What is TBI?
A Traumatic Brain Injury is caused by a bump, blow, or jolt to the head, or a penetrating head injury that disrupts the normal function of the brain. 1.7 million TBIs occur each year.
A TBI can result from
- Car wrecks
- Sports injuries
- Collisions with objects or other people
- Being shaken
- Any trauma to the head
Common Symptoms of TBI
- Feeling dazed or in fog
- Difficulty concentrating
- Slowed information processing
- Difficulty learning new information
- Difficulty with memory
- Difficulty juggling multiple tasks
- Communicating in “socially unacceptable” ways
- Difficulty with concentration and attention
- Quick to anger
- Decreased motivation
- Social withdrawal
- Does not get the “gist” of social interactions
- May comment on or react to things that seem random to others
- Changes in balance
- Changes in vision
- Changes in hearing
- Sleep disturbance
Identification of Students with TBI
- Many students with brain injury are not appropriately identified for accommodations.
- Challenges that result from a TBI are also common in students with other disabilities.
- TBI is an eligibility category under the Individuals with Disabilities Act (IDEA). Some students with TBI may need a 504 plan or special education services in order to succeed in school.
Key Questions to Ask When Identifying Students with TBI
Did the student:
- Have a history of performing at a higher level?
- Have difficulties that began after an event likely to cause a TBI?
- Lose previously learned skills?
- Become unaware of loss of skills and abilities?
- Exhibit personality changes?
- Lose social skills or abilities?
In The Classroom, Copyright 2012, supported by Oregon Department of Education (ODE) and National Institute on Disability and Rehabilitation
Research (NIDRR) grant #H133B090010, is the sole responsibility of the authors and does not necessarily represent the official views of ODE or
NIDRR. Adapted from LEARNet, a program of the Brain Injury Association of New York State, and funded by the Developmental Disabilities Planning
Council. Copyright 2006, by the Brain Injury Association of New York State. Used with permission.
For more information, go to www.cbirt.org.