What Impact Will Moderate or Severe TBI Have on a Person's Life?

Center of Excellence for Medical Multimedia
What Impact Will Moderate or Severe TBI Have on a Person's Life?

The effects of moderate to severe TBI can be long lasting or even permanent. While recovery and rehabilitation are possible, most people with moderate to severe TBI face life challenges that will require them to adapt and adjust to a new reality.

Moderate to severe TBI can cause permanent physical or mental disability. Because polytrauma is common with moderate to severe TBI, many patients face additional disabilities as a result of other injuries. Even patients who appear to recover fully may have some long-term symptoms that never go away.

Challenges with work and completing tasks that were once routine can be much more difficult than before the injury. Some patients find that the skills and abilities that they used before the injury to meet these challenges are not as sharp as they once were.

These ongoing challenges can also affect the patient’s personal life. People who have experienced brain injuries may take longer to do cognitive or “thinking” tasks associated with memory, such as coming up with the correct change in the checkout line at the grocery store or placing an order at a restaurant. Family relationships will almost certainly change, and in some cases the patient will be totally dependent on their caregivers.

Despite the advances in early diagnosis and treatment of moderate to severe TBI, the fact remains that traumatic brain injury will be a life-changing experience for many patients. Helping the patient, family members, and caregivers to cope with these long-term consequences is an important part of TBI rehabilitation.

Motor Deficits and Disabilities

For many patients, the damage to the brain resulting from a moderate to severe TBI may lead to life-long disabilities or motor deficits. The term disability in relationship to TBI means a loss of physical or mental function caused by damage to the brain. Motor deficits refer specifically to the effect of damage on motor skills or movement.

Examples of disabilities and motor deficits caused by moderate to severe TBI include:

  • Paralysis
  • Spasticity (muscle stiffness) or uncontrolled movements
  • Problems walking, talking, or swallowing
  • Difficulty carrying or moving objects
  • Vision problems
  • Loss of fine motor skills, such as buttoning a shirt
  • Inability to recognize something based on touch
  • Difficulty thinking and remembering
  • Difficulty with social relationships

Other challenges that a patient with moderate or severe TBI may experience include:

  • Difficulty making and keeping personal and professional relationships
  • Difficulty being part of social activities
  • Difficulty taking part in recreational or leisure activities
  • The decreased ability or inability to keep a job or go to school

During the rehabilitation and transition phases of TBI treatment, members of the healthcare team will provide information to the patient and their family members about dealing with these issues. Specific tools and coping strategies will be suggested. Examples of coping strategies and tools include:

  • Writing a detailed list of steps needed to complete a task
  • Using prompts or visual aids to help remember things
  • Using assistive devices to move around, such as a walker or a wheelchair

Learning new ways to do things is a very important part of recovery.

Other Potential Effects

The long-term symptoms of TBI can be divided into several categories, including physical changes, cognitive effects, sensory effects, perceptual effects, social-emotional changes, and others. You’ll find a partial list of these symptoms and possible effects below. Keep in mind that the severity and duration of symptoms and effects will vary greatly from one patient to another, depending on the severity of the TBI.

Physical effects

  • Sleep disorders
  • Loss of stamina (easily fatigued)
  • Appetite changes
  • Difficulty swallowing
  • Physical paralysis or spasticity
  • Chronic pain
  • Loss of control of bowel and bladder functions
  • Seizures
  • Difficulty regulating body temperature
  • Hormonal changes

Cognitive effects

  • Difficulty with attention, focus, or concentration
  • Distractibility
  • Memory problems
  • Slow speed of processing
  • Confusion
  • Perseveration, which is the abnormal persistent repetition of a word, gesture, or act
  • Impulsiveness
  • Difficulty with language processing
  • Problems with executive functions, which include planning, cognitive flexibility, abstract thinking, rule acquisition (determining right from wrong), initiating appropriate actions, and inhibiting inappropriate actions

Speech and language effects

  • Aphasia (difficulty with talking or expressing ideas, understanding everyday language, and problems with reading and writing). Types of aphasia can include:
    • Receptive aphasia, which involves difficulty understanding the spoken word, or
    • Expressive aphasia, which means the patient knows what they wish to say but is unable to get the words out. In some cases, the patient is able to perceive and comprehend both spoken and written language, but is unable to repeat what they see or hear.
  • Slurred speech
  • Speaking very fast or very slow
  • Problems with reading comprehension

Sensory and perceptual effects

  • Difficulty recognizing and distinguishing between touch and pressure sensations
  • Difficulty perceiving temperature
  • Difficulty perceiving movement and positions of the arms and legs
  • Difficulty with fine discrimination (for example, distinguishing between small everyday objects, like coins)
  • Difficulty integrating and understanding information gained through the five senses (sight, smell, touch, hearing, and taste)

Effects on vision

  • Partial or total loss of vision
  • Diplopia, which is weakness of eye muscles that causes double vision
  • Blurred vision
  • Problems judging distance
  • Involuntary eye movements, called nystagmus
  • Photophobia, which is intolerance of light

Effects on hearing

  • Decrease or loss of hearing
  • Tinnitus, which is ringing in the ears
  • Increased sensitivity or intolerance to sounds

Effects on smell and taste

  • Anosmia, which is loss of or diminished sense of smell
  • Loss of or diminished sense of taste
  • Bad taste in the mouth

Social-emotional or behavioral effects

  • Dependent behaviors
  • Fluctuating emotions
  • Lack of motivation
  • Irritability
  • Aggression
  • Depression
  • Lack of inhibition
  • Denial or lack of awareness
Posted on BrainLine August 9, 2018. Reviewed March 28, 2019.

About the Author

The Center of Excellence for Medical Multimedia (CEMM) is a dynamic initiative from the Office of the Surgeon General, supplying award-winning interactive multimedia for patient education throughout the Military Health System.

Center of Excellence for Medical Multimedia. (n.d.). Moderate to Severe TBI: Long-Term Effects. Retrieved March 28, 2019, from https://tbi.cemmlibrary.org/Moderate-to-Severe-TBI/Long-Term-Effects

Comments (607)

Please remember, we are not able to give medical or legal advice. If you have medical concerns, please consult your doctor. All posted comments are the views and opinions of the poster only.

This is great information for clarity. Had a mild tbi injury 8 years ago falling off a cliff at a beach 30-35 feet. Have struggled with extreme anxiety , emotional issues, depression and a loss of all previous relationships from before the accident. No one really understands and I don’t either half the time. I am constantly driving my wife crazy with my up and down feelings. And have almost completely feel divided from my family. I often forget that my injury could be the cause of all this. Reading this makes me realize I am not alone in feeling this way. Thanks

Thanks for the information you have provided through your blog.

Hi where do I start?
On the 31st of December 1988 I was hit very hard with a baseball bat on the left side of my head, it caused concussion and a loss of lots of blood, I was taken to hospital but remained awake throughout, I thought that was the end of it, I was 20 at the time and very fit and healthy.
Sadly a little while later I noticed small problems with things like vision, sleep, concentration, anxiety, and other things I had never noticed before.
I never once tied it to the head injury, and just carried on with life, but sadly my health deteriorated over the years, I have now been married 4 times, lost so many jobs, could not drive over high bridges and cannot fly anymore, when I used to fly all the time.
I am now 52 and fully housebound, having had what I call false diagnosis i.e. ME/CFS originally back in 1999, I am in so much pain that even morphine made it worse, my head pressure and noise (tinnitus) is horrendous and I worry about my future if I have one.
I have had 2 MRI's in the last 10 years and nothing has been found, but they were looking for vision and brain issues linked to ME/CFS.
Now last week I was seen in Leeds UK by a Neurologist and he some tests, physical ones, holding my head and I was to look at his nose while he quickly turned my head left and right, and jumping on the spot with my eyes closed and arms out, I ended up the other side of the room.
Long story short he said I had a major problem on my righthand side to do with my Ventricular system, so he is sending me for another MRI (anxiety through the roof).
Could my illness be linked to my head injury, the timings make sense, but asking for help is hard here in the UK.
Just to know it wasn't all made up and to say to family and friends I now know what has caused my illness will be the biggest prize, I was so ecstatic when I left the hospital last week I forgot to mention my head injury.
I can relate to so much of what you have written above, it will all be well documented in my medical notes, but with the lack of knowledge here in the UK on TBI's I am fighting an uphill battle.
Any help or advice would be great, thanks Mark

I am 3yrs into a TBI and I was a nurse now I'm nothing my family does not understand they just think I'm rude and nasty due to personality changes NO ONE gets I struggle everyday to be better and so I guess mostly isolation is best for me so I don't upset anyone. I take meds go to counseling but the old personality is gone, hope everyone handles the changes better than me and my family.for you DONT GIVE UP

Not Ventricular, vascular or whatever it is called oops

I was involved in a bad motorcycle accident somebody turned right in front of me and I was in a coma for a week and the hospital for 6 weeks, the accident was April 4th 2020 and the entire month of April is gone. I had server TBI and lost hearing in my left ear and balance problems and right side weakness. It's almost been a year but I want to know does eventually everything somewhat get better? I have went thru 'why me' stage and can't drive because police pulled my license. I have physio 2x's a week and chiropractor 1x a week but I'd like to drive again and get back to work. Like 2 weeks ago my right eye started going funny like twitching or 'dancing' so I have an optometrist appointment in 10days..

It will get worse and worse - trust me -more symptoms the more time that goes by and no one knows what to do about it the only things that helped was a functional neurologists. They are the best with the TBI stuff.... god bless

While riding a motorcycle, was hit head on by a drunk in a Dodge Ram in the spring of '94. I was in a coma for 2 months and 18 days (just a couple weeks short of legally dead), rehab for another year and a half (the entire years 1994 and 1995 are gone for me), I have a fake knee and a fake wrist, a "severe" traumatic brain injury, this tinnitus has made me want to rip my left ear off for 26 years... I have been totally and permanently disabled ever since. I walk, I talk (but have been arrested for "slurred speech" - ONCE, I can make A LOT of political noise when I want to - everywhere I've lived since), can't sing, can't dance, I'm not very good at taking orders (short term memory problems, to this day - thank heaven for the hourly calendar on modern smart phones). I had to wait one year before I applied, tested, and received a new NY driver's license (with motorcycle validation - didn't even have to retest for that). My pilot's license is permanently clipped due to having been in a coma. I'm on my third motorcycle since that wonderful event (120,000 miles on one, only 60,000 on the second - that got parked on in 2019, and about 5,000 on my 2019 Harley - I moved to FL so I can ride all year, and my back, etc doesn't ache for 6 months straight). In terms of cognitive function, my reasoning was never really effected (or so I say). My organic memory has not really improved, I thank motorola a/o at+t for the smart phone (it's strange... I speak multiple languages, remember how to do things w/o any problem at all, but... where did I put that? When was that appointment? Yes, I'm sorry to say, 27 years later. Get a head start building those coping strategies. I'd say your balance and hearing issues are probably related. Your eye "dancing" may cause problems w/ your driving, and it may (or may not) be interpreted as a seizure. You might want to see (no pun intended) a neurologist about that. Bring a list of current medications with you, because that could very well be the cause. To directly answer your question, no. EVERYTHING does not get better. However, some things will (probably within the first couple of years). And you will learn/adjust to the rest. I can't think of anything that has actually gotten worse (other than the pain from these metal "bones" that I continue to abuse. But that's my fault. I will NOT grow a set of wheels, I will NOT stop living MY life. I'll just add that "MY life," as I had made it, ended that day. I had to start a new one. You may want to talk to the Brain Injury Association of America at 1-800-444-6443.

Things may or may not get better. I'm not going to lie to you because it won't help. My head injury was 20 years ago and I rolled over in a convertible. I had to work very hard in rehab and got very lucky I was able to heal. My advice work hard and don't quit. You may not become who/what you were before, but you will be better tomorrow than you were today.


TBI Survivor

It’s a long road... I was in a coma for 3 1/2 weeks in 1995. I spent 4 weeks in the hospital. Was transferred to St Charles Rehab on Long Island. I can’t remember exactly how long I was there.. maybe little longer than a month. I then did outpatient cognitive and physical rehab for years afterwards. My short term memory was effected which effects learning. I’m doing well and memory has gotten better. Accept that it will take a long time. Learn to live with changes .

I fell about 10 to 15 ft when I was 8 years old. Don't remember anything but waking up on a picnic table just enough dirt and everybody over me. I never saw a doctor because my mom said I woke up. My sister was with me she was older l she said your man got to me carried me down the Hill that we were on I was out the whole time. Fast forward repeating the rest of my life it's been bad I have battled with major depression, back pain head pain I went to a chiropractor and he noticed vertebrae between my back and neck that healed wrong. Over the years they have told me they have fibromyalgia spinal stenosis, nerve damage in my foot . Now I'm 60 and saw a doctor cuz my depression doctor wanted me to be tested for ADHD which I have been diagnosed maybe 20 years ago with it but they don't treat adults. In my late 40s I was treated for tremors and next doctor 15 years later pulled me off them not that they helped a lot anyways. Now I turned 60 my depression doctor wanted me to see another doctor to rule out AD HD. Well the result s was yes I have it but she says I have other signs which the test s that she ran on me drawing r memory test salon and so forth most of my skills were impaired. She wants me to see i neurologist. I'm so scared I can tell with my friend being damaged but I'm so scared Don't tell me I have Alzheimer's I'm really confused most days my husband chases me I start five projects and then he comes along and finishes on behind. School is very hard for me but I got through it. I have a job at the hospital for 25 years and took an early retirement I'm just confused if this could have been from my fall? The doctor also told this isn't normal aging. I'm terrified what the neurologist will find. Anxiety and scared to death is all I've been over this weekend.

Wow you have made my day . I finally found someone who has a similar story .. I too fell about 15 feet head first onto a paved driveway ,I was 8 a well and my mother found me placed me in my bad and I woke screaming with a swelled brain hrs and hrs later .they finally took me to a hospital ....I just remember screaming and crawling all over the back seat in pain... I’m alomst 50 now and just was tested for add. I’ve mentioned my accident to dr only to get no response..
I however did not complete school ..I got grade 8 and ended up spending 25 yrs sometimes homeless and all the time an addict .ive been clean for 4 yrs now and my memory is crap ,I loose things constantly,can’t get a job and keep it ,
I too fear dementia and am scared a lot of the time..I feel like no one wants to help.i feel like everyone thinks I’m lazy but all I want to do is be get a job...thank you for your story it made me feel less alone

Hi there, I hope you do not mind me replying to this comment; I happened to stumble across this blog post/comment because I was researching my own diagnosis for suspected brain injury, and your comment truly resonated with me. I want to say that (whether it is emotional or physical coping) I hope the best for you and your situation. I am not quite your age so I cannot imagine the stress of figuring out what is happening, but I understand the confusion and pain that comes along with not being treated for head injury as a child; especially when medical professionals are not there for you when you need them. A million different misdiagnoses within the past 10 years has not helped.. I only wish that I could offer you more support, but I hear you and I truly truly wish you the best!

Praying, Hope

I was recently diagnosed as an adult with autism at 43, but I believed I was misdiagnosed. At young age of 4 years old due to domestic issues as a child was thrown onto the the concrete steps at about 5 feet of the ground and the parent was very upset because I was crying I had a lot blood from my injuriesI had problems with socializing and was crying all the time since. I developed a lazy eye and had surgery. I then had subsequent head injuries from continued abuse.
In high school I was riding my bicycle and was hit by a car. I couldn’t remember anything but remember the impact of my head hitting the concrete. WHen I was conscious again I was walking home alone repeating that I’m dying! Shortly thereafter I was nauseous having a gag reflex constantly. My parents then took me to the hospital for an X-ray. The doctor said everything was ok. But that was not to be.
In the summer I was crying al the time, staying in my room all the time.
The next year I became really hyper with too much energy. Constantly talking. The next head injury resulted from similar domestic issues. I felt the fear and climbed out the second story window, but fell and landed on the back of my head.
My personality changed feeling distrustful and having a short fuse.
Now I’m 50 and the nausea came back and clear fluid. I also have severe disc degenerative disease at my Cervical spine.
I just hope the effects of my injuries dont come back and haunt me.
I’m not sure but I think I’m not autistic since the head injuries started at such a formative age.

I feel like my life is falling apart. Almost 15 years ago I have a severe TBI (frontal lobes), was in a coma, wasn’t expected to make it, my family had said their final goodbyes. Had several sudbural hematomas, my GCS was 7( almost positive about that number). Anyways I was 15 at the time and made a miraculous recovery. I can no longer taste/smell and am blind in one eye but overall most could never tell. I was a year ahead in all my classes so even school was 100x harder I worked to graduate high school on time after missing my entire sophomore year.I graduated with a 4.0. I was admitted to my number one university and studied (to the point of tears most nights), was involved in a sorority, a research lab, and multiple campus clubs. I graduated in 4 years with my bachelors in science in child psychology. I immediately started graduate school, starting a program to earn my masters and doctorate in clinical psychology with a specialization in neuropsychology. And I did just that. There were more tears than undergrad. And my thesis and dissertation was the most overwhelming thing I have ever done, but I graduated with my masters with my entering class, graduated with my doctorate with my entering class (with my dissertation completed before), received my first pick at internship and completed my residency. I passed my licensing exam and state boards and I was LOVING my job. I was thriving. I was working 10-11 hours a day (my choice), working out daily, making time for friends, family, I was constantly on the go. For the last 2 years I’ve been dealing with osteomyelitis in my skull (unfortunately dealt with this after my initial TBI as well). I have been unable to work for almost 2 years due to pain, lack of stamina, severe brain fog/ word finding difficulty. I spend 99% of my life laying in bed or my couch with an ice pack (the pain never goes away, never moves location). My team of specialists that recently treated me for osteomyelitis and replaced 97% of all hardware in face/skull do not believe it is infection. My body is super special and no labs/PET/NM anything ever come up abnormal (active osteomyelitis or not) so I am have bone biopsies done in the beginning of March. My concern is my team believes my current state of health my be CTE / consequences of my TBI since it was so severe. I’m only 30 years old. This is not living. I have NO quality of life. I worked hard to achieve one goal in my life, and I can no longer do that. Has anyone else been told this? I feel so lost and afraid.

I totally understand how you are feeling. I have been working in the medical field for the last 14 years. In 2017 I was in a MVA, hit my head on the driver side window, diagnosised with concussion, had treatment at the concussion clinic, and had to return to school for my NP. The road was very hard. I was able to pass board certification. Work as a NP. But, I still have some symptoms occasionally. I noticed at this very moment I have started having severe migraines, blurred vision, increased tinnitus to ears, brain fog, poor concentration, and some anxiousness. I have been working Covid for several months and was handling it well. But then decided to get a divorce, and the stress of others giving their unsolicited opinions has increased my stress level so my symptoms are returning. Severe headaches is now with blurred vision. I was very protective of my personal space, I am learning my triggers, maintain mindfulness, eating healthy without sugar, and have to resume use of Myer’s Cocktails and Gluthathione because the IV infusions helped a lot. This show me we can have setbacks, but you have to encourage yourself to fight the depression, brain fog, anxiousness and more.

Please watch Andrew Wommack ministries healing journeys. There are a few miracles from brain injuries on there that I believe will heal and bless you!

Almost 2 years ago (3.29.19) I was hit by car going 55 (driver was FaceTiming) my car was stopped to make turn. The hit killed my three babies 12,15 and 17 plus my friends 19 year old child in front. I am only survivor I hate it. On top of that I had severe TBI brain bleed. My speech is messy now, people think I am from another country, and my head not aches but actually sharp pains. I am here today reading because I have vertigo? Super dizzy spells still. Not all the time, but seeing correlation with maybe raised blood pressure, and pressures inside the head then comes dizzy spells and nausea. Depression is real. For the grief I am sure and with reading maybe even due to TBI. So I guess really the big question is what do people do in this situation. I have no insurance and now a half million dollar of medical bills due to accident and no insurance did not cover! Received less then 30k per child’s death and it cost 71k to bury them. So what do we do. I totally get why people commit suicide in these situations. We have no systems in place to help those that truly need it. Hugs to all of you who have lost children and please don’t drive distracted

I am so sorry for your loss! I too have suffered a TBI from a car accident. I lost my husband, son, and father. Yes, depression is very real! So is anxiety! People do not understand how we feel. We look normal...but we have lost our lives to injuries that no one can see! I hope you can find the help that you need. God Bless!

I came to this site due to the issues I've been having - my backstory for brain injury is I was beaten to 'death' and revived and am now very slowly gaining back my abilities.
I came across your story and felt a strong need to leave a reply here for you. I am at a loss for words because what you've experienced, no person should ever have to experience. I wish there was something I could say to alleviate your pain because I know it still hurts.
My son died on 3.27.19 and the grief is still debilitating. I do not function. He was my only child and my reason for healing. Almost two years have gone by and I still barely leave the house.
I can only fathom the unimaginable and extreme pain that you must be feeling losing your 3 children. I am truly so, so sorry for your loss. And I am sorry that you have to deal with such extreme financial circumstances in the wake of the worst thing a parent can ever experience. I agree with you that we have no systems in place for those who need it most. That needs to change. I wish I had an answer for you right now that could help solve your financial burdens.
You are in my thoughts and I hope that life starts to go easier on you. Sending love in your direction.

I was struck by a car when I was 7. I had seizures and sleep walking issues. I got shuffled around in the foster care system, during a time if you had any behavior issues, no family would want you, so I hid it. I've never been in trouble with the law and I'm a Vet as well. Any time I become suspicious or people start to ask me why I don't have any real long term personal relationships, I move. A lot of it is not wanting pity or not being believed. Now I'm just tired. I have alienated everybody I know, and now I just exist. I have adapted a walk away method when encountered with situations out of my emotional grasp. I avoid relationships it seems dishonest to lead someone on like I'm a normal functional adult. I'm just reaching out for help, hopefully someone who has conquered this thing is willing to share a bit maybe?

My friend i have been there, i was beat up for 3 yrs, fist foot w/e he could grab when i got knocked out or to the ground i would come to with him beating me until i stood back up I was 9,10,11 my 12th bday i went in his room with a knife and held it to his throat and told him i was big enough to kill him now and would do so gladly if it promised my sisters and mom’s safety My mom still hasnt take any accountability for allowing tht to happen but shes trying i think I used anger from those past events to fuel my self destructive path Fighting as often as i could, only who i thought to be real assholes or abusive to innocents and tht was my “therapy” after several failed relationships and years of inner turmoil and chaos i reluctantly started seeing a therapist and psychiatrist I met the love of my life as soon as i dropped the wall for her she’s supportive, understanding and most importantly still loves me due only to the fact tht my behaviors were trauma and head injury induced, not a reflection of who i truly am She suggested i see a therapist so i did and it helped for a time I still use the tools I learned from my therapist to this day and my beautiful wife has stood by me through thick an thin good days and bad for 12 yrs now Letting down the wall, even if briefly, shows the person u care about tht you can and are willing to get rid of them as well as a clear testament to your spiritual fortitude and willingness to live and be loved Be on gaurd for sure, but trust your gut If your gut says this person will probly understand go with it I got pity when i started opening up about everything but quickly straightened everyone out by saying “I appreciate the fact tht u care and im equally grateful for the interest and help with my issues but plz dont give me pity, i been through more than most and just want to be treated like it never happened To this day only my wife knows everything aside from my sisters of course Its just not something i bring up or try talk about with others Alot of hard work, dedication and even more prayer, as well as my amazing wife are the only reasons im not dead or in prison I wasn’t suicidal but i was definitely not worried about my well being Even if you dont find the live of your life for Gods sake man dont go at it alone, theres no reason or need to when so many big hearted ppl are willing to be in your life I have 4 reallly close friends, thts all i need I stay focused on wht i love most now and when i do get to feeling overwhelmed with memories or flashbacks from ptsd due to my own choices in my early adult yrs i place myself somewhere i love spending time, outside in the woods taking a walk w/e ur interests are MAKE yourself do them Youre a combat vet if i read your post right so u know all too well wht needs to be done when the enemy is closing in Thank you for your sacrifice and service for this great country if nothing else someone out there deserves your company and will be thankful for it I have a chunk of land in the woods when im getting overwhelmed i go out in the forest, sit by a fire and meditate breathing exercises etc If i can ask you one favor it would plz plz dont waste the gift you have been given a true living testament of wht the spirit and body can endure and not break, even though weve come close or had set backs Again i had no one to talk to but the man above and he was there in my darkest hour and greatest time of need, always, God bless you brother Love and respect

I have a question, I’m sure it’s different for everyone but in general, if you got a TBI, would you experience a cycle of good days/bad days?

Yes from my experience I have good days and not do good... don’t function so well when tired, speech and getting words out can be more impaired some days than others ... bless my brothers and sisters going through this !

I passed out (fainted) hit my head hard on concrete 4 weeks ago.
had a minor bleed and was sent home.
battling depression for sure and feel so stupid but biggest concern is my right eye is blurry.- drives me crazy.
any advice how to handle this?
optometrist says my eye is normal but vision is down?
cant explain blurry vision.
Any advie or experience with eyesight

You need to get into a general doctor. Then he can refer you to a specialist if needed. Did they do any imaging of your brain? There are cognitive brain specialists that can really help too. Do not wait, it’s important to catch early on as things can get worse. Keep in mind the depression is not you it’s just a side effect of your injury. Do not get to the point that you feel suicidal to get help. The emergency room won’t diagnose beyond the day there and there could be later developments. I know all this from my own story and I hope this helps you. I hope and pray for you to get a good doctor who helps you through all this.

I feel off a horse 7 weeks ago and the depression is really bad. I know you asked about eyesight but wonder how you are doing with depression.

I am lost I have all of the above work injury they shut me down said nothing was wrong I have a job for 30 years can’t hold a job now if I e try Things are difficult what do I do oh not looking for advice yes lost

I was in a motorcycle accident at age 16, a deer ran in front of me, the car behind me ran over me from not seeing me lying in the fast lane.
I suffered trauma to my frontal lobe.
For the last year and a half of High School, I had a home tooter to help me pass and get a High School Diploma.
But I had trouble concentrating and staying awake,
But Baltimore County School system gave me a High School diploma because the Tooters I had, passed me, even though I could NOT do the home tooter school work, they made it appear as if I was able to cope on my own simply by giving me passing grades on my home school work, even though I did not do the work!
The tooters would complete my tests, then give grades, making it appear I did it on my own. The BIGGEST crime committed against me.
Why? Because everytime I tried for Social Security assistance, the first thing that came out of their mouths, was..."WELL, YOU HAVE A HIGH SCHOOL DIPLOMA!"
Can you see how that subtle deception had a negative impact on my life all of these years, even until the age of 50? The Baltimore County Public School Home Tooters made it appear as if I was able to cope ALL on my own after my accident!
Thats what the Baltimore County Public School system did to me.

Omg life ruff had tbi in 2017 now I'm depressed bad. Drug addiction issues an cancer of liver as well changes I face daily just coping .no help out there have cluster headaches back pain an throw up day after day my life falling apart

I have a sTBI and I'm able to accomplish a lot

I had a server tbi and it is tuff to live most the time !!

last year people attack on me and try to kill me .i have serious brain injury and stay comma in 3 weeks loose my memory as well.i know that attackers but bcz i am illegal in this country police don't do my help still that attacker threat me but police dont want arrest that criminals i dont know what i do .bcz my life not safe here dont know why police dont bother about my life.

Hello there I am a TBI survivor, I was hit by a car crossing the street when I was 12 years old. I am 29 now.

I hit my head from a high distance, my parents never took me to a specialist or anything to get my brain checked. I am 29 now, and feel as if I am still affected by the incident, but I dont know what I can do to find out how it affects me.

I am writing to ask if there is any correlation between TBI and violent behavior that the aggressor did not realize was from the TBI. At 9, the child was a victim of a violent attack by his dad. They never did any follow-up and the focus became about me and not the abuse the child suffered. I have taken an interest in this as I too believe I am the victim of an undiagnosed TBI that affected my life. The child and I have some of the same rage, mood swings, emotional outbursts etc.. Can it lead to violence and other tendencies that go undiagnosed?

My husband had a TBI over 20yrs ago. We have been married for 18yrs and I am ashamed to say that I have until recently just gone off info related by his family. Never have I read about what "frontal lobe injury " really meant in terms of his behavior and personality. Over the years he has had several impulse control issues, gambling related, drug use, even sexually related issues that have nearly ended our marriage many times over. I've always asked him "why" he did what he did and his answer has always been the same, "he didn't know?" I always deemed that as a "cop out". Most recently he left our home on foot for a trip to the store and was gone for 48 hours! No call or text to me letting me know where he was or that he was ok! I called police reporting him missing and mildly put, I was a nervous wreck thinking the worst had happened! When he came home I was relieved and angry that he could make such a poor decision. He had run into an acquaintance and was asked to help him relocate, he was offered drugs and his cell battery died. Never did it occur to him how worried I would be or what an impact his lack of impulse control would cause. After this incident I decided to read more about all the personality changes and defects his injury has caused and I felt terrible! In all our years together I had never been aware of the numerous effects his frontal lobe injury has had on him. Consequently the overall effects it has had on our relationship, as I had not known him prior to this injury. His moodiness, inability to control his impulses, his temper, etc. Now I feel much more educated but as a result I am even more worried as to how to deal with these personality defects. How to help him control his impulses, his moods and how all this has and will continue to effect me and our relationship???

Dear Mrs. Anonymous,
The simple fact that you first recognized that there was an unseen issue with your other half, and then was wise enough to gather info about his struggles, (and yours) is indicative of a very rare human quality. True Empathy., and the natural instinct of the "wolf pack mentality" to take care of our beloved pack members. As I am the recipient of not one, not two, but three TBIs and one ABI , spanning 5 decades...,
to me that qualifies you for the Congressional Medal Of Honor at the very least.
We who carry the cross known as TBI or ABI do not require 'understanding'. To 'understand' is to experience it. God forbid ! What we so crave is to be 'believed'. For the overwhelming majority of folks simply do not! The reason for this phenomenon is summed up in one word you used in your commentary. Education.
A philosophy / motto we used in 'Crucible' during my stint in service goes like this...
"Embrace the SUCK !!! Adapt, Overcome and move through it" !
I am still alive because of it. Given the honest effort, which you seem to possess, it will work for you as well ma'am. I'm just not sure how it works.
My family is a large extended family made up of the very young to the old ones. None believe. I was, however, very blessed by Creator to have one individual in my life built of the same metal as you. My late father. Reverend Carl Leroy Rowell. Feb 29, 1935 to April 6, 2020. A giant among men !!! Much like your dear husband, I am a lucky man. He helped me beyond measure.
Dear madam, God knows I utter only the truth when I say to you that my heart and what's left of my mind hurts so terribly for you and your husband... because I believe.
I would so bear the crosses you and he struggle under if only it were possible. Sadly I cannot.
Keep in mind, however, the eighth Psalm. vs 5. You were created " a little lower than the angels." In fact you were created " in His image." Mrs. Anon., You Ma'am are 'Woman'. You are an entity of immense power, intelligence, and possibilities.
You are currently helping him in ways you cannot see yet by simply believing and caring. The rest of the things you can do to help your pack member will readily reveal themselves in time. Like my beloved father... I discern (by your words) that you are
" a giant among women "!
So......." Embrace the Suck !!! Adapt, Overcome, and Move Through It !

God's endless love and blessing be with you dear ma'am.

PS... Tell Mr Anon. that there is an old, southern Louisiana country boy that " has his 6." We're gonna make Bro!

Truly and always.., Victor E. Rowell

My husband received a severe TBI in the military 24 years ago. In the last few years we went from good days and bad to few and far between to living moment to moment. The VA has just begun to approve his claims but there are still several that cover the more severe symptoms that are still in appeal. He is to the point of struggling with normal activities, like buckling our grandson in his car seat.

You’re not alone, my boyfriend suffers from tbi from over ten years ago. He’s always mentioned it but it’s more apparent and Ofcourse affecting our relationship. I too started reading through this in hopes to find some therapy or counseling that can educate us and help us cope through this. The “ i don’t know” excuse is hard to accept

After reading a lot of these other comments, I am blessed, and feel almost silly now posting. I fell down my stairs and got 13 staples in November 2019. Still having many symptoms, I have gone through physical therapy and am now starting a cognitive therapy but get frustrated that what I can do has become so limited and keep wondering when it’s going to get better. Any advice on the line between pushing yourself and rest? Additionally, does the actual impact spot hurt for a while for others?

Yes, the impact spot for me still hurts. It is numb feeling but it very much hurts. The numbness is mostly felt when I touch it or put any pressure on it. I can’t comfortably sleep on my left side so I don’t sleep well. Everything is different since my injury. I forget the most simple things. Or as I talk I spontaneously forget what I was trying to communicate. Loose words I know the definition for etc. I wonder if it will EVER get better. Sometimes it is better then, hours later, I’m falling back in to the rabbit hole. It’s frustrating bc I live alone, no one checks on me, and I live in remote country where there isn’t even a neighbor to check on me. I guess this is my new life. Ugh.

I am 10 months post fall and I still have pain and edema where I fell on my left cheek and shoulder.. I was running at the time so had quite a forceful fall on concrete. I also have periods of sleepiness and moodiness. I feel so alone because I am no fun to be around and people have noticed.

I suffered a TBI at the end of August 2019 after falling from a height resulting in two subdural haematoma's and a subarachnoid haemorrhage in the temporal region. I was treated in hospital and now back to getting on with life. I turn 22 next month and forever worrying about the impacts this may have on me in the future or the chances of re-bleeding. Anyone experienced similar?

You are wise to be concerned for your future. Carefully keep documentation of your health records. This will help future providers follow your progress or future issues. There are cumulative effects as you age.. Depending upon location of injury and just about every other aspect of your individual circumstances. It’s ok to ask trusted love ones to pay attention to any alarming changes they may note. Bless you.

had same injuries from a fall with skull fracture. when I was 70(now77).plus you can grow whole new pathways in your brain called axons at your young age. this is not a recurring condition but don't take a bunch of blood thinners

Sorry to hear about your accident.

My son had an accident January 21 2020 em had sever brain damage the had to remove half of his skull had a lot of bleeding I the brain he last in the ICU a month an half..the doctors to me my son would need 24/7 care that he would never walk or be normal again. So they gave us some time to about his condition, if we wanted him to keep breathing with ventilator he wouldn’t be able to eat he had a trak and feeding tube on side of his stomach..so the family came to the conclusion to pull the plug, my son was a free spirit person loved to work on bikes, and help people, so we knew he wouldn’t want To live that way, not been able to be himself again, but in my mind i wonder if we did the right thing to transfer him to comfort care...he passed on February 27th 2020 I miss him so much that I still think his alive and just doing his thing in LA where he lived...I have a huge void in my heart,

Dear Josie,
I’m struggling with the same problem right now.

It breaks my heart to hear that you question whether you did the right thing. My mother suffered a traumatic brain injury on June 25. 2020 and I am often told by others not to lose my faith. Life has been hard for me since, but I always remind myself of what everybody has been telling me, “never lose faith.” So please, have faith in your decision. Because if your selfless heart, your son is no longer suffering. Open your heart and look for signs from him. I promise he is all around you, telling you to thank you for loving him enough to set him free. Keep your faith, and always keep searching for him; because he is right there by your side.