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About Traumatic Brain Injury

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Music Lessons for Rehab and Joy for a Boy with Severe TBI
Personal Stories | November 14, 2013
Mother and caregiver Nicole Wight talks about how drum lessons have brought both joy and some recovery to her young son with a severe brain injury.

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In the Classroom: Managing Severe Behavior Challenges in the Midst of Crisis
By: The Center on Brain Injury Research and Training, University of Oregon | August 14, 2013
Teachers can create intervention strategies for kids with TBI to address common situations in school that result in challenges before they emerge.

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Children with a Parent with TBI Often Grow from the Experience
December 13, 2012
Dr. Audrey Daisley explains that in the long term, kids with a parent with TBI often feel as if they have grown stronger from the experience.

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Christopher Nowinski's Frightening Post-Concussive Symptoms
Personal Stories | September 20, 2012
It took years for athlete Chris Nowinski to overcome his many symptoms from TBI. They ranged from debilitating headaches 50% of the time, REM [sleep] behavior disorder, short-term memory problems, and more.

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BrainLineKids.org: Helping Kids with Traumatic Brain Injury
March 9, 2012
BrainLineKids helps parents, educators, and professionals communicate and develop common goals to help kids with TBI.

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BrainSTARS: Sensory Processing
By: Jeanne E. Dise-Lewis, PhD, Margaret Lohr Calvery, PhD, and Hal C. Lewis, PhD | November 9, 2011
Many sources of stimulation that are interesting or fun for other children, such as bright colors, loud music, and crowds, may be uncomfortable for a child who has difficulty processing sensory information after a TBI.

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The Journey Toward Recovery: Youth with Brain Injury
By: Joan Esherick | May 10, 2011
Jerome squeezed hard on the hand brakes, but it was too late. His front wheel collided with the dog; the dog yelped, and Jerome somersaulted over his handlebars.

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Types of Brain Injury
By: The Teaching Research Institute-Eugene | July 1, 2010
Learn what can happen to the brain — from compression fractures to contrecoup injury.

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Working the Sidelines
August 5, 2009
One athletic director's strategies for keeping young athletes' brains safe.

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Lesión cerebral traumaticá: La historia de Susana
By: Centro Nacional de Diseminación de Información para Niños con Discapacidades | Spanish | January 1, 2008
Entender los conceptos básicos de un TBI es crucial, sobre todo porque los síntomas pueden ser invisibles.

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Typical Recovery Sequence Following TBI
By: The Teaching Research Institute-Eugene | January 1, 2008
From learning to walk again to processing complex information — learn the steps to recovery.

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Traumatic Brain Injury: Susan's Story
By: National Dissemination Center for Children with Disabilities | May 1, 2006
Understanding the basics of TBI is crucial, especially since the symptoms can be invisible.

Advocacy

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Learn How to Be a Proactive Advocate for Your Child
By: Brainline | July 29, 2010
Working in collaboration with your child's school and communicating clearly and calmly with teachers and administrators are two crucial strategies.

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Don't Give Up: Advocate for Your Child with Traumatic Brain Injury
May 25, 2010
Parents know their children better than anyone. Follow your instincts — right after your child's injury or ten years after the fact.

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Self-Advocacy
By: HEATH Resource Center | November 17, 2009
Giving students with disabilities the skills to self-advocate.

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The National Pediatric Acquired Brain Injury Plan
By: National Advisory Board of The Sarah Jane Brain Foundation | January 1, 2009
Learn more about the National Pediatric Acquired Brain Injury plan.

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Tips, Contacts, and Tools for State Agencies
By: National Dissemination Center for Children with Disabilities (NICHCY) | February 1, 2007
Contacts and information from the various state agencies.

Anxiety & Stress

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Helping Kids with TBI and PTSD
August 28, 2012
Children with TBI and PTSD often reveal how they are truly coping through play, nightmares, or when they regress in developmental milestones.

Assistive Technology

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Speech Recognition for Learning
By: The National Center for Technology Innovation | January 1, 2010
Learn how current speech recognition technology can help students with brain injury or other disabilities.

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Assistive Technology and the IEP
By: Family Center on Technology and Disability | November 18, 2009
Parents are their child's most  effective advocate after brain injury. Learn more.

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Let's Play: A Guide to Toys for Children with Special Needs
By: The University of Washington | January 1, 2009
A child with TBI may have special needs. Find the best toys to promote learning and recovery.

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Integrating the Arts with Technology: Inspiring Creativity
By: National Center for Technology Innovation | January 1, 2009
Integrating arts into the curriculum, especially for kids with brain injury or other disabilities, can produce many amazing results.

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New Electronics: Turn Them On for Learning
By: National Center for Technology Innovation | January 1, 2009
Learn how to integrate the use of new technologies with instruction and studying for kids with TBI or other disabilities.

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On the Go: What Consumer Products Can Do For You (If You Know Where to Look!)
By: National Center for Technology Innovation | January 1, 2009
New electronic technologies can help students with disabilities with independence, productivity, and participation in school and life.

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Tips for Teaching LD Children About Online Safety
By: Center for Implementing Technology in Education | January 1, 2009
Assume that anything posted on the web is there forever.

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Blogs, Wikis, and Text Messaging: What are the Implications for Students with Learning Disabilities
By: Center for Implementing Technology in Education | January 1, 2008
Using modern innovations to help with school work and life.

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Making the Written Word Easier for Readers with Print Disabilities
By: National Center for Technology Innovation | January 1, 2008
Find solutions to help your child who may have trouble reading print.

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Reading Software: Finding the Right Program
By: Center for Implementing Technology in Education | January 1, 2008
Learn about the various reading software applications that address different needs.

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Adaptive Equipment: An Illustrated Guide
By: Doreen L. LeFevre, OTR/L, Kimberly Heinrich, OTR/L and Shawn Shambo, OTR/L | January 1, 2007
Find out about adaptive equipment that can help with daily tasks like washing and dressing.

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Boosting Inclusion in After School Activities with AT and Supplemental Services
By: National Center for Technology Innovation | January 1, 2006
Participation in extra-curricular activities like art, music, theater, or sports comes with many benefits -- from social integration to higher self-esteem.

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Help for Young Learners: How to Choose AT
By: National Center for Technology Innovation | January 1, 2006
Assitive technologies for young kids can include low-tech items, like pillows and mirrors, as well as high-tech items, such as augmentative communication devices.

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Using Assistive Technology to Support Writing
By: Center for Implementing Technology in Education | January 1, 2006
Learn how to use assistive technology to help your students with TBI become better writers.

Behavioral & Emotional Symptoms

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Letting Your Adolescent with TBI Have Independence with Limits
May 2, 2014
Clinical psychologist Mariann Young talks about how parents need to let their injured adolescent still be an adolescent while setting limits and creating a structure to keep the child safe.

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The Risks of Wanting to Fit In as an Teen with TBI
May 2, 2014
"Kids with TBI are desperate to fit in with their peers, which can make them incredibly vulnerable," says clinical psychologist Mariann Young.

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What Is the "Concussion Dilemma"?
By: Jeanne Dise-Lewis, PhD | Ask the Expert | October 7, 2013
What type of parental response will best assure a child’s complete recovery from a concussion?

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The Four "Baskets" of Concussion Symptoms
August 30, 2013
Dr. Robert Cantu explains the four "baskets" of concussion symptoms parents should know about: emotional, cognitive, sleep, and physical.

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What Is "Systematic Desensitization" and How Can It Help People with TBI?
By: Jacqueline Borg, PhD | Ask the Expert | August 26, 2013
Sometimes it takes baby steps to help someone with TBI make successful changes in their routines.

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Tackling Social Challenges for Children with TBI
August 9, 2013
Hospital Executive Amy Mansue talks about how rehab specialists can help kids with TBI and their families deal with the social challenges that can arise soon after the injury, but often more importantly, months or years after the injury.

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Learning to Minimize Risky Behaviors for Teens with TBI
July 2, 2013
Dr. Juliet Haarbauer-Krupa talks about education and effective programs to help teens with TBI make positive choices.

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Helping Teens with TBI Use Social Media Appropriately
July 2, 2013
Posting an inappropriate message on Facebook or inundating friends with texts can be social media pitfalls for any teen, especially those with a brain injury.

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What Is Emotional Flooding?
By: Jacqueline Borg, PhD | Ask the Expert | June 3, 2013
An injured brain needs rest. Without it, even the most mundane activities can overwhelm someone with TBI.

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BrainSTARS: Receptive Language
By: Jeanne E. Dise-Lewis, PhD, Margaret Lohr Calvery, PhD, and Hal C. Lewis, PhD | February 1, 2013
The difficulty learning from language alone may make it appear as if the child with TBI is not listening.

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BrainSTARS: Regulation of Emotion
By: Jeanne E. Dise-Lewis, PhD, Margaret Lohr Calvery, PhD, and Hal C. Lewis, PhD | January 31, 2013
During calm moments, teach your child some alternate strategies to use when she is angry or frustrated.

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BrainSTARS: Self-Regulation
By: Jeanne E. Dise-Lewis, PhD, Margaret Lohr Calvery, PhD, and Hal C. Lewis, PhD | January 25, 2013
Remember that disruptive behavior is always more likely when a child is tired or in a situation that is stimulating, unstructured, or confusing.

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Understanding Your Child’s Behavior After a Severe Brain Injury
By: Jeanne Dise-Lewis, PhD | Ask the Expert | September 25, 2012
As children with severe TBI move from childhood to adolescence to adulthood, their needs and wants change; behavior problems can serve the function of drawing attention to a changing need.

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BrainSTARS: Adolescent Self-Regulation
By: Jeanne E. Dise-Lewis, PhD, Margaret Lohr Calvery, PhD, and Hal C. Lewis, PhD | November 8, 2011
Despite their age, adolescents with self-regulation difficulties after brain injury require the amount of supervision and structure typically provided for younger children.

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Normal Tantrum or Signs of a Brain Injury?
By: Dr. Jane Gillett | Ask the Expert | February 7, 2011
How parents can work with their child’s doctor and school in case of an undiagnosed brain injury.

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The Emotional Consequences of Concussion
By: Brainline | July 29, 2010
Lots of rest, sleep, and reduced stress are crucial for a child recovering from a mild TBI.

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Emotional and Behavioral Changes in Children After Brain Injury
By: BrainLine.org | June 8, 2010
Everything affects the outcome after a TBI -- from the severity of the injury to the ongoing support of family, friends, and community.

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Caron Gan Talks About Working With Adolescents After Brain Injury
April 29, 2009
Adolescence is never easy. Hear how this family therapist works with young adults with TBI.

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Handling Behavior
By: The Beach Center on Disability | March 31, 2009
What are the most effective ways to deal with challenging behavior in kids?

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Behavioral Considerations Associated with Traumatic Brain Injury
By: Joan Mayfield | January 1, 2005
Children with TBI need tailored care in the classroom.

Brain Injury Rehabilitation

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Laughter as Therapy for TBI Is No Laughing Matter
Personal Stories | November 14, 2013
Once Nicole Wight said she learned that laughter was the highest level of brain function, she made humor an integral part of her son's rehab.

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Kendell's Story
By: Children's Specialized Hospital | Personal Stories | September 25, 2013
Six-year-old Kendell's brain injury rehab is going so well he just might fulfill his dream of becoming a black belt in karate.

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The Need for Consistent Standards for Therapeutic Evaluations for Children with TBI
Research Update | September 3, 2013
This study showed a significant variation among hospitals in the use of physical, occupational, and speech and swallowing therapy evaluations for children with TBI.

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What Happens at a Pediatric Rehab Hospital Post-TBI
August 9, 2013
Hospital Executive Amy Mansue talks about the team of nurses, doctors, rehab therapists, and Child Life specialists that helps kids with TBI recover what they've lost or establish new goals for life.

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The Role of Family in a Child's Recovery from Brain Injury
August 9, 2013
Hospital Executive Amy Mansue talks about the essential role the entire family plays in a child's recovery from TBI — from being able to care for and push the child during rehab therapy to reinforcing those therapies in the home.

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Defining Success for Children with Brain Injury
August 9, 2013
"Never doubt a child with a TBI," says Hospital Executive Amy Mansue. Kids will overcome their injury and be successful.

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One Small Connection: Children in Rehab for TBI
August 9, 2013
Hospital Executive Amy Mansue tells the story of a child with TBI who only started to progress after she made a connection with a security guard who worked in the rehab hospital.

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Orchestrating a Pediatric Rehabilitation Plan for a Child with TBI
August 9, 2013
Hospital Executive Amy Mansue talks about how an individualized rehabilitation plan for a child with TBI is created with a full team of specialists and how it is reacessed and managed as the child makes progress.

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Providing Meaningful Opportunities for Socialization for Children with TBI
August 9, 2013
"Opportunities for meaningful and fun socialization for kids with TBI are as important as any of the medical or rehab therapies they receive," explains Hospital Executive Amy Mansue.

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The Healing Process: Helping Families of Children with TBI
August 9, 2013
"One mother I worked with needed to fully grieve the son she lost but who did not die in order to embrace the child who remained," says Hospital Executive Amy Mansue.

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Never Settle for What's "Supposed to Be"
August 9, 2013
A brain injury is not "supposed to be," nor is the trajectory for recovery, says Hospital Executive Amy Mansue. "In rehab, we help kids with TBI reach their maximum potentional not only when they are 7 but also when they're 70 ... "

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For Teens, the Benefits of Vocational Rehabilitation Before Leaving High School
July 2, 2013
Dr. Juliet Haarbauer-Krupa talks about the advantages for adolescents with TBI to talk with their  vocational rehab counselors before leaving high school.

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Different Ways to Teach Health and Wellness to Adolescents with TBI
July 2, 2013
Returning to team sports is not the only way to be active and engaged for kids with a TBI.

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Turning Ambitions into Reality with the Help of Voc Rehab
July 2, 2013
Helping people with brain injury, like this young man, figure out what they want to do with their lives is crucial.

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What Is Constraint-Induced Movement Therapy and How Can It Help Children with TBI?
By: BrainLine | Research Update | January 7, 2013
Constraining an unaffected limb while intensely using an affected limb can help children regain upper limb movement after a brain injury.

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Longer Recovery Time Needed for Younger Brain?
By: BrainLine.org | October 20, 2010
An adolescent athlete may need a few extra days of recovery time than her college counterpart since her brain is still developing.

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Pediatric Versus Adult Rehabilitation After Brain Injury
By: Brian D. Greenwald, MD | Ask the Expert | April 1, 2010
Learn how age and developmental experience can affect outcome.

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Vocational Rehabilitation Services: Can They Help You?
By: HEATH Resource Center | November 17, 2009
Tools and services needed to make the leap to your post-secondary years.

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Cognitive Rehabilitation for Children and Youth
By: Juliet Haarbauer-Krupa, PhD | August 1, 2009
Why collaborative partnerships work.

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BrainLine Talks with Dr. Jeffrey Kreutzer and Dr. Taryn Stejskal About What Services They Provide at VCU
May 27, 2009
Find out what kind of services these doctors offer and why their work is highly effective.

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Dr. Tedd Judd Talks About Errorless Learning After Brain Injury
April 29, 2009
What exactly is this teaching tool used for people with TBI?

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How to Succeed in Biz-Ness by Really Trying (Logan's Story)
Personal Stories | November 24, 2008
This is the story of a girl named Logan who persevered through her brain injury to create a magazine for other kids with disabilities and inspire them to achieve their dreams and goals.

Brain Injury Symptoms

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Development of the Adolescent Brain with TBI Added into the Mix
May 2, 2014
The goal of teenagers is to find out who they are. How does a brain injury at 15, 16, 17 years of age change all of that?

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Broken Arrow Boy
By: Written and Illustrated by Adam Moore and His Friends | Personal Stories | January 10, 2013
When Adam Moore was 8 years old, a fluke accident resulted in an arrow piercing his brain. This slideshow tells the story in his words and pictures.

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Making Connections Between a TBI and Later Developmental Issues
January 9, 2013
Pediatrician Rachel Berger talks about the importance of being aware of a child's early concussion in case later he or she has trouble reading or is acting out ... the two may be connected.

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Making a Difference #5: Brain Injury in Children
By: The Texas Department of State Health Services and the Texas Traumatic Brain Injury Advisory Council | April 12, 2011
A TBI can derail a child's normal development process. Learn some myths and facts about kids with TBI.

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What Impact Can Age Have on a Child's Injury?
By: BrainLine.org | June 8, 2010
Learn what symptoms and signs to look for in your child with TBI -- whether the injury happened at 3 years of age, or 12 years.

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What Do Parents Need to Know About Traumatic Brain Injury?
By: BrainLine.org | June 8, 2010
Learn what parents should know -- from prevention to how to use rehab therapy, support, and love to help their child recover from TBI.

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What to Do If Your Child's Symptoms Are Not Abating
May 25, 2010
Oftentimes a child sustains a TBI but her CT or MRI scan shows nothing. If symptoms persist, seek out a specialist.

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When Does the Pediatric Brain Turn into the Adult Brain?
May 25, 2010
The brain keeps developing till the age of 25. How should young soldiers and their civilian counterparts be treated after a brain injury?

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A Child's Age at the Time of Injury: What Do We Know?
May 18, 2010
Learn what symptoms and signs to look for in your child with TBI -- whether the injury happened at 3 years of age, or 12 years.

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Can Head Banging in Children Cause Brain Injury?
By: Gerard A. Gioia, PhD | Ask the Expert | December 1, 2009
An unusual situation, but precautions should be taken to prevent TBI.

Caregiving & Brain Injury

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The Importance of Home Visits for Kids, Hospitalized with TBI
Personal Stories | November 15, 2013
Nicole Wight says that taking her son home once a week while he was in the hospital fulltime after his brain injury helped move toward normalizing the situation.

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Managing the Future for a Special-Needs Child
Personal Stories | November 15, 2013
Nicole Wight says her hopes and dreams for her son have not changed since he sustained a severe brain injuy; her biggest hope is that he will be happy no matter what he does.

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Not Just a Special-Needs Mom
Personal Stories | November 14, 2013
When you bring normalcy to your own life, the kids can have more normalcy, too, says Nicole Wight.

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Crash
By: Carolyn Roy-Bornstein | Personal Stories | September 5, 2012
Two teenagers. A dark road. A drunk driver. This excerpt is from a beautiful book about the journey from grief to gratitude to grace by a pediatrician-mother.

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Ketchup on the Baseboard: Rebuilding Life After Brain Injury
By: Carolyn Rocchio | Personal Stories | August 12, 2008
Mother Carolyn Rocchio used to worry about the little things in life until her son had a car accident.

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Fighting for David
By: Leone Nunley with Dean Merrill | Personal Stories | January 1, 2006
What is the dividing line between hope and hopelessness? Meet one mother who found out.

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Crooked Smile
By: Lainie Cohen | Personal Stories | January 1, 2003
A moving family story that makes you wish the book never ends.

Concussion / Mild TBI

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16 Things About Concussion Parents Need to Know
By: The Center on Brain Injury Research & Training, University of Oregon | May 9, 2014
Know what to do if your child sustains a concussion on the football field, basketball court, skateboarding, or just goofing around.

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Parents and Youth Coaches Taking Charge of the Youth Concussion Issue
By: Gerard A. Gioia, PhD | January 27, 2014
As a parent, it's hard not to be worried and to question your child’s involvement in sports, especially contact sports, but sports come with great life lessons, too.

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Concussion: Frequently Asked Questions from Parents
By: The Center on Brain Injury Research and Training, University of Oregon | August 27, 2013
It's scary for parents after their child has a concussion. Having answers helps with that fear.

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Infographic: TBI in Kids and Teens Can Impact School Performance
By: American Speech-Language-Hearing Association | October 11, 2012
Did you know that US emergency departments treat more than 170,000 sports- and recreation-related TBIs, including concussions, in children and teens, each year? Learn from and share this important infographic.

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A Portable Device to Detect TBI on the Sidelines
October 4, 2012
Learn about a new low-cost, portable device to detect possible neurocognitive symptoms after a TBI.

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Just a Few Knocks on the Head: The Concussion Conundrum
By: Jenni Ogden, PhD | July 31, 2012
This is a tale of two boys from very different backgrounds who had one very important thing in common. They were both mad about rugby — and they both suffered from concussion.

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What Does Post-Concussive Syndrome Look Like in Children?
By: Dr. Jane Gillett | Ask the Expert | September 1, 2010
Learn what to look for in babies, young children, and adolescents.

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Does the Label “Concussion” Change Treatment?
By: BrainLine | Research Update | June 1, 2010
Kids who are diagnosed with a “concussion” might not be getting the care they need.

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When Is It Safe to Return to Play After a Concussion?
By: Victoria Tilney McDonough | July 1, 2009
An important new law evens the playing field.

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Dr. James Kelly Talks About Children, Helmets, and Concussion
November 13, 2008
BrainLine sat down with Dr. Kelly to talk about how TBI affects children differently from adults, the use and design of helmets, and how parents can best deal with concussion in their child.

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Acute Concussion Evaluation (ACE) Test
By: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention | November 6, 2008
This screening tool can be used for the initial evaluation and diagnosis of people who have or may have had a concussion.

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Concussions
By: The Children's Medical Center of Dayton | April 1, 2008
Is the risk of sustaining a TBI greater for kids?

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Concussion Recovery: Parents Play Important Role
By: Lindsay Barton | August 1, 2007
Key steps for families to take.

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Atención con las conmociones cerebrales en las escuelas: Hoja informativa para los padres
By: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention | Spanish | February 1, 2005
¿Qué es una conmoción cerebral y cuáles son los signos observados por los padres o tutores?

Diagnosing & Treating Brain Injury

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Extending Use of Biomarkers to Pediatric Population with TBI
April 2, 2013
Researchers and clinicians hope to make using biomarkers to diagnose TBI in infants or even in pre-natal cord blood a reality.

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The Dangers of Creating "Vulnerable Child Syndrome"
January 9, 2013
Parents need to balance their awareness of a child's mild TBI with letting that worry get in the way of the child's normal development.

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The Specifics of Abusive Head Trauma
January 9, 2013
Abusive head trauma includes Shaken Baby Syndrome but also includes other injuries inflicted by an adult on a child.

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CT Scans Versus MRIs for Imaging a Child's Brain
January 9, 2013
Both CTs and MRIs come with risks — from sedative drugs to levels of radiation. Depending on the severity of brain injury, parents and doctors should always consider the risk-benefit ratio.

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More Research and Attention Needed for Pediatric Brain Injury
January 9, 2013
Pediatrician Rachel Berger talks about how pediatric brain injury is behind that of adult brain injury in research and process.

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How to Treat Children with TBI
January 9, 2013
Unlike adults, children with a brain injury may not manifest any issues until they fail to reach a new developmental stage. Earlier intervention is always advisable, but diagnosis can be tricky.

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High Hopes for Blood Biomarkers to Diagnose Brain Injury in Young Children
January 9, 2013
Pediatrician Rachel Berger talks about her research on blood biomarkers that could be used in the emergency setting to test for brain injury in babies and young children.

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Neuropsych Exam Versus Imaging for Brain Injuries
August 28, 2012
A full neuropsychological evaluation of a child with a mild brain injury can often tell more about the nature of the damage and its functional effects than imaging screens like CAT scans or MRIs.

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What Cognitive Rest Really Means
By: BrainLIne | June 28, 2012
Cognitive rest after a brain injury for kids means a break from sports and intense school work. It also means no tweeting, texting, internet, cell phone ...

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Can Symptoms of TBI Show Up a Few Years After an Injury?
By: Dr. Jane Gillett | Ask the Expert | March 28, 2011
Learn how a TBI can play a role in a child’s motor skills and language development.

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The Dangers and Misunderstandings of a Second TBI
By: BrainLine | March 15, 2011
Hear what happens to one young girl who has a minor TBI while snowboarding ... and a serious car crash months before.

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Child Brain Versus Adult Brain with Traumatic Brain Injury
By: Brainline | July 29, 2010
Studies show that a child's brain is more vulnerable to the effects of a brain injury and takes longer to recover. Learn more.

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Second Impact Syndrome in Children
By: BrainLine | July 24, 2010
What happens if a young athlete doesn't take the proper amount of time to recover after a concussion before sustaining another?

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The Role of Imaging in Pediatric Traumatic Brain Injury
May 25, 2010
New imaging technology is helping show what's normal versus not normal development in a pediatric brain. Learn more.

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Severe TBI Can Impact the Cardiac System in Boys
By: BrainLine | Research Update | February 19, 2010
Study shows that severe TBI in boys can affect heart rate.

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Deep White Matter Volume Loss — One Predictor of Recovery in Children
By: BrainLine | Research Update | February 1, 2010
WMV loss may be one indicator of brain injury severity.

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Caron Gan Talks About Being a Family Therapist
April 29, 2009
Learn about the work of a family therapist.

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Severity of Brain Injury
By: The Teaching Research Institute-Eugene | January 1, 2008
Every brain injury is unique, but what do these levels of severity really mean?

Employment & Training

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Advice for Young Adults with TBI Entering the Workforce
May 2, 2014
Clinical psychologist Mariann Young talks about the agencies and services available for teens with TBI to help them transition into the workforce.

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Programs in High Schools Can Help Teens with TBI Set New or Different Goals
July 2, 2013
Many high schools offer programs in technology or culinary arts, for example, that are one way for teens with TBI to learn some skills as jumping off places for future career opportunities.

Family Concerns

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Mistakes, Risks, and Sex -- It'sAdolescence!
By: Theresa Sacchi Armstrong, MA | May 27, 2014
Adolescence is awkward, yet it transforms our identity. A brain injury added to the mix can make those years even more challenging.

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Helping the Siblings of Kids with TBI
May 2, 2014
Siblings often feel angry, guilty, confused in the wake of their brother or sister's brain injury. Dr. Mariann Young talks about how to help siblings understand the changes in their family.

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Thinking ...
By: Anna-Theresa Coskie | Personal Stories | April 4, 2014
A sister looks back at how her brother's severe brain injury continues to affect her life and that of her family.

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Giving Support to Parents and Siblings of a Child with TBI
August 9, 2013
Hospital Executive Amy Mansue talks about the importance of giving parents and siblings the words and supports they need to help them deal with their loved one's TBI — in the short- and long-term.

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Using Play Activities When Working with Children Who Have a Parent with TBI
December 18, 2012
Dr. Audrey Daisley talks about the effectiveness of using crafts or story-based activities for kids of all ages who are dealing with a TBI in the family.

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Strategies for Children Who May Feel Embarrassed About a Parent with TBI
December 18, 2012
Role playing is one strategy that psychologists use to help children deal with embarrassment they may have by their parent with TBI, or people's reaction to that parent.

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How to Deal with the Worries of Kids Who Have a Parent with TBI
December 18, 2012
Psychologists have effective strategies like the "Worry Worm Box" to help young children deal with their anxieties about their injured parent.

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Children with a Brain Injured Parent Want Honesty, Inclusion
December 18, 2012
Parents often think that protecting their young children from the truth about a spouse's injury will spare the children. But sometimes kids imagine something far worse than reality.

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How Younger Children Often React to a Parent with TBI
December 18, 2012
After a parent's injury, young children often cope and adapt by becoming clingy with other adults, acting out, or regressing developmentally. This is normal and, with help, will pass.

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How Older Children Often React to a Parent with TBI
December 18, 2012
When a parent is injured, older children can react — from becoming withdrawn to putting too much pressure on themselves to perform perfectly at school. But most often, kids bounce back.

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Art Helps Psychologists Work with Kids with a Parent with TBI
December 18, 2012
Art work can help children express how they're feeling about their injured parent. In turn, the drawings can help psychologists help those kids adapt to changes in their family.

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Helping Kids Bring Together the "Was" and "Is" of Life with a Parent with TBI
December 18, 2012
Through crafts, story telling, and collage making, psychologists can help kids manage the discrepancy of who their parent was before his injury, who he is now, and how those two can come together.

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Why Kids Understand Ambiguous Loss Intuitively
December 18, 2012
After a parent has TBI, kids might say, "She looks like my Mom, but she doesn't act like it," or "He seems half dead, and half alive."

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Growing Up with Brain Injury
By: Janna Leyde | Personal Stories | August 27, 2012
This is a glimpse into the life of girl whose father sustained a brain injury. Her life continues to be defined by the moment of her father's car crash — for better and for worse.

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Helping Children Cope with Head Injury in the Family
By: Audrey Daisley, Rachel Tams, and Udo Kischka | August 22, 2012
Children who have a close relative, particularly a parent, with a brain injury face many challenges. Learn how children can be affected and how to help them and the adults caring for them.

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Parenting Practices Affect a Child’s Recovery Post-Brain Injury
By: BrainLine | Research Update | July 17, 2012
More authoritarian parenting practices led to lower adaptive functioning in children post-TBI.

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No Stone Unturned
By: Joel Goldstein | Personal Stories | May 18, 2012
From the moment the Goldsteins adopted Bart from Korea, they pulled out all the stops to give him a good life. Especially after he sustained a severe TBI.

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Learning to Let Go, Again
By: Bonnie Todis, PhD | Personal Stories | October 25, 2011
A day with friends on the links ended Ryan's life as he — and his family — knew it, but their life includes many more happy chapters.

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When the Unthinkable Happens: Support for Siblings After a Traumatic Brain Injury Strikes a Family
By: Dixie Fremont-Smith Coskie | Personal Stories | September 14, 2010
Taking care of seven children when one sustains a life-threatening TBI: one mother's story.

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My Child's Brain Injury: Coping with Guilt
By: Brain Injury Partners: Navigating the School System | July 1, 2010
Stop the "what ifs" and "if onlys" and take action where you can to help your child.

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Common Problems Children Have After a Traumatic Brain Injury
By: BrainLine.org | June 8, 2010
Learn the signs and symptoms of a concussion or brain injury so you can get the best help for your child.

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How Can Physicians Best Help Families with Children with Brain Injury?
By: BrainLine.org | June 8, 2010
Especially with children with brain injury, health professionals need to think outside the "medical model."

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My Child's Brain Injury: Family Matters
By: Brain Injury Partners: Navigating the School System | June 1, 2010
Learn about common strategies that some families use to help them feel supported and strong after one of them sustains a TBI.

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Adolescents and TBI
March 16, 2010
Adolescence is a tough enough time. What happens when a brain injury is added to the mix?

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Siblings of Children with TBI. What About Them?
By: Gerard A. Gioia, PhD | Ask the Expert | November 1, 2009
Watch for changes in children’s behavior after a sibling is hurt.

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Brain Interrupted: The Story of John's Traumatic Brain Injury
Personal Stories | February 3, 2009
Mt. Sinai's Dr. Wayne Gordon introduces one mother's powerful story about the importance of accurate diagnosis.

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The Water Giver
By: Joan Ryan | Personal Stories | January 1, 2009
The story of a mother, a son, and their second chance after a brain injury.

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Hold My Hand
By: Glenys Carl | Personal Stories | January 1, 2005
Read how one mother found hundreds of strangers to help her care for her son with a brain injury.

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How to Talk to Children About Brain Injury
By: Laura Taylor and Jeffrey Kreutzer | January 1, 2003
Strategies to help your children understand all the changes happening after a brain injury in the family.

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Children with Traumatic Brain Injury: A Parents' Guide
By: Lisa Schoenbrodt, EdD | January 1, 2001
Learn to help your child adjust after a TBI.

Hospital Care

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Unthinkable - Tips: The ICU
By: Dixie Fremont-Smith Coskie | January 1, 2009
Having a loved one in the ICU after a brain injury can be frightening and confusing. Tips from a mother who has been there.

Intimate Relationships

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Maturing Sexually as an Adolescent with a Brain Injury
May 2, 2014
Dr. Mariann Young talks about the importance of educating adolescents with TBI about sex when they are ready to hear it and understand that issues of sexuality and intimacy are not black and white.

Living with Traumatic Brain Injury

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The Real Truth About Brain Injuries
By: Dixie Coskie | Personal Stories | July 21, 2014
Caregivers often focus on the silver linings. Mother and caregiver Dixie Coskie has had enough; she's sharing how she truly feels.

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Acceptance of Post-Injured Self: Kindly, Gradually, Slowly
May 2, 2014
Clinical psychologist Mariann Young talks about the importance of being in a safe group like a support group or a Special Olympics team to help build confidence post-TBI.

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Reading Social Situations After a Brain Injury
May 2, 2014
For teens with TBI, the process going through the stages of normal development is disrupted or forever altered. Dr. Mariann Young talks about how to help teens and their parents navigate adolescence.

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How to Deal with Friends Falling Away After a Brain Injury
May 2, 2014
For an teenager with TBI, losing friends is devastating. Dr. Mariann Young talks about how she works with injured teens as well as their friends to help them deal with the changes that come with a brain injury.

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Adolescents with TBI: A Dream Deferred?
May 2, 2014
"I wish I were in wheelchair, then people would understand that something's wrong with me," said a patient of clinical psychologist Mariann Young.

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Often a Brain Injury Requires a Life-Long Plan
May 2, 2014
Dr. Mariann Young talks about how a TBI needs ongoing assessment for everyone in the family as people age and roles change.

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Helping Preteens with TBI Feel Comfortable in Their Own Skin
May 2, 2014
Dr. Mariann Young talks about a program that focuses on preteens with brain injury that helps them learn skills and strategies while having fun.

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Helping Parents of a Teen with TBI Move Forward
May 2, 2014
It can be painful for parents of a teen with TBI to accept the many layers of change.

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The Value of Therapy
Personal Stories | November 15, 2013
For Nicole Wight, it took a long time to get herself in therapy but she needed help to grieve the loss of her mother and the loss of who her children once were.

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The Car Crash that Changed the Wight Family
Personal Stories | November 14, 2013
Nicole Wight talks about the day of the car crash that killed her mother and left her two young children with brain injuries.

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The Moment Michael Wight "Wakes Up" for the First Time
Personal Stories | November 14, 2013
Nicole Wight talks about when her son first re-emerged after his brain injury while in OT.

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Grieving Your Loss and Loving Your "New" Children
Personal Stories | November 14, 2013
Nicole Wight talks about the wrenching pain and difficulty that was accepting the fact that although her two kids did not die in the car crash, they would never again be the same.

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The Seven Habits of Highly Effective Teens
July 2, 2013
Dr. Juliet Haarbauer-Krupa talks about her program where peer counselors use their own experiences moving forward after a TBI to teach other adolescents positive and effective habits.

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For Adolescents with TBI, Getting Help with Plan B
July 2, 2013
If a student with TBI fails in college, go back to your family and circle of support to see what went wrong and what you can do differently to succeed in college or work.

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Medical Care Issues for Adolescents with Brain Injury
July 2, 2013
Not having coordinated medical care after a TBI can complicate matters, especially for adolescents who are trying to transition to independent adulthood.

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He Never Liked Cake
By: Janna Leyde | Personal Stories | June 7, 2013
A brain injury can turn a family's life upside down. Add in adolescence. Read an excerpt from Janna Leyde's coming-of-age story — raw, honest, funny, heart-breaking and heart-affirming.

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The Power of Mountain Pose -- and Beyond
By: Janna Leyde, for BrainLine | Personal Stories | June 4, 2013
Janna Leyde, writer, yoga teacher, and daughter of a father with severe TBI, asks: "So how do we reconnect the mind and body? How do we find ourselves in the now?"

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Challenges with Acts of Daily Living After a Brain Injury
By: Jacqueline Borg, PhD | Ask the Expert | April 22, 2013
Problems with acts of daily living like dressing or washing can vary greatly and sometimes professional help is necessary.

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Libby Parker: Finding Her Rhythm
By: Victoria Tilney McDonough | Personal Stories | October 24, 2011
In the last chapter of Naomi Parker's book about her daughter’s brain injury, Libby was starting her senior year of high school. BrainLine wanted to find out where she is now.

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BrainSTARS: Social Skills
By: Jeanne E. Dise-Lewis, PhD, Margaret Lohr Calvery, PhD, and Hal C. Lewis, PhD | September 9, 2011
Understand that your child or student may desire friendships but lacks the skills necessary to develop and nurture them. Learn how to help.

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Keep Moving Forward: Children with Brain Injuries
By: Brain Injury Association of New York State | June 14, 2011
Learn from three children and their families who live day to day with the effects of brain injury.

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Mary Walia's Story: Humor and Moxie After a Brain Injury
By: Laura Johnson | Personal Stories | June 13, 2011
"I’m a young woman with a lot to give to the world, and the world has a lot to give me yet.”

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When Libby Lost Her Smile
By: Naomi Parker | Personal Stories | November 1, 2010
The story of a mother's relentless battle to help her daughter — in school and in life — after a brain injury.

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Cracked: Recovering After Traumatic Brain Injury
By: Lynsey Calderwood | Personal Stories | March 8, 2010
One girl's "regrowth of her adolescent spirit" after a brain injury.

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The Other Breakfast Club
November 25, 2009
The other breakfast club is a group of teens with traumatic brain injury who meet to help each other with their injuries.

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Personal Story: Teens Talking to Teens
January 7, 2009
Meet Sabrina — a teen talking to other teens about her experience after brain injury.

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The Smile on My Forehead
By: Jennifer Mosher | Personal Stories | January 1, 2009
After her brain injury, Jennifer Mosher learned to embrace her two smiles.

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A Conversation with Joan Ryan
By: Simon & Schuster | Personal Stories | January 1, 2009
Hear the backstory from the author of The Water Giver. A mother's love for her brain-injured son.

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Online Safety for Children with LD
By: National Center for Technology Innovation | January 1, 2009
All children are at risk for being bullied or harassed, but for those with disabilities, bullying is more prevalent.

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Being with Rachel
By: Karen Brennan | Personal Stories | January 1, 2002
The story of one mother who uses stories to jumpstart her daughter's memory after a brain injury.

Memory Problems

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BrainSTARS: Memory
By: Jeanne E. Dise-Lewis, PhD, Margaret Lohr Calvery, PhD, and Hal C. Lewis, PhD | October 1, 2013
Parents and teachers can teach children with TBI-related memory issues how to pay careful, focused attention and engage actively in thinking about what is being learned.

Physical Symptoms of Brain Injury

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BrainSTARS: Fine Motor Control
By: Jeanne E. Dise-Lewis, PhD, Margaret Lohr Calvery, PhD, and Hal C. Lewis, PhD | October 1, 2013
Minimize or eliminate fine motor activities that are very difficult for your child with TBI.

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BrainSTARS: Gross Motor Control
By: Jeanne E. Dise-Lewis, PhD, Margaret Lohr Calvery, PhD, and Hal C. Lewis, PhD | October 1, 2013
If your child has TBI-related gross motor control issues, provide as much supervision and support as necessary for safety.

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The Consequences of Shaken Baby Syndrome
By: Brainline | July 23, 2010
An infant's brain is incredibly vulnerable to injury. The violent shaking of shaken baby syndrome can cause severe brain injury, disabling that child forever.

Policy

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Section 504: The Law and Its Impact on Postsecondary Education
By: The American Council on Education | March 31, 2009
Colleges that receive federal financial assistance cannot discriminate. Learn more.

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A Guide to Disability Rights Laws
By: U.S. Department of Justice, Civil Rights Division | January 1, 2005
Know your rights — an overview of Federal civil rights for people with disabilities.

Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)

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TBI and PTSD Often Go Hand-in-Hand
August 28, 2012
Depending on the cause of a person's brain injury like an assault or a combat injury, post-traumatic stress can also play a key role in the injury — and treatment.

Prevention

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Strengthening Neck Muscles Helps Prevent Concussion
August 30, 2013
Dr. Robert Cantu talks about ways kids can use simple resistance exercises to strengthen their neck muscles, which in turn helps them be less vulnerable to concussion.

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Heads Up: Preventing Concussion
By: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention | May 20, 2013
Learn how to prevent a concussion and, if one does occur, what symptoms to look for before calling your doctor.

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Common Pedestrian Injury Age Groups
By: BrainLine | June 28, 2012
For various reasons, discussed here, kids between 7-14 years of age and adults over 55-60 tend to get hit by cars more than other age groups.

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Pedestrian Injury Prevention Is Crucial
By: BrainLine | June 28, 2012
Programs to decrease the number of kids hit by cars when walking or biking involves education, enforcement, encouragement, policy change, and more.

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Learning to Cross the Street Is More Than Simple ABCs
By: BrainLine | June 28, 2012
Learning to look left, right, left is only the beginning when teaching kids a life-long habit of being a safe pedestrian.

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Recovery from Concussion in Students
By: Jeanne E. Dise-Lewis, PhD | May 8, 2012
Here are some ways you can make sure your brain makes a full recovery after you have had a concussion.

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Playground Safety
By: ThinkFirst National Injury Prevention Foundation | May 3, 2011
Learn how prevention can save lives and money.

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Roller Sports Safety
By: ThinkFirst National Injury Prevention Foundation | May 3, 2011
Stats about roller sports and injury as well as prevention tips.

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Equestrian Safety
By: ThinkFirst National Injury Prevention Foundation | May 3, 2011
Did you know that the highest proportion of injury events involving multiple injuries are due to riding animals?

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Water Safety
By: ThinkFirst National Injury Prevention Foundation | May 3, 2011
Did you know that a child can drown in an inch of water? Learn how to keep safe near water.

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Keeping Kids Safe ... and Stimulated
By: BrainLine | February 7, 2011
It's crucial to find a balance between keeping your child safe and allowing her to explore her world.

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What Every Parent Should Know About Their Baby and Brain Injury
By: Dr. Jane Gillett | Ask the Expert | December 27, 2010
Babies should be treated as carefully as smartphones.

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8 Top Tips for Safe Summer Sports
By: BrainLine | June 1, 2010
Eight easy ways to keep your summer adventures safe and exciting!

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Shaken Baby Syndrome
April 5, 2010
Learn about shaken baby syndrome and mild traumatic brain injury in young children. New Mexico's Aging and Long-Term Services Department with funding from the State of NM and the US Health Resources and Service Administration. Used with permission.

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Preventing Childhood Falls
By: Safe Kids Worldwide | March 31, 2009
Falls can happen fast and easily. Learn how to keep your child safe.

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Preventing Injuries to Children Riding Bicycles
By: Safe Kids Worldwide | March 31, 2009
Helmets — and education — are crucial for keeping kids safe on bikes.

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Síndrome del bebé sacudido
By: Estado de Nueva York Departmento de Salud | Spanish | January 1, 2008
¡Jamás, nunca sacuda a un bebé! Información sobre el síndrome del bebé sacudido, los signos y síntomas y cómo prevenir que no sucedan lesiones como éstas.

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Prevention
By: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention | September 1, 2006
Learn how to prevent TBI — from wearing a seatbelt to to using nonslip mats in the bathtub.

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Los niños y su seguridad al montar en bicicleta
By: Administración Nacional de Seguridad del Tráfico en las Carreteras | Spanish | August 1, 2006
Esta hoja informativa ofrece consejos sobre la conducción segura y las normas de seguridad del tráfico.

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Which Helmet for Which Activity?
By: US Consumer Product Safety Commission | March 29, 2006
All helmets are not created equal. Learn what to choose to prevent head injury.

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Safe ATV Operation: Frequently Asked Questions
By: Lisa Decker | February 1, 2006
Learn the standard guidelines, legal requirements, manufacturers' recommendations, and state regulations for ATVs.

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Violence Prevention Tips
By: Compiled by Kristi Denkeler | January 1, 2006
You can never be too careful. Information about shaken baby syndrome, elder abuse, youth violence, and more.

School Issues

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How Schools Can Help Kids with TBI
May 2, 2014
Clinical psychologist Mariann Young talks about the myriad ways schools can help kids with TBI — from providing note-takers to assigning a lunchtime buddy.

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Letter to My Child's Teachers and Administrators
By: Karen T. | Personal Stories | March 4, 2014
"Please remember that he is just a 9-year-old boy who has come through more than many of us can truly understand."
 

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Using Technology as a Learning Tool for Kids with Brain Injury
Personal Stories | November 15, 2013
Nicole Wight says using an iPad and a TouchStart computer has helped her son with severe brain injury make significant strides in his learning.

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In the Classroom: Traumatic Brain Injury … What Teachers Should Know
By: The Center on Brain Injury Research and Training, University of Oregon | August 15, 2013
What questions should teachers ask when working with a child with a brain injury?

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In the Classroom: Positive Behavior Supports
By: The Center on Brain Injury Research and Training, University of Oregon | August 14, 2013
Teachers need to be proactive in dealing with students with TBI who present challenging behaviors.

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In the Classroom: Academic Accommodations to Minimize Frustration and Encourage Success
By: The Center on Brain Injury Research and Training, University of Oregon | August 14, 2013
Students with TBI can be easily frustrated with academic tasks. Here are ideas for teachers and parents.

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Helping Teachers Working with Children with TBI
August 13, 2013
Teachers and staff need a knowledge and understanding of brain injury and what modifications kids with a brain injury may need in order to help their students most effectively.

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Being Flexible and Creative in Helping Children with TBI Navigate School
August 13, 2013
Dr. Ann Glang talks about how school teachers and staff in collaboration with parents can help a child with TBI have a fulfilling and successful experience during school and beyond.

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How Parents Can Best Work with the Teachers of their Child with TBI
August 13, 2013
Dr. Ann Glang talks about how parents can approach and work with teachers to ensure success in school for their child with brain injury.

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At Home and at School: Working as a Team to Help a Child with TBI
August 13, 2013
Listening, showing empathy, being respectful, and opening up to creative collaboration are all key ways parents and teachers can work together to help a child with brain injury.

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With TBI, Sometimes We Don't Know What We Don't Know
August 13, 2013
Families and schools need to communicate in order to make sure potential injury-related learning problems are not overlooked in a child with TBI.

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How Schools Can Prepare to Work with Children with TBI
August 12, 2013
Kids with TBI have similar challenges to kids with other disabilities, but they also have uneven skill profiles, meaning they may be strong in one area or academic subject but deficient in another.

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In the Classroom: Friendship and Peer Acceptance
By: The Center on Brain Injury Research and Training, University of Oregon | August 12, 2013
Help students with TBI maintain what friendships they can and replace those that will inevitably end by providing structures of support.

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Helping Adolescents with TBI Transition to Independence
July 2, 2013
Dr. Juliet Haarbauer-Krupa talks about her research working with teens with TBI and their parents on readiness for transition to independence.

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What Can Students with TBI Do If They Flunk Out?
July 2, 2013
Dr. Juliet Haarbauer-Krupa outlines several strategies to help high school and college students if they are not succeeding academically.

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Learning How to Learn in College, Especially After a Brain Injury
July 2, 2013
The most successful students with TBI in college are those who know their strengths and weaknesses, how to ask for help when they need it, and how to put the focus on how to learn they can rather than how they can't.

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Using Schools as a Resource After a Brain Injury
July 2, 2013
Although states and school systems vary, schools can be great resources for kids with TBI — and their parents. Support services can range from 504 plans and special ed to transition plans for teens.

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Partnerships Among Schools, Parents, and Medical Facilities Can Be Beneficial
July 2, 2013
Dr. Juliet Haarbauer-Krupa talks about how parents and schools can partner with medical facilities to better understand how a brain injury can affect a student socially, behaviorally, and academically.

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Educating Parents and Students on Academic Needs Post-TBI
July 2, 2013
Everyone wants to see a teen with TBI graduate with his class, but not tapping into all available support services like special ed or vocational rehab before graduating can set that person back later.

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College Students with TBI Need to Learn How They Learn Best
July 2, 2013
To succeed in college, students with TBI need to learn what specifically they need in order to do well academically.

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School-Based Plan for Student Support
By: Jeanne E. Dise-Lewis, PhD | May 8, 2012
Proper rest and any needed accommodations at school are necessary for recovery during the first 6-8 weeks after a concussion.

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Accommodations Guide for Students with Brain Injury
By: Jeffrey Kreutzer, PhD and Nancy Hsu, PhD | October 27, 2011
A brain injury can often harm a student's important academic abilities like reading, arithmetic reasoning, vocabulary, writing, and spelling. Learn what accommodations are available in school to help.

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Identifying a TBI: A Teacher's Role
By: BrainLine | May 5, 2011
Teachers are often the first to notice that something may be wrong with a student from a hit during sports.

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Simple Ways to Help Your Child Succeed in School After a TBI
By: BrainLine | March 15, 2011
Simple strategies like keeping a set of books at school and another at home can make an enormous difference for your child at school with a TBI.

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Returning to School After TBI
By: Paul Wehman, PhD, and Pam Targett, M. Ed | February 10, 2011
You know your child best. Parental involvement is crucial for a child with TBI returning to school.

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Effective Instruction: Optimizing Outcomes Following ABI
By: Laurie Ehlhardt, PhD, Patricia Sublette, PhD, and Ann Glang, PhD | October 13, 2010
Learn how systematic instruction can make all the difference for students — and adults — with brain injury.

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Tools and Resources for Educators Working with Kids with TBI
By: Brainline | July 29, 2010
Learn about the tools out there — from traumatic brain injury 101-type information to specifics on how to develop a student's individualized education plan.

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Recognizing a Child's Early TBI Later in the Classroom
By: Brainline | July 29, 2010
Sometimes problems don't surface until elementary school for kids who sustain a TBI early in childhood.

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Transitioning to Adult Life for Kids with TBI
By: Brainline | July 29, 2010
Studies are being done to find the best ways to help kids transition from the hospital back to school and from school to adult life.

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School-Based Assessment of Executive Functions
By: The Teaching Research Institute-Eugene | July 1, 2010
Learn why assessing a student should never rely on a single test or measure.

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What is Needed for a TBI School Evaluation and Who Should Evaluate?
By: The Teaching Research Institute-Eugene | July 1, 2010
Learn what a TBI school evaluation entails — from  pre-injury performance to psychosocial assessments.

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Back to School After a Concussion
By: Pat Sublette, Oregon TBI Education Coordinator | July 1, 2010
Addressing cognitive, academic, or behavioral issues in students with TBI early will help with school success.

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Challenges for Students Following Brain Injury
By: The Teaching Research Institute-Eugene | July 1, 2010
Learn what problems can affect student with TBI — from issues with perceptual motor skills to problems with communication.

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Reentry to School After a Concussion or Closed Brain Injury
By: The Teaching Research Institute-Eugene | July 1, 2010
Students returning to school after a TBI need formal and consistent tracking.

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What Schools Need to Know About Children with Brain Injury
By: BrainLine | June 8, 2010
Children spend about six hours a day at school. Educating teachers about a child's need after TBI is crucial.

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Students with TBI: Learn About the IEP/504
By: Brain Injury Partners: Navigating the School System | June 1, 2010
Know your rights as a student with a TBI; schools have systems in place to help.

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Recurrent Issues for Parents of Students with TBI
By: The Teaching Research Institute-Eugene | June 1, 2010
It's a cliché, but knowledge is power. Learn what you need to know to help your child in school.

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Common Classroom Issues of Students with TBI
By: The Teaching Research Institute-Eugene | June 1, 2010
TBI-related problems in school can range from word-retrieval difficulties to impulsivity.

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Targeting Teachers in Treating Brain Injury in Children
May 25, 2010
Ninety-nine percent of services kids will need after a TBI will be in the school setting. Teachers are key.

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Is Your Child the Class Troublemaker or Does He Have a Traumatic Brain Injury?
May 25, 2010
Medication intervention in pediatric brain injury is complex and controversial. Learn more.

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Heads Up to Schools: Know Your ABCs — for Teachers, Counselors, and School Professionals
By: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention | January 1, 2010
Learn your Concussion ABCs.

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Heads Up to Schools: Know Your ABCs — for School Nurses
By: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention | January 1, 2010
For school nurses, know your Concussion ABCs.

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Transitioning Back to School After a TBI
By: Carolyn Rocchio | Ask the Expert | September 1, 2009
Laws and services available to help your child return to school.

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Helping Your Child Return to School Successfully
By: Nancy Hsu, Taryn Stejskal, and Jeffrey Kreutzer | June 19, 2009
Your child may be entitled to certain services and supports.

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Working with Schools
By: The Beach Center on Disability | March 31, 2009
Build a strong family-school connection.

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Parents’ Guide to the Transition of Their Adult Child to College, Career, and Community
By: HEATH Resource Center | January 1, 2009
Help your child return to school and life after brain injury.

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What Is the Situation for Children with TBI?
By: Mount Sinai Medical Center | July 25, 2008
The effects of TBI on children differ from the effects on injured adults.

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Teaching Techniques
By: BrainLine | Research Update | July 1, 2008
Find out what studies show about teaching strategies for children TBI.

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General Information for Parents and Educators on TBI
By: The Teaching Research Institute-Eugene | January 1, 2008
Must-know information for parents and educators.

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Medical Complications from TBI
By: The Teaching Research Institute-Eugene | January 1, 2008
The body almost always heals faster than the brain after injury.

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If You Suspect a Student Has a TBI
By: The Teaching Research Institute-Eugene | January 1, 2008
Does your student get lost changing tasks in the classroom? Does he show signs of fatigue or irritability? Learn what signs can indicate a TBI.

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Feeling Safe at School: How New Technologies Can Help
By: National Center for Technology Innovation | January 1, 2008
Social and emotional conditions at school are crucial, especially for kids with brain injury or other disabilities.

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Classroom Interventions for Students with Traumatic Brain Injuries
By: Julie M. Bowen | January 1, 2005
There is a lot to know about helping children with TBI successfully return to the classroom.

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Integration of Neuropsychology in Educational Planning Following Traumatic Brain Injury
By: Peter L. Stavinoha | January 1, 2005
Educators need to know what to look for and how to help students with TBI.

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Traumatic Brain Injury: Perspectives from Educational Professionals
By: J. Darrell Mohr and Lyndal M. Bullock | January 1, 2005
Learning to live with neurological deficits.

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The Great Leap Forward: Transitioning into the Adult World
By: Ronald C. Savage | January 1, 2005
Learn about services to support students with TBI before and after they leave public school.

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A Student's Guide to the IEP
By: The National Information Center for Children and Youth with Disabilties | January 1, 2002
It's your education; be part of its planning after a brain injury.

Speech & Language Therapy

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Pediatric Traumatic Brain Injury
By: Roberta DePompei | February 22, 2011
The effects of a TBI in childhood are not fully realized right away and, in fact, new challenges can emerge after the individual has become an adult.

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Creative Community Involvement to Prevent TBI
By: Amy Skinder-Meredith | February 22, 2011
Learn how one SLP uses melons, swim caps, and brain-shaped chocolates to teach kids how to prevent a TBI and all the communication problems that can come with one.

Sports Injuries

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Briana Scurry's Letter to Young Soccer Players
By: Briana Scurry | Personal Stories | February 25, 2014
Soccer great Briana Scurry writes an open letter to young athletes about her love for soccer and the importance of taking concussions seriously.

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What “Friday Night Tykes” Can Teach Us About Youth Football
By: Elizabeth Eckhart | January 29, 2014
Why do some parents and coaches think it's okay to let 9-year-old kids get hit in the head over and over in football practices and games?

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Why Are Kids at Greater Risk of Sports Concussion than Adults?
August 30, 2013
Dr. Robert Cantu explains why the brains of children are more vulnerable to concussion — from nerve fibers in the brain that are more easily torn apart to the size discrepancy between their large skulls and little necks.

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A Concussion Is Too Serious to "Play Around With"
August 30, 2013
Dr. Robert Cantu explains in no uncertain terms that the brain is not replaceable and if a concussion is mismanaged, it can lead to permanent injury.

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What Does a Thorough Baseline Test Entail?
August 30, 2013
Dr. Robert Cantu talks about the importance of athletes having a comprehensive baseline test and neurologic assessment at the start of the season, and how those tests should ideally be administered.

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Weighing the Risks and Benefits of Youth Sports
January 9, 2013
The benefit of sports for kids far outweigh the risks, especially if athletes, coaches, and parents realize sports are for fun and health, they are not a career.

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Ahead of the Game
By: Rosemarie Scolaro Moser, PhD | December 6, 2012
Learn more about the good and bad news about identifying and treating youth concussions.

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One Key Action Parents Can Take to Keep Their Young Athletes Safe
October 23, 2012
From bike to football helmets, parents should check their children's sports equipment each year to make sure it fits properly and meets current safety standards.

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Keeping Youth Athletes Safe Whether on Rural or Urban Team Sidelines
October 23, 2012
Not every team has a medical expert or athletic trainer on the sidelines to test players after a suspected concussion. But there are simple guidelines and resources to help.

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30 Second Message to Help Prevent Sports-Related Brain Injury
September 27, 2012
Tell young athletes to keep an eye on their teammates. If a player seems impaired from a head to the head, they need to speak up to get that teammate safely off the field.

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The Next Big Steps to Help Prevent Sports-Related Concussions
September 20, 2012
Christopher Nowinski explains that big concussions in sports are finally being appropriately diagnosed, but 80-95% of the "littler" ones are still going undiagnosed.

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No Need to Subject Kids to Repetitive Brain Trauma in Sports
September 20, 2012
Until contact sports are safer, Chris Nowinski would hold off as long as possible before letting his future children play games where repetitive brain trauma is commonplace.

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More Findings About Chronic Traumatic Encephalopathy
September 20, 2012
There are limits to how many times a ball player can throw a ball before damaging his shoulder, but there are no limits to how many times an athlete can get hit in the head without permanent damage.

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Christopher Nowinski on the Nuances of Brain Injury in Children
September 20, 2012
Research shows that TBI in children is far worse than in adults — with longer recovery time and greater future risk. New rules and awareness are helping but there's more work to be done.

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Head Games, the Film
By: Directed by Steve James, Produced by Bruce Sheridan and Steve James, Variance Films | September 13, 2012
A powerful documentary that explores the question, “How much of you are you willing to lose for a game?”

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First On-Field Soccer Impact Study
By: Jean Rickerson | June 5, 2012
Collisions. Headers. Goalpost run-ins. What contributes most to the frequency of concussions in the soccer?

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Being Strict with Return-to-Play Guidelines
By: BrainLine | April 16, 2012
An athlete should never be returned to play after a concussion until all symptoms have been resolved and he or she has been cleared by a licensed provider.

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High Index of Concussion Suspicion Needed on the Sidelines
By: BrainLine | April 16, 2012
Concussions can be subtle and often invisible. That's why coaches, parents, and teammates need to have a high index of suspicion.

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Dr. Julian Bailes: Should We Be Worried About Subconcussive Blows in Sports?
By: BrainLine | April 16, 2012
More research is needed to determine if subconcussive blows — repetitive hits to the head not diagnosed or suspected as concussions — are deleterious.

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Dr. Julian Bailes: The Pros of Contact Sports
April 13, 2012
Kids should play contact sports for many positive reasons but not if the kid has had three or more concussions.

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Tracy's Story: The End of an Athlete's Career
By: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention | Personal Stories | October 24, 2011
"If you think you have a concussion, don't hide it, report it ... I didn't know it could get this bad."

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A Mother's Intuition
By: Victoria Tilney McDonough | Personal Stories | July 27, 2011
After her son sustained a TBI while playing football, one mother took the ball and ran with it to raise awareness.

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How Many Concussions Are Too Many for a Young Athlete?
By: Jane Gillett, MD | June 20, 2011
Err on the side of caution; “when in doubt, sit it out.”

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REAP the Benefits of Good Concussion Management
By: Karen McAvoy, PsyD | June 3, 2011
A guide for every family, school, and medical professional to create a community-based concussion management program.

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The CDC's Heads Up! Toolkits
By: BrainLine | May 5, 2011
Free for teachers, parents, coaches, and kids, learn about the CDC's Heads Up! toolkits.

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Professional and Youth Sports Leagues Work Together for Safety
By: BrainLine | May 5, 2011
Many professional sports have supportive alliances with youth sports. Learn how the CDC helps.

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Recommendations for Young Athletes
By: BrainLine | May 5, 2011
Youth athletes need to be removed from play and evaluated by a TBI specialist after a hit to the head.

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Making Kids' Sports Safer
By: BrainLine | March 15, 2011
Blatant hits and fouls are not necessary in kids' sports; rule changes could make sports safer.

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Return to Play Guidelines
By: BrainLine.org | October 20, 2010
An athlete should not return to play until all of his symptoms — physical and cognitive — have cleared up.

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Should You Let Your Child Play Contact Sports?
By: BrainLine.org | October 20, 2010
A doctor/parent talks about trying to find a balance between the benefits and dangers of letting his children play contact sports.

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Sports and Concussion: “When in Doubt, Sit It Out”
By: Dr. Jane Gillett | August 1, 2010
Suggestions for keeping young athletes safe in games where helmets are not required.

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Opinion: Surgeon Tackles Brain Injury in Youth Sports
By: Alexander Powers, MD | August 1, 2010
Would you let your young kids play contact sports? Read what one father/pediatric neurosurgeon has to say about sports concussions.

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ACTive: Free Concussion Training for Sports Coaches
By: The Oregon Center for Applied Science, Inc. | July 1, 2010
An indispensable and absolutely must-use tool for all coaches — from peewee to pro sports.

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How Can Parents Help Educate Their Children’s Coaches About Concussion?
By: Janet Brown | Ask the Expert | June 1, 2010
Don’t worry about seeming like an overprotective mom or dad … share your knowledge and keep your child safe on and off the field.

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Why Is It So Hard to Keep Cheerleaders Safe?
By: BrainLine | February 1, 2010
Cheerleading is a real sport with real injuries like brain injuries. It's time to take notice.

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Concussion and Sports: Know Your Game!
By: The Teaching Research Institute-Eugene | August 1, 2008
Concussions are like snowflakes — not one is exactly like another.

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Concussions: Is Your Young Athlete at Risk?
By: The Children's Medical Center of Dayton | April 1, 2008
Learn why letting a child return to play after a concussion can be extremely dangerous.

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Head Games
By: Christopher Nowinski | Personal Stories | January 1, 2007
America's favorite sport — football — has a serious problem.

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Heads Up: Concussion in Youth Sports
By: By the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (2007) | January 1, 2007
This toolkit teaches coaches, athletes, and parents how to play it safe.

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Atención: Concusión cerebral en los deportes de la escuela secundaria (hoja informativa para los atletas)
By: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention | Spanish | February 1, 2005
La conmoción cerebral puede ocurrir sin que la persona pierda el conocimiento.  Esta hoja informativa ofrece información a los atletas sobre prevención, reconocimiento y reacción frente a una conmoción.

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ATV Safety Fact Sheet
By: Lisa Decker | January 1, 2005
These 600+-lb. vehicles can be fun, but dangerous. Learn more.

Substance Abuse

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One Bad Decision
Personal Stories | January 4, 2010
Michael Nepola was loving life as a high school kid. Then he made one bad decision: to drink and drive. Telling his story, he beseeches people not to make the same mistake he did.

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One Bad Decision
By: Michael Nepola | Personal Stories | January 1, 2009
"Don't let this happen to you" — Watch one young man's story of his brain injury.

Thinking / Cognitive Symptoms

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BrainSTARS: Organization
By: Jeanne E. Dise-Lewis, PhD, Margaret Lohr Calvery, PhD, and Hal C. Lewis, PhD | October 1, 2013
Parents and teachers of students with organizational weaknesses from TBI need to help them set up and maintain organizational systems.

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BrainSTARS: Planning
By: Jeanne E. Dise-Lewis, PhD, Margaret Lohr Calvery, PhD, and Hal C. Lewis, PhD | October 1, 2013
For kids with TBI who have trouble with planning, adult help is often required to anticipate and organize events, projects, and chores.

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Pediatric Cognitive Rehabilitation and School
August 9, 2013
Hospital Executive Amy Mansue talks about her pediatric cognitive rehab program that is set up like a school to help a child with TBI deal with issues like frustration in addition to regular academic work.

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BrainSTARS: Mental Flexibility
By: Jeanne E. Dise-Lewis, PhD, Margaret Lohr Calvery, PhD, and Hal C. Lewis, PhD | February 1, 2013
A child who is not mentally flexible has trouble responding appropriately to changes in routine. Here are some options for success.

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BrainSTARS: Initiation
By: Jeanne E. Dise-Lewis, PhD, Margaret Lohr Calvery, PhD, and Hal C. Lewis, PhD | November 9, 2011
When a student has trouble putting his thoughts into action he is probably not “unmotivated,” “disinterested,” or “lazy.”

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BrainSTARS: Praxis
By: Jeanne E. Dise-Lewis, PhD, Margaret Lohr Calvery, PhD, and Hal C. Lewis, PhD | November 8, 2011
People with "praxis" means having difficulty with active motor planning. Motor sequences, which were once automatic, need to be relearned.

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BrainSTARS: Expressive Language
By: Jeanne E. Dise-Lewis, PhD, Margaret Lohr Calvery, PhD, and Hal C. Lewis, PhD | November 8, 2011
Children with expressive language difficulties need help participating in social and academic activities. Learn more.

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BrainSTARS: Non-Verbal Learning
By: Jeanne E. Dise-Lewis, PhD, Margaret Lohr Calvery, PhD, and Hal C. Lewis, PhD | November 8, 2011
Children with a nonverbal learning disorder lacks ability to learn and generalize from everyday experiences. Learn more.

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BrainSTARS: Attention
By: Jeanne E. Dise-Lewis, PhD, Margaret Lohr Calvery, PhD, and Hal C. Lewis, PhD | September 9, 2011
Remember that your child or student does not choose to not pay attention. Here are tips for parents and teachers to help.

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BrainSTARS: Word Retrieval
By: Jeanne E. Dise-Lewis, PhD, Margaret Lohr Calvery, PhD, and Hal C. Lewis, PhD | September 9, 2011
Learn how to help students with brain injury find the words they are looking for — at home and at school.

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BrainSTARS: Judgement
By: Jeanne E. Dise-Lewis, PhD, Margaret Lohr Calvery, PhD, and Hal C. Lewis, PhD | September 9, 2011
Poor judgement is a result of thinking problems, and is not intentional.

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BrainSTARS: Mental Processing Speed
By: Jeanne E. Dise-Lewis, PhD, Margaret Lohr Calvery, PhD, and Hal C. Lewis, PhD | September 9, 2011
Accommodate a child with TBI's slow mental processing with environmental supports. You will see the difference!

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BrainSTARS: New Learning
By: Jeanne E. Dise-Lewis, PhD, Margaret Lohr Calvery, PhD, and Hal C. Lewis, PhD | September 9, 2011
Use classroom performance, not global scores on intelligence and achievement testing, as your guide to instructional objectives and modifications for kids with TBI.

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BrainSTARS
By: Jeanne E. Dise-Lewis, PhD, Margaret Lohr Calvery, PhD, and Hal C. Lewis, PhD | September 9, 2011
BrainSTARS offers many short articles for teachers and parents to help their child make the leap back into life following a brain injury.


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