Concussion/mTBI frequently co-occurs with PTSD (post-traumatic stress disorder) in this population.
Watch this short video with Dr. Michael McCrea of the ProHealth Care Neuroscience Center and Research Institute:
PTSD & mTBI: Teasing Out the Differences for Treatment
So when evaluating a patient for concussion/mTBI, consider the possibility that your patient may have PTSD, or PTSD and concussion/mTBI. If your patient has PTSD (with or without concussion/mTBI), making the diagnosis is valuable because evidence-based treatments are available.
Here is a brief overview of PTSD treatments from the Defense Centers of Excellence for Psychological Health and Traumatic Brain Injury.
The signs and symptoms of concussion/mTBI and PTSD overlap considerably, so use the following chart to learn the symptoms that can help you discriminate between concussion/mTBI and PTSD for patients who have only one or the other.
Reference: Stein MB, McCallister TW (2009). Exploring the convergence of post-traumatic stress disorder and mild traumatic brain injury. Am J Psychiatry; 166:766-776.
Regardless of the cause of the symptoms, treating the symptoms themselves is the right approach.