A concussion is a blow or jolt to the head that can change the way your brain normally works. Also called a mild traumatic brain injury, a concussion can result from a car crash, a sports injury, or from a seemingly innocuous fall. Concussion recovery times can vary greatly. Most people who sustain a concussion or mild TBI are back to normal by three months or sooner. But others have long-term problems remembering things and concentration. Accidents can be so minor that neither doctor nor patient makes the connection.
Concussion: Frequently Asked Questions from Parents
It's scary for parents after their child has a concussion. Having answers helps with that fear.
Heads Up: Preventing Concussion
Learn how to prevent a concussion and, if one does occur, what symptoms to look for before calling your doctor.
Ahead of the Game
Learn more about the good and bad news about identifying and treating youth concussions.
Infographic: TBI in Kids and Teens Can Impact School Performance
Did you know that US emergency departments treat more than 170,000 sports- and recreation-related TBIs, including concussions, in children and teens, each year? Learn from and share this important infographic.
A Portable Device to Detect TBI on the Sidelines
Learn about a new low-cost, portable device to detect possible neurocognitive symptoms after a TBI.
No Need to Subject Kids to Repetitive Brain Trauma in Sports
Until contact sports are safer, Chris Nowinski would hold off as long as possible before letting his future children play games where repetitive brain trauma is commonplace.
More Findings About Chronic Traumatic Encephalopathy
There are limits to how many times a ball player can throw a ball before damaging his shoulder, but there are no limits to how many times an athlete can get hit in the head without permanent damage.
Christopher Nowinski on the Nuances of Brain Injury in Children
Research shows that TBI in children is far worse than in adults — with longer recovery time and greater future risk. New rules and awareness are helping but there's more work to be done.
Just a Few Knocks on the Head: The Concussion Conundrum
This is a tale of two boys from very different backgrounds who had one very important thing in common. They were both mad about rugby — and they both suffered from concussion.
Being Strict with Return-to-Play Guidelines
An athlete should never be returned to play after a concussion until all symptoms have been resolved and he or she has been cleared by a licensed provider.
High Index of Concussion Suspicion Needed on the Sidelines
Concussions can be subtle and often invisible. That's why coaches, parents, and teammates need to have a high index of suspicion.
Dr. Julian Bailes: Should We Be Worried About Subconcussive Blows in Sports?
More research is needed to determine if subconcussive blows — repetitive hits to the head not diagnosed or suspected as concussions — are deleterious.
Tracy's Story: The End of an Athlete's Career
"If you think you have a concussion, don't hide it, report it ... I didn't know it could get this bad."
REAP the Benefits of Good Concussion Management
A guide for every family, school, and medical professional to create a community-based concussion management program.
Return to Play Guidelines
An athlete should not return to play until all of his symptoms — physical and cognitive — have cleared up.
What Does Post-Concussive Syndrome Look Like in Children?
Learn what to look for in babies, young children, and adolescents.
The Emotional Consequences of Concussion
Lots of rest, sleep, and reduced stress are crucial for a child recovering from a mild TBI.
Reentry to School After a Concussion or Closed Brain Injury
Students returning to school after a TBI need formal and consistent tracking.
Does the Label “Concussion” Change Treatment?
Kids who are diagnosed with a “concussion” might not be getting the care they need.
How Can Parents Help Educate Their Children’s Coaches About Concussion?
Don’t worry about seeming like an overprotective mom or dad … share your knowledge and keep your child safe on and off the field.
Heads Up to Schools: Know Your ABCs — for Teachers, Counselors, and School Professionals
Learn your Concussion ABCs.
Heads Up to Schools: Know Your ABCs — for School Nurses
For school nurses, know your Concussion ABCs.
When Is It Safe to Return to Play After a Concussion?
An important new law evens the playing field.
Dr. James Kelly Talks About Children, Helmets, and Concussion
BrainLine sat down with Dr. Kelly to talk about how TBI affects children differently from adults, the use and design of helmets, and how parents can best deal with concussion in their child.
Acute Concussion Evaluation (ACE) Test
This screening tool can be used for the initial evaluation and diagnosis of people who have or may have had a concussion.
Concussion and Sports: Know Your Game!
Concussions are like snowflakes — not one is exactly like another.
Is the risk of sustaining a TBI greater for kids?
Concussion Recovery: Parents Play Important Role
Key steps for families to take.
America's favorite sport — football — has a serious problem.
Heads Up: Concussion in Youth Sports
This toolkit teaches coaches, athletes, and parents how to play it safe.
Atención: Concusión cerebral en los deportes de la escuela secundaria (hoja informativa para los atletas)
La conmoción cerebral puede ocurrir sin que la persona pierda el conocimiento. Esta hoja informativa ofrece información a los atletas sobre prevención, reconocimiento y reacción frente a una conmoción.
Atención con las conmociones cerebrales en las escuelas: Hoja informativa para los padres
¿Qué es una conmoción cerebral y cuáles son los signos observados por los padres o tutores?