Vocie of America | Apr 9, 2019
Venom from a dangerous spider could give stroke patients a better chance of survival, according to researchers at the University of Queensland. A bite from the Fraser Island funnel-web spider can kill a person in 15 minutes, but its venom could be used to develop a drug to prevent brain damage. Scientists say the toxins can shut off a pathway in the brain that triggers the widespread death of cells after a stroke. Clinical trials are some way off, but the team says that experiments with rodents have been successful.
Dallas News | Apr 8, 2019
"ConTex2," a data-collection program created in 2016 by the UIL and UT Southwestern Medical Center to track suspected concussions, is approaching a critical point, leaving more questions than answers about the future of the study. Some members of the UIL medical advisory committee voiced those questions during an update from UT Southwestern researchers at Sunday's biannual meeting. The project's researchers, led by Dr. Hunt Batjer, the chair of the department of neurological surgery at UT Southwestern, reported that 28 percent of UIL schools were enrolled in ConTex2, but only seven percent of schools had actually participated. In short: there wasn't enough data to make accurate interpretations.
Linn County Leader (MO) | Apr 8, 2019
Armed with more than $5.1 million in federal funds, researchers at Missouri University of Science and Technology and Phelps Health are helping the U.S. Army tackle the persistent problem of traumatic brain injury (TBI) among soldiers and recruits. Funded by the U.S. Army Research Laboratory through the Leonard Wood Institute (LWI), the Army’s research arm at the nearby Fort Leonard Wood post, Missouri S&T scientists and engineers will take a variety of approaches to address the issue. They hope their efforts will help the Army detect TBIs sooner and more accurately, prevent TBIs during basic training, and help the military better understand the causes of brain trauma. Their research could lead to new TBI detection tools for use on the battlefield or in training.
KATU News (OR) | Apr 5, 2019
Researchers are studying the link between mental health and concussions. Doctors from across Oregon say studies are showing traumatic brain injuries (TBIs) do have an impact on mental health, but more research is necessary to figure out if there's any correlation between concussions and suicide. "I think it’s really important for everybody to realize that mental health issues are a very important aspect of concussions, particularly those that take a lot longer to recover," Dr. Jim Chesnutt, the medical director of the OHSU Concussion Program, said.
Vox | Apr 4, 2019
The science is clearer than ever: Exposure data shows children as young as 9 are getting hit in the head more than 500 times in one season of youth tackle football. That should not feel normal to us. Our society is committed to protecting children — that's why we ban smoking, remove children from homes with lead paint, and force parents to put their children in car seats. We should also protect children from unnecessary brain damage in youth sports.
The Spokesman-Review | Apr 4, 2019
Some people will shake off a mild concussion. They'll take it lightly or even ignore it. But research being done among military patients, with a lead researcher from the University of Washington, is showing that those mild brain injuries can have a lasting effect on mental health. A long-term study of brain injuries among military service members, along with advances in imaging technology, has helped researchers connect more dots between brain injury and mental health.
Stanford Medicine | Apr 4, 2019
Concussion researchers have long suggested that damage to the corpus callosum, a thick bundle of nerves that connects the brain's two halves, could result in some common side effects of concussion, like dizziness or vision problems. The assumption is straightforward — that damage to the corpus callosum could affect coordination between the two halves — but difficult to prove. Although still not proof, Stanford researchers have gathered evidence to support the idea by combining data from sensors worn by athletes, simulations of brain movement based on those measurements and brain images of people with and without concussions.
KBIA | Apr 4, 2019
On this edition of Let's Talk About It, from the ongoing series Making a Difference, we meet Anthony Charles Norris. While Norris was in Helmand Province Afghanistan on foot patrol with U.S. Marines, an Improvised Explosive Device, an IED blast, sent shrapnel into Norris' body, and concussive waves into his brain. "Memory loss, irritability, anger, depression, anxiety, insomnia, and the list continues. And so being in combat with a brain injury, I didn't know I had a brain injury", said Norris. "The deficiencies did not really kick in till I got home."
KSTP News | Apr 3, 2019
Former Minnesota Duluth men's hockey player Andrew Carroll was found to have Stage I CTE, according to a report released by Boston University on Monday. The neurodegenerative brain disease was found after Carroll took his own life in early 2018, according to family members.
HealthDay | Apr 3, 2019
A dementia study has led researchers to a brain region that processes spoken, not written, words. Northwestern University researchers worked with four patients who had a rare type of dementia called primary progressive aphasia (PPA), which destroys language. Although able to hear and speak, they could not understand what was said out loud. Through their tests with these patients, the researchers were able to identify an area in the left brain that appears specialized to process spoken words.
City (UK) | Apr 3, 2019
University of London researchers and people with aphasia have created the MakeWrite app to support users in producing creative writing, including poetry. Drawing on the themes of constrained creativity and ‘Blackout Poetry', MakeWrite enables users to choose a piece of text, redact or erase some of the text, arrange the remaining words, and then share the text with friends or via social media. The app is currently available for free download at the Apple Store.
Glamour | Apr 3, 2019
You never really imagine seeing your name and the words death, coma, and paralysis on the same page until you do—until you get a letter from your neurosurgeon that says all of those things alongside the words brain aneurysm. My first thought was that I had to give my aneurysm a name, a personality, some flare to make her exciting. I call her Annie. You may think this is an odd reaction to finding out you are a 23-year-old with a brain aneurysm.
TMC News | Apr 3, 2019
In an essay published last week in The New Yorker, actor Emilia Clarke—who stars in the HBO television series Game of Thrones—revealed that she has survived two brain aneurysms. "Just when all my childhood dreams seemed to have come true, I nearly lost my mind and then my life. I've never told this story publicly, but now it's time," she wrote. The first ruptured in 2011, just after she finished filming the pilot season of her soon-to-be hit show.
The Daily Bruin | Apr 2, 2019
UCLA researchers discovered that a gene could suppress stroke recovery and traumatic brain injury recovery. Stanley Carmichael, the chair of the neurology department, and Alcino Silva, a psychology professor, found that blocking the function of the CCR5 gene leads to better cognitive and motor skill recovery after a stroke or traumatic brain injury. “We have recognized for a long time that the process for recovery for stroke looks a lot like the process of forming new memories,” Carmichael said. Silva said CCR5 acts as a suppressor during the formation of new memories to stop the brain from remembering every detail.
The Daily Evergreen | Apr 2, 2019
A bill in the Washington State Legislature would raise awareness about the connection between domestic violence and a person’s increased risk of a TBI. SB 5573 would require health services and law enforcement to recognize probable TBIs in abuse victims. It also would educate people about TBIs through informational handouts. The handouts would include an explanation of the potential for domestic abuse to lead to a brain injury, a self-screening tool used for evaluating TBI symptoms and resources for people with a TBI, according to the Senate bill report.
The Union Times | Apr 2, 2019
It all started with a question: Should you be driving after a concussion? To find the answer, John Lucas, MD, began to study the driving reaction times of those who suffered a concussion. “We have intensive protocols for when student-athletes should return to play, or return to the classroom, but nothing for driving,” said Dr. Lucas, head of the Spartanburg Regional Healthcare System’s Sports Medicine Institute. “They leave the office, get behind the wheel of a car, and drive home.” Dr. Lucas partnered with Clemson University’s International Center for Automotive Research (CU-ICAR) in 2016 to study teens who had recently suffered from a concussion using a driving simulator. The simulator judged their reaction times when it came to hitting the brakes in different driving scenarios.
Yahoo! Sports | Apr 2, 2019
There were grave concerns for Fabian Schar as both sets of players rushed over to the motionless Switzerland defender during last month's Euro 2020 qualifier. Schar was knocked unconscious after clashing heads with Georgia's Jemal Tabidze – opponent Jano Ananidze using his fingers to prevent the Newcastle United star's tongue from obstructing his breathing. Napoli goalkeeper David Ospina also suffered a serious head injury and received on-field treatment during a Serie A match against Udinese. There was also the incident involving Anthony Lopes during Lyon's Champions League clash against Barcelona – the keeper injured as he dived at the feet of Philippe Coutinho. In all three scenarios, the player was cleared to return to the field by team doctors after a three-minute assessment as per FIFA and UEFA protocol – not before Ospina collapsed unconscious during the game and Lopes left Camp Nou clearly struggling – with Schar playing on, much to the dismay of brain injury charity Headway.
Image (UK) | Apr 1, 2019
Brain injuries can cause extensive physical impairment but the lesser known ‘hidden’ disabilities associated with Acquired Brain Injury can be harder to observe."For a year my husband was effectively a stranger to me." Amy and her husband were together for almost 16 years when he suffered a stroke while on holiday in France. Luckily he survived, but his subsequent brain injury had a profound impact on his personality. "My normally kind and patient husband became withdrawn, short-tempered and obsessive. Of course, I was so relieved he was still with us, but I couldn’t really recognise the person I fell in love with anymore."
U.S. News & World Report | Apr 1, 2019
It's a beautiful thing when we can bring together the world's most foremost sports medicine specialists and researchers to talk about and review the research on a particular topic. Such was the case in 2017 when we gathered for a head injury summit in New York. And now, The British Journal of Sports Medicine has released a 10-plus page article of the consensus findings of that important meeting. It's a fantastic read for us clinicians – our hard work, hours of research and clinical outcomes all distilled down to digestible stats and summaries. But I believe this is essential material for public consumption, as well. At each play level, from youth to high school, collegiate to professional, head injuries and concussions are an issue. But how these injuries manifest is worth a look.
Portland Tribune | Apr 1, 2019
Former Parkrose High School football star Jonathan Boland, whose concussion history and tailspin into crime were profiled in the "Rattled" concussion series, is suing the Parkrose School District, alleging that the district committed child abuse and negligence by failing to protect him under Oregon's concussion law. The former quarterback received an athletic scholarship to Portland State University but was unable to play due to the damage caused by his concussions.
The Post & Courier | Apr 1, 2019
The Concussion Legacy Foundation is doing great CTE research work, but needs more brain pledges from football players - the more college football players, the better. This is not just an NFL problem. “It’s clearly a problem for anybody that steps on a college football field,” Dr. Chris Nowinski, co-founder and CEO of the Concussion Legacy Foundation, said. “We’re just trying to understand why some people develop it and some people do not.” And not just old brains. Young brains harvested from tragic early deaths help in this race to understand such things as genetics and variations. “At this stage of our research,” Nowinski said, “we are interested in any brain of any college football player.”
CNN | Mar 26, 2019
lmost 2 million children and teens -- an average of 283,000 each year -- were seen in emergency rooms across the United States for traumatic brain injuries between 2010 and 2016, according to a new government report. Football, bicycling, basketball, playground activities and soccer were the sports and activities most likely to send children to emergency rooms for TBIs, according to the Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report published earlier this month by the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
Medical Research Council | Mar 25, 2019
In a new study, researchers were able to detail the atomic structures of the abnormal tau filaments in CTE. The team found that while the tau structures from the patients with CTE were identical, they were also different from those seen in Alzheimer's. This could in future help doctors distinguish between various forms of dementia when diagnosing patients and also furthers understanding of how and why tau forms disease-specific clumps and folds.
Scientific America | Mar 25, 2019
Bryan A. Strange, founder of the Laboratory of Clinical Science at the Universidad Politécnica de Madrid, is among the researchers looking for leads to tamp down toxic memories. He and his colleagues reported in a Science Advances paper on March 20 that the anesthetic propofol can be used to alter such recollections, if administered in the right circumstances. Their study turned in part on findings that have shown that consolidated memories could be reactivated by asking people to recall them or go where a frightening incident occurred. Such memories can become sensitive to modification for about 24 hours before becoming reconsolidated—locked down again.
The Washington Post | Mar 25, 2019
Abby and TC Maslin had to rebuild their marriage after a 2012 attack left TC with severe brain damage. At the time, the 30-year-old could not conceive of all she had already lost. She and TC were young parents, three years married, with a clear vision of themselves, each other, the life they wanted to build together. Now, the man Abby fell in love with was gone, though his heart was still beating. When her husband finally woke up, he couldn’t speak or walk. Even after relearning those skills, he wouldn’t be the same. And neither would she.