The brain is incredibly complex. Here we’ll show you the major parts, where they are located, and some of what they are responsible for. Just move your mouse over the brain to get started. As you hover over different parts, you’ll see a description here. The description will include what might happen when different areas of the brain are injured. Please keep in mind that brain injuries can be as complex as the brain itself. A blow to one part of the head can potentially cause damage on the opposite side or even throughout the brain. To learn more about what happens when the brain is injured, please see the resources below.
Located behind the forehead, the frontal lobes are the largest lobes of the brain. They are prone to injury because they sit just inside the front of the skull and near rough bony ridges. These two lobes are involved in:
The left frontal lobe plays a large role in speech and language.
Injury to the frontal lobes may affect:
The temporal lobes are located on the sides of the brain under the parietal lobes and behind the frontal lobes at about the level of the ears. They are responsible for:
Damage to specific parts of the temporal lobe can result in:
Located at the lower back of the head, the occipital lobes:
Damage to the occipital lobes can cause:
Located behind the frontal lobes, the parietal lobes:
Damage to the parietal lobes may result in:
Located at the base of the brain, the brainstem is composed of the midbrain, the pons, and the medulla. It regulates basic involuntary functions necessary for survival such as:
It also plays a role in alertness and sensation.
Injury to the brainstem can disrupt basic functions so that they are no longer regulated automatically. These functions can include:
Located at the back of the brain, the cerebellum controls:
The cerebellum also allows us to:
Damage to the cerebellum can result in: