The New York Times | Oct 9, 2018
As football season gets underway in high schools and youth leagues across the United States, communities are gathering in their stadiums to cheer and enjoy the sense of togetherness. But overshadowing it all is the threat of brain injury linked to taking hits during football and the angst many parents feel about deciding whether their children should participate. Parents reflect on the pressure and desire they feel to enroll their boys in tackle football, despite the risk of brain injury.
WYFF News 4 (SC) | Oct 9, 2018
Minutes after Clemson’s come-from-behind victory over Syracuse Saturday, head coach Dabo Swinney announced quarterback Trevor Lawrence was in “concussion protocol.” It’s a phrase used often around head injuries for athletes. WYFF News 4 Investigates took a closer look at Clemson University’s concussion protocol and how it compares to nearby NCAA Division I schools.
The New York Times | Oct 2, 2018
A simple rule change in Ivy League football games has led to a significant drop in concussions, a study released this week found. After the Ivy League changed its kickoff rules in 2016, adjusting the kickoff and touchback lines by just five yards, the rate of concussions per 1,000 kickoff plays fell to two from 11, according to the study, which was published Monday in the Journal of the American Medical Association.
CNN | Oct 2, 2018
A Georgia high school football player who came out of a game with an injury and then lost consciousness on the sideline has died, officials said. Dylan Thomas, a 16-year-old junior for the Pike County Pirates, came out of a game in the third quarter Friday night with what his coach Brad Webber said was a leg injury. As he spoke with athletic trainers and the team doctor, Dylan became incoherent and then passed out, Webber said. Steve Fry, a first responder and the mayor of Williamson, Georgia, said Dylan fell off the bench on the sideline. After the teen went down, he woke up, said "I can't feel my body," and then passed out again, Fry said.
Psychology Today | Oct 1, 2018
Research in neuroscience suggests impaired functioning in brain areas responsible for threat detection/response and emotion regulation account for many PTSD symptoms.
ScienceDaily | Oct 1, 2018
Clinical practice guidelines play a critical role in promoting quality care for patients with traumatic brain injury (TBI). A new set of guidelines for rehabilitation of patients with moderate to severe TBI -- incorporating insights from the rehabilitation professionals responsible for providing care from initial assessment through long-term follow-up -- has just been introduced.
ScienceDaily | Oct 1, 2018
Model system researchers have examined the factors associated with mortality among individuals aged 16 years and older who were more than one year post- traumatic brain injury (TBI). The research team, which included investigators from five regional TBI Model Systems, analyzed data from the database of the TBI Model System National Data and Statistical Center. They identified 1,163 decedents and 10,839 matched controls, and examined the following physical, cognitive and psychosocial outcomes: Functional Independence Measure (FIM), Extended Glasgow Outcome Scale, Disability Rating Scale, Participation Assessment with Recombined Tool Objective, and Satisfaction With Life Scale.
The Wall Street Journal | Sep 27, 2018
The rate of suicide among young military veterans has increased substantially despite efforts by the Department of Veterans Affairs to curb the problem, though overall veteran suicides declined slightly, according to new data to be released Wednesday. The VA’s National Suicide Data Report paints a troubling picture for vets ages 18 to 34, for some troops who served in the National Guard or reserves, as well as female veterans.
CBS Boston | Sep 21, 2018
Limiting the frequency and severity of concussions in football can be a very difficult thing to do. That is an issue that appeared to be very much on display with Patriots safety Patrick Chung on Sunday afternoon in Jacksonville. Chung suffered a concussion during the first half of Sunday’s loss to the Jaguars, but he remained in the game until halftime. He did not return to the Patriots’ sideline after the half, and the team announced it was due to a concussion. A review of the game film shows a potential major breakdown in the NFL’s in-game concussion protocol.
The New York Times | Sep 20, 2018
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention released a major new guideline on diagnosing and managing head injuries in children, the product of years of work and extensive evidence review by a large working group of specialists in fields ranging from emergency medicine and epidemiology to sports injuries to neurology and neurosurgery. The guideline, which is the first from the CDC that is specific to mild brain injury in children, advises against the long recovery period, isolated in a dark, quiet room, that has sometimes been used in treatment.
60 Minutes | Sep 17, 2018
As 60 Minutes first reported in January, CTE isn't just affecting athletes, but also showing up in our nation's heroes. Since 9/11 over 300,000 soldiers have returned home with brain injuries. Researchers fear the impact of CTE could cripple a generation of warriors. "Blast injury causes a tremendous sort of ricochet or a whiplash injury to the brain inside the skull and that's what gives rise to the same changes that we see in football players, as in military veterans," says Dr. Ann McKee.
Horizon Magazine (UK) | Sep 14, 2018
"Brain injuries are one of the most complex pathologies in the most complex organ in the body, the brain," said Dr William Stewart, consultant neuropathologist at Queen Elizabeth University Hospital in Glasgow, UK. "We have tended to think of injuries in simplistic terms." In July, Dr Stewart and colleagues from Italy announced a discovery that might explain how brain injury can lead to dementia. A single severe injury caused a brain protein called tau to go rogue, slowly spreading through the brain and corrupting other tau proteins.
Forbes | Sep 14, 2018
Steve Young is on a mission to educate NFL players and prevent brain injuries. In late September of his final NFL season, Young was tackled and never played again. Ever since then, Young says he has been tracking news about concussions and related developments in technology."At the time I retired I was kind of known for it, as one of the guys whose career ended technically as a result of a big hit," said Young. Now, this football legend has decided that he's on a mission to tackle brain injury.
Smithsonian Magazine | Sep 11, 2018
Determining if an athlete or soldier has a concussion often depends on what they tell you, but new technologies could provide a more objective approach. As the 2018 college football season gets into full swing, some college teams are keeping a new gadget on the sidelines: a pair of virtual reality goggles designed to diagnose concussions. The Pac-12 conference will actually use the VR goggles in every sport. The Eye-Sync goggles work by displaying a dot traveling in a rough circle and tracking the user’s eyes as they follow the movement of the dot. While the goggles track eye motion, the device is really measuring the brain’s ability to predict the dot’s movement, says SyncThink founder Jamshid Ghajar.
The Source | Sep 11, 2018
A person’s brainstem controls some of the body’s most important functions, including heartbeat, respiration, blood pressure and swallowing. Tumor growth in this part of the brain is therefore twice as devastating. Not only can such a growth disrupt vital functions, but operating in this area is so risky, many medical professionals refuse to consider it as an option. New, interdisciplinary research from Washington University in St. Louis has shown a way to target drug delivery to just that area of the brain using noninvasive measures, bolstered by a novel technology: focused ultrasound.
People | Sep 10, 2018
Kirstyn Hairston says her husband increasingly struggled with CTE-related symptoms weeks before his death. While Jason hasn’t been officially diagnosed with CTE — a determination can only come after a brain is examined following death — Kirstyn says the evidence is there. While she remains a fan of the NFL, Kirstyn says she is now compelled to raise awareness about the dangers of the game. She is calling on the league to do more to help current and former players, from offering better health care to investing in CTE research.
Military.com | Sep 10, 2018
Is it better to treat post-traumatic stress by consciously processing traumatic events or by prolonged exposure to memory of the trauma? Both methods have proven effective over time; but now the Department of Veterans Affairs is studying how they compare to each other in hopes of fine-tuning the therapy delivery system.
Yahoo! Sports | Sep 6, 2018
Lawyers for the National Hockey League have engaged in settlement negotiations with attorneys for former players who allege the league lied to them about the dangers of repeated head trauma and concussions. Details of the talks are unclear, but one lawyer representing former NHL players confirmed that there have been settlement talks with the league.
CNN | Sep 5, 2018
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention has issued guidelines for the first time on treating children with concussions, saying they will provide doctors with the "tools they need to ensure the best outcomes for their young patients" with mild traumatic brain injury. The CDC said its guidelines were based on the "most comprehensive review of the science" over the past 25 years related concussions, which doctors and researchers refer to as mild traumatic brain injury, or mTBI.
Stanford Medicine News Center | Sep 5, 2018
Stanford pediatric emergency medicine physician Angela Lumba-Brown, MD, explains what families should know about new CDC guidelines on the management of children’s brain injuries.
The Washington Post | Sep 5, 2018
Bladensburg became the third high school in the Washington area to suspend its varsity football program for the 2018 season. The Prince George’s County Public Schools System made the decision Friday morning based on information from the school’s coaching staff. Earl Hawkins, director of interscholastic athletics at PGCPS, said the decision was made based on lack of participation and safety concerns. Team practices included roughly 31 players — not an ideal total but enough for some schools — but many of the players lack experience.
Technician | Sep 5, 2018
Watching NFL has become a questionable affair, but some of the guilt in doing so is eased knowing that the average NFL player is taking home around $2.1 million a year. College players, on the other hand, are simply given a shoddy, “free” education and lofty hopes of making it to the NFL. All this at the expense of the damage football ensues on them for what could be the rest of their lives.
NBC News | Sep 4, 2018
The NFL acknowledges that there is a link between CTE and playing football. So do researchers. But some steadfast skeptics are still trying to muddy the science and raise questions about the connection, with a fresh wave of doubt cast this summer weeks before the season's kickoff.The NFL acknowledges that there is a link between CTE and playing football. So do researchers. But some steadfast skeptics are still trying to muddy the science and raise questions about the connection, with a fresh wave of doubt cast this summer weeks before the season's kickoff.
Forbes | Sep 4, 2018
Seattle-based startup VICIS worked with Artefact to try to design a new football helmet that combined form, function, and safety. The ZERO1 football helmet made the Time's list of 25 Best Inventions of 2017 and earned the top spot in the NFL's and NFL Player Association 2017 and 2018 helmet laboratory performance testing. How much will this new design affect concussion and brain injury risk? Unclear.
U.S. News & World Report | Sep 4, 2018
A veteran who sustained a traumatic brain injury while deployed talks to U.S. News about how Boulder County Jail is helping him cope and recover.
Missoula Current (MT) | Sep 4, 2018
Because of budget cuts to the Montana Department of Public Health and Human Services earlier this year, many organizations and programs related to brain injury have struggled to provide services or have closed their doors. The Brain Injury Alliance of Montana lost about $100,000 in funding for its Brain Injury Help Line, the alliance’s largest program. The help line provides one-on-one guidance for traumatic brain injury patients and directs them to resources, therapy groups, rehabilitation facilities and literature. “Right now in the state of Montana, there are no outpatient TBI treatment facilities and that is a huge, huge deal,” said executive director John Bigart III.
The Dallas Morning News | Sep 4, 2018
The doctor diagnosed a mild concussion and prescribed rest. My plan was to do nothing. No screens, limited conversation. I thought if I did this, I’d get better. But the symptoms only grew worse. The concussion would rob me of my sense of self, my ability to continue my graduate work, and, seemingly, my sanity. It took me four years to recover.
11 Alive News (GA) | Sep 4, 2018
As Gwinnett Medical Center's Concussion Institute marks its fifth anniversary on Sunday, patient volume is up 211 percent since year one. The center's director, Kristin Crea, said more people understand the importance of seeking medical treatment for concussions rather than just "“"shaking them off"”" and pushing through the symptoms. "When the Concussion Institute opened, we focused on treating athletic injuries," Crea said. "But now we are seeing as many, if not more, patients with concussions from vehicle accidents, slips and falls, and work-related injuries. Concussions can happen anytime, anywhere, to anyone."
Albany Herald | Aug 29, 2018
Researchers at the University of Georgia’s Regenerative Bioscience Center have succeeded in reproducing the effects of traumatic brain injury and stimulating recovery in neuron cells grown in a petri dish. This makes them the first known scientific team in the country to do so using stem cell-derived neurons. The procedure, detailed in a new paper in Nature Scientific Reports, has significant implications for the study and treatment of such injuries.
Military.com | Aug 29, 2018
Brady Jandreau is a Lakota Sioux cowboy who agreed to star in director Chloe Zhao's film "The Rider" shortly after he suffered a traumatic brain injury in a rodeo accident. He plays Brady Blackburn, a rider recovering from a similar injury and the movie follows both his and his character's efforts to put their lives back together.
USA Today | Aug 29, 2018
As another football season begins, it inevitably leads to questions and fears about head trauma and its long-term damage. How many hits are too many? What can parents do to protect their children or players do to protect themselves? Are athletes in certain sports more susceptible? Most important, which athletes will develop CTE – or Parkinson’s or ALS (amyotrophic lateral sclerosis) – and why? The answers will come from brains such as the one McKee dissected this month, when USA TODAY Sports toured the brain bank.
U.S. News & World Report | Aug 27, 2018
A Denver-based study exposes the strong connection between traumatic brain injury and incarceration. Results from the project, which works with 18 Colorado facilities, reveal that of more than 3,400 Colorado inmates or probationers screened through the initiative from 2012 to March 2018, 53 percent had a history of a serious traumatic brain injury. In the general population, this number is only 8 percent.
ABC News | Aug 27, 2018
New numbers show a decline in participation in high school football across the country, and a dimmer future even in the state where the Friday night lights burn brightest. While high schoolers playing organized sports climbed to almost 8 million in the past school year, those joining football squads continued to steadily decline, according to data released today by the National Federation of State High School Associations. Football participation peaked in American high schools in the 2009-2010 school year at 1.1 million players. That was less than two years after stories first emerged about the tragic toll of concussions in the sport.
The Mercury News | Aug 27, 2018
A research project launches this fall that will use VR goggles to help diagnose and monitor concussions in football players (and other athletes) from five schools. Within three years, everyone will be involved.'
The Mercury News | Aug 27, 2018
'Is football safer? Will the sport withstand the scrutiny, and devastating effects, of concussions and CTE? Chris Nowinski, founder of the Concussion Legacy Foundation, joined the Pac-12 Hotline for a discussion of the game's future.
The New York Times | Aug 17, 2018
In the opioid epidemic, outcomes like Andrew Foote’s are a largely unseen casualty. An overdose of heroin and fentanyl four years ago left Andrew with severe brain damage. “People think that if you overdose on drugs, you either die or you’re O.K.,” his mother, Linda Foote, told me. “But that’s not true.” For Andrew’s parents, the fear that their son will die has now been replaced by a new set of realities and unanswerable questions: Is this a good life? Is he happy? What will happen to him when they grow old?
Sports Illustrated | Aug 16, 2018
“A lot of people think that rest takes cares of these problems, but that’s actually not the case,” says Dr. Micky Collins, director of the University of Pittsburgh’s sports medicine concussion program. “We actually need active and targeted treatments.” A concussion can present symptoms falling into six categories—cognitive/fatigue, vestibular, ocular, post-traumatic migraine, cervical and anxiety/mood—and each symptom has its own unique treatment to be most effectively managed.
The Washington Post | Aug 15, 2018
Research published Tuesday in the Journal of the American Medical Association suggests that at least a fraction of the blame could be placed on traumatic brain injuries. Researchers found that of the nearly 7.5 million people who make up the population of Denmark, more than 34,500 deaths between 1980 and 2014 were by suicide. Approximately 10 percent of those who took their own lives had also suffered a medically documented traumatic brain injury.
The New York Times | Aug 13, 2018
Yankees play-by-play broadcaster, Michael Kay, called out a pair of injured players on his radio show earlier this week: Jacoby Ellsbury (hip) and Clint Frazier (concussion). Kay said his comments about Frazier and Ellsbury’s slow return from injury were facetious, but Frazier was not pleased. Frazier tweeted "Facetious or not, I don’t appreciate what you said today. I’m doing everything I can to get healthy so I can play symptom-free... so steer clear of publicly calling me out for not when we haven’t even had one convo about my concussion this year. #ShameOnYouBro"
The Wasington Post | Aug 13, 2018
About 2.5 million teens, or 15 percent of U.S. high school students, say they sustained a concussion during a recent 12-month period while participating in sports or physical activity, according to a report from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. About 1 million of those teen athletes reported two or more concussions in that year.
The Conversation | Aug 13, 2018
Humans have big brains and our frontal lobes, just behind the forehead, are particularly huge. Injuries to this part of the brain often happen after blows to the head or a stroke. Paradoxically, some people with frontal lobe injuries can seem unaffected – until they’ve been carefully evaluated.
Inverse | Aug 13, 2018
In a set of four papers published August 7 in the Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation, a team of researchers at the University of Buffalo found that a small sample of 21 retired professional contact-sport athletes did not show any signs of early-onset dementia. This finding runs counter to the public perception brought on over the last few years by various teams of researchers examining the brains and cognitive functions of professional athletes in high-risk sports. But it’s not a final answer, just one more dimension of the picture.
The Augusta Chronicle | Aug 13, 2018
Former University of Georgia players and their families discuss their experiences and fears dealing with multiple concussions in their athletic careers. "I can’t lie, we’re all scared. We’re concerned because we don’t know what the future holds. When I’m at home and I do something, if I forget something I have to stop to think, ‘Is this because I’m getting older or I’m just not using my brain, or is this an effect of playing football?’ I don’t know that," says former Georgia running back Terrell Davis.
Northwest News Network | Aug 13, 2018
Between 2014 and 2017, Washington’s Medicaid program sent 16 brain injured patients to Oklahoma. In each case, the patient flew by air ambulance at a cost of $230,000 per flight. But there was one problem. The state didn’t have any plan to get them back. In fact, once the patients got to Brookhaven they fell between the cracks of two state agencies.
Fansided | Aug 6, 2018
Recently, more and more players are joining the fight in hockey. However, these fights aren’t against other players, but rather, against the NHL itself. Daniel Carcillo is one of many players who are now suing the NHL for withholding information about traumatic brain injuries. Daniel claims that the NHL didn’t give players enough information relating to the long-term effects of repeated blows to the head or concussions in general. In this multi-article piece, journalist Sam Boland detail's Carcillo’s background and experience in the NHL, the NHL’s stance on concussions and more.
The New York Times | Aug 4, 2018
Almost four years after the N.F.L. agreed to pay hundreds of millions of dollars to ex-players who said the league had concealed the dangers of concussions from them, the first payouts — some worth as much as $5 million — have been approved. But the registration process will end on Monday, closing the window during which players can potentially receive cash awards.
Daily Mail (UK) | Aug 3, 2018
A landmark study published in the journal Brain from the Mario Negri Institute for Pharmacological Research of Milan and the University of Glasgow provides the first evidence that just a single traumatic brain injury can generate an abnormal form of dementia associated protein tau that can slowly spread through the brain, resulting in memory deficits and neuronal damage.
Fortune | Aug 3, 2018
Steve Cohen's clinic network has thrust him into the fight over privatizing the VA and led some to question his motives. The Cohen Network and Cohen’s own spokesman insist they’re not trying to privatize the VA and their only goal is helping veterans. “No single private person in this country has ever donated more money to save veterans’ lives and treat their mental health needs than Steve Cohen has,” Cohen’s spokesman, Mark Herr, said. The organization blames others for the problems in Los Angeles, New York, and Washington. The story of the Cohen Network illustrates what could lie in store for veterans as Trump pursues his campaign pledge to place their care in the hands of the private sector.
USA Today | Aug 3, 2018
After suffering a traumatic brain injury in high school, Kevin Saum, confronts safety issues in athletics in a popular podcast. The podcast discusses big hits, penalties, and whether rule or equipment changes can make the game safer. Now up to 133 episodes Heads 'N Tales is about to celebrate its third anniversary. "I knew he was a fighter. I knew he'd do something big. I didn't expect him to sit back," said Vanorski, who coached Saum from sixth through eighth grades.
The Good Men Project | Aug 2, 2018
How do you decide if your son should (or should not) play tackle football? Perspectives from these two highly involved parents might help. We talked with Anthony and Cassandra McReynolds of Boise, Idaho. Cassandra and Anthony are the parents of three boys. Anthony also coaches their competitive baseball, AAU basketball and flag football teams.
ABC News | Jul 31, 2018
Heading -- deflecting a ball with the head in soccer -- is a way to send a teammate the ball, and a way to score. But does this sports practice lead to more brain injury in women than in men? It seems so, according to a study published Tuesday in the journal Radiology. A research team led by Dr. Michael Lipton, professor of radiology at Albert Einstein College of Medicine and Montefiore Medical Center, looked at whether or not heading had similar effects on men and women’s brains.
The Washington Post | Jul 31, 2018
Duping one of the nation’s most common concussion screening tests is nearly five times easier than previously measured, according to a new study conducted by researchers at Butler University. The researchers found that half of test takers who “sandbagged,” or purposefully underperformed, on the Immediate Post-concussion Assessment and Cognitive Test, known as ImPACT, went undetected. That means those test takers were able to fool the exam, and thus might have returned to physical activity sooner than medically appropriate.
Newsweek | Jul 31, 2018
Seattle Seahawks linebacker Joshua Perry has been forced to retire from football aged 24 due to concussion issues. The former Ohio State student revealed on Twitter that he had sustained the sixth concussion of his career, which had generated “huge concern” for his well-being. “I’ve recently sustained my sixth documented concussion,” he wrote. “It wasn’t from a high velocity, big contact play. It was a very pedestrian thing, and that was a huge concern to me. The last thing I want to do is put the health of my brain and my future wellbeing in jeopardy over a game and a paycheck.”
Psychology Today | Jul 30, 2018
Did you know that it may be quite common for athletes to have symptoms of PTSD after a concussion? Fear triggers a host of changes in the body within seconds that can linger after the danger is past. In a small study of athletes who had suffered a concussion and filled out questionnaires within 13 days, nearly 13 percent reported "flashbacks" and 8 percent nightmares. Close to 18 percent checked off "Having trouble keeping thoughts of the incident out of your head."
Reuters | Jul 30, 2018
The NFL has approved more than $500 million in concussion-claims settlements, according to a report filed Monday. Claims administrators released a report on the concussion settlement that showed those funds had been released in less than two years, according to the Associated Press. The NFL’s reports previously had estimated the payouts would be just a bit more than $400 million in the first 10 years.
KFYR News (ND) | Jul 27, 2018
The North Dakota legislature's interim health committee is looking at a draft bill that would change the definition of a brain injury. According to state law, damage caused by a stroke or aneurysm is not considered a brain injury, which can limit the medical or financial aid that patients receive. Changing the language could include such situations.
NPR | Jul 27, 2018
Daniel, a Marine Corps veteran, used to fire a rocket launcher called the shoulder-launched multipurpose assault weapon. Two decades later, he still experiences dizzy spells and disorientation. But the Department of Veterans Affairs doesn't have a category for vets like him, who may have sustained traumatic brain injuries from training rather than combat.
NPR | Jul 26, 2018
The military is trying to figure out whether troops can sustain brain injuries from firing certain powerful weapons. Two Marines who used to shoot these weapons think they already know. "It's exhilarating," says Daniel, a former gunner in the Marine Corps who asked that we not use his last name. "When you feel a concussive wave, it's an awesome thing. It fills you with awe." It also may do bad things to your brain.
The New York Times | Jul 25, 2018
Limited by federal law, the veterans' health system can't study the benefits of cannabis or prescribe it to patients. Nearly a million veterans may be using it anyway without medical guidance on which product might help with which ailment, how much to use, or how marijuana might interact with other medications. Ordinarily, their first stop for advice like that would be the Department of Veterans Affairs health system but the department has largely said no to medical marijuana, citing federal law. It won’t recommend cannabis products for patients, and for the most part, it has declined even to study their potential benefits.
The New York Times | Jul 25, 2018
The NFL ultimately decided to settle its concussion lawsuit. The NHL is taking another path. “The NFL’s litigation strategy was informed less by the law than by the public relations and existential threat that concussions posed uniquely to their sport,” said Jodi Balsam, who teaches at Brooklyn Law School and worked at the NFL. In contrast, the NHL strategy has been largely to ignore negative publicity, or at least not to seem outwardly rattled by it, and unapologetically attempt to use the law to its advantage.
Task & Purpose | Jul 25, 2018
I began to wonder if one of the most damaging things that PTSD can do is prevent us from our ability to cope with these past traumas. Any trauma that might have reasonably occurred outside of military service, could invalidate any existing or future diagnosis. If people were in treatment, which most were not, it meant that only one trauma was being addressed. It would be like working on a broke down car but insisting that the only thing that needed to be fixed were the wheels.
NPR | Jul 24, 2018
Doctors are closer to a test in live brains that could help diagnose chronic traumatic encephalopathy, a disease that's been linked to concussions and other repeated brain assaults. The Journal of Alzheimer's Disease published a study Tuesday that helps broaden the understanding of who is potentially affected by CTE to include military personnel. And, perhaps more significantly, the study represents a step forward in developing a test for the disease in the living.
TODAY | Jul 24, 2018
Neurologists say that victims of physical abuse can be left with severe brain injuries that are rarely diagnosed or treated. Now, staff at the Phoenix-based Barrow Neurological Institute, a top brain injury clinic, have made it their mission to help victims and bring needed attention to this national health problem.
Genetic Engineering & Biotechnology News | Jul 24, 2018
Investigators from the David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA have identified a brain lipid molecule (LPA) that was significantly increased after TBI. The researchers also found that LPA was elevated in areas associated with cell death and axonal injury, both major hallmarks of moderate and severe TBI. These findings strengthen the evidence that LPA could be used as a biomarker of TBI through blood testing, potentially providing a prognostic indicator of injury and outcome.
LiveScience | Jul 24, 2018
A new blood test approved by the FDA to detect brain injuries might reduce the number of potentially unnecessary brain scans, according to a new study published July 24 in the journal The Lancet Neurology. The researchers argue that the blood test could reduce the number of unnecessary CT scans performed on patients suspected of having a TBI. However, several experts aren't convinced the new test would be a significant boon to patients.
HealthDay News | Jul 24, 2018
Traumatic brain injury can be a permanently disabling experience, but new research shows that obesity compounds the health problems survivors face. Achieving and maintaining a healthy diet and engaging in regular physical activity following a traumatic brain injury (TBI) are critical goals for recovery," said lead researcher Laura Dreer, from the University of Alabama at Birmingham, and her colleagues.
The New York Times | Jul 23, 2018
Veterans share their stories of struggling with moral injury and how they came to understand their symptoms. "I was in a combat infantry unit in Vietnam from 1969 to 1970. After returning home, I experienced the usual PTSD symptoms: nightmares, flashbacks, hypervigilance, the need to self-medicate and an exaggerated startle reflex," says one veteran. "Years later, I read Jonathan Shay’s book 'Achilles in Vietnam and immediately understood the concept of moral injury."
Chicago Tribune | Jul 18, 2018
The damaging effects of a concussion are well-known, and recent research finds the injuries are common among U.S. high school students. In a representative survey of nearly 15,000 kids in grades 9-12, just over 15% said they had suffered at least one concussion over the prior year. What's more, 6% of respondents "reported two or more concussions" over the past 12 months, and 2% said they'd experienced four or more of the head injuries.
Forbes | Jul 18, 2018
Per order of a federal judge, a special investigator will not be appointed to the NFL’s $1 billion Concussion Settlement program to crack down on supposedly fraudulent claims. According to the July 18 ruling from U.S. District Court for the Eastern District of Pennsylvania Judge Anita B. Brody, though “sufficient evidence of probable fraud to warrant serious concern” was found, the order denied the NFL’s request to have a third-party investigator examine the claims submission process and says the current system in place to disregard dubious claims is working properly. This came after the NFL alleged this past spring that an administrator determined that 23 percent of the claims submitted to the program were fraudulent.
Boston Herald | Jul 2, 2018
The brains of the late state auditor and former boxer Joe DeNucci and the late National Hockey League player Jeff Parker have been found to have chronic traumatic encephalopathy — providing further evidence that football players aren’t the only ones who get the progressive brain disease.The CTE Center at Boston University School of Medicine is leading much of the research into the mysteries surrounding CTE, working toward the ultimate goal of being able to diagnose the disease in living patients.
First Coast News (ABC) | Jul 2, 2018
They say if it isn't broken, don't fix it. But what happens when something is broken, but no one can see it? That is the dilemma of a concussion. "It's an invisible injury, we call [it]," said Dr. Nata Salvatori with the Brooks Center for Sports Therapy. Salvatori says concussions are heavily underdiagnosed, especially in female athletes. She attributes part of that to the difficulty in spotting it. "You're going to have a negative MRI, you're going to have a negative CT scan," Salvatori said, "so there's nothing objective to show."
Task & Purpose | Jul 2, 2018
The bright lights and booming sounds of fireworks on the Fourth of July can be tough for veterans suffering from post-traumatic stress disorder. The loud noises and bright lights of fireworks can trigger some bad memories for military veterans. “I’ve had dreams at night and then I wake up and realize it’s only fireworks,” said Atwater’s Frank Paredes, who is a 98-year old World War II Veteran.
USA Today | Jun 29, 2018
Football killed Tyler Hilinski. Officially, the Washington State quarterback’s cause of death was suicide. But that seems to be a matter of semantics after Tuesday’s news that Hilinski had the early stages of chronic traumatic encephalopathy (CTE). Hilinski’s death defies reason. He spent most of his career as a quarterback, a position not as prone to violent hits as, say, linebacker or lineman. Yet Hilinski, who had always been so good-natured and even-keeled, showed signs of depression last fall.
The Washington Post | Jun 29, 2018
Extensive portions of video depositions related to a concussion lawsuit brought against the National Hockey League by about 150 former players became public this month. The video depositions make for infuriating viewing. “You’ve seen all the research and the data,” said NHL Commissioner Gary Bettman. “There’s no medical or scientific certainty that concussions lead to CTE.”
The New York Times | Jun 27, 2018
While the severity of a collision does not necessarily translate to the severity of a concussion — or whether one takes place at all — M.L.B. put its concussion protocol in place in 2011 to avoid recurrences of situations like the ones that cut short the career of the former Mets outfielder Ryan Church.
Revisionist History Podcast | Jun 27, 2018
Malcolm gave a talk at the University of Pennsylvania on the subject of proof. How much evidence do we need of the harmfulness of some behavior, before we act? The lecture was about the long-ago fight over miner’s asthma — and about the unexpected death of a Penn student named Owen Thomas. Revisionist History returns to the question at the heart of the talk, with a visit to Owen Thomas’s family.
TODAY | Jun 26, 2018
Tyler Hilinski was a promising college football quarterback at Washington State University who died by suicide earlier this year at the age of 21. Now his parents, Mark and Kym, are speaking out about mental health and Chronic Traumatic Encephalopathy (CTE) in a new Sports Illustrated documentary. “It was a shock to … find out that he had it, and to realize that the sport that he loved may have contributed to that diagnosis,” the mother tells TODAY’s Hoda Kotb.
The New York Times | Jun 14, 2018
Against the backdrop of the global war on terror, moral injury has become a growing area of study within the psychology community, but whether it should be defined as an official disorder is still a contentious debate. It is not listed in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders and is often conflated with post-traumatic stress disorder and traumatic brain injury, two health issues that are closely associated with the post-Sept. 11 veteran experience.
Quartz | Jun 12, 2018
Just a year after the NFL settled for $1 billion with the families of players who suffered brain damage, and after the college athletes’ league reached a settlement to provide free biannual medical screening for athletes, the NCAA will tackle the matter again publicly in a Texas civil court. But this time, the NCAA officials will have to testify in front of a jury. The trial, which begins today (June 11), will be the first time NCAA representatives will have to answer questions in court about brain injury, revealing just what they knew about CTE and the risks of playing football, how long they knew it, and whether they hid information about those dangers from college athletes.
KTTS | Jun 12, 2018
One of the challenges in the criminal justice system is helping people not become repeat offenders when they're released from prison. We hear all the time about the need to treat mental illness among inmates. But new research suggests something new to consider when it comes to the brain -- an actual brain injury. Identifying inmates with brain damage can give them an entirely new chance of turning their lives around.
NPR | Jun 11, 2018
American diplomats in Guangzhou, China are reporting strange symptoms that the State Department says are similar to what would follow a concussion or minor traumatic brain injury. NPR's Mary Louise Kelly speaks to New York Times Steven Lee Myers about his reporting on the story.
WTOP | Jun 8, 2018
For the last five years, Ken Falke has helped thousands of combat veterans overcome the stress, anxiety and trauma of war at his 37-acre Bluemont, Virginia retreat, Boulder Crest. Now, he wants to help others find the same peace — namely the 43.8 million Americans who struggle with mental health issues each year. Falke and his team of therapists and wellness experts, many of whom are veterans themselves, don’t treat their guests with traditional PTSD methods and medication. At Boulder Crest, it’s all about an alternative approach called post-traumatic growth (PTG). Simply put, PTG is learning how to find strength in trauma and then growing from that experience.
ABC News | Jun 7, 2018
A new study, published in the Journal of Neurosurgery, followed 35 NCAA football athletes through the course of the 2016 football season and used simple blood tests to try to detect brain damage resulting from subconcussive impacts, which don't usually cause symptoms. The researchers developed an easy-to-use diagnostic test and looked at the blood samples of the 35 athletes in the study, specifically looking for two biomarkers –- tau proteins and neurofilament light polypeptide, called NF-L -- which can become elevated in the blood after even mild brain injury.
Chicago Tribune | May 29, 2018
Losing your sense of smell isn’t something that’s obvious right away, like going blind or deaf. A smell is something we notice if it’s there. The absence of a smell is harder to discern. The side effects of concussions are well documented: headache, amnesia, vomiting, loss of consciousness. Research is growing around chronic traumatic encephalopathy, a degenerative brain disease that affects football players and others who suffered repeated blows to the head. But I didn’t know a concussion can destroy your sense of smell.
WebMD | May 29, 2018
Although millions of Americans suffer concussions each year, many aren't given information about traumatic brain injury or follow-up care, a new study finds. "The lack of follow-up after a concussion is concerning because these patients can suffer adverse and debilitating effects for a very long time," said study lead author Seth Seabury. "Even patients who reported experiencing significant post-concussive symptoms often failed to see a provider. This reflects a lack of awareness, among patients and providers, that their symptoms may be connected to their brain injury," Seabury added.
Everyday Health | May 29, 2018
On May 23, 2018, more than 150 men and women gathered in an auditorium at the Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai in New York City, to discuss a topic that is usually reserved for football players — chronic traumatic encephalopathy (CTE). But this time the focus was on if and how it affects the female brain.
Portland Tribune | May 29, 2018
Oregon lawyer David Kracke explains the background to Oregon's landmark concussion legislation. Max's Law governs a coach's responsibility when a player is concussed, or when a concussion is suspected. Max's Law has essentially set out guidelines that a coach must follow in the event that he or she suspects a player has received a blow to the head or body and then exhibits signs or symptoms consistent with a concussion. Once that threshold is met, certain requirements kick in.
Sports Illustrated | May 24, 2018
For Dr. Ann McKee and her colleagues, the hockey players are the next frontier in brain trauma research. She cannot divulge specific findings until the data is finalized and published, but she estimates that between 60% and 70% of hockey players whose brains have been donated to the BU bank, a relatively small group compared to their football brethren, were discovered to have CTE.
ESPN | May 20, 2018
NASCAR is implementing the use of the King-Devick test to screen for concussions when drivers are brought to the infield medical center. The test, developed in association with the Mayo Clinic, typically takes only a few minutes and consists of reading numbers listed in a row with various spacing between them. The topic of concussion testing for drivers was heightened when IndyCar announced earlier this week that it had started using the I-Portal Portable Assessment System.
Neurology Advisor | May 18, 2018
A study published in the American Journal of Emergency Medicine demonstrates that misdiagnosis of concussion in adults is somewhat common in the emergency department, despite patients presenting with known concussion signs and symptoms. Approximately 16% of head injuries that met the World Health Organization's concussion criteria did not result in a concussion diagnosis.
NPR | May 18, 2018
For the first time, the U.S. military is speaking publicly about what it's doing to address potential health risks to troops who operate certain powerful shoulder-mounted weapons. These bazooka-like weapons produce forceful explosions just inches from the operator's head. Though several scientific reports over the past year have noted the possible risk, until now military officials have been reluctant to speak publicly about whether repeated exposure to these blasts might result in injury to a shooter's brain. Tracie Lattimore, who directs the Army's traumatic brain injury program, agreed to an interview with NPR to talk about steps the military is taking.
BBC Future | May 16, 2018
Concussion is a common brain injury. But what actually happens to the brain when we are concussed? As part of the Body of Evidence series, BBC Future explores what happens in the brain after a bang on the head.
Los Angeles Times | May 14, 2018
A new study shows that mild TBIs can have serious consequences for military veterans by raising their risk of dementia. Researchers who examined the medical records of more than 350,000 Americans who served during the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan found that men and women who experienced at least one mild TBI were more than twice as likely as their uninjured peers to develop dementia after they retired from the military.
The New York Times | May 7, 2018
To the family of the former N.H.L. player Jeff Parker, the posthumous diagnosis of C.T.E., or chronic traumatic encephalopathy, was the predictable conclusion. All those hits to the head, including that final one that knocked him out of the game altogether, and all those subsequent years of struggle? In the final, difficult years before Parker’s death last September at age 53, the family figured that it must be C.T.E. “It just makes me sad,” John Parker, Jeff’s younger brother, said through tears. “It doesn’t bring him back. It just makes you feel sad, that he was living with this, and it’s a thing. It’s a real thing.”
ABC News (MN) | May 7, 2018
All totaled, Kyle suffered at least 10 severe concussions from grade school into high school and missed most of ninth grade because of recurring headaches. In college, Kyle's pain, depression and anxiety had become overwhelming. In 2015, he committed suicide in his dorm room at the age of 20. In a suicide note, he wrote that the concussions "altered" his life. An examination of Kyle's brain tissue revealed he had the early stages of Chronic Traumatic Encephalopathy, or CTE.
ABC News (TX) | May 7, 2018
George Andrie was part of the legendary Cowboys Doomsday Defense, a 5-time pro-bowler and Super Bowl Champion. Andrie has also been diagnosed with dementia by 4 different doctors who believe it's related to the head blows he received while playing in the NFL. But these days the once powerful defensive end sits quietly at home, rarely leaving the house and unable to care for himself. “They said not only does your father not qualify for this level of dementia. He doesn't qualify for any neurocognitive damage whatsoever."
NBC News San Diego | May 3, 2018
The U.S. National Institutes of Health acknowledges CBD contains neuroprotectant and anti-inflammatory properties. In the case of a concussion, the brain swells or inflames. Theories suggest CBD could trigger repair mechanisms in the brain to counteract swelling. But sports leagues don’t want to touch CBD because of its source. That’s where a San Diego-based biotech company, Renew Biopharma, may have found a solution.
Boston University | May 3, 2018
Playing American football before age 12 leads to symptoms of cognitive, behavioral and mood disorders an average of 13 years earlier than other players, a Boston University study released Monday showed. The study by researchers at the Boston University School of Medicine and released on the school's website examined brain injuries, including chronic traumatic encephalopathy (CTE), in 246 deceased American football players, 211 of whom were diagnosed with CTE after death.
Quartz | May 3, 2018
The most worrying part of Brady’s response, when asked if he was "concerned" about the risk of CTE, is the enthusiasm he showed to "arm" others with questionable information. When one of the league’s most high-profile players spouts dubious claims about CTE prevention, it draws attention away from meaningful discussions about how the game could or should be changed to protect its athletes.
Investigate West | May 2, 2018
Over the past six months, reporters working on a series about high school sports concussions in Oregon have made 235 requests for records — or rather, the same request 235 times. Oregon has one state law to govern how local jurisdictions handle public records. But the responses to this same request are wide and varied across the state.