We've compiled the top 9 1/2 things to know about traumatic brain injury, it would have been 10 but the last 1/2 was left off because memory is often affected by traumatic brain injury.
1. A traumatic brain injury is a blow or jolt to the head or a penetrating head injury that disrupts the function of the brain. You do not need to lose consciousness to sustain a concussion.
2. Each year, 2.8 million people are treated for TBI in a U.S. emergency department.1 By the numbers, every American has more than a 1:160 chance of sustaining a traumatic brain injury each year.
3. The three groups at highest risk for traumatic brain injury are children (0-4 year olds), teenagers (15-19 year olds), and adults (65 and older).1
4. Estimates peg the number of sports-related traumatic brain injuries as high as 3.8 million per year.2
5. Using a seatbelt and wearing a helmet are the best ways to prevent a TBI.
6. Males are almost twice as likely as females to sustain a TBI.1
7. A concussion is a mild brain injury. The consequences of multiple concussions can be far more dangerous than those of a first TBI.3
8. The area most often injured are the frontal lobes that control thinking and emotional regulation.
9. A blow to one part of the brain can cause damage throughout.
9 1/2. Most people do make a good recovery from TBI.
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1. Taylor CA, Bell JM, Breiding MJ, Xu L. Traumatic Brain Injury–Related Emergency Department Visits, Hospitalizations, and Deaths — United States, 2007 and 2013. MMWR Surveill Summ 2017;66(No. SS-9):1–16. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.15585/mmwr.ss6609a1
2. Langlois JA, Rutland-Brown W, Thomas KE. Traumatic brain injury in the United States: emergency department visits, hospitalizations, and deaths. Atlanta (GA): Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Injury Prevention and Control; 2006.
3. Cifu, David, MD. eMedicine.com. www.emedicine.com/sports/TOPIC113.HTM.