, MD, pediatric primary care sports medicine specialist at Children's Hospital of Philadelphia (CHOP), Pennsylvania, told Medscape Medical News.

University of Arizona News | Apr 4, 2018
New research results indicate that traumatic brain injury, such as that resulting from impacts in sports and auto accidents, is caused by stretching and straining of tissue well below the surface of the brain.
Science News | Apr 4, 2018
A recent study released by the Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine shows a stunning number of participants not only experienced concussion-related symptoms and head impacts but also continued performing either without reporting the incident or without receiving the recommended care. These participants were not taking part in any sporting contest at the time, however. They are theater personnel.
Furturity | Apr 3, 2018
Concussions and other mild traumatic brain injuries seem to arise when an area deep inside the brain shakes more rapidly and intensely than surrounding areas, report researchers. The study combines data from football players with computer simulations of the brain. They also found that the mechanical complexity of the brain means there is no straightforward relationship between different bumps, spins, and blows to the head and the likelihood of injury.
The Spokesman-Review | Apr 3, 2018
Since the prevalence of traumatic brain injury among athletes has come to light, doctors and researchers studying the problem say it’s much broader than concussions or CTE. In interviews with The Spokesman-Review and KHQ this week, retired NFL quarterback Mark Rypien estimated he’d sustained “dozens of concussions and thousands of subconcussive injuries from playing this sport,” most of which went undiagnosed at the time. “You say dozens, but you don’t really know,” he said. His first was likely in middle school.
Reuters | Apr 3, 2018
Researchers invited members of the American Medical Society for Sports Medicine to complete a 24-question online survey about their attitudes toward driving after a concussion and what they tell their patients. “In our study, 83 percent of physicians felt that concussion put individuals at a greater risk of a motor vehicle crash yet fewer than half, 49 percent, routinely counsel their patients about driving,” said lead author Dr. John Lucas IV of the Sports Medicine Institute at the Spartanburg Regional Healthcare System in South Carolina.
60 Minutes | Mar 30, 2018
Doctors have found scar tissue in the brains of combat veterans who suffered from PTSD and were exposed to high explosive blast waves. The discovery could mean that many cases of PTSD, long thought to be a mostly psychological illness, may actually be caused by physical brain trauma. Scott Pelley reports on this medical breakthrough on the next edition of 60 Minutes, Sunday, April 1 at 7:00 p.m., ET/PT on CBS.
Study Breaks Magazine | Mar 29, 2018
Stephanie Everett, a junior at Dartmouth College, kicked off 2018 with a performance of her purely autobiographical one-person play, “It’s Fine, I’m Fine” at the New Works Now festival for an audience of over 200 people. Everett’s play centers on a character navigating the many struggles of modern-day adolescence including mental health, relationships, sexuality and tough parents while suffering the affects of many traumatic brain injuries. Everett hopes audiences will take away two important themes from her show: compassion and inner strength.
Gizmodo | Mar 29, 2018
In the latest advancement from the front lines of neuroscience, researchers at Wake Forest Baptist Medical Center and USC successfully restored memory to people with poor short-term memory function. The research was funded by the military’s secretive DARPA research branch as part of the Restoring Active Memory, which launched in 2013. The program’s eventual goal is to create an implantable brain-computer interface capable of restoring normal memory function to people suffering from brain injury or illness.
Washington University School of Medicine | Mar 29, 2018
Years before people start showing characteristic symptoms of Alzheimer's disease, amyloid plaques begin forming in their brains, damaging nearby cells. For decades, doctors have sought ways to clear out these plaques as a way to prevent or treat the disease. The sticky clumps, known as amyloid plaques, are composed primarily of a brain protein called amyloid beta. But nestled within the plaques are small amounts of another Alzheimer's protein: APOE. Now, researchers at Washington University School of Medicine have shown that an antibody not only targets APOE for removal but sweeps away plaques.
Bozeman Daily Chronicle | Mar 27, 2018
Former NFL player Corey Widmer was in line to be celebrated as part of the Montana Football Hall of Fame. That is, until Widmer turned the honor down. Widmer explained the sport of football “destroyed my life,” and numerous concussions have brought on symptoms of chronic traumatic encephalopathy. “I’m 49 years old, depressed to the Nth degree, but have a lot of money … and some people might say it’s still worth it. I just tell them to watch what they wish for,“ Widmer said. “If someone could’ve explained all of this to me when I was 14, I would’ve given it all back in a heartbeat. I would’ve wished for something else."
Reuters | Mar 20, 2018

Young children who are hospitalized with head injuries may be at higher than average risk for developing attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) later on, a small study suggests. U.S. researchers examined data on 187 children, including 81 who were hospitalized overnight for a traumatic brain injury (TBI) at some point from age 3 to 7, and 106 who were hospitalized with other injuries. None of the kids had ADHD at the start.

NPR | Mar 19, 2018
High School athletes often raise money door-to-door for their teams. In Newton, Mass., a football player rang the doorbell of leading brain injury researcher Dr. Lee Goldstein. Instead of money, he got a talk. Goldstein cares a great deal about high school football. It's what he was thinking about when the doorbell rang.
Desert Sun | Mar 19, 2018

“I use to be – I still try to be – outgoing and friendly to everybody. People knew me as the kid who was always smiling, and trying to make other people,” Salamone said. “And I’m trying to be happy again,” he adds, “but it’s a lot harder now.” Salamone is also at risk of losing the college education he worked so hard to obtain. After his injury, Vanguard University agreed to delay Salamone’s enrollment for one year, but he will lose his spot at the college and his scholarship if he is not ready to attend by the fall semester.

Courier Post | Mar 19, 2018
Anyone with an aging loved one likely knows the feeling: Wondering when and how you’ll recognize if your loved one needs help. But sometimes, the biggest concerns are often the silent ones. One of the most common causes of concern among older adults is traumatic brain injury - responsible for more than 80,000 emergency room visits each year among people over 65. While we often think of brain injury as a sudden, severe jolt to the head with obvious, immediate symptoms, brain injuries can take a much different shape in older adults.
News12 | Mar 19, 2018

Four eighth-graders have gained national recognition for designing a device that fits into a football helmet that can detect concussions. Middle School students Jake Carlin, Josh Chostaka, Alex Fisherman and Ian Langan say that they were inspired to create the device when a friend was hurt playing football. “One of our good friends got a really bad concussion during a game, so we felt that making something like this would help coaches and trainers keep their teams safe,” Langan says. The 14-year-olds developed a sensor that fits into a football helmet. Real-time data is transmitted directly to a smartphone, using an app that they also designed.

The New York Times | Mar 15, 2018
Just a few years after a car crash left him with a severe brain injury, Mr. Morgan is back with “The Last O.G.,” a new comedy about second chances. "It’s about getting second chances. I believe everyone deserves one.”
Reuters | Mar 13, 2018
Participation in high school football has been steadily falling in recent years amid mounting concerns about the potential for traumatic brain injuries to lead to lasting health problems, a U.S. study suggests. “This decline is associated with media attention focused on concussions or brain injuries among football players,” said study co-author Dr. Chris Feudtner of the Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia and the Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania.
The Good Men Project | Mar 13, 2018
Brain Injury Awareness Day is Tuesday, March 20, 2018 at our Nation’s Capitol in Washington DC. Although BIAA and brain injury advocates work with Congress throughout the year, Brain Injury Awareness Day is important because it is the one day dedicated to educating your elected officials about brain injury and how vital federal funding is to continue the Federal TBI State Grant Program, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention TBI Programs, and brain injury research conducted by the TBI Model Systems.
ESPN | Mar 13, 2018
AFL players whose careers are ended by concussion will be eligible for payouts under a new injury and hardship scheme. The AFL Players' Association has allocated $24.7 million to the fund, which is expected to be accessed by up to 200 former AFL/VFL players per year. Greg Williams, Nicky Winmar and John Platten are among the AFL greats to have battled concussion-related health issues in recent years. All three have been linked to a potential class action against the AFL.
Boston Globe | Mar 13, 2018
Some 42 of about 100 Patriots who were members of New England’s first three Super Bowl title teams have alleged in a landmark class-action concussion suit against the NFL and the helmet maker Riddell that they have experienced symptoms of brain injuries caused by the repetitive head impacts they absorbed in games and practices. In all, more than 340 former Patriots or their estates have sued the NFL and its former helmet manufacturer. The Globe, using the team’s official all-time roster, has for the first time compiled and analyzed a list of the Patriots who allege they suffered brain injuries on the job since the franchise was founded in 1960.