What Impact Will Moderate or Severe TBI Have on a Person's Life?

Center of Excellence for Medical Multimedia
What Impact Will Moderate or Severe TBI Have on a Person's Life?

The effects of moderate to severe TBI can be long lasting or even permanent. While recovery and rehabilitation are possible, most people with moderate to severe TBI face life challenges that will require them to adapt and adjust to a new reality.

Moderate to severe TBI can cause permanent physical or mental disability. Because polytrauma is common with moderate to severe TBI, many patients face additional disabilities as a result of other injuries. Even patients who appear to recover fully may have some long-term symptoms that never go away.

Challenges with work and completing tasks that were once routine can be much more difficult than before the injury. Some patients find that the skills and abilities that they used before the injury to meet these challenges are not as sharp as they once were.

These ongoing challenges can also affect the patient’s personal life. People who have experienced brain injuries may take longer to do cognitive or “thinking” tasks associated with memory, such as coming up with the correct change in the checkout line at the grocery store or placing an order at a restaurant. Family relationships will almost certainly change, and in some cases the patient will be totally dependent on their caregivers.

Despite the advances in early diagnosis and treatment of moderate to severe TBI, the fact remains that traumatic brain injury will be a life-changing experience for many patients. Helping the patient, family members, and caregivers to cope with these long-term consequences is an important part of TBI rehabilitation.

Motor Deficits and Disabilities

For many patients, the damage to the brain resulting from a moderate to severe TBI may lead to life-long disabilities or motor deficits. The term disability in relationship to TBI means a loss of physical or mental function caused by damage to the brain. Motor deficits refer specifically to the effect of damage on motor skills or movement.

Examples of disabilities and motor deficits caused by moderate to severe TBI include:

  • Paralysis
  • Spasticity (muscle stiffness) or uncontrolled movements
  • Problems walking, talking, or swallowing
  • Difficulty carrying or moving objects
  • Vision problems
  • Loss of fine motor skills, such as buttoning a shirt
  • Inability to recognize something based on touch
  • Difficulty thinking and remembering
  • Difficulty with social relationships

Other challenges that a patient with moderate or severe TBI may experience include:

  • Difficulty making and keeping personal and professional relationships
  • Difficulty being part of social activities
  • Difficulty taking part in recreational or leisure activities
  • The decreased ability or inability to keep a job or go to school

During the rehabilitation and transition phases of TBI treatment, members of the healthcare team will provide information to the patient and their family members about dealing with these issues. Specific tools and coping strategies will be suggested. Examples of coping strategies and tools include:

  • Writing a detailed list of steps needed to complete a task
  • Using prompts or visual aids to help remember things
  • Using assistive devices to move around, such as a walker or a wheelchair

Learning new ways to do things is a very important part of recovery.

Other Potential Effects

The long-term symptoms of TBI can be divided into several categories, including physical changes, cognitive effects, sensory effects, perceptual effects, social-emotional changes, and others. You’ll find a partial list of these symptoms and possible effects below. Keep in mind that the severity and duration of symptoms and effects will vary greatly from one patient to another, depending on the severity of the TBI.

Physical effects

  • Sleep disorders
  • Loss of stamina (easily fatigued)
  • Appetite changes
  • Difficulty swallowing
  • Physical paralysis or spasticity
  • Chronic pain
  • Loss of control of bowel and bladder functions
  • Seizures
  • Difficulty regulating body temperature
  • Hormonal changes

Cognitive effects

  • Difficulty with attention, focus, or concentration
  • Distractibility
  • Memory problems
  • Slow speed of processing
  • Confusion
  • Perseveration, which is the abnormal persistent repetition of a word, gesture, or act
  • Impulsiveness
  • Difficulty with language processing
  • Problems with executive functions, which include planning, cognitive flexibility, abstract thinking, rule acquisition (determining right from wrong), initiating appropriate actions, and inhibiting inappropriate actions

Speech and language effects

  • Aphasia (difficulty with talking or expressing ideas, understanding everyday language, and problems with reading and writing). Types of aphasia can include:
    • Receptive aphasia, which involves difficulty understanding the spoken word, or
    • Expressive aphasia, which means the patient knows what they wish to say but is unable to get the words out. In some cases, the patient is able to perceive and comprehend both spoken and written language, but is unable to repeat what they see or hear.
  • Slurred speech
  • Speaking very fast or very slow
  • Problems with reading comprehension

Sensory and perceptual effects

  • Difficulty recognizing and distinguishing between touch and pressure sensations
  • Difficulty perceiving temperature
  • Difficulty perceiving movement and positions of the arms and legs
  • Difficulty with fine discrimination (for example, distinguishing between small everyday objects, like coins)
  • Difficulty integrating and understanding information gained through the five senses (sight, smell, touch, hearing, and taste)

Effects on vision

  • Partial or total loss of vision
  • Diplopia, which is weakness of eye muscles that causes double vision
  • Blurred vision
  • Problems judging distance
  • Involuntary eye movements, called nystagmus
  • Photophobia, which is intolerance of light

Effects on hearing

  • Decrease or loss of hearing
  • Tinnitus, which is ringing in the ears
  • Increased sensitivity or intolerance to sounds

Effects on smell and taste

  • Anosmia, which is loss of or diminished sense of smell
  • Loss of or diminished sense of taste
  • Bad taste in the mouth

Social-emotional or behavioral effects

  • Dependent behaviors
  • Fluctuating emotions
  • Lack of motivation
  • Irritability
  • Aggression
  • Depression
  • Lack of inhibition
  • Denial or lack of awareness
Posted on BrainLine August 9, 2018. Reviewed March 28, 2019.

About the Author

The Center of Excellence for Medical Multimedia (CEMM) is a dynamic initiative from the Office of the Surgeon General, supplying award-winning interactive multimedia for patient education throughout the Military Health System.

Center of Excellence for Medical Multimedia. (n.d.). Moderate to Severe TBI: Long-Term Effects. Retrieved March 28, 2019, from https://tbi.cemmlibrary.org/Moderate-to-Severe-TBI/Long-Term-Effects

Comments (487)

Please remember, we are not able to give medical or legal advice. If you have medical concerns, please consult your doctor. All posted comments are the views and opinions of the poster only.

I was injured at work. An overhead lamp connected to the machine I was working on came loose, swung down and hit me on the left side of my head and neck knockin me to the ground. I was taken to the ER where I only got xrays for broken bones, No concussion check til about five months later. The doctors here in Sweden do not seem to know much about tbi's and have done not much for me, it is here take this pil or that pil. I also am dealing with whiplash pain and not getting much help there either. my work insurance refuses to compensate me because with no information I went back to work for five months even though I was in pain and not realizing what damage had been done to my brain, ( yet) after the five months I went back and asked for another doctor. this all happened to me in december 20015. no one seems to understand what I am going through or just don't care

I am very scared I found my boyfriend a few weeks ago, he shot himself in the head and I saved his life. He has been recovering well. They say he has no brain damage because of my quick response when I found him However there are so many things that are unknown and they don’t seem to say anything about what to expect when he comes home but about the therapist and his jaw still being wired the medical parts. It’s happened so quickly and they don’t seem take in consideration that I am fearful of what how to handle this. He is doing well yes but when I show up there he wants help with everything and I don’t know how handle it. His sight has already started to change in the one eye. He is constantly hot wants the temperature at 65 or colder, it’s always got to be dim in the room. I don’t want to push him not sure what to think at this point they just continue to say he is doing great and he will be ready to go back home soon. I don’t know where to get answers but I’m ready to pull my hair out I see my therapist 2 times a week now and it’s just me and him here!

I had a moderate TBI due to a scooter accident. I don't remember the accident or the next 4 days. While I was told I never lost Consciousness I still don't remember the first five days and over the course of the next month I had 3-4 day periods of time which I don't recall. I had vision problems for six months and my sleep pattern is all screwed up. This happened in April of 2016. I still have sleeping issues and anger outbursts which scare me. I'm a 60 yo man who was never a people person but know that is even much worse. I try not to interact with people at all. It is a sad situation for sure. Best of luck to all involved.

Did your vision get better? My husband has had a TBI from a mc accident he was intebated for 9 days. It’s 2 months later and he’s not the same and can’t see out of left eye I need advice~ scares&desperate

God bless you. I am reading this because I've had a TBI from a violent attack with an ax, survived a subdural hematoma and have a small plate in my forehead. My recovery has been amazing I guess, but five years later I have noticed it takes longer to sort my mind out after a deep sleep. My sister, a nurse, confirmed I could have bacteria/germs dormant in my brain that could become problems later on and I'm just wondering how that would present. So I feel your pain and admire you for sharing your personality changes. Again, God bless you and keep you.

I just remembered something that happened to me in the early part of 2011 I was beaten by two guys for hours they beat me only in the face and head I was bleeding from my mouth nose and ears I never lost consciousness but it went on for hours I did lose a lot of blood. They beat me with their fists and the butt of a shotgun. And now I have lost the sense of smell and I am having a lot of problems with memory walking and just falling apart I now use a wheelchair to move around because I fall all the time I cannot feel anything except my face in places I feel no pain whatsoever nothing. My doctors can’t figure out what is going on with me. I lose time and the only reason I am able to make this post is I just remembered this a few minutes ago and like most things these days I will forget about this by morning so I am posting this now.

My heart bleeds for u dude i know what your going through i watch my husband suffer the same way every day. Day by day he gets a little better so there is hope. May god bless u man

Your story is heart wrenching. I pray you can get all the help you need.

I appreciated reading about so many similar to me on this blog. I suffered a TBI as the result of a car accident in 1991. I went through comatose and years of therapy as many on here can relate. I have seizures, but they are controlled by medication. I have seen a neurologist consistently ever since 1991. Again as many on here can relate my ST memory is extremely bad. I have been able to hold a job, but will be going on disability soon (I have a good lawyer and I am prepared to endure two years of Obamacare until Medicare "kicks in"). My question is... yes I was hurt very badly, as mentioned I have memory problems, I have balance issues, seizures controlled with meds, I talk funny, but other than that I am pretty healthy. I exercise on a treadmill (I walk). I can support myself, and I can drive (I have a license, but it does require doctor approval annually). It has been almost 29 years since the car accident. Could I potentially live a long, good life through retirement? I feel healthy enough. I am nearing 50yo now, and I would appreciate hearing from anyone whom, with undoubted challenges, has still been able to live a long time.

Hey Brandon my dad had a brain injury when he was 41 dr said in his 4o years of operating he had never seen an injury that bad. With a glasco score of 3 we were advised to take him off life support and not proceed with the crainotomy. That he had 3% chance of survival 97% he would either die or be in a vegetated state. We went against medical advise and though my dad has short term memory loss and never has been able to drive again. Im happy to tell u he just celebrated his 81st birthday and is in great health so healthy that he takes absolutely no medications except a sleeping pill and walks 3 miles a day. So absolutely u can have a long life. Life is only over when god calls u home. Take care Brandon

I had a severe horse accident in 2004 - I landed on my head.  It resulted in traumatic brain injury (TBI). Not severe like coma, brain swelling and obviously death, but to the extent I still have some long term effects. Some symptoms are much better, some I may have forever.  I also had a broken neck (C-2), broke 2 vertebrae, a crushed clavicle, broken ribs, punctured lung and my shoulder blade was broke in half. Surgeon compared it to someone going through a windshield crash at 70 MPH.
My bones healed.   But, it left me with 8 years of chronic debilitating vertigo(attacks/seizures) vomiting, couldn't walk, and balance issues.  I had constant ringing in my ears, insomnia, anxiety, depression, Migraines, abnormally sensitive emotions, uncomfortable in crowds, etc. So, I have had lots of rehab for my body, for balance, every test and experimental procedure done and of course, meds.   
I was able to work from home, but I I couldn't  drive for several years due to the constant attacks/seizures. My damage was more Nuero. I just make lots of notes for things I have to remember. I still have all the above symptoms, most are just not chronic like before and I have learned to manage them.
The thing I can't control is sobbing when there is a conflict. My issue is dealing with crowds, conflict, rejection, so its mainly emotions. If someone yells at me, I fall apart. Before, I was vivacious, outgoing, tough and confident. Now, I'm weak. Friends that do not know about the TBI, think I have a crazy thread. If there is a small conflict, I'm so emotionally distraught that it takes me several days to process it, what caused it, what I did wrong, etc. Then, I always accept the blame and apologize....Over and over. This is what makes them think I'm nuts. I can compare the emotions I feel to the devastation you feel when going through a bad divorce or death of a loved one.....but it just lasts several days and not months. Prayer helps. I do have Christian friends that are very supportive, but the ones that think you are nuts....really hurts. Hence, depression. Do you tell them about your TBI or just let them think you are nuts? Anyone else have problems with being overly emotional. Thank God my overly emotional is kindness and empathy. If it was aggression and anger, that would be so much worse. So I'm thankful, it is what it is.

i was hit by 4wd in 1981 7 yrs old unconscious for around 2 months head trauma left side above ear 27 stitches skull fracture intravenous drip incerted in gutter buy old school doc due to loss of blood he saved my life other injuries to body as well. multiple concussions since. now 45 i tick most of symptons on lists . aggression concerns me most im not violent but i get angry really fast (lose my s***) for no reason i know im doing wrong but i cant stop it its not fair on my loved ones I don't understand so how can they all they see is angry pat. but really im scared s***less. thank you

I suffered with anger issues for so long, I hated being so aggresive and having violent rage attacks for the simplist nonsense. What has helped me or rather saved me is the doctor diagnosed me with PTSD and ordered me SERDEP 100mg anti depressant tablet. Im a changed person now. I can have my wife call me insulting names and things, it slides off like water off a ducks back. Never before no ,no a time bomb would go off. I would first implode and then explode. The paw-paw would hit the fan and I would spend hours in regret and remorse trying to clean it all up. A bomb can land next to me now and Im as cool as a cucumber. It is so nice not having to go through all that drama over and over and now live calm and free from anger, rage and the aftermath.

Greetings. I have a boyfriend suffering from tbi and doctors estimated him to live till November. Will it be true? Can he survive? What can I do for him?

I have tbi. The thing I need the most is patience from people closest to me. I found an excellent doctor. I am Christian and that's the key to my life. I know you & your boyfriend will need time to adjust. I pray the best for you. Take time for yourself ,

I'm not a doctor so I can't answer your question from the perspective of any medical professional. However, 5 years ago I fell 40 feet down onto a rocky beach and the first responders assumed I was undoubtedly going to be dead within a few hours; I wasn't. Then the doctors stated i'd never come out of the coma I was in; I did. Then they stated I would never be able to speak; the next day my mom handed me the phone used to call down to the cafeteria so I could convice one of the people down there to bring me 4 pieces of bacon instead of 3. They stated i'd never be able to walk let alone compete in the endurance events I had previously, in 2 years time I ran my first 50 mile ultra. The staff at RIC(located in Ilinois, it's where I was transferred after the more intensive and stabilizing rehabilition I attended in California was over) told me that I shouldn't jump back into schooling because "I was incapable of recognizing the difference betwen an A and an F" that summer I attended the local college and got an A in both the classes I was in(one of those classes only had 2 people receive A's in the course, myself and another individual).

I'm not trying to offer any false hope but I can state this: The resiliency of the human body and mind when paired with the relentless will to live is something that both shocks, inspires, and disproves members of the medical community every day all across the world.

We have a grandson that had a tbi (age 12) from getting hit and drug under a car. they did not expect him to survive. But he did and we have Madonna rehab to thank for this and a lot of prayer. I am concerned now that our grandson is playing soccer and has no helmet. As someone who has worked in a hospital for 20 plus years this literally makes me sick to my stomach. I am a firm believer in prayer-it is one of the best forms of medicine.

I suffered from a TBI in the beginning of 2006 due to a car crash that killed my friend and put me in a coma for 2 months. i'm blessed to even talk about it today,(13 years later) because the doctors at North-Western Hospital thought I would die overnight or be a vegetable. I'm here to say the devil is a lie. I'm working a great job at Costco as of now(7 years) and was working at Schwab Rehabilitation Hospital(5 years) after I completed rehab. I have a wonderful woman who accepts me for me and tries to smooth out the few flaws i may have. I have plans to make her my wife and live happy ever after a T.B.I. I'm sharing my story because maybe it will give someone else with or without a T.B.I. motivation to keep pushing in life.
Learn From Yesterday
Live For Today
Plan For Tomorrow

Thank you ! My father had a accident where he fell 20 ft and thanks to god he is still alive. They also said to us he would'nt live . He seems mentally good , but I'm worried about whether he'll fully recover or have problems living on us own . The unknown is scary ..
You gave me hope .

Hullo, My daughter who is now 34yrs old had a horrific car accident when she was 16yrs old. Skull laceration and her whole face was squashed, could not see her eyes. It was a terrifiying time as the ambulance people did not think that she would survive, her whole scalp was torn off. She also broke a vertebrae in her back. Since this accident she suffers from schyzophrenia, headaches, hallucinations etc. I did not realise that this could of been brought on by her accident. I need some advice and help as she cannot keep a job for long, cannot sustain or have any relationships and is generally struggling with everyday living. I need some help and guidance please

If I could get any ideas on where to get my loved one help it would be greatly appreciated. He is 47 and in a tailspin on his way to hurting himself or someone else or both. He was in the many and intoxicated and jumped or fell from a 3rd story balcony and broke his face and his femur. He was in a coma for at least over a month. Once he was released from hospital he was given an honorable discharge from the navy with no help or benefits from that point on. He was not mentally stable enough to realize this for at least a couple of years down the road. This all happened in 1995. He has such behavural problens steming from the tbi no one wants to give him the time of day let alone help him. I see it up close later as he realizes hiw bad his behavior becomes it makes him so depressed and antisocial. Through my own stuggles I have had a therapist and u have repeatedly asked about special counselors who may be trained to deal with this problem. So far no help. So his tbi long teem effect is whats keeping him from getting helo with his long term tbi effect. Ita getting worse by the minute. He has a warped perception of everyone and everything. Are there any places that could maybe help him out????? He has a huge heart but a lot of times he doesn't know that. Thanks to everyone for sharing their stories and struggles.

He needs to seek help from a Neuropsychologist. There are also Brain Injury Associations in each state.

Last week I was assaulted by a perfect stranger at a busy intersection. He first struck me on the temple with what I percieved to be a heavy handled walking stick. It peened me directly on the top of my left temple hard. A small indentation smaller then a quarter. Aside from the kneeing to the upper abdominal are, kicking at my knees , hit to the chin and assorted other defensive wounds I survived. I was stunned at the first hit to the head, have amnesia of the actual incident. Did not loose pass out but was still standing in the same place for 10 min without moving or being communicative. When I came to reality I was in the still in the intersection, moved off to the side feeling no pain till 8 hrs later. I did not go to ER. I did see my family Dr 3 days later as my judgement became increasingly unstable, with nausea and dizziness. He wants me to have a CT scan in two days as I am in a rural area. I am not sure about doing that as this is after the fact by a week. I am not thrilled about being radiated 500 times more then the usual xRay to my head and eye area as those scans do not detect concussion. I am 63 years old , own my own small business and this incident is financially burdening me as I cannot focus to do my job. 3 hrs is the most I can tolerate. From what I read here I need to learn to adjust to the side affects of the assault.

At age 8, I absorbed a traumatic brain injury when a football-size rock hit the top of my head. The whole incident was swept under the rug by my family. Needless to say, I have been creating my own rehab and winging it for about 48 years. Twenty-plus years of military life did wonders and was very instrumental in the direction I am now on. I am currently working on a book that details my experiences and findings. A number of TBI aspects are controversial and grossly misunderstood by societies all over. This book, projected to be a fifty-year chronicle, will be therapeutically beneficial to myself and others, God willing.

My cousin was hit by a rock in the head when she was five and subsequently needed to be operated on to remove rock fragments from her brain. Her mother was a mental patient her entire life, her step-father verbally and sometimes physically abusive. She swears she thinks her brain was injured. She has had a terrible life, the details of which I will not go into here (not in the mood to write a book). But the recurring theme I've noticed throughout her life is a total lack of common sense. Can a brain injury do this but have no other obvious effects? What do you think? She's quite intelligence otherwise. Thank you for whatever help you can give.

Grossly misunderstood! The more I learn, the more I'm realizing how interconnected all of these difficulties are that my loved one with a tbi has been having. We have been pushed in several different directions, and no providers we've worked with seems to understand the intricacies of tbi and how it impacts a person's mind/body. I'm sorry you had to experience that alone. Even after just a year of being with my partner and seeing people minimize and misunderstand his experience has been so frustrating. You must be a highly resilient individual to overcome all of this on your own. Thank God for the military and how it has helped you. I wish you all the best. I'm sure your book help many others. xx

In 2002 I suffered a TBI due to an car accident (Frontal Lobe Damage). I had to be helicopter flown to the ER. I don't even remeber the accident I just go by the accounts of the other passengers (my family members). Anyways after the accident all I remember is waking up in the hospital a few days later smh. I thought i was in a dream/nightmare so I tried to escape the hospital but my pelvis was broken so i just fell to the floor lol. Fast foward I went through rehab and all of that and recovered fine supposedly. I hadn't been to a doctor since like 2003 and it is now 2019 and i feel like shit!! I can't even work due to the headaches, social anxiety, I even fear coming outside sometimes. You're probably wondering, "well why haven't he been to a doctor?..". Its because I truly fear hospital scenarios, doctors offices and the likes. Also I have no health insurance so what am I to do? I applied for disability but due to lack of evidence they denied me of course. I havent worked since Oct 2018 and I'm feeling like I am about to give up on life. I love working I'm only 30 yrs old, but it seems impossible with the anxiety, depression, memory loss blah blah blah. May The Most High bless us all!! We are troopers SURVIVORS!!

Don't give up, keep pushing forward, I am actually dealing with my fiance that is in rehab currently and has been for the last 4 weeks, spent 3 weeks in icu due to a motorcycle accident, he is refusing therapy but the hardest part is not being able to be there with him. He has frontal lobe damage and CM thinks he may not possibly ever be able to make his own decisions, I'd like some feed back and to know what is possible.

My husband had a TBI several years ago. Now he is experiencing many problems that he has not be having. One thing I have noticed is that pain meds, certain supplements such as weight loss and bodybuilding, and energy drink really affect him adversely. It's so bad that I can stand living with him. I have tried in vain to find any studies done of this. I have had to fight with him over and over to get him to not take these things. He will be turning 70 soon. Any comments appreciated.

Debbie, I totally understand where you are coming from. We had this problem as well. Started with a 2 yr Vicodin prescription, convinced him that it was NOT helping, he's been experimenting with "natural" treatments ever since. Everything seems to make things worse, when I call for a total detox because it is unbearable, I am told that I"don't understand". I have nothing but sympathy for all those living with TBI, and I try to be supportive, but it is so hard on those of us who are living with someone who is living with TBI.

Hi im currently 27 y/o male sustained a TBI at the age of 18 june of 2010 and now years after im having memory problems severe dificulty with trying to get my life in order manage money bank account ect. I do admit im also a late bloomer in life i realize that its not to late at my age to start my life and work a job but the problem is i feel mentally limited i sound and act normal disability is saying they dont see a problem( calling me a liar pretty much) but my neuropsych said im not and i know it my memory has gone to crap my emotions are all out of whack and my ability to manage things like a normal person has gone to crap. i woke up in august of 2016 cant remember the exact day but thats when everything went all downhill for me short term memory is there its not what it use to be my long term memory seems like its messed up latley im so down about not being able to be on my own i feel as if maybe i need to be dependant on someone to help me manage my life i cant take this please someone tell me what do i do. i left out what happened sorry i had jumped off the back of a car at like 35 mph and fractured my skull my brain hit the side of my skull i ruptured a main arterie on my brain and had a subdural hematomo shifted my brain lining of my brain was swollen had little to no side effects at all after the accident thank God but now i have these issues years later? i just want an accurate diagnosis i strongly believe there is something more to this than just memory loss. my neuropsych said its complications from the brain injury i got i dont know what to do my parents aren't in good health i dont have long untill maybe they perish i have to get it together the thing is i feel so limited in my abiltys now to the point where its interfearing with my everyday life what do i do. Sorry if this is to long.

Hi! When I was 5 years old I was accidentally struck in the head with a garden hoe. I was bleeding really bad and was admitted for 3 days. I received multiple stitches and now (23) I don't feel I have had any noticeable problems maybe because I have lived with them my whole life? I do have light sensitivity and have to put all of my electronics on night shift mode as well as wearing sunglasses on a cloudy day. I think I got roughly 30 stitches but I don't know if this would be considered a moderate TBI or severe? I also ran face first into a corner of a wall and passed out resulting in 7 stitches. Thank you!!

Another motorcycle accident here
2 frontal lobe bleeders, accident 2 years ago , severe loss of consciousness. I am scared to death, short term memory gone, I was a construction superintendent, and I went back to work, n
But it got worse. Vertigo, frigging memory, stuttering.. Dr said it was a severe head injury when I say head injry. Getting EEG THIS week. Y
The headaches are worse.
Does this get worse over time, Dr says we wait for tests. What can I do to make it better.

You know I love you with ALL my heart and You will make it through this. Love you Bro!

Its ok. How old were you when this happened? I am 34 years old right now. I was 31 when this happened to me. I was on my way to work on friday january 13th when this happened? I was involved in a horrible car accident that almost killed me when some woman tried to pass 2 cars and hit me on a farm to market road. What I'm trying to get at is the good better best rule. Good better best, never let it rest until the good is better and the better becomes best. Try to remember something that happened throughout the day and write it down so you can have help remembering it. Then later try to remember it. If you cant then you have something to go back and look at that will jog your memory. Do that every day until that becomes a habit.

its been 6 years from that day, the headache and vertigo and paresthesia is always there, maintained, not intensifying or slowing down, my doc, gave me some pain relievers(paradrin forte) it helped a bit specially at bedtime.

Consider medical cannabis. I had a TBI in 2006, lamictal until 2010, and used cannabis to ween off of the lamictal.

find a neuropsychologist that accepts your insurance then get a Qeeg of the brain-3D imagery-get neurofeedback and buy a alpha stim

Rick, I was thrown thru the windshield of an 18 wheeler - head first - in 1992 when I was 25 years old. I wasn't wearing my seatbelt. I fractured T1 & T2 of my spine as well. A helicopter came out, landed in the median & rushed me to the hospital. THAT ONE EVENT, the chopper picking me up, is why I can walk, talk & LIVE today. When a head injury occurs - you have just MINUTES to get the patient to a hospital or to a physician before permanent severe damage or even death happens. I have been seeing one of the FINEST Neurologists in the world for over a decade in Atlanta, GA. I brought up the subject of severe migraines to him directly several years ago. His reply was "they will NEVER go away - and may even worsen." When I asked what I could do - he simply recommended keeping Advil on hand. I will tell you this, from someone raised on strict nutrition regimes, low sodium in your body will only contribute to migraines. As an added frustration - my anti seizure meds absorb the sodium out of my body as an unavoidable side effect of the drug. So. I take the small 10 mg Allergy Relief sinus tablets twice a day. One in morning and one in evening. They TRULY help decrease my migraines. Also, try to maintain an above average consumption of salt in your diet - unless you have other health issues that would be endangered due to increased sodium. Trust me. This regime will decrease your migraines. Has worked for me for over 10 years. Do I still get a migraine here or there? Absolutely .... but I simply try to blame my girlfriend for that. *smile* Just so you know, I have SEVERE short term memory (which will never be cured and I have learned to deal with). I am always exhausted and tired. I am your "model" TBI survivor. Better known as "The Walking Wounded" ....... In a mall or at a ballgame - no one knows I am permanently disabled .....

How long did it take you to recover to be able to live on your own. Trying to get answers to better prepare myself for what is ahead, my fiance was in a motorcycle accident July 29th and is now in rehab but still not able to make decisions or answer certain things, I'm worried he will never come back home.

My story is different, but with the same result.

motorcycle accident here, back in march 15, 2013, i got into a motorcycle accident, was a normal day to say the least, that afternoon, decided to go out with my friends on a little motocross practice, i got on my motorcycle and went a few laps, on the last lap, after going over the finish line jump, i slowed down and took off my helmet and went back to my teams area, then suddenly my bike slid, went off balance, my head hit a rock, went straight to coma 10 days, but i dont remember any of those, my friends told me about what happened and when i woke up, i dont know anything, even for the next 4 months, ive got pharesthesia on my right leg, sold my motorcycles since i cant take it anymore, lost my balance, mild vertigo 24/7, but i go to the gym sometimes and i bought a few gym equips here at home. i said that to myself too, i wont stop, keep pushing forward. been having occasional headaches, vertigo always there, there are times its a bit more stronger than usual, but amid all this, i thank GOD im still here, alive and breathing.

I had a Tbi 12 yrs ago and have had 10 years of happy healthy living with no symptoms except capacity - where I could get mentally overloaded and adjusted accordingly.
Yeseterday I had a long very emotionally exhausting day handling an old family members affairs and knew I had reached my capacity but then daughter phoned with issues I felt compelled to hear and help with. After this overload I became dizzy by the time I got into bed I had the full room spinning couldn’t lie down symptoms that I had for the first 2 years after tbi. Was able to sleep some but every time I got up I could barely walk from the spinning. Now this morning I feel brain injured again for the first time in10 years. Heavy head eyes feel slow small glitches in speech if I move my head it feels like it does after you recover from a headache very slow. I am wondering if I had a bleed in my brain again or if this is just results of a super stressful day.

I think it is a result of a super stressful day. but go see doctor get a second opinion.

I was assaulted at work nearly three years ago. My treatments are covered by worker's compensation, however, to get what I need takes months of fighting with them about whether the issue at hand has anything to do with a TBI or is even related to the assault at all.

I've had nearly constant headaches since the assault, trouble with keeping my eyes open, light sensitivity, hyperacusis, difficulty reading or concentrating and yet the Independent Medical Evals I had two weeks ago says there is nothing wrong with me.

I've had doctors telling me it is a result of head trauma sustained during the assault and since I had none of these things before the assault, I believe them.

I don't know what to do. How do I make them listen? Any of the treatments recommended for me lose their efficacy as time goes by.

My husband was injured in a work accident. He hit his head & injured his neck. I knew something was really wrong with him, the psychiatrist sent him for some cognitive testing & they found the TBI!!!! It is a battle everyday for us both!!!!! There's a clinic in New Orleans where they've been treating my husband with hyperbaric oxygen therapy. He is in the last of his treatments. I'm not saying he's cured or how long this will help, but he's calmer. His memory is so so. Short term isn't good!!! But we'll be starting a new waiting game to see how it goes!!!! Good luck to you with hugs & prayers!!!!

I had a head injury 13 years ago, a football was shot towards my head and I was 7 years old at that time, it ruptured my right optic nerve and left me blind in that eye. I had some series of treatments done at different hospitals to recover vision in that eye but to no avail. I noticed that I have problems with my memory, I can’t seem to remember some past events and of recent I have familiar triggers that makes me not remember anything after the trigger occurs. The worst trigger that I can remember was when I finished bathing, on coming out of the bathroom I forgot who I was and where I was. I later recollected who and where I was but it was really scary and I would like to know if there’s anything I can do to prevent a recurrence of this memory lapse.

Does anyone know what effects being shot with a taser can have on a person's brain??

One case study in 2012 documented a 27-year old man who had one of the two Taser darts penetrate his skull (frontal lobe) and 2 mm into the brain itself. In his case, the long-term effects (6+ months) were anxiety, strong frontal headaches during physical activity, as well as unease with the number of people who were looking at his forehead, due to the scar from the operation. There were no signs of physical damage (apart from the skull penetration), though it should be noted that tests were done with a CT scanner, not an MRI. A CT is faster (used for emergency situations like this) but not nearly as precise. It would have been nice to see follow-up MRI's or fMRI's.

Of course, like any TBI, no two cases are the same. Age, health, prior neurological conditions, where the barbs hit, and a hundred other things can all affect the outcome. Target position is also a big factor; if you get zapped, fall and hit your head, that may cause more brain damage than the shock itself (though the brain has protections to minimize/negate damage from lighter impact, such as a simple fall to the ground). As the cited case sounds like it is one of the more extreme (with regards to the brain), it seems that the risk of brain injury from being tased is probably very low.


I wish you could shed some light about living with the person with a moderate TBI. My husband exhibits EVERY one of your list of 'OTHER POTENTIAL EFFECTS' since his minor stroke and major fall last June. The only one they left out was multiple suicide attempts. Meanwhile, I AM GOING CRAZY. I get side effects from antidepressants, tranquilizers, and I don't drink and will not smoke weed. I've been seeing two counselors a week since last November, but that doesn't change the patient. I'm not a nurse. I'm exhausted, overwhelmed, angry, and frustrated. "Support" groups where I listen to everyone else tell about their horrible lives only make me more desperate. No one mentions the devastation to the family after a TBI.