What Impact Will Moderate or Severe TBI Have on a Person's Life?

Center of Excellence for Medical Multimedia
What Impact Will Moderate or Severe TBI Have on a Person's Life?

The effects of moderate to severe TBI can be long lasting or even permanent. While recovery and rehabilitation are possible, most people with moderate to severe TBI face life challenges that will require them to adapt and adjust to a new reality.

Moderate to severe TBI can cause permanent physical or mental disability. Because polytrauma is common with moderate to severe TBI, many patients face additional disabilities as a result of other injuries. Even patients who appear to recover fully may have some long-term symptoms that never go away.

Challenges with work and completing tasks that were once routine can be much more difficult than before the injury. Some patients find that the skills and abilities that they used before the injury to meet these challenges are not as sharp as they once were.

These ongoing challenges can also affect the patient’s personal life. People who have experienced brain injuries may take longer to do cognitive or “thinking” tasks associated with memory, such as coming up with the correct change in the checkout line at the grocery store or placing an order at a restaurant. Family relationships will almost certainly change, and in some cases the patient will be totally dependent on their caregivers.

Despite the advances in early diagnosis and treatment of moderate to severe TBI, the fact remains that traumatic brain injury will be a life-changing experience for many patients. Helping the patient, family members, and caregivers to cope with these long-term consequences is an important part of TBI rehabilitation.

Motor Deficits and Disabilities

For many patients, the damage to the brain resulting from a moderate to severe TBI may lead to life-long disabilities or motor deficits. The term disability in relationship to TBI means a loss of physical or mental function caused by damage to the brain. Motor deficits refer specifically to the effect of damage on motor skills or movement.

Examples of disabilities and motor deficits caused by moderate to severe TBI include:

  • Paralysis
  • Spasticity (muscle stiffness) or uncontrolled movements
  • Problems walking, talking, or swallowing
  • Difficulty carrying or moving objects
  • Vision problems
  • Loss of fine motor skills, such as buttoning a shirt
  • Inability to recognize something based on touch
  • Difficulty thinking and remembering
  • Difficulty with social relationships

Other challenges that a patient with moderate or severe TBI may experience include:

  • Difficulty making and keeping personal and professional relationships
  • Difficulty being part of social activities
  • Difficulty taking part in recreational or leisure activities
  • The decreased ability or inability to keep a job or go to school

During the rehabilitation and transition phases of TBI treatment, members of the healthcare team will provide information to the patient and their family members about dealing with these issues. Specific tools and coping strategies will be suggested. Examples of coping strategies and tools include:

  • Writing a detailed list of steps needed to complete a task
  • Using prompts or visual aids to help remember things
  • Using assistive devices to move around, such as a walker or a wheelchair

Learning new ways to do things is a very important part of recovery.

Other Potential Effects

The long-term symptoms of TBI can be divided into several categories, including physical changes, cognitive effects, sensory effects, perceptual effects, social-emotional changes, and others. You’ll find a partial list of these symptoms and possible effects below. Keep in mind that the severity and duration of symptoms and effects will vary greatly from one patient to another, depending on the severity of the TBI.

Physical effects

  • Sleep disorders
  • Loss of stamina (easily fatigued)
  • Appetite changes
  • Difficulty swallowing
  • Physical paralysis or spasticity
  • Chronic pain
  • Loss of control of bowel and bladder functions
  • Seizures
  • Difficulty regulating body temperature
  • Hormonal changes

Cognitive effects

  • Difficulty with attention, focus, or concentration
  • Distractibility
  • Memory problems
  • Slow speed of processing
  • Confusion
  • Perseveration, which is the abnormal persistent repetition of a word, gesture, or act
  • Impulsiveness
  • Difficulty with language processing
  • Problems with executive functions, which include planning, cognitive flexibility, abstract thinking, rule acquisition (determining right from wrong), initiating appropriate actions, and inhibiting inappropriate actions

Speech and language effects

  • Aphasia (difficulty with talking or expressing ideas, understanding everyday language, and problems with reading and writing). Types of aphasia can include:
    • Receptive aphasia, which involves difficulty understanding the spoken word, or
    • Expressive aphasia, which means the patient knows what they wish to say but is unable to get the words out. In some cases, the patient is able to perceive and comprehend both spoken and written language, but is unable to repeat what they see or hear.
  • Slurred speech
  • Speaking very fast or very slow
  • Problems with reading comprehension

Sensory and perceptual effects

  • Difficulty recognizing and distinguishing between touch and pressure sensations
  • Difficulty perceiving temperature
  • Difficulty perceiving movement and positions of the arms and legs
  • Difficulty with fine discrimination (for example, distinguishing between small everyday objects, like coins)
  • Difficulty integrating and understanding information gained through the five senses (sight, smell, touch, hearing, and taste)

Effects on vision

  • Partial or total loss of vision
  • Diplopia, which is weakness of eye muscles that causes double vision
  • Blurred vision
  • Problems judging distance
  • Involuntary eye movements, called nystagmus
  • Photophobia, which is intolerance of light

Effects on hearing

  • Decrease or loss of hearing
  • Tinnitus, which is ringing in the ears
  • Increased sensitivity or intolerance to sounds

Effects on smell and taste

  • Anosmia, which is loss of or diminished sense of smell
  • Loss of or diminished sense of taste
  • Bad taste in the mouth

Social-emotional or behavioral effects

  • Dependent behaviors
  • Fluctuating emotions
  • Lack of motivation
  • Irritability
  • Aggression
  • Depression
  • Lack of inhibition
  • Denial or lack of awareness
Posted on BrainLine August 9, 2018. Reviewed March 28, 2019.

About the Author

The Center of Excellence for Medical Multimedia (CEMM) is a dynamic initiative from the Office of the Surgeon General, supplying award-winning interactive multimedia for patient education throughout the Military Health System.

Center of Excellence for Medical Multimedia. (n.d.). Moderate to Severe TBI: Long-Term Effects. Retrieved March 28, 2019, from https://tbi.cemmlibrary.org/Moderate-to-Severe-TBI/Long-Term-Effects

Comments (605)

Please remember, we are not able to give medical or legal advice. If you have medical concerns, please consult your doctor. All posted comments are the views and opinions of the poster only.

I was in a motorcycle accident one year ago. I had multiple brain bleeds, broken right temple, broke all three bones in my right ear, I had a midline shift. I was in intensive care for a month-and-a-half.

For the most part, I am normal, but I don't feel like myself. My memory isn't always the best, sometimes I have emotional issues, ringing in my ears, a light sensitivity which causes blurred vision. I have permanent brain damage on my frontal parietal and temporal lobe.

For the most part, if you look at me, you won't be able to tell, but my friends say speaking to me and watching me they can tell.

I was hit by a truck at 11 years old and had CHI in 3 spots of my skull with severe TBI.
It was a long recovery process. But I am alive today, with a husband and 3 boys.
It does effect your life tremendously. I don't have much memory of anything before I was 11. I spent years after feeling as if I was in a dream... A bad dream. Even now sometimes I feel the same way. I have chronic migraines and my body is often sore for no reason. I'm 28 now, and still have emotional breakdowns and feel like my depression becomes debilitating.
Your granddaughter will not understand the severity of this, until she is living with it everyday, and that is ok.
My advice to you, make sure family and loved ones close to her know the long term symptoms of a TBI. Chances are, you will catch the symptoms before she does. Support her emotionally, even if she makes it very difficult to do so. There are things out there to help. I take a low dose medication everyday for chronic pain and migraines that allow those things to not take over my life. THIS IS SO IMPORTANT...Find her a doctor that she can really communicate with and make sure they know all the details of her TBI. I went though years of suffering through depression because I didn't have the support I needed. That is however, nobody's fault. My family did the very best and worked with what they knew!
While it will be a long journey, she can still have the life she wants. I still graduated college and started a family. It may have took more trial and errors to do so then it would have before a TBI, but it still happened.
I will be praying for your family and am hoping for the best. ❤

Love, patience and games. My son almost died at 15 from a dirt bike accident. I played games with him, to trigger his recall abilities. Name 3 things that are red, tell me about 2 people you know, and more. Be open, listen, reassure...all the things you already know so well. Sending you good thoughts and prayers.

im now in my 50 it started with my hand shaking on movement then went on to my other hand then my legs then on to tonic seizures i take aolt of meds . but this is from an injury as child from skull fructure i got was in coma for two weeks , when i woke up i didnt know anything and ahd to re learn it all over again . even with meds i shake all the time not asking for anything just to let you know .

I hit the back of my head falling off a step in 2010. Eighteen months later I had put on a lot of weight even though I wasn't eating any more than previously. I was debilitatingly tired, especially in the afternoons, and was experiencing muscle weakness especially in my legs. I went to an endocrinologist who did a complete work up of my blood. The results showed that over the 18-month period my pituitary gland and hypothalamus had stopped functioning normally and I wasn't absorbing minerals and vitamins. The doctor put me on daily injections of insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF-1), thyroid medication, DHEA, and vitamin and mineral supplements. I stopped taking the DHEA fairly early on because of the side effects but the other medications have stabilised me. However, after a very long day, such as travelling, I am wiped out the whole of the following day. Every day at about 16:00, I have to rest for an hour or so. It's come part of my life now as has the weak muscle tone in my legs. But I'm convinced the medication is keeping me stable.

I’m almost 6 years into my recovery from a Severe TBI.
Some of my issues, 24/7 headaches, I get Botox now but it does help much, extreme fatigue, having no patience, say what I think..no filter at all, i’m not motivated, high anxiety and depression, I speak to none of my previous friends and family. I also cannot smell or taste.
The severity and locations of the injured areas, is the most determining factor of injury. The tips can help, but if you have a lot of symptoms / damage try to learn to accept them.

All of the problems you mention I still have after 15 years since my brain tumor op and is increasingly getting worse hardest part is that nobody understands because I look normal I haven't worked for 6 years life is very frustrating

i suffered an extremly severe tramatic brain injury with severe nerve damage on my whole right side and severe damage to my whole body. ive made alot of mistakes after my accident but worked my ass off re learned everything over again. nutrition reading self developement books. working out 6 days a week now sleeping disorders for almost 5 yearsi got on medicinal marijuana works amazing. i got t boned on the highway on my side if the vehichle with both vehichle speeds i took an impact of 190km on my door

I would agree with you to a point. Recovery will be different for each individual depending on how bad the survivor wants to get well and what he is willing to try. I suffered severe TBI at 15. Now at 57 I can finally realize some relief of the nagging spasticity by working out correctly.The solution was grit , an inversion table and forcing my limbs into certain yoga poses.

All my recovery is something you guys should take note of and repeat. It is SO SIMPLE

Glad your recovery is going well !

Recovery is not simple for everybody. Wish it was.

I too had a Severe TBI at 15 years old and I'm now getting close to 57.

I believe that to imply recovery from a tbi is “SO SIMPLE” is not very compassionate. I applaud your attitude as it has a great impact. However I too have a severe tbi and have tried many therapies with limited success.
I do believe we are all trying to improve and with great effort.
I am glad you recovery has gone so well. But along with sharing your successes you may consider recovery is not as simple for all of us.

I was recently diagnosed with TBI from accident where I was run over by a truck forty years ago. I really wasn't aware of any TBI symptoms until about three years ago. I now feel dizzy all the time and have difficulty with being motivated. I also experience difficulty with sleeping and have night terrors. Has any one else experienced TBI symptoms years later?

It can last a lifetime. I have insomnia, PTSD, ADHD, rapid mood swings, and have been suffering from depression and anxiety problems for years and I would have night terrors every night. It sucks tbh.. but it can get better with the proper medication and therapy.

I had a car accident in Sept 94. Traumatic closed head injury. Got to come home from rehab and live a normal life. never had trouble I couldn't work around. Maybe a little forgetful if I don't eat or off balance if I don't sleep well. then in Jan of this year, I started having really bad episodes that I found out are focal partial seizures. Now I have to under go all these tests and they are going to take my license away. I am also having night terrors but seizure meds. make me NEED sleep. It's crazy, I thought all this stuff was behind me. You should look up different types of seizures and talk to your Dr. I had always had these episodes but was told by doctors before that I was dehydrated or had a bit of anxiety.I know when I have one now, it kicks my butt for the rest of the day. I can't hardly stand or think after. Good luck to you:)

I am wondering the same thing. I had a head injury as a child and then another about 16 years ago....recently I think I slammed it again when I fell of a ladder.....since that time my emotions are so completely out of whack ….as I have been wrongly put on anti depression meds (it was menopause at a early age) and used them twice after the death of my father (2002) and my son (2005) local Drs just think I need them again. No dammit this was triggered by the last fall!!

I suffered a TBI when I was 15. I was thrown from a car. I was flown to a trauma center. Spent 5 days in a coma. I had a massive concussion and two skull fractures.

I am now 48. A few months ago I was at a nail salon. I started feeling dizzy. I asked for some water. The next thing I know there is a couple of people looking down at me. They said I passed out but my eyes remained open the entire time. They said I was like that for about 5 minutes. I left feeling very confused and upset. When I got up, I realized I had peed all over myself. This same thing happened to me a couple of years ago. I ended up going to a neurologist, had an MRI and an EEG. Everything came back normal.

I've always felt like I'm kind of odd since having my accident. I use to get horrible migranes, which actually stopped after being pregnant. I have a terrible memory and am easily frustrated. Very emotional and can easily become depressed. I forget words all of the time. I don't think that anyone truly understands. I'm so glad that I found this site. It's nice to know that I'm not alone. I'm so afraid of one day losing my mind and not remembering my children.

20/05/18 I had a fall of 30 odd metres and following an airlift to a specialist trauma hospital 80 miles away from the accident location. Doctors call my multiple injuries the blanket term of poly trauma. I had broken in multiple places: L1.L2,L3,L4 of my back; 3 ribs ; both hips; my pelvis; both thighs; completely destroyed one knee joint; the other knee was just fractured; both bones in both calves, both ankles, both feet and nine of my toes. Multiple surgeries were carried out once I arrived in hospital and was my punctured lungs were stabilised. Unfortunately I was in a coma from the moment I impacted the ground for a total of 111 days so can’t really detail each surgery because I don’t know myself. So they’ve stabilised many fractures with metal work plus one replacement knee and both hips replaced. I had external fixation on both legs plus a brace to keep my pelvis aligned. Following the bleeds on my brain increasing the pressure between my brain and skull each time I was laid flat in preparation for surgery to repair my broken vertebrae, this surgery was carried out 5 days post accident whereas everything else was done in the first 42 hours in multiple sessions by multiple surgeons.
I awoke on day 111 and wasn’t able to talk or chew food. Intensive bedside therapies then began and I was taught how to swallow again and soon after I was communicating with everyone. It took the bones in my right leg a little longer to heel compared to the left side.
Once it was confirmed as heeled the physio started ... firstly I was taught how to sit on the side of the bed then once I had the green light to weightbare I began to learn how to walk again. Firstly with the aid of Zimmer frame then eventually using two crutches which I still use 18 months on although I’m trying to get down to using just the one crutch with the eventual aim of walking unaided. The traumatic brain injury has left me without a sense of smell , random shakes in my left limbs , no use or sensation in my left foot, urinary incontinent and requiring a permanent catheter , poor vision and complete lack of balance

I have had a TBI since I was 2 years old and I am 31 now and married with 3 children. I do not know the real reason on how the TBI it happed however this is HORRIBLE!! IDK WHAT TO DO!! PLEASE HELP!! THANKS!!

I feel your pain. I can't tell you how much I relate. I need help. I'm so lost in my life at 40. I was in a car accident in 1994 and in a coma for quite sometime. The brain injury left me without myself.
your friend, Paige

yes i experience symptoms years later and here i am on this site discovering pcs for the first time. i have seen doctor after doctor in the last five years especially this last year and not one doctor has brought pcs up. i literally start out the conversation stating that in 2007 i was hit in the head and now have three titanium plates in my skull. i have always suffered with balance after the accident but i was fine until about 2012. or at least thats when the symptoms really started to show them selves. it has been a struggle like never before since then losing everything in my life. best of luck to you

I feel your pain David. Back in 2014 I had a really bad head injury of a brain concussion and right head contusion. It's not until now that I'm recovering my life experiencing low motivation and pain that arises on the right side of my head. I hope your headaches go away and life goes great for you. My experience with post injury has been so hard.

What about nutrition to help the TBI patient?

I was in a car accident at the of 12 and had one seizure right after my TBI. I was seizure meds. A few but never had any I’ve been seizure free for almost a decade and then at the of of 22 I start having terrible migraines and pressure around my metal plate and that lasted a whole week with vomiting as welll. Then a as it hit a full week with my headaches and vomiting I was starting to have seizures and was admitted to the hospital. Why would this happen if I have been fine and normal for the past 9-10 years since my accident?

I would love to see a brain scan on myself.

* When I was about 2 a kid threw a rock and hit me in the forehead -- I had to have stitches.
* When I was 4 I feel out of a tree from about 8-10 feet up and landed on my head. I thought I was going to die. My parents never took me to the doctor.
* When I was about 5-6- or 7 playing back yard base ball I was at least once hit in the face with the ball - hit in the head at least once with the bat ( no helmet ).
* When I was in 2nd grade I was walking home and got into a fight with kids and was hit smack in the face with a base ball sized rock got a bloody nose.
* When I was in 4th grade I feel out of a hay loft ( approx 12-15 feet ) landed hands and head first on concrete - broke both arms and had a concussion -- I was unconscious for at least 30 seconds to maybe 2 minutes.

I am a terrible student and do terrible on tests yet when ever I talk to people they always think I am so smart in conversation.


Yes it would. I had a bad car accident in 1997 and recently had an MRI where it showed I had damage. It answered a lot of questions about the last 21 years and the decisions I've made. It also explains my memory loss and behavioral changes. If you have damage, there will be evidence.

45 yo Severe TBI ca. 1987 from MVA. Early childhood concussions. Social isolation, depression, irritability, memory problems, difficulty with nutrition and self care, keeping up with personal and professional life, trouble keeping jobs BUT my parents always say that since I made it through college (BS Chemistry and Doctorate in Pharmacy) that I am fine. They never understand the isolation, difficulty managing tasks or situations where I’m acutely aware that people poke fun at me for being “spaced out” or easily ridiculed at work because I have to make lists and I get really OCD about proper procedures.

I had to work with tutors and cut out a lot of bonding with friends to keep up in school. My family was always very hard on me and I didn’t get any help with relearning daily tasks. I came from a middle class emotionally abusive home. It is still hard there is so much criticism, so I hung out with other families growing up who seemed to understand. Had a really sweet neighbor who tutored me in math for years after that accident. She was there for me and I am so thankful. I would help any of you if I could or any young person needing a friend. Tried to get involved with a local TBI non profit, but never heard back. Wanting to connect with others locally - maybe just start another one!

Your life stories and tips are comforting to hear. Feel so alone and it’s painful sometimes, so thank you all for your perspective.

When I had the accident they only had CAT scans. Think I deserve an MRI so I can validate the frustration and tumultuous life I’ve led so far. My family ignores that this has had a effect on me. They seem to think my depression, frustration and isolation is simply a character flaw. My brother is the worst at putting me down but it may be because he did not go through college.

Thank you all again. I have wanted to get involved in caring for those like us for years. Now that the NFL has shed more light on the long term effects, out suffering is recognized. Not that it lessens the pain, but maybe we have more of a voice.

Best wishes to All on this forum.

I was employed with Dept. Education as a TA. In 2017 I fell back striking my head at work. I was off for almost 2 years before trying to go back which I quickly realized was a pointless endeavor .... I was cranky, constantly exhausted, unable to carry out daily activities or remember simple chores, not a trace of my former self. My life has changed in so many ways ... it was difficult to find anything concrete in the rehabilitation process words like "possibly", "should be able to" but "in the event of " etc. etc . which I understood there were far too many grey eras and the complications of such misfortune, fortified with the minutest care from compensation they're inability to understand or possess compassion on the related subject became the very hallmark of confusion and self-doubt that have become my identity today .... So please for the love of God no matter how insignificant it may seem at the time never ignore any kind of head trauma and know the signs and protocol of concussion ...

I completely agree with this statement I myself suffered a severe concussion in 2017 on the job. I went saw a doctor and was pretty much in the office for five minutes and kicked out the door. Never got a head scan just some stupid motor function cognitive test he said I had a concussion was told to take a week off work and Id be better with some side effects that will go away in time.

Fast forward later I lose my job my apartment my car my family thinks I'm just some lazy bum. Nobody understands that my head is constantly feels like I have bubbles in it and I just cant remember anything that I should like what year it is or how old I am heck the ability to judge time would be nice.

Anyhow if any reads this if you suffer a tbi take it seriously or you may end up like me..

My Father had a TBI ten years ago. He recovered the best he could and it is amazing how much he has recovered. My question is that he is now in his mid 60's I have noticed that he is almost regressing back in his abilities and behaviour. Is this normal and will it continue?

What our doctor said is that people can have a TBI but as they reach 50''s or later will seem to regress because of the chemical changes of the brain after age 50. Changes happen every 8 years (less or more)

Your Father's brain sounds to be going through a chemical change of the brain.

I have had grand mal seizures since I was 10. I am 53 now. My mom told me when I came home one day from school in 7th grade that the school called and told her that they had taught me all they could and that I couldn't come back to school because I had learned all that I could. now I'm wanting to get my GED how do I go about getting that?

Congratulations Deana on your goal! I believe you can do it! Local public libraries host free GED courses, at least in my area so maybe yours does too. Or call your local High School or Community College for a lead on course locations:)

I suffered a tbi when I was 4 years old. I always had some problems and was a slow learner until about the 4th grade. In high school I catered my classes toward what I knew I could do. I was able to complete college and work. I had difficulty in some of my jobs getting along with others, but, was able to maintain employment until I hit the age of about 52, then I started having seizures. At first it seemed like I had developing Alzheimer, but, after arguing with my doctor for three years to do test on my brain to find out what was going on (she thought I needed a psychiatrist), she finally sent in for a MRI, which showed nothing. And she sent me in for an EEG, which showed that I was having Partial Seizures. I ended up switching doctor's. I am still having difficulties. After doing research I realize I am having what is called Simple Partial Seizures. They effect the frontal lobe of my brain on the left side. I never had seizures until after hitting the age of 50 and I think it is because the chemicals in the brain changes. After trial and error with my new doctor we have come to understand that any type of medication that effects the brain causes me to have seizures. I took an antidepressant for about 15 years, but, once coming off of the antidepressant my seizures became less and so did the symptoms I was having. I have some physical conditions including Ankylosing Spondylitis, Osteoarthritis, and Fibromyalgia. I cannot take any type of pain medication because the seizures start back up and the symptoms and severe headaches return. I have tried cymbolta and lyrica and I cannot take either of those medications. I cannot even take Ibuprofen. I suffer severe depression and I cannot take any kind of antidepressants either. Life is very difficult for me right now and I am at a loss for how to deal with all these issues. My doctor has tried me on quit a few medications, but, within a few weeks the severe migraines (on the front left side of my brain) return. I am at a total loss of what to do right now. I pretty much live as a recluse and avoid being around people. My moods switch at the drop of a hat, with anger outbursts fairly common. All I know is that this is not a way to live a life.

Hi there ..Sorry to hear your father is showing these symptoms. It is Extremely Scary for me to read your post, as I was looking for some kind of answers or explanation to my recent problems. You see , I am a product of the 80's and the early 80's at that , where there were no seat belts in vehicles ...or airbags ..and damn sure were no bicycle helments worn and there was BiG HuGE Billboard signs all up and down the interstates advertising The Marlboro Man as a "Hero" of some kind. By the time i was 24 yrs old i had suffered from 5 "mild" concussions (lost contentiousness) and 1 more severe brain injury . All of these were a result of a childhood "backyard" football accident (no pads ofcourse) , bicycle crash into parked car , fell off of a 15ft diving platform ...etc. with the last and most severe was in 1998 when i jumped my racing 4wheeler with no helmet and was traveling more than 60mph when i hit the ground head first. I was in a coma for a week or so, broke neck bones and back bones, collar bone , both wrists ...blahblah...blahblah etc. I made an Excellent physical recovery from that in 2 years time and actually picked up power lifting to some degree of success. But my mental improvement was just "ok" and i always have had emotional sensitivity problems such as crying and depression.. to paranoia of who was out to get me when i hear people riding past my home and coming to a stop at the stop sign. My memory is crap ! , short term and in terms of years passing with no concept of how long it actually may have been and thinking it was a year ago when it was actually 3 years passed. I could go on with my issues ....but for anyone who just meets me in passing or doesnt know me Extremely Well (my family) ...They may say im a good looking man who is very nice ,respectful and polite and would Not suspect a thing is wrong with me. Anyway ! .... the reason i am typing this reply is because ...now i am in my early 40's and recently since 1 particular party back in the summer (June 2017) i was at with my wife ...got into a verbal altercation with her cousin ..in which He initiated , I have noticed that I have completely alienated myself from people near me , My vocabulary and word recall , spelling and speech have suffered tremendously , my punctual job performance has suffered , the things i did like before this summer i nolonger like (tv shows, music, food , hobbies in my routine) and my personalty overall has completely changed to where i barely say a word anymore. I know this is all due to the accidents in my early childhood into my twenties . This 1 incident (30 seconds of cussing) at that party has triggered the lingering effects of those early accidents combined and i am now scared to death of getting older in my current state and speed of mental decline. I cant imagine what its going to be like if i live to be 60 yrs old and i pray for you and your father . I just wonder if something triggered his recent symptoms also .

Can you please let me know if you found any help or answers to your TBI? I need help. I'm going through a similar situation. I had a severe concussion at 13... now 48. I'm noticing a lot of changes in me in 1yr. My memory has never been good at all since the concussion.

I have a history of TBI. I'm 40 now and I'm going to try mHBOT. I've seen good results reported. I'm waiting to get initial scans to compare to post therapy.

I had a fall in 2006 and was in an induced coma for 10 days with front lobe injuries. While friends and family say that they do not see a difference in me, I notice that I have not been able to settle

I wanted to chime in, I had a severe TBI April 2010 and have since recovered but somethings have not. 2 main ones are the motor skills with my right side of my body - arm, hand, leg, and facial emotion is off vs. the left. The other is that I lack emotions to things. Nothing really 'affects' me anymore. I feel fine, but these are the long term lingering things. I was told I only survived due to my fitness but I'm not the same now, and truly can't be. I thought over time Id return to my old self but have lost hope there of being able to play basketball (play well) again. Is this normal or do other have this?

I had a severe head injury; I can't remember what happened to me. I was in Berlin and after feeling fine for 6 days I was then injured and woke up in the Charite Hospital where none of the nurses spoke English. Apparently I had amnesia, but I am not sure whether it was really amnesia or the ability to understand where I was and that no-one spoke English. Needless to say it took me 2 years to really feel like myself again. But I am not certain now, 9 years later, if I still have any effects. I was told by the near-psychiatrist who treated me in the brain trauma unit at the hospital I went to in my home city that my injury was worse than anything the hockey player Sid Crosby had experienced. That made me feel far worse and worried about my future.

August 24 2017 fell over backwards hit back of head.airflighted. tremendous bump came up gone in less than 5 minutes. New right then in bad trouble. Air flighted to Fort sam San Antonio texas.36 hours in icu.just now realizing have short term memory loss. Severe fatigue. Pain all over except head area. Balance problems.reading these postings realize could have been lot worse.doctors said at my age 80 percent people don't survive.i am 65.God Bless all of you the ones that survive doctors say God has further plans for us in future.hope all of you get better

thank you. very accurate. best description I've read yet .

I just want to say thank you for this information. Everything that was stated is 100% correct. Thank you for this

My TBI happened when I was 9. I fell two stories from a beach tree and my head hit a lot of branches on my way to the ground. I had a busted ear drum from a stick jammed into my ear as well as two cracks in my skull and 4 bruises on my brain. I’m in my mid 40s now and have suffered from depression and anxiety and I learn things at a slower rate . I was born prematurely and already had cognitive and visual difficulties, so it’s difficult to know what has caused things later in life. I was recently diagnosed with Gastroparesis. That causes your food not to fully empty from the stomach and creates a whole new list of issues. I have hearing loss in both ears, and constant ringing that was not present after the fall. I did make a full recovery and did not go into a coma because my dad had the job of pinching the nerve on my upper arm when my vitals would begin to slow. I developed type 2 diabetes in 06. With what I’ve read I’m wondering if these medical problems are somehow linked. I’m seeing my neurologist this week and this has given me ideas on what to ask her. I hope all of you are able to find answers, and some relief. Thank you.

I suffered a traumatic subdural hematoma by hitting my head at work 2 weeks ago. I thought I had the flu until I went to the emergency room and was admitted to ICU. My whole life was turned upside down: speech, mobility, sleep, everything was affected. I went almost 3 months no pay or income so I forced myself to go back to work. How else would I eat or take care of my family? My body said no but I had no choice. I've gotten stronger and better but I've had constant head pain in my head since day 1. The doctors can't tell me if they will ever go away. At the beginning, I was told don't think or stress it could be bad for recovery. Something I never experienced my whole life until after receiving this injury. I now know what stress is. Sorry to all that I have told get over it. You can't change it. Yes, it's hard to not have control of my feelings emotions. My boss is stressing the "you-know-what" out of me. I look normal. If you don't know me it's hard to see the pain or changes in me. I've noticed him stressing me out and putting pressure on me makes my head hurt even more.

I don't know what to do but I feel this isn't good for me. Could this stress be hurting my recovery????

I need help in every way possible. It's almost 1 year (November) and I haven't wanted to go anywhere. My social life is not and I react differently to things that normally would not bother me


Any replies or help would be appreciated. Thanks

I have similar problems after a auto accident. After reading a lot of different stories I can agree with all of them. Becoming aware has helped me and shed some light on how I choose to handle my personal problem. I have chosen to relearn what I used to take advantage of about myself and do my best to become better for my experience. It has helped my relationships in life. I have come to discover that the scientific community has little knowledge about the brain and how it reacts to trauma. They would be wise to listen and understand as best they can without banging their heads on stuff because they keep hurting us with their high and mighty attitude. Good luck folks. I've been hit in the head a lot in my life. Suppose you can say I've had a lot of practice. Everything takes practice, even healing what we are often unaware of at times. This page has helped me and I still have lots of symptoms. I constantly double check myself and my wisdom as best I can. Acceptance and a positive attitude has helped me but I still have episodes when conflicted. This is a good day for me and I feel some hope. Good luck to everyone. Healing your own brain on your own is challenging and very confusing. Drugs do not help they make matters worse. I will share more as I can remember.

I had a flu shot at work and collapsed 30 minutes later smashing the back of my head on concrete. That was 9 years ago now and I don't know how I made it through the first 4 years after that. I had anxiety, fatigue, weird sensations in my head but had to go to work. Even though I'm not 100% to this day the one thing that allowed me to 'escape' was running on a regular basis. If you are able to I would give it a try. Took me awhile but I usually do 5 km runs, three times a week.......life saver.

Have you had your teeth checked lately by a dentist? It’s a long shot, but I had to have some teeth pulled after my severe TBI since they were jammed into my jaw from the auto accident I was in. Was having severe headaches from the teeth- basically migraines.
Allergies, hormone imbalances,sinus infections, incorrect eyeglass prescription, and thyroid under activity have been some things that have also caused me to have headaches post TBI.
I read/heard somewhere that squeezing the part of your hand between your thumb and first finger (middle of webbed part)can help with headaches.
For years I took Ibuprofen when needed.
Hope you found some relief.

I know exactly what your dealing with. I was involved in a horrible car accident in March of 2017 and life has not been the same. Fogginess in the head, blurry vision, my body has never felt the same since. After Christmas I am going back to the doctors and see what else they can do. It sucks!

I also had TBI Christmas Eve 2016. I understand how hard it has been for you. I'm an electrical engineer, past international business owner and general contractor. Like you stated, it seems like the entire accident was very much made more difficult because of stress and money. I went to work in 78 days after accident, when I was in the hospital for over 50 days. All I can say is that I sincerely hope things get easier for you. Life is so short, and with everything we have, let's try with all we got to embrace it. God's speed Brother.

What may I ask helps you when you are going through all these feelings? Have you tried yoga just for yourself to find a peaceful place that you can control and relax yourself. I’m learning as much as I can about brain injuries as my best friend is suffering memory loss and trauma to his head from an accident and the more research I have done about helping cope with everything and it’s so important your support system provides you with new opportunities now don’t look at the past because this is a new you and there isn’t anything wrong with that. There is so much people don’t understand about how your feeling and I suffer from memory loss from MS and seizures- i have to set alarms for appointments on my phone every week, i have a calendar plus daily planner with appointments highlighted, i learned how to mediate to take the edge off because I’m frustrated when no one understands how I forgot about something yesterday or last month and I started painting which allows me to express myself and no one can take that from me. I can’t say I will ever understand what anyone is going thru because everyone has their own emotions and feelings but it’s ok to express how your feeling and you have to keep positive people in your life only.