Depending on what part or parts of a person's brain are injured, the individual may experience significant behavioral and emotional changes. The frontal lobe, for example, helps govern personality and impulsivity. If damaged, there might be no "braking mechanism" for self-control. A person may find he cannot control his anger or aggression. He may also make inappropriate comments to friends or strangers not realizing they are off color.
Or the opposite might happen -- someone's personality may become muted or seemingly emotionless. This is called "flat affect."
Brain Injury & Depression: An Unexpected Outcome
My relationship with clinical depression goes back almost three decades. For reasons that even those intimately familiar with brain injury would be at a loss to explain, my depression virtually disappeared after my injury.
Survival Tips for the Holidays with a Brain Injury
With an injured brain, the holiday season can burden us with more fatigue, more stress and perhaps some sad emotions. We will be able to enjoy ourselves much more if we prepare ourselves for the holiday season. Here are some tips that work for me since my brain injury
Reaching Back in Time – a Message to My Younger Self
Summer is such a fun time of year. In fact, it’s my favorite season. What better time of year than to talk about suicide?
The Loneliest Season
"The truth is I was so lonely I was worried I was going crazy. At night, I would close my eyes and silently speak to the husband who no longer existed," writes caregiver Abby Maslin.
Letting Your Adolescent with TBI Have Independence with Limits
Clinical psychologist Mariann Young talks about how parents need to let their injured adolescent still be an adolescent while setting limits and creating a structure to keep the child safe.
The Risks of Wanting to Fit In as a Teen with TBI
"Kids with TBI are desperate to fit in with their peers, which can make them incredibly vulnerable," says clinical psychologist Mariann Young.
The Importance of Getting Your Teenager with TBI to Join a Support Group
It’s hard to get teenagers to do anything they fear will make them feel “other,” but a TBI support group will help during recovery.
Measuring Empathy and Sensitivity to Emotion in Adults Who Had a TBI in Childhood
In this study, researchers looked at the long-term effects of emotional sensitivity in adults who had sustained a TBI as children.
Even Small Improvements Post-Brain Injury Can Help the Body and the Mind
Rehabilitation to help with functional skills may help with depression as well.
What Is the "Concussion Dilemma"?
What type of parental response will best assure a child’s complete recovery from a concussion?
Finding Validation in Support Groups After a Brain Injury
Dr. Herman Lukow talks about how support groups and club houses can help people with TBI find common ground as well as a place to learn to socialize successfully again.
Tapping into Skills of Resilience After a Brain Injury
Dr. Herman Lukow talks about learning new ways to face challenges after a brain injury.
The Positive Pessimist and Redefining Success After Brain Injury
Dr. Herman Lukow says that a person who was a pessimist before his injury will probably remain so after his injury, but by finding new interests and small jobs, positivity can slip in one step at a time.
Helping People with TBI Redefine Independence
Dr. Herman Lukow talks about helping people celebrate their small successes like being able to get involved in an activity they like or riding the bus to town.
What Is the TBI Model Systems' Resilience Adjustment Inventory?
Dr. Herman Lukow talks about the importance of studying resilience and the myriad tools to strengthen it in people with brain injury.
What Physical and Cognitive Rest Really Mean After a Concussion
Dr. Robert Cantu talks about how after a concussion the brain is in a metabolic crisis and, without rest, that crisis is exacerbated.
The Four "Baskets" of Concussion Symptoms
Dr. Robert Cantu explains the four "baskets" of concussion symptoms parents should know about: emotional, cognitive, sleep, and physical.
What Is "Systematic Desensitization" and How Can It Help People with TBI?
Sometimes it takes baby steps to help someone with TBI make successful changes in their routines.
Tackling Social Challenges for Children with TBI
Hospital Executive Amy Mansue talks about how rehab specialists can help kids with TBI and their families deal with the social challenges that can arise soon after the injury, but often more importantly, months or years after the injury.
How to Help People Who Have Trouble Coping with Their Brain Injury
Early screening for alexithymia following TBI might identify those most at risk of having difficulty coping.
Learning to Minimize Risky Behaviors for Teens with TBI
Dr. Juliet Haarbauer-Krupa talks about education and effective programs to help teens with TBI make positive choices.
Helping Teens with TBI Use Social Media Appropriately
Posting an inappropriate message on Facebook or inundating friends with texts can be social media pitfalls for any teen, especially those with a brain injury.
Ritualistic Behavior After a Brain Injury
Ritualistic behavior after a TBI is often associated with feelings of lack of control.
Why Does Everything Seem So Surreal After Brain Injury?
Some people with TBI may experience “depersonalization” and/or “derealization.” Read on to learn more.
Anger Following Brain Injury
Anger is a very common problem after a brain injury. Learn how to understand and deal with different kinds of anger.
What Is Emotional Flooding?
An injured brain needs rest. Without it, even the most mundane activities can overwhelm someone with TBI.
What Are the Signs and Symptoms of TBI?
Symptoms of a TBI can be mild, moderate, or severe, depending on the extent of the damage to the brain.
The Most Costly, Least Effective Treatment for Brain Injury
Sadly, the biggest single institutional provider for "treatment" for people with substance abuse, serious mental health disorders, and brain injuries are our jails.
BrainSTARS: Receptive Language
The difficulty learning from language alone may make it appear as if the child with TBI is not listening.
BrainSTARS: Mental Flexibility
A child who is not mentally flexible has trouble responding appropriately to changes in routine. Here are some options for success.
BrainSTARS: Regulation of Emotion
During calm moments, teach your child some alternate strategies to use when she is angry or frustrated.
Remember that disruptive behavior is always more likely when a child is tired or in a situation that is stimulating, unstructured, or confusing.
"If You've Seen One Brain Injury, You've Seen ONE Brain Injury"
When Dr. Taryn Stejskal meets with couples, first she listens to their story then works with them to form strategies that work for their individual issues.
The Many Benefits of Family or Couples Therapy After TBI
Family or couples therapy after a TBI can help with strategies but can also address some of the issues the family or couple may have had prior to the injury.
The Importance of Constituent-Specific TBI Support Groups
Joining a TBI support group with others dealing specifically with the same issues can make a world of difference.
The Process of Dealing with Loss and Grief After a Brain Injury
Sometimes people come to think of acceptance as a dirty word, but learning to grieve for the old person and embrace the new one post injury is crucial.
Brookhaven Hospital Helping People with Neurobehavioral Syndrome
Brookhaven, an inpatient psychiatric hospital, often has patients with TBI and a history of co-morbid issues like PTSD, depression, personality disorder, and severe behavioral problems.
Study to Determine Lifetime Prevalence of Brain Injury Among Prisoners
A substantial proportion of prisoners reported having experienced a TBI during their lifetime, something that could impact their success once released.
Understanding Your Child's Behavior After a Severe Brain Injury
As children with severe TBI move from childhood to adolescence to adulthood, their needs and wants change; behavior problems can serve the function of drawing attention to a changing need.
The Capgras Delusion: You Are Not My Wife!
Injury to the brain can result in a person believing close relatives are imposters. This phenomenon is called the Capgras Delusion.
Study Suggests "Anger Self-Management Training" Is Beneficial After Brain Injury
People who have both problematic anger and cognitive impairment after TBI may benefit from specific psychoeducational treatment.
What You Need to Know: Symptoms of Concussion
The signs and symptoms of concussion are evident soon after the traumatic event, while you may only become aware of others days or weeks later.
How to Deal with a New, Angrier Version of a Beloved Husband and Father?
Family counseling is crucial to help everyone deal with the emotional effects of a brain injury.
Monitoring Athletes Symptoms After a Concussion: Verbal Questions or Written Questionnaires?
What is the most effective way to track recovery from concussions in athletes?
Planning Ahead After a Brain Injury is Related To Better Outcomes
Learn why it's better to "plan" than "avoid" after a brain injury.
BrainSTARS: Adolescent Self-Regulation
Despite their age, adolescents with self-regulation difficulties after brain injury require the amount of supervision and structure typically provided for younger children.
Everything You Wanted to Know About Counseling After Brain Injury But Were Afraid to Ask
Life after a brain injury can be overwhelming for both the survivor and family members. Learn how counseling can help.
If I Look So Good, Why Do I Feel So Bad?
The fact that brain injury is often an invisible injury can be painful. Learn how to react to people's questions and comments.
Recognizing Other People’s Facial Expressions Can Be Hard for People with Brain Injury
An inability to perceive others’ emotions can make communication and social interactions difficult.
Why Do Some People Develop Psychiatric Disorders After a Brain Injury?
Psychiatric disorders are common and often debilitating after a brain injury. Learn who is more at risk.
Stress Management: How to Reduce, Prevent, and Cope with Stress
Stress affects everyone, but it can be worse for people with a brain injury. Here are some indispensable, general strategies.
Mental Illness and Brain Injury Are Not a Dual Diagnosis
Often, behavioral and emotional symptoms are a result of a TBI and should be treated as such.
Why Is Depression the Number One Symptom After a Brain Injury?
Some 20-60% of people with a TBI experience depression soon after the injury or even years later. Learn why it's so prevalent.
When Depression Is Not Depression After a TBI
Fatigue, problems with sleep or concentration, and lack of energy or interest may be their own symptoms, not depression.
Make Sure to Get Appropriate Help and Treatment After a TBI
Being aware of symptoms post TBI is crucial to getting the appropriate medical treatment.
Learn Why Aggression, Irritability, and Depression Are Common After Brain Injury
Changes in or damage to the brain make emotional and behavioral issues common after a TBI.
Stress Symptoms in Relatives After Severe Brain Injury
Post-traumatic stress can affect a person’s family members, too.
Traumatic Brain Injury Among Homeless Persons
Information on improving the ability to identify, assess, diagnose, treat, house, and create aftercare services for homeless people with TBI.
Coping Skills and Self-Esteem Are Important After a TBI
A study looking at the implications of self-esteem and recovery after a TBI.
What Does a Neuropsychologist Do, Exactly?
Neuropsychologists look at the interplay between what a person's brain does and how he acts in his life -- emotionally, physically, socially, and so forth.
Normal Tantrum or Signs of a Brain Injury?
How parents can work with their child’s doctor and school in case of an undiagnosed brain injury.
Hallucinations and Delusions After a Brain Injury
Can certain medication, social isolation — or both — cause psychiatric problems for someone with a TBI?
Flat Affect and Brain Injury
A brain injury can sometimes limit a person’s ability to express emotions — temporarily or permanently.
Comorbid Emotional and Behavioral Conditions of TBI
The third of a four-part podcast series for healthcare professionals who are NOT specialists in brain injury.
Understanding Everybody's Behavior After Brain Injury: Don't "Don't"
Behavior can be one of brain injury’s most perplexing challenges. Learn more.
Why Does My Wife Ask the Same Questions Over and Over?
Learn what perseveration is and how to cope after a brain injury.
Effects of Psychological and Biomechanical Trauma on Brain and Behavior
Learn more about combat-related psychological and biochemical trauma.
The Emotional Consequences of Concussion
Lots of rest, sleep, and reduced stress are crucial for a child recovering from a mild TBI.
Back to School After a Concussion
Addressing cognitive, academic, or behavioral issues in students with TBI early will help with school success.
Why Has My Sister's Personality Changed Since Her Traumatic Brain Injury?
Emotional regulation can be challenging after a brain injury.
Emotional and Behavioral Changes in Children After Brain Injury
Everything affects the outcome after a TBI -- from the severity of the injury to the ongoing support of family, friends, and community.
Risky Behaviors and Brain Injury
Therapeutic intervention can change lives.
Emotional Problems After Traumatic Brain Injury
Emotional changes can be very tricky after a brain injury -- for the injured person and his family.
Working to Improve Emotional Processing After Brain Injury
Treatment may help people with TBI decipher emotional clues.
Seasonal Affective Disorder and Brain Injury
Research is not conclusive, but we do know that the risk of mood disorders increases.
Motivation After a TBI
Behavior can change after a TBI. Learn the causes and how to help.
Interventions For Behavioral Problems After Brain Injury
Success in adapting to changes after injury depends greatly on support from your social network.
Building Relationships and Overcoming Loneliness
A brain injury doesn't mean you have to be alone. Take this self-assessment and learn skills to connect with people.
Coping with Loss and Change
Rate yourself and learn some helpful tips for life after brain injury.
Managing Crises and Stress Effectively
Remember: no one is immune, but these strategies may help.
Managing Intense Feelings
Learn how to use your emotions to your advantage.
Recognizing Others' Emotions After TBI
A difficult skill to teach.
BrainLine Talks with Dr. Jeffrey Kreutzer and Dr. Taryn Stejskal About Teaching and Maintaining Positivity and Hope
Having an optimistic outlook can make all the difference during recovery.
Neuroanatomy of Behavior After Brain Injury
You don't like my behavior? You'll have to discuss that with my brain directly.
Who Me? Self-Esteem for People with Disabilities
How to view yourself in a positive light.
Controlling impulsivity can be difficult for people with TBI.
Emotional and Physical Recovery Are Two Different Things
Helping to heal the whole person.
Dr. Tedd Judd Talks Incorporating Brain Injury and Cultural Background
The more doctors or therapists know about the background and traditions of their patients, the more effective they will be.
Dr. Tedd Judd Talks About Understanding Behavior Changes with TBI
Emotional and behavioral changes in a person after a TBI can be significant.
Caron Gan Talks About Working With Adolescents After Brain Injury
Adolescence is never easy. Hear how this family therapist works with young adults with TBI.
Caron Gan Talks About Spouses After Injury
Hear what this marriage and family therapist has to say.
Behavior and Personality Changes After TBI
Why is my loved one's behavior and personality suddenly different?
Educating Families About Behavioral Changes
TBI affects the whole family. Hear advice from a family therapist.
Socializing Safely After TBI
Helping an adult child move toward independence comes with risks.
The Nuances of Self-Awareness Post-TBI
A person's level of self-awareness after a brain injury can impact rehab.
Anger: Managing Intense Emotions
Why is anger so hard to handle after TBI?
What are the most effective ways to deal with challenging behavior in kids?
Understanding the meaning behind difficult behavior.
Differences in Expressing Emotion After Brain Injury
BrainLine talks with Dr. Maria Mouratidis about differences in expressing emotion after injury.
Learn how the A-B-C Chart for challenging behavior can help you.
Reducing Restraint and Seclusion of Individuals with TBI
Learn about the issues and behavioral challenges of individuals with TBI and the concerns about using seclusion and restraint on these individuals.
Positive Effects on Mood After Exercise
Learn how physical activity affects mood for people with TBI.
Brain Injury, Social Skills, and the Holidays
Carolyn Rocchio offers advice to prepare someone with a TBI for holiday party interactions with family and friends.
Brain Injury, Behavioral Challenges, and the Holidays
Worried about your loved one's behavior during the holidays?
Making Connections After Brain Injury: A Guide for Social Peer Mentors
A resource for social peer mentors.
Social Communication and TBI
Do you have a hard time communicating with your friends, family, or co-workers?
Breaking the Silence: Violence as a Cause and a Consequence of Traumatic Brain Injury
Ever wonder about the overlap between TBI and violence?
TBI Consumer Report: Peer Mentoring
Feel like nobody understands what you're going through?
Impaired Cognition: Frequently Asked Questions
Learn more about cognition and what happens when it is impaired after a TBI.
Brain Injury: Why Does My Loved One Act Out?
Learn more about the emotional and behavioral changes after a brain injury.
TBI Consumer Report: Coping with Post-TBI Emotional Distress
Learn why depression and anxiety are common after TBI.
How to Clean Up Stinking Thinking and Cope Better
Turn your negative thoughts into hopeful ones.
Behavioral Considerations Associated with Traumatic Brain Injury
Children with TBI need tailored care in the classroom.
Memory Matters: How and Where Can I Meet New Friends or People to Date?
Having a hard time making friends? You are not alone. Try these strategies.
Understanding Your Emotions
It's common — and understandable — to feel overwhelmed after a TBI.
TBI Research Review: Post-TBI Depression
Learn more about how depression and brain injury are connected.
Management of Behavioral Problems During Acute Rehabilitation of Individuals with TBI
Behaviorial issues can be significant challenges to rehab staff.
El enojo después de lesión cerebral
El enojo es un problema muy común que sobreviene a una lesión cerebral. Aprenda a comprender y a tratar los diferentes tipos de ira.