Discuss unsafe information to share online
Even the smallest details can be pieced together and used for harm. Teach children about information that is unsafe to share online unless they are absolutely positive that the person they are talking with is a trusted individual whom they have met in person. This includes their real name, school, phone number or address, picture, or other identifying information. Make a "Do Not Share" list with this kind of information and post it next to the computer as a reminder. NetSmartzKids has fun, interactive games and activities to help kids practice and understand safe online interactions.
Make kids aware that what they post online is not private
Even if they think that only friends can see it, there is no guarantee that the information will not be saved, copied, or circulated. Assume that anything posted on the web is there forever. Accordingly, encourage kids not to post pictures, thoughts, or information that they would not be comfortable showing complete strangers (or their grandmothers!). ThinkUKnow has a CyberCafe and lots of other fun activities for kids to practice keeping information private and themselves safe.
Explore the subtleties of the written word
Statements meant to be funny or sarcastic can easily be misinterpreted online if they are taken literally. Help LD children understand the language of friendship and practice their social skills both online and off. Role play by giving them various statements and situations to react to, and then guide them through accurate interpretations and responses. Encourage the use of emoticons/emojis, or visual icons that express feelings, when a statement your child is typing could be misinterpreted. Social networks that make safety their number one priority, like Woogi World is a great place to practice.
Teach responsible online citizenship, or netiquette
Keep children from being pestered by cyberbullies or from becoming cyberbullies themselves by helping them recognize and avoid malicious online behavior. Use pre-task rehearsal to model appropriate and inappropriate interactions, and teach children ways to escape and report cyberbullying. STOP cyberbullying is an online guide to cyberbullying with content tailored to individuals of all ages.
Stay involved and set reasonable limits
Ask questions about your children's online behavior, and encourage a continuous dialogue about their online experiences. Check their profiles periodically for inappropriate content, and place the computer in a public place in your house or classroom. Sit down with children and create guidelines for acceptable and safe Internet usage, post them next to the computer, and then monitor and set consequences for compliance. Use PBS's Children and Media guide to learn about ways to encourage kids in their media usage while ensuring that they remain safe.
This article is reprinted with permission from the National Center for Technology Innovation, (NCTI), which produces content to help educate people with disabilities. NCTI’s material does not address traumatic brain injury specifically; however, it can be applicable and useful for people with brain injury.
From the National Center for Technology Innovation (NCTI), 2009. Used with permission.