Modeling shockwaves through the brain
MIT News / September 30, 2014
MIT researchers have developed a scaling law that predicts a human’s risk of brain injury, based on previous studies of blasts’ effects on animal brains. The method may help the military develop more protective helmets, as well as aid clinicians in diagnosing traumatic brain injury — often referred to as the “invisible wounds” of battle.
Autopsy shows Chiefs LB Belcher had CTE damage
The Washington Post / September 30, 2014
An autopsy performed one year after Kansas City Chiefs linebacker Jovan Belcher fatally shot his 22-year-old girlfriend and killed himself found signs of chronic traumatic encephalopathy, the degenerative brain disease found in athletes and others with a history of repetitive brain injuries.
A Doctor Unlocks Mysteries of the Brain By Talking And Watching
NPR / September 29, 2014
When someone develops a serious brain problem, Dr. Allen Ropper says, it can be like falling down a rabbit hole and entering an Alice-in-Wonderland world — where nothing looks or works the way it's supposed to. A neurologist's job is to find a way to understand the odd landscape of a damaged brain, he says.
Brady Hoke defends handling of injured QB Shane Morris
USA Today / September 29, 2014
Hoke is bound to be aggressively queried on his staff's handling of quarterback Shane Morris early in the fourth quarter, when Morris took a massive hit and appeared wobbly, showing concussion-like symptoms.
Taylor Twellman questions FIFA concussion proposal
USA Today / September 29, 2014
Taylor Twellman sat in a broadcast studio in Brazil watching the championship match of the World Cup, preparing for his halftime analysis on ABC. When he saw how referees and coaches reacted to German Christoph Kramer's head injury, he was not surprised.
Making The Case 'Against Football'
NPR / September 26, 2014
Steve Almond's blistering book Against Football: One Fan's Reluctant Manifesto is exactly what it advertises itself to be: an exasperated, frustrated, wide-ranging argument that the time has come to abandon football — particularly but not exclusively the NFL — as a sport built on violence, racism, economic exploitation of poor kids, corrupt dealmaking with local governments over stadiums, and a willingness to find it entertaining to watch people suffer brain damage.
Brain repair 'may be boosted by curry spice'
BBC News / September 26, 2014
A spice commonly found in curries may boost the brain's ability to heal itself, according to a report in the journal Stem Cell Research and Therapy.
The Age-Old Old Age Problem
Newsweek / September 25, 2014
On October 15, 2004, in Al-Qaim, on the Iraq-Syria border, a suicide car bomber drove into an armored vehicle filled with five American soldiers. Matthew, then 21, was the only survivor. He was rushed to an Army hospital in Baghdad, where he received emergency brain surgery.
Six years ago,he moved into an apartment complex managed by a brain rehabilitation group with staff available 24/7. The community is part of the Assisted Living Pilot Program for Veterans With Traumatic Brain Injury (AL-TBI), a federal program that ensures veterans with moderate to severe TBI receive care, therapy and enhanced rehabilitation.
NFL Faces Repeated Blows from Hollywood in Concussion-Centered Films
Variety / September 25, 2014
Hollywood is warming up to tackle the National Football League with several projects that focus on concussion-related brain injuries among players. Each of the works could shed new light on the most contentious issue plaguing both the sport and the league.
Brain Trauma Extends Reach Into Soccer
The New York Times / September 24, 2014
Bellini, a Brazilian soccer star who led the team that won the 1958 World Cup, had a degenerative brain disease linked to dozens of boxers and American football players when he died in March at age 83. At the time, his death was attributed to complications related to Alzheimer’s disease. But researchers now say he had an advanced case of chronic traumatic encephalopathy, or CTE.
Fifa to discuss three-minute stoppage for player concussion
The Gaurdian / September 23, 2014
A proposal allowing for a three-minute stoppage if a player suffers a suspected concussion will be discussed this week by Fifa’s executive committee. The guidance comes from Fifa’s medical committee and will be presented at the executive committee’s meeting on Thursday and Friday.
How well do you know the signs of concussion?
Philly.com / September 23, 2014
Concussion injuries have been in the news a lot lately and many medical institutions are taking a hard stand on when kids can go back to play or even school after a brain injury. From a parent’s or a coach’s perspective, what should you know about concussions?
Nebraska veteran who suffered traumatic brain injury couldn't heal until he shed his shame
Omaha World-Herald / September 22, 2014
Ryan Sharp has been through hell, but last month he thinks his life has turned a corner.
He was diagnosed with traumatic brain injury, traced to a vehicle accident in Iraq almost a decade ago. He didn’t even remember it had happened until he got together a few weeks ago with an Army buddy who suffered a bad head injury in the same crash.
“When I found out it was (brain) damage — well, I can’t fix it, but I can deal with it,” Sharp said. “It’s a comfort to know that now, instead of fumbling in the dark, I have this team of people helping me, showing me what will work.
Did LeSean McCoy Have A Concussion? Eagles Star Takes Hit To Head, Fans Erupt
Forbes / September 22, 2014
LeSean McCoy, the Philadelphia Eagles’ star running back, took a blow to the head at 1:37 PM EST on Sunday September 21.
That’s not in dispute.
What happened next is.
PTSD symptoms light up specific parts of brain
CBS News / September 22, 2014
Imaging technology sheds new light on how certain symptoms of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) manifest in the brain, according to a new study.
UEFA Introduce New Rules on Head Injuries to Players
BBC / September 19, 2014
UEFA, the governing body for European soccer, has adopted a new procedure allowing referees to stop matches for up to three minutes to assess head injuries when a concussion is suspected.
After traumatic brain injury, a young man’s astounding recovery
The Washington Post / September 16, 2014
Speedy treatment and the support of friends contributed to a recovery that astonished doctors.
Do MLB teams need to take concussions more seriously?
MassLive / September 16, 2014
Play through as much pain as you can. It's a long season and as Aug. and Sept. roll around most managers will often say the same thing: Nobody is playing at 100 percent. That's fine. It's part of the game. Play through a bruise here, a sore muscle there. But for any concussion-related symptoms, do baseball players need to change their outlook?
New test detects concussion impairments that may be overlooked
Pittsburgh Post-Gazette / September 16, 2014
Researchers at UPMC and the University of Pittsburgh have developed a simple new test that can detect symptoms of a concussion current tests often miss. The new test concerns the vestibular ocular system, which is responsible for integrating vision, balance and movement. It’s what allows us to keep our eyes focused and stable when we move our head around. It’s located in the vestibulum of the inner ear.
Army Col. spends time at Camp Legeune to raise TBI awareness
Defense Video & Imagery / September 16, 2014
Army Col. Sidney R. Hinds, the national director of the DVBIC visited Marine Corps Base Camp Lejeune to tour the TBI and hospital facilities aboard base. Hinds is responsible for overseeing all aspects of the organization’s mission, which is to ensure service members receive state-of-the-art medical care. He also visited to discuss the initiative, “A Head for the Future,” which is designed to promote TBI awareness, education and prevention.
NFL says a quarter of players will end up with brain problems
Reuters / September 15, 2014
About one in four National Football League players are likely to end up suffering dementia, Alzheimer's disease, Parkinson's disease or other cognitive impairments during their lifetime, according to a report filed in court by the league's lawyers.
New Brain / PTSD Center Opens
NBC News / September 15, 2014
Fort Campbell cuts the ribbon on $11 million Intrepid Spirit Center to treat traumatic brain injury and psychological conditions, the third of nine planned facilities, financed by private donations.
Group of Ex-Players Asks Court to Intervene in NFL Concussion Case Settlement
The New York Times / September 12, 2014
The winding three-year legal battle against the N.F.L. over its handling of concussions took an unusual turn Wednesday when seven former players argued that a federal appeals court should intervene in a proposed settlement before it is made final. Steven Molo, a lawyer for the players, told a panel of three judges that the deal, which includes a promise by the N.F.L. to pay an unlimited amount for players with severe neurological conditions, was significantly flawed because retirees with other medical problems would receive no money. The judges, Molo argued, need to remedy this defect because appealing the settlement after it is made final months from now will lead to even further delays in getting money to players in need.
Compound Protects Brain Cells After Traumatic Brain Injury
Iowa Now / September 12, 2014
A new class of compounds has now been shown to protect brain cells from the type of damage caused by blast-mediated traumatic brain injury (TBI). Mice that were treated with these compounds 24-36 hours after experiencing TBI from a blast injury were protected from the harmful effects of TBI, including problems with learning, memory, and movement. Traumatic brain injury caused by blast injury has emerged as a common health problem among U.S. servicemen and women, with an estimated 10 to 20 percent of the more than 2 million U.S. soldiers deployed in Iraq or Afghanistan having experienced TBI. The condition is associated with many neurological complications, including cognitive and motor decline, as well as acquisition of psychiatric symptoms like anxiety and depression, and brain tissue abnormalities that resemble Alzheimer's disease.
The Brutal Mechanics of a Bike Crash Will Convince You to Wear a Helmet
Gizmodo.com / September 11, 2014
Bike wrecks happen fast. In two milliseconds—that's one-hundred-times quicker than a blink of an eye—a regular ride can turn into a disastrous noggin-buster. If you ever doubted the importance of strapping on a helmet before you roll out, cycle giants Giro explain what happens to your head and the mechanics of a crash. Collisions can be made up or two types of forces—linear and rotational—but more often than not are a crushing combo of both. Skulls are our natural main brain protection, but even these are buffered by a thin cover of cerebrospinal fluid and then a scalp on top of that, which creates a kind of "sliding layer."
Michael Schumacher Moved Home to Continue Rehabilitation
The New York Times / September 10, 2014
The family of Michael Schumacher, the 45-year-old former Formula One champion, said Tuesday that he had been moved from a hospital in Lausanne, Switzerland, to the family estate 25 miles away on Lake Geneva. They also said that efforts to rehabilitate him after the severe brain injuries he suffered while skiing in France nine months ago “will continue from now on from home.” The move home had been expected since reports began circulating in the weeks after Schumacher’s accident at the Meribel resort on Dec. 29 that his wife, Corinna, was planning to build a fully-equipped clinic on the family’s estate at Gland, which is situated on the shore of Lake Geneva midway between Geneva and Lausanne.
Device Can Rapidly Test Soldiers, Athletes for Brain Injuries that Otherwise Could Go Unnoticed
The Huffington Post / September 9, 2014
A device in development may soon be able to make identifying brain injuries in emergency medical circumstances much easier, a new study suggests. And private donors investing their wealth thoughtfully are largely to credit. BrainScope announced on Aug. 26 that a peer-reviewed study by New York University School of Medicine and the Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine found that its product, which can diagnose traumatic brain injury (TBI) by being placed on and connected to a patient's head to gauge brain function, has clinical potential. While the device is currently unavailable commercially, BrainScope claims the handheld, rapid, non-invasive and non-radiation emitting device could be implemented for military use in war zones, as well as for athletes who may suffer from concussions in contact sports.
The NFL Dodges on Brain Injuries
The Atlantic / September 8, 2014
As the National Football League season kicks off, the sport’s most significant contest isn’t happening on the field. Rather, it’s taking place in federal court, where a group of former players has challenged the proposed settlement of a class-action brain damage lawsuit filed against the league. Whether you’re a diehard fan or utterly indifferent to football’s charms, a practicing neuropathologist or someone who can’t distinguish a concussion from a toothache, you might want to pay attention. Because the outcome of the legal battle won’t just affect NFL owners and retirees. To the contrary, the concussion settlement is a matter of public health—and potentially, significant public cost.
Researchers Isolate Process that Damages Lungs of Donors with Traumatic Brain Injury
Medical Xpress / September 4, 2014
Few people would guess that some of the most detrimental damage from a traumatic brain injury is to the lungs, but transplant specialists are keenly aware of this phenomenon. Indiana University research published Sept. 3 in Science Translational Medicine sheds light on the potentially lethal process. Research conducted by an interdisciplinary team co-led by Fletcher A. White, Ph.D., the Vergil K. Stoelting Professor of Anesthesia, and David S. Wilkes, M.D., executive associate dean for research affairs and director of the Center for Immunobiology at the Indiana University School of Medicine, found evidence of fluid accumulation in the lung within hours after head trauma. The fluid limits the ability of the lung to oxygenate the bloodstream; this is particularly relevant in the case of a donor lung, which may become unsuitable for transplantation. Signs of the fluid leakage in the lungs are clearly evident within four hours after the head injury, and at 24 hours, the lungs' ability to oxygenate the blood stream is reduced nearly 80 percent.
Junior Seau's Family Opts Out of NFL Concussion Settlement
The Huffington Post / September 4, 2014
The family of Junior Seau has opted out of a proposed NFL legal settlement with former players over concussion-related injuries. The family will continue its wrongful death lawsuit against the league. Seau, a star linebacker for 20 seasons who made 11 Pro Bowls, committed suicide in 2012. "We have tried to communicate it that it is not satisfactory and all we met were deaf ears," the family's lawyer, Steve Strauss, told The Associated Press on Wednesday. "The settlement does not include any value at all for the claims of his four children. Or the loss of his companionship or the loss of his future earnings."
Sports Concussions in Kids Preventable by Game Changes, Doctors Say
CBC News / September 4, 2014
Concussions in children are a public health issue, but preventable by instituting game and rule changes that eliminate head contact, Canadian doctors say. "Our children should have the right to play at all levels of skill in an environment without fear of brain injury from intentional ‘win at all costs’ violence, or unrecognized repetitive trauma," say Dr. Ross Upshur of the Dalla Lana School of Public Health at the University of Toronto and Dr. Paul Echlin of Elliott Sports Medicine Clinic in Burlington, Ont., in a commentary titled "Sport-related minor traumatic brain injury: A public health ethical imperative to act."
Bipartisan Support for the Traumatic Brain Injury Reauthorization Act
The Huffington Post / September 3, 2014
With Republicans and Democrats divided on so many policy issues, it is gratifying to see the parties agree on an approach to a serious public health problem -- traumatic brain injury (TBI). In June, the House of Representatives unanimously passed H.R. 1098, the Traumatic Brain Injury Reauthorization Act (TBIRA), legislation to reauthorize programs that will provide resources for those with traumatic brain injury while also affording an investment in education and research around traumatic brain injury prevention. The bill now moves to the Senate, where we hope it will receive equally favorable treatment. Traumatic brain injury affects nearly 2 million Americans each year, of all ages and all walks of life. Those with TBI include our nation's war fighters, children and teens injured while playing sports or in car crashes, and seniors hurt in a fall.
New Study Shows Poorer Outcomes for Minorities Suffering from Traumatic Brain Injury
The Legal Examiner / September 3, 2014
A recent study by the Kessler foundation has raised a new issue in the battle to treat traumatic brain injury: ethnicity. The study, published in Neurorehabilitation, found that minorities do not have the same success rates in long-term treatment as Caucasians. The minority population in the U.S. is growing and along with it is the rate of traumatic brain injury (TBI). Unfortunately, traditional treatments appear to lead to health disparities among minorities and poorer long-term outcomes. Why? The answer isn’t clear at this point, but the researchers who conducted this study concluded that a better treatment paradigm would take into account the ethnicity, language, religion, and even sexual orientation of the patient.
Using Massage to Ease Traumatic Brain Injury Symptoms
Massage Today / September 2, 2014
The Brain Injury Association of America states that traumatic brain injury (TBI) is the leading cause of disability and death in children and adolescents nationwide. The age groups most at risk for brain injury are newborns through age four and teens from 15 to 19 years of age. Every year, an average of 564,000 children are treated for brain injuries in the emergency room and 62,000 children with brain injuries are hospitalized. This is a staggering amount of children suffering with chronic symptoms that often do not have a definitive treatment in mainstream medicine.