Many people have sustained a concussion and walked away only to later find that their lives are somehow different after the injury. They may not realize that their changes in mood, behavior, and thinking abilities may have been altered by TBI. Because these invisible impairments tend to go undetected, they can often plague a person's life for weeks, months, or even years.
After a brain injury occurs, a number of cognitive symptoms can occur right away, while others can arise long after the injury.
Traumatic Brain Injury – A Lifetime of Recovery
I am a very average “TBI Guy.” I have ongoing memory challenges. Word-finding challenges and aphasia are my constant companions. Add a splash of vertigo and half a cup of tinnitus and you have the perfect recipe for a pretty average post-concussive life. And amazingly, today I am okay with that...
Parents and teachers of students with organizational weaknesses from TBI need to help them set up and maintain organizational systems.
For kids with TBI who have trouble with planning, adult help is often required to anticipate and organize events, projects, and chores.
What Are the Signs and Symptoms of TBI?
Symptoms of a TBI can be mild, moderate, or severe, depending on the extent of the damage to the brain.
Level of Executive Functioning Related to Outcome Post-TBI
Measuring outcome after TBI can be tricky, but oftentimes the state of the injured person’s cognitive abilities can shed the most light.
BrainSTARS: Mental Flexibility
A child who is not mentally flexible has trouble responding appropriately to changes in routine. Here are some options for success.
What About Cognitive Rehabilitation Therapy?
CRT may be like the proverbial elephant — it feels different to different people depending on their circumstances and perspective. But, it may be essential to quality of life for people with TBI.
When a student has trouble putting his thoughts into action he is probably not “unmotivated,” “disinterested,” or “lazy.”
People with "praxis" means having difficulty with active motor planning. Motor sequences, which were once automatic, need to be relearned.
BrainSTARS: Expressive Language
Children with expressive language difficulties need help participating in social and academic activities. Learn more.
BrainSTARS: Non-Verbal Learning
Children with a nonverbal learning disorder lacks ability to learn and generalize from everyday experiences. Learn more.
A Guide to Neuropsychological Testing
Neuropsychological testing can help you and your doctors better understand your injury and plan for the most effective therapy.
BrainSTARS offers many short articles for teachers and parents to help their child make the leap back into life following a brain injury.
BrainSTARS: Word Retrieval
Learn how to help students with brain injury find the words they are looking for — at home and at school.
Poor judgement is a result of thinking problems, and is not intentional.
BrainSTARS: Mental Processing Speed
Accommodate a child with TBI's slow mental processing with environmental supports. You will see the difference!
BrainSTARS: New Learning
Use classroom performance, not global scores on intelligence and achievement testing, as your guide to instructional objectives and modifications for kids with TBI.
Remember that your child or student does not choose to not pay attention. Here are tips for parents and teachers to help.
Recommendations for Cognitive Rehabilitation for People with TBI
Studies support the effectiveness of cognitive rehab after a brain injury.
Men and Women Fare the Same Cognitively After Brain Injury
Outcome after a brain injury looks about the same in men and women.
Post-Acute Adult Continuing Education After TBI
Cognitive rehabilitation is crucial for enhancing the lives of people with brain injury.
Cognitive Problems After Traumatic Brain Injury
Learn what cognitive challenges can come with a TBI and how to improve upon them.
The brain is incredibly complex — take an interactive journey to see how the brain works and what impact an injury can have.
Help for Undiagnosed Brain Injury
A childhood fall can cause problems later.
Internet-Based Cognitive Rehabilitation
Can instant messaging help people with brain injury?
Cognitive Rehabilitation for Children and Youth
Why collaborative partnerships work.
Why So Many Questions?
How to help when your loved one keeps repeating herself.
Disaster Readiness Tips for People with Developmental or Cognitive Difficulties
It's important to take steps to prepare before a disaster occurs, especially if you have a brain injury.
Memory and Brain Injury
Good ideas for improving your memory.
Initiation, Planning, Organization, and Brain Injury
How to get up, get going, and follow through with your plans.
Where Are My Keys?
Helpful strategies to keep track of your belongings.
Measuring Cognitive Fatigue After TBI
The brain may work harder post-injury.
Attention and Brain Injury
Ideas to improve focus and concentration.
Realizing the Extent of the TBI
How much insight do people have about their limitations?
Remembering to Take Action
Guidance on helping a friend follow through on his commitments.
Hoja de información: Cuidando a los adultos con deterioro cognitivo y de la memoria
Para las personas que sobreviven a un traumatismo craneal, son frecuentes los cambios de personalidad, el déficit de la memoria o el discernimiento, la falta de control sobre los impulsos y la baja capacidad de concentración.
Caring for Adults with Cognitive and Memory Impairments
Changes in thinking skills after a TBI often present special challenges for caregivers.
Impaired Cognition: Frequently Asked Questions
Learn more about cognition and what happens when it is impaired after a TBI.
Learning to Remember
Memory, one of the most important human functions, is often damaged after at TBI.
Exercise and Your Brain
Don't let your brain get flabby! Learn why exercising your brain is crucial for maintaining and improving cognition.
TBI Consumer Report: Peer Mentoring
Feel like nobody understands what you're going through?
Social Communication and TBI
Do you have a hard time communicating with your friends, family, or co-workers?
Managing Memory and Metamemory Impairments in Individuals with Traumatic Brain Injury
Learn what steps to take to improve your memory after a brain injury.
Blast Injury Basics: A Primer for the Medical Speech-Language Pathologist
Learn why air-pressure "blasts" can be so devastating to the brain.
Now What Did I Come In Here For? Strategies for Remembering What You’re Looking For
Forgetting what you are looking for is common problem after TBI. Here are some suggestions.