Facts About Concussion and Brain Injury

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
Facts about Concussion and Brain Injury: Where To Get Help

What Is a Concussion?

A concussion is a type of traumatic brain injury—or TBI—caused by a bump, blow, or jolt to the head or by a hit to the body that causes the head and brain to move rapidly back and forth. This sudden movement can cause the brain to bounce around or twist in the skull, creating chemical changes in the brain and sometimes stretching and damaging brain cells.

Concussions Are Serious

Medical providers may describe a concussion as a “mild” brain injury because concussions are usually not life-threatening. Even so, the effects of a concussion can be serious.

Because the brain is very complex, every brain injury is different. Some symptoms may appear right away, while others may not show up for days or weeks after the concussion. Sometimes the injury makes it hard for people to recognize or to admit that they are having problems.

The signs of concussion can be subtle. Early on, problems may be missed by patients, family members, and doctors. People may look fine even though they’re acting or feeling differently.

Because all brain injuries are different, so is concussion recovery. Most people with mild injuries recover fully, but it can take time. Some symptoms can last for days, weeks, or longer.

In general, recovery is slower in older persons. Also, persons who have had a concussion in the past may find that it takes longer to recover from their current injury.

This article explains what can happen after a concussion, how to get better, and where to go for more information and help when needed.


Medical Help

People with a concussion need to be seen by a doctor. While most are seen in an emergency department or a doctor’s office, some people must stay in the hospital overnight.

Your doctor may do a scan of your brain (such as a CT scan) or other tests. Other tests, known as “neuropsychological” or “neurocognitive” tests, assess your learning and memory skills, your ability to pay attention or concentrate, and how quickly you can think and solve problems. These tests can help your doctor identify the effects of a concussion. Even if the concussion doesn’t show up on these tests, you may still have a concussion.

Your doctor will send you home with important instructions to follow. Be sure to follow all of your doctor’s instructions carefully.

If you are taking medications—prescription, over-the-counter medicines, or “natural remedies”—or if you drink alcohol or take illicit drugs, tell your doctor. Also, tell your doctor if you are taking blood thinners (anticoagulant drugs), such as Coumadin and aspirin, because they can increase the chance of complications.


Danger Signs

In rare cases, a dangerous collection of blood (hematoma) may form on the brain after a bump, blow, or jolt to the head or body that may squeeze the brain against the skull. Call 9-1-1 right away or contact your doctor or emergency department if you have one or more of the following danger signs after a bump, blow, or jolt to the head or body:

  • One pupil larger than the other.
  • Drowsiness or inability to wake up.
  • A headache that gets worse and does not go away.
  • Slurred speech, weakness, numbness, or decreased coordination.
  • Repeated vomiting or nausea, convulsions or seizures (shaking or twitching).
  • Unusual behavior, increased confusion, restlessness, or agitation.
  • Loss of consciousness (passed out/knocked out). Even a brief loss of consciousness should be taken seriously.

Danger Signs — Children, Toddlers, and Infants

Take your child to the emergency department right away if the child has received a blow or jolt to the head and:

  • Any of the signs and symptoms listed in the Danger Signs & Symptoms of a Concussion list.
  • Will not stop crying and cannot be consoled.
  • Will not nurse or eat.

Symptoms of Brain Injury

“I just don’t feel like myself.”

Persons of All Ages

Most people with a concussion have one or more of the symptoms listed below and recover fully within days, weeks or a few months. But for some people, symptoms of concussion can last even longer. Generally, if you feel that “something is not quite right,” or if you are feeling “foggy,” you should talk with your doctor.

Concussion symptoms are often grouped into four categories, including:

  • Remembering and Thinking
    • Difficulty thinking clearly
    • Feeling slowed down
    • Difficulty concentrating
    • Difficulty remembering new information
  • Physical
    • Headache
    • Nausea or vomiting (early on)
    • Balance problems
    • Dizziness
    • Fuzzy or blurry vision
    • Feeling tired, having no energy
    • Sensitivity to noise or light
  • Emotional/Mood
    • Irritability
    • Sadness
    • More emotional
    • Nervousness or anxiety
  • Sleep Disturbance
    • Sleeping more than usual
    • Sleeping less than usual
    • Trouble falling asleep

Some of these symptoms may appear right away, while others may not be noticed for days or months after the injury, or until the person starts resuming their everyday life and more demands are placed upon them. Sometimes, people do not recognize or admit that they are having problems. Others may not understand why they are having problems and what their problems really are, which can make them nervous and upset.

The signs and symptoms of a concussion can be difficult to sort out. Early on, problems may be missed by the person with the concussion, family members, or doctors. People may look fine even though they are acting or feeling differently.

Young Children

Very young children (i.e., infants, toddlers, and preschoolers) often bump and bruise their heads. This can happen as a result of motor vehicle crashes, falls, getting hit in the head with a ball or toy, or from tricycle/bike accidents. Sometimes these events can be serious and result in a concussion.

Young children can have the same symptoms of a concussion as older children, but it is harder for them to let others know how they are feeling. In addition to the symptoms mentioned on page 5, call your child’s doctor right away if your child seems to be getting worse or if you notice any of the following:

  • Crying more than usual
  • Headache that will not go away
  • Change in the way they play, perform or act at school
  • Change in nursing, eating, or sleeping patterns
  • Becoming easily upset or increased temper tantrums
  • Sad mood
  • Lack of interest in usual activities or favorite toys
  • Loss of new skills, such as toilet training
  • Loss of balance, unsteady walking
  • Poor attention

Older Adults

Because concussions are often missed or misdiagnosed among older adults, be especially alert if you know that an older adult has fallen or has a fall-related injury, such as a hip fracture. Older adults may have a higher risk of serious complications from a concussion, such as bleeding on the brain. Headaches that get worse or increased confusion are signs of this complication. If they occur, see a doctor right away. Older adults often take blood thinners; if they do, they should be seen immediately by a health care provider if they have a bump or blow to the head or body even if they do not have any of the symptoms listed above.


Getting Better

“Sometimes the best thing you can do is just rest and then try again later.”

Although most people recover fully after a concussion, how quickly they improve depends on many factors. These factors include how severe their concussion was, their age, how healthy they were before the concussion, and how they take care of themselves after the injury.

Some people who have had a concussion find that at first it is hard to do their daily activities, their job, to get along with everyone at home, or to relax. Ignoring your symptoms and trying to “tough it out” often makes symptoms worse.

Rest is very important after a concussion because it helps the brain to heal. You’ll need to be patient because healing takes time. Only when the symptoms have reduced significantly, in consultation with your doctor, should you slowly and gradually return to your daily activities, such as work or school. If your symptoms come back or you get new symptoms as you become more active, this is a sign that you are pushing yourself too hard. Stop these activities and take more time to rest and recover. As the days go by, you can expect to gradually feel better.

If you already had a medical condition at the time of your concussion (such as chronic headaches), it may take longer for you to recover from the concussion. Anxiety and depression may also make it harder to adjust to the symptoms of a concussion. While you are healing, you should be very careful to avoid doing anything that could cause a bump, blow, or jolt to the head or body. On rare occasions, receiving another concussion before the brain has healed can result in brain swelling, permanent brain damage, and even death, particularly among children and teens.

After you have recovered from your concussion, you should protect yourself from having another one. People who have had repeated concussions may have serious long-term problems, including chronic difficulty with concentration, memory, headache, and occasionally, physical skills, such as keeping one’s balance.

Tips for Healing: Adults

Here are a few tips to help you get better:

  • Get plenty of sleep at night, and rest during the day.
  • Avoid activities that are physically demanding (e.g., heavy housecleaning, weightlifting/working-out) or require a lot of concentration (e.g., balancing your checkbook). They can make your symptoms worse and slow your recovery.
  • Avoid activities, such as contact or recreational sports, that could lead to a second concussion. (It is best to avoid roller coasters or other high-speed rides that can make your symptoms worse or even cause a concussion.)
  • When your doctor says you are well enough, return to your normal activities gradually, not all at once.
  • Because your ability to react may be slower after a concussion, ask your doctor when you can safely drive a car, ride a bike, or operate heavy equipment.
  • Talk with your doctor about when you can return to work. Ask about how you can help your employer understand what has happened to you.
  • Consider talking with your employer about returning to work gradually and about changing your work activities or schedule until you recover (e.g., work half-days).
  • Take only those drugs that your doctor has approved.
  • Do not drink alcoholic beverages until your doctor says you are well enough. Alcohol and other drugs may slow your recovery and put you at risk of further injury.
  • Write down the things that may be harder than usual for you to remember.
  • If you’re easily distracted, try to do one thing at a time. For example, don’t try to watch TV while fixing dinner.
  • Consult with family members or close friends when making important decisions.
  • Do not neglect your basic needs, such as eating well and getting enough rest.
  • Avoid sustained computer use, including computer/video games early in the recovery process.
  • Some people report that flying in airplanes makes their symptoms worse shortly after a concussion.

Tips for Healing: Children

Parents and caregivers of children who have had a concussion can help them recover by taking an active role in their recovery:

  • Having the child get plenty of rest. Keep a regular sleep schedule, including no late nights and no sleepovers.
  • Making sure the child avoids high-risk/ high-speed activities such as riding a bicycle, playing sports, or climbing playground equipment, roller coasters or rides that could result in a second bump, blow, or jolt to the head or body. Children should not return to these types of activities until the doctor says they are well enough.
  • Giving the child only those drugs that are approved by the pediatrician or family physician.
  • Talking with the doctor about when the child should return to school and other activities and how the parent or caregiver can help the child deal with the challenges that the child may face. For example, your child may need to spend fewer hours at school, rest often, or require more time to take tests.
  • Sharing information about concussion with parents, siblings, teachers, counselors, babysitters, coaches, and others who interact with the child helps them understand what has happened and how to meet the child’s needs.

Where to Get Help

Help for People with Concussion

“It was the first time in my life that I couldn’t depend on myself.”

There are many people who can help you and your family as you recover from a concussion. You do not have to do it alone.

Show this article to your doctor or health care provider and talk with them about your concerns. Ask your doctor about whether you need specialized treatment and about the availability of rehabilitation programs.

Your doctor can help you find a health care provider who has special training in treating concussion. Early treatment of symptoms by a specialist may speed recovery. Your doctor may refer you to a neuropsychologist, neurologist, or specialist in rehabilitation.

Keep talking with your doctor, family members, and loved ones about how you are feeling, both physically and emotionally. If you do not think you are getting better, tell your doctor.

For more information, see the resources listed below.

Help for Families and Caregivers

“My husband used to be so calm. But after his injury, he started to explode over the littlest things. He didn’t even know that he had changed.”

When someone close to you has a concussion or a more serious brain injury, it can be hard to know how best to help. They may say that they are “fine” but you can tell from how they are acting that something has changed.

If you notice that your family member or friend has symptoms of a concussion that are getting worse, talk to them and their doctor about getting help. They may need help if you can answer YES to any of the following questions:

  • Are any of the concussion symptoms substantially affecting their life activities (such as feeling restricted in their activities due to symptoms, performance in school or at work has changed, unhappy with life changes)?
  • Has their personality changed?
  • Do they get angry for no reason?
  • Do they get lost or easily confused?
  • Do they have more trouble than usual making decisions?

You might want to talk with people who share your experience. The Brain Injury Association of America can put you in contact with people who can help (listed in the resource section below).

Resources for Getting Help

“I thought I was all alone, but I’m not. There are lots of people out there who understand what I’ve been through.”

Several groups help people and their families deal with concussion and more serious brain injuries. They provide information and put people in touch with local resources, such as support groups, rehabilitation services, and a variety of health care professionals.

  • CDC’s Injury Center has created resources and conducts research to help prevent concussion and more serious brain injuries and improve outcomes for survivors. For more information contact CDC toll-free at 1-800-CDC-INFO (1-800-232-4636) or visit CDC’s Injury Center on the Web at www.cdc.gov/TraumaticBrainInjury.
  • The Brain Injury Association of America (BIAA) has a national network of many state affiliates and hundreds of local chapters and support groups across the country that provide help in your community.

    You can reach BIAA by calling the toll-free National Brain Injury Information Center at 1-800-444-6443.

    You can also get information through their website at www.biausa.org. Both the help line and the website can provide you with information about the BIAA affiliate closest to you.

  • The Defense and Veterans Brain Injury Center (DVBIC) works to ensure that active duty military and veterans with brain injury receive the best evaluation, treatment, and follow-up. You can reach DVBIC by calling toll-free at 1-800-870-9244 or by visiting their website at www.dvbic.org.

    For more information about TBI in the military, including an interactive website for service members, veterans, and families and caregivers, please visit: www.TraumaticBrainInjuryatoz.org.

From the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. www.cdc.gov.
Disclaimer: This information is not meant to be a substitute for professional medical advice. The reader is advised to always seek the advice of a physician prior to changing any treatment or to receive answers to questions regarding a specific medical condition.

Posted on BrainLine November 17, 2017. Reviewed March 27, 2019.

Disclaimer: This information is not meant to be a substitute for professional medical advice. The reader is advised to always seek the advice of a physician prior to changing any treatment or to receive answers to questions regarding a specific medical condition.


Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (2017, July 6). Traumatic Brain Injury & Concussion. Retrieved November 17, 2017, from www.cdc.gov

Comments (423)

I am a 45 year old who decided to let my husband hold a horse for me so I could get on. She reared as I was getting on and threw me 15 feet before I landed on my head and back of neck. (Ouch) Knocked the air out of me and I did not think I would every breathe again.  I got up and walked back to the house and laid down. ( I know you are not supposed to do that).  Woke up and felt fine and then the dizziness came. I am not talking about feeling nausea. I am talking the world spinning so fast I would almost fall over. I had these for at least 9 months.  I never went to the doctor but they did finally disappear. I just concentrated on stopping the world from spinning and it got better and better every day.  I am not advising you should not go to the doctor at all! Just telling you my experience. 

Hello I am commenting on a time while I was drunk and flipped over my stair railing falling 15 ft onto my head. I was knocked out for 2 minutes and when I woke up, it was only for moments. (I think I was actually awake after I woke from unconsciousness but I was definitely out of it not remembering anything going in and out of consciousness). When I was taken to the hospital i was told I was lucky to be alive. I had fractured my skull in 3 places and had a severe concussion. I had nerve swelling that was made apparent to me 2 days after the incident.  Thought wow, the top of my forehead feels like rubber. Boom. That was it. Facial paralysis on the entire right part of my face. A few days later we found out that I tore the lining of my brain. I was leaking cerebral spinal fluid out of my ear!! I was hospitalized for 18 days and was finally able to put a stop to the spinal fluid leak. To this day, about 6 months after the incident, I have very minimal face paralysis besides in my lip. I have made almost a full recovery besides the fact that I have about 5% paralysis in my face still and my hearing has gotten significantly worse since I fell 15 ft into my head. By the way I forgot to mention I broke my collarbone and the doctor said no sling. Now I have a 100% healed collarbone In the 100% wrong spit. Haha. Thank god I'm still here!  

This article was really helpful. I got a mild concussion a week ago today. I did a face plant on our front walkway after missing a step. I got up right after the fall. Put ice one my nose. My son helped me clean up the cuts and put bandaides on. I felt alittle dizzy but okay. I dozed through the night and put on ice. My husband drove me to Redimed the next day. I was diagnosed with a mild concussion. I rested and slept for the next few days. Missed 2 days of work. My employers are supportive of me feeling better before returning to work. I returned on a day with a light schedule then it was the holidays. The article described periods of not feeling quite right: fuzzy feeling, sensitivity to sounds and lights. I have been having all of these. I was rechecked by my doctor on Tuesday. He said as the article said the symptoms would come and go. I do have a question. The article mentioned ringing I the ears. I have tinitis already. But now the ringing is louder and more constant. Should I go had it checked again? Thank you for the article it answered my questions and clarified what I am going through. Judy H.

Thank you

I hit my head very hard doing work around the house about a month ago. It left a big bump on the back of my head, but I also had a sinus infection at the time, so I attributed the initial nausea and headaches to that. However, the headaches and nausea persisted long after the sinus infection was gone, so I went to the doctor. He told me that I had a mild concussion and that simply resting and relaxing should help me get better. It has been a month now since my visit to the doctor, and I still have nausea and headaches every day. I have also felt more emotionally unstable and almost as if I have been a different person since I hit my head. I'm also in college and had a 4.0 gpa until this happened. However, after the concussion my memory and concentration are nowhere near where they were before, so my classes have obviously been a struggle since. I'm just hoping that someday I can think, feel, and live as I did before my TBI. What bothers me though is that there is no sure way to tell when of if that is going to happen, and even if I do get better, if I will ever be my normal self again. It is comforting to read these other posts though and know that I am not alone, and I wish everyone going through the same thing the best of luck.

I'm glad I found this article, and all of your stories!  Thank you for sharing.  Helps me to feel better about lingering symptoms of TBI that I am still experiencing after a serious rollover car accident I had 4 months ago.  I was having intense vertigo and nausea for about 8 weeks after and I am still having issues with dizziness and balance.  Also still having difficulty concentrating, finding words and moving much more slowly than I am used to.  Definitely did not think that I would still be having these issues months later.  I hope everyone continues to heal and rest as much as possible!  I've been taking fish oil supplements and also a mushroom called Lion's Mane, which are reported to help the brain heal after TBI.

I've been to this site twice now in the last week. 7 days ago I was unloading a box from the trunk of car and the strap I was pulling up on to get it over the trunk lip broke. I flew backwards about 51/2 feet landing on my back and hitting my head on the concrete driveway. I was taken to ER by ambulance. CT scan was done but everything was ok. I'm still dizzy, tired and have headaches. I'm 59 years old. The article and the comments have helped me alot to understand. They have since done MRI with contrast that showed bruising on brain and soon I'll be seeing a neurologist. I never thought much about bumps on the head until now. It has taken on a whole new meaning.  Pam T.

I am going through this right now, so I'm googling to find things out as my doc haven't been too much help. 5 days ago I was pushed down hit my head on concrete I think I actually don't remember, not sure if I lost consciousness but the head ache dizziness nausea constant feeling like my head and face is swollen with fluid, my partner is looking out for me but I don't feel right, I don't feel normal and I told my doc this but he just said we can do a scan but it's so expensive and in not sure if it's something really wrong or just normal concussion? I just feel groggy, tired, sad, sore all the time and can't do my normal fitness stuff or anything physical as I get a wave of off balance dizziness to the point of falling if someone or something doesn't catch me. I just don't know what to do should I wait it out? Or see the doctor again?

I fell down the stairs basically in my head Hittng the back of my head losing consciousness for a few moments. I went to the ER and was diagnosed with a concussion. It's been over a week since it happened and I have dizzy spells rolling over in my left side laying down. I don't have them hardly at all standing up. Is thus normal? I have to go back to wk tomorrow.

I had a concussion and three weeks later I hit it again and have another concussion.. I've experienced every symptom except vomiting.. My head Felt like it was doing a little better then the headaches come back strong .. I don't know if this is normal?? Almost two months of hell... Any thoughts from others who have had concussions on top of each other would be great . Thx Keri

Very cool that there is 5 years worth of comments on this board. Sad so many of us struggle. The most frustrating part is no one really knowing what to do to help you. I am 32 now and got my TBI 16 years ago. I always assumed my violent temper, short memory, and being easily confused was just who I am. But when a man in his early 30s forgets where he is driving to and has to pull over to remember or goes to the hardware store and forgets why he went there than its time we as a country wake up and recognize the severity of what is going on. I know I am not alone and that makes me happy. And I love all the medical personel taking TBIs so seriously. (To them I want to say thank you). But if we dont push our insurance to help us, or cant feel nothing but shame to talk about whats going on, or are too afriad to tell our families cause we dont want to worry them there is a problem in America. Continue to speak up people. Own your problems and fight through them. Lets all help each other find new ways to function and help our loved ones understand we are how we are but dont mean to be and we want to be loved and helped! God bless everyone

I had a concussion 3 years ago and I know it can affect spines to. My 7th grade year of football I got hurt again with a bruised muscle this is my 8tg grade year the season over but not my back y hadn't it recovered? Could it deal with my concussion 3 years ago? Can I still be affected

I've had issues since 2011. First with constant panic attacks and headaches, eyes hurting along with my neck. Now 5years later still have headaches, panic attacks and can't enjoy a cup of coffee much less a glass of wine without my head feeling like it's going to explode and my heart feeling like it's going to beat out of my chest. so frustrated with my doctor and neurologist who just shrug their shoulders and don't have answers. Just want to get back to me.

I know this article is old. But it and many of the comments really touched. me. I had traumatic brain injury as a little girl. I walked up behind my father who was kneeling of the floor building something. The hammer hit my head. Nothing was done. Back then there wasn't a lot of info on concussions. You just watched the person and kept them awake for several hours and then let them sleep an hour at a time, make sure you can wake them up and so on. In my case I don't really know what all was done. I do know I was never brought to the hospital. Fast forward several years. I'm in 2nd or 3rd grade and the school wanted to test me for learning disabilities. My father was furious. Said I wasn't trying hard enough. I would learn something, only to forget it by the time I got home and was unable to complete my homework because I didn't know how to solve the problems or complete the assignment. Fast forward to adulthood... I'm 46 and still forget everything. Names, places, the order of which things happened. It's awful. I was actually in my 30's before I was diagnosed with the brain injury I had received as a child. I saw a neuropsychologist who mapped my brain and did all these tests that took days to complete. Knowing what's wrong with me doesn't really help. I was diagnosed, but no treatment was ever offered other than the neurofeedback that was discontinued because my insurance said it was experimental. So now I'm pretty much left on my own and told to find a way to work around my difficulties without any suggestions as to how or where to look. I would not wish this on my worst enemy....

It's been a year since my concussion, is it normal to still feel soreness & tenderness in the area where I got hit. I also get these pains & burning sensation that shoots through my head that's been going for a while, but now it seems to be spreading down from my neck into my shoulders. Ive had neck pain since the injury, but never felt it in my shoulders.

I am Ally and I survived domestic violence were I was beaten almost daily for 8 months mostly toy head this was in 1988 I left him in 1989...today I suffer from awful headaches and I am tiered all the time and my moods always up and down now

I've just turned 20 and I've been concussed 3 times this year (I'm a very clumsy drunk) the latest was yesterday when I fell down the stairs and lost consciousness and ultimately had a CT scan after being taken to A&E. My head (and body) are in so much pain and I never realised just how long it could take to recover and now I'm scared I'll be unwell for months. It's also bad because I get really bad hangovers often where I vomit a lot all day, and so if I had symptoms of worse damage to my head than initially thought, ie vomiting, then I wouldn't know :/ so far I'm ok though, I used to think it was funny and 'classic clumsy me' that I'd always hit my head but now I realise it's very serious and I feel so stupid..

Hi I just happened to run across this site. Back in 2011 I fell and hit my head on concrete floor. No clue how long I was and have no memory of what happened days after.  Had no family here as I had just moved.  I know I made it to my apt.  My son who has Asperger"s  panicked and did not do anything.  Not his fault.  What sucks more is that I am a retired EMT.  I could not speak and just laid on the floor.  Really that is all I remember. I have really bad memory loss my family said my personality has changed and I forgotten how to do stupid things like how to spell and math ya fun.  I have since hit my head 2x times.  I don't have insurance.  The last time I went they took me to trauma as I could not move or speak.  I heard everything but it was like my body was in the off position.  MRI came back clear so they said I was faking it.  I didn't ask for meds so I wasn't there for that.  My memory has gotten worse and I get angry very often now.  Seeing a therapist who runs a hospital and he said that the ER was full of it that I have a TBI.  I am sure if I had insurance things would have been done. - No I am not a free loader my husband's work does not offer it.  I now have a $15k bill for being told I was faking it.  To think I am a retired medical professional makes me sick.  How many other people are treated this way?  Oh and yes this sounds good thanks to word.  People expect me to spell like poop but they forgot about spell check.  Sorry I am venting.  I cry a lot because people get upset with me because I can't answer things fast enough etc.

The hospital was full of it, and should of never told you that. T.B.I. many times will not show up on image. I was rear-ended at 55mph had death experience went to heaven it was beyond spectacular was sent back by Jesus was told I was needed and had unfinished business ! Now I can't remember any thing including my service dog's name. I see thing's dead relatives, demons, I have premonitions get angry; chased a drug addict neighbor with a axe when he broke my window to steal-- the nice cop arrested him he was on parole for aggravated rape. I kinda know how you feel. I have pettie-mal seizures especially when off the chain so I try to watch my temper. I try to remember to take my meds and pray to God and Jesus alot. God bless you! Taurine supplements ,B-12 complex, green tea helps some too.

With God all things are possible.. its a long journey but with God on our side we will heal and come back to normal . Trust in God and pray about it all the time

I am 45. About 3 years ago I hit my head in a fall and was diagnosed with a mild concussion. In about 10 days I was back to normal. 6 days ago I just hit my head on the corner of a cabinet. A "dork" move. Nothing terrible, just bump on the head and immediate headache. Only the next day felt nauseous, off balance, not myself, etc. Now I lack concentration. Working on my computer is difficult - find reading a challenge. Still not myself, with a little head pain. So maybe something that seems like a little bump on the head can lead to a mild concussion - if you've had one before. I could have had other concussions from early on as a child (I can think of 2 incidents with stitches), and a car accident where I had whiplash - but I don't remember being diagnosed with a concussion for either of these. 

My name is Paige, I am currently 13, and I have had 4 concussions, 2 when I was 2 :P, 1 when I was about 6 or 7, and another when I was 9. It has been almost 5 years since my last concussion, and it was so bad that i had a giant lump on the back of my head, and I am currently having headaches at least once a week when I have never had them before the concussion when I was 9. What happened was I was on the bus and a boy pushed me into the metal corner of the window. There were 3 nurses, and my primary pediatrician in the room with their mouths wide open cause they had never seen a lump that big on someone's head. So depending on how bad the concussion is, it can last a very, very long time. I also cant lay on the floor, or anything hard without the back of my head hurting, so please be careful, don't get a concussion, and take good care of your head and body. Bye!

I was in a car accident a year and a half ago. A van flipped into my van hitting me on the left side of my forehead, ear and face. It left a huge bump on my head, chipped a bone in my nose and caused my ear to bleed. Not to mention 17 stitches in, my arm. I had a concussion, which caused confusion, stuttering, headaches, depression, and my eyes, head and cheek, were black and blue for months. After a year, I started feeling numbing on the side of my face, ear and head. It's now increasing and I still have a bump on my head. I don't know if it's related to the head injury or not.

I fell off a slide onto concrete at age 3 i am now 27 and still have migrains and memory issues but i was never tested for a concussion or anything. I failed in school and have had some mild seizures. Cant seem to find answers

I fell and hit my head against the window sill in Apr. 2015.  ER diagnosed concussion. It did not end there, I still have dizziness, cannot stand the bright lights or loud noise, cannot concentrate for any length of time, and all the above. I feel depressed, like no-one cares about me.  I was diagnosed with PCS.  I am going to try gentle massage and acupuncture with a Physiatrist at the suggestion of my MD.  These letters made me feel I am not alone.  I am just so tired.  mrsdda

My husband suffered head injury 11/12/2003 turned into a 3rd grade concussion while in the service, could his headaches, forgetfulness and short term memory be to the concussion? He just recently submitted paper work for VA do to injuries while his was in the service will this help me a little?

i have had a concussion for over a year i have learned to not do any thing and just wait and it works but it takes time so just be patient 

I Fell face down on concrete 05/09/14. My head hit hard . It came down once and hit so hard it bounced up and came down again and hit. It happened in a back parking lot at work. It was pitch black out there. I actually felt like my brain slid inside and hit the inside of the front of my skull. I can't remember if I lost concussion or was stunned. My glasses flew off and broke but nothing got in my eyes. I don't know how long I laid like that before I knew I had to get myself up and get the other employee to help me.  I couldn't get up. My arms were to weak. I crawled to the back door and finally pulled myself up with the door handle and hollowed thru the crack in the door for help. She finally came and heard me and got me inside. She stated we had to leave and I agreed. I wasn't thinking clearly or I would have stated to get me an ambulance. She was upset because we were late punching out and the boss is mad if there is OT. I got in my car and drove myself home bleeding. My husband took one look at me and called 911. After the cat scan the doctors told my husband they were amazed that I didn't have any fractures. But the doctor told me that it will look and feel worse in a few days. My eye lids swelled shut and my face swelled and blackened.   I have been told I have Post Concussion Syndrome. My memory started to get confused after a week. What I would do is start things but don't finish. I'd make a sandwich and leave everything on the counter. I'd go off and leave the sandwich and perishables there. I'd leave my curling iron on and walk away not remember to turn it off. Forget to even flush a toilet. Yuk!  This is not my norm. I do other things too. I am still on medication for the headaches. I still tend to have projectile vomiting at times. Don't get me wrong I have gotten better but it's been so long coming. I use to brag all the time how I never got headaches when someone else had one. WOW now I know.  I have a device that helps the pain I still feel in my neck from the double whip lash. I get depressed so the Doctors agreed I needed something to help me with it. I hate taking any kind of medicine. I still have to put sticky notes up to remind me to do things.  My poor husband. I was always a neat freak but no more. I can see it in peoples faces if I forget something and ask the same question again. I told the Doctors I had a concussion years ago and was in the hospital with it and I never went thru everything like I have now.  They stated that sometimes this happens. And being older could add to it. So on some people it can take longer. I'm starting to be less confused. It's only been 13 months!!

I used to teach drivers Ed, funny enough. 22 months ago I was rear ended while sitting at a red light. Did not lose consciousness but was very shaken up. Not a lot of damage to the car, mainly because of its safety rating.  I drove home and my husband took me to the ER. Was told I had whiplash and low back damage.  Was bullied into continuing to work even though Workers Comp was involved.  Symptoms continued to get worse. Horrible migraine level headaches, dizziness, lost all feeling in my left leg, light and sounds really bothered me.  This continued. Twelve months ago, my husband and I were t boned by a car that ran a stop sign and it slammed us sideways into a utility pole.  We were transported to the hospital. I am even worse now. Headaches 24/7, have difficulty going into large stores, I always sang on worship teams but now singing and certain tones make me dizzy and send me into an attack.  Memory is awful. 

Wishing I could get rid of this feeling and get better.

Kasey how soon could you leagally drive? I had a tramatic brain injury aka (tbi)

6 days ago I was thrown out of the back of a wagon attached to our tractor, landed on the back of my head and blacked out. The pain was so bad I took pain medicine every 4 hours for 3 days. Then stopped and that horrible pain was still there. I finally went to the ER yesterday, ct-scan okay but "Traumatic Brain Concussion" was the diagnosis. I had aphasia (problems speaking), loss of balance, dropping things, running into objects and horrible head pain. Doctor mentioned admitting me, but we all know I will get more rest at home without a nurse waking me up every 2 hours at night in a hospital. I have a follow-up with my doctor Tuesday. To say "I don't feel like myself" is an understatement. I feel like someone downloaded a virus of STUPID in my brain. The doctor said weeks to months for recovery. At least I can type and undisturbed can think :) Hope all of you recover fully and the MONSTER PAIN leaves us all. Kasey

I was in a head-on collision. I have a bruise with some bleeding on the right of my brain. I have been really sleepy. I can not stay awake for nothing. All day.

Thanks, this helped. i fell off my bed from a standing position, hit my head on the corner of a table, a fan fell on my face, and to top it off i really hurt a previously injured hip, No one was home so i felt like a parody of the commercial, lol, but managed to crawl out of the mess i was in. i am scared cuz i keep having to grab walls or furniture to stop from tipping over, and my memory is just atrocious, long and short terrm, but mainly short term. this happened 4 days ago and i am a bit worried, so any imput would really be a blessing.

It could depend on how many concussions that person has had say he had two or three then a simple tap on the head would not hurt unless that person just got the injury but the person would have to have gotten like five or six concussions for a tap on the head to hurt

 If a person has had multiple undiagnosed/untreated concussions could I simple tap to the head be harmful?

these letters confirm what happens every day in my partner's life.  One must take care of their brain even more after a brain injury.  His memory is terrible.  It's something that can't be seen by us only felt by them.  I get very frustrated that he doesn't take care of himself like he should.  I don't want to deal with injury related dementia from self abuse.

I had a concussion and I was ??? about it till I read this.

Same symptoms. Gets better than terrible. Yesterday movement tests symptoms..concussion. Said can take several months with rest.nothing strenuous and no blood thinners. Doing ct tomorrow to make sure no blood clots or bleeding. Think I've had previous concussions. Fear and mood swings try to go along with this. This too shall pass. No strenuous activity!!!!! Sleep as you need it doctor said.

I lost my balance trying to get up on a 2' retaining wall to take pictures of my broken fence. It was so scary--I rolled over backwards like a cannonball, hit my tailbone first, then my head bounced back and forth on the ground. Fortunately, it was grass but with hard clay soil underneath. That was March 27. I laid on the ground, cried, and shook for about 5 minutes before getting up. I was awake through the entire fall. I didn't know about concussions at all and took ibuprofen which was a big mistake. I am alone so I had no one to watch me while I slept. I went to Urgent Care three days later. The doctor did all the usual stuff--checked blood pressure, heart rate, strength, follow moving finger w/eyes, etc., then sent me home. He asked me if I wanted a CT scan. ??? How would I know this? The following week I seemed to be better and met all my obligations at work, etc. Then I started getting worse and worse headaches. The pool helped a little. So this has been over 3 weeks and now I am still frightened. I managed to get a new primary care physician and saw her. She did the same stuff as the other doctor but told me to be vigilant for symptoms such as worsening headaches. I know exactly what everyone means here by "not feeling like myself." That's where I'm at. I don't know what to do. A few minutes ago I was going to drive myself to emergency but didn't. The pain comes in waves that brings me to my knees, then a few minutes later, it subsides a little and I think everything is going to be OK. Today the top of my head was hot again and tingling inside. What is even more of a complicated mystery is that I think the fall I had 10 years ago that injured my right side (MRI and 2 sets of X-rays at different times showed nothing), might possibly be exacerbating this recent fall. Pinched nerves from the right scapula have caused sharp, shooting pains in my head as well. On the days in-between where I have felt better, I know I have overdone it, especially with the yard. I should be resting because I pay for it like crazy the following days. I pray that everyone who has experienced a head injury heals and can get back to their normal lives. It is absolutely horrendous to suffer these.

im going on 7 weeks since my concussion and the headaches seemed to be subsiding in the last week or so but then friday i began starting to ease myself back into schoolwork and whatnot and my headaches have skyrocketed to worse than even the days after the original blow..someone please tell me why ):

Last year i actually received my first concussion when at cheerleading and being 21 it scared me to death seeing how i havnt gotten severely hurt like this before. I was rushed to the hospital due to massive amount of pain in my neck and blacking out. I got told i had a massive concussion. I was told to rest and not do anything for about 3 months. I never returned due to the fact of i didnt want to ruin my possibilities of a career. So i continued to work and about 6 months after my concussion i went to work ( i worked with disabled children) and the boy actually hit me in the head with a metal rod. My adrenaline was working so hard that i didnt realize the impact until about 10 minutes later when i starting throwing up. I went home and it only got worse i went to the ER hoping it wasnt another concussion. When i got there the doctor was asking a bunch of questions and i blacked out on him i awoke later not knowing where i was what day it was or anything. I couldnt remember anything for about a week. To this day i still have major headaches and i get random bouts of nausea and there is nothing to do but lock myself in a dark quiet room. It is horrible and it sucks. 

Are these comments even real? They all seem like horror stories...

I am an 18 year old female who has a concussion right now and trust me it is hell. I got it a few weeks ago and this happens to be my third one. I have noticed that your body responds to what you do. If one day you are out and about doing things, the next day you pay. Rest seems to be working to help with the symptoms however the dark room with no distractions is a bit unrealistic because it usually ends up with me just falling asleep and I am told that I am not supposed to sleep too much. If anyone has any ideas on things to do while you have a concussion that would help with recovery please let me know

*Rest as much as you can, little or no tv, computers, texting; *good sleep is important I found melatonin to be very useful... Wish I knew about it earlier as I has many nights when I woke up too early*walk 10-30 minutes daily to get more nutrients to your brain. - yes, walk like your brain depends on it. Don't walk too much because you will get too tired... Just 10-30 minutes*listen to music and sing to it if you can, it is very therapeutic*if headaches and memory issues persist, find a concussion center.... concussion may affect your balance, eye coordination, and other things that someone at a concussion center can quickly identify. They will help with occupation and physical therapy if you need it.* if you watch tv, close your eyes during the commercials*i find writing things down helps me remember* limit the amount of coffee you drink...* read books on people who have been through it...or join a support group... *We get only one brain... No spare parts... The journey may be long or short... Let's take it one day at a time.

I think that for me im sorta the same except I dont have pts but I cant stand being g in a public place either and I need someone to go with me to the store I feel out of place and weirded out. Paranoid at times but that was caused by severe drug use two years ago. im clean today and still fear those problems listed above although they've gotten easier the more abstinence I am . So I suggest if u r using seek alcoholics anonymous or narcotics anonymous meetings try journaling as well to see whats causing those feelings and thoughts and let me know how that works

I am pretty much in a similar situation. I cannot find quality medical help. I5+ yrs getting worse. cannot be in a crowded room or out in the public. I use to be very outgoing but now injury has progressed. Im in my own prison. also just waiting to die. cannot enjoy even a peaceful dinner at dinner table with family i have severe ptsd or neurotransmitters are badly damaged.Can any one HELP ME.

2+ years later i have detrimental chronic headaches. I no longer enjoy life as much as I used to. I never feel relaxed. Its hell. I wake up next to my life long partner, the pain in my head. Is death close? I wonder everyday.

Yes! I am 3 and half, four years later and have almost imploded my whole life. The anxiety and depression is the worse. Some things have certainly improved but now I'm kinda looking for supports around other weird lasting things.  For ex. now I choke on my own spit all the time. So weird but only since the injury. Some times I actually feel like my brain is swelling in my head. It feels like pressure and it hurts. I just wanna know what is going on now so I can be aware and manage it. 

I had an accident in early October. After about 3 months my symptoms became much worse. I have had to push hard to get any kind of help from the GP's here in Squamish. I have had to take matters into my own hands, this is so overwhelming what with the emotional impact. Have finally found some medical support and conclusive tests that at least explain what's happening to me. The mood swings are brutal, I am so emotional. I don't want to be taking depression/ anxiety medication, but I need to get through my day. Sound familiar? Are you considering medication? The cherry on the cake is the confusion and the emotional rollercoaster. I feel like I am losing my mind. I am unable to stay composed, I say things that don't make sense.

I received a concussion one year ago during a soccer game. I was treated and got better but recently I have been having bad headaches at the spot the concussion occurred. I hope it's not bad and it will go away soon.

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