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Facts About Traumatic Brain Injury

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Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

Facts About Traumatic Brain Injury
More Information

What is a traumatic brain injury?

A traumatic brain injury (TBI) is defined as a blow or jolt to the head or a penetrating head injury that disrupts the function of the brain. Not all blows or jolts to the head result in a TBI. The severity of such an injury may range from "mild," i.e., a brief change in mental status or consciousness to "severe," i.e., an extended period of unconsciousness or amnesia after the injury. A TBI can result in short or long-term problems with independent function.

Traumatic Brain Injury Facts:

How many people have TBI?

Of the 1.7 million who sustain a TBI each year in the United States:

  • 52,000 die;
  • 275,000 are hospitalized; and
  • 1.365 million are treated and released from an emergency department.1

The number of people with TBI who are not seen in an emergency department or who receive no care is unknown.

What causes TBI?

The leading causes of TBI are:

  • Falls (35.2%);
  • Motor vehicle-traffic crashes (17.3%);
  • Struck by/against events (16.5%);
  • Assaults (10%); and
  • Unknown/Other (21%). 1

Blasts are a leading cause of TBI for active duty military personnel in war zones.2

Who is at highest risk for TBI?

  • Males are about 1.5 times as likely as females to sustain a TBI.1
  • The two age groups at highest risk for TBI are 0 to 4 year olds and 15 to 19 year olds.1
  • Certain military duties (e.g., paratrooper) increase the risk of sustaining a TBI.3
  • African Americans have the highest death rate from TBI.1

What are the costs of TBI?

Direct medical costs and indirect costs such as lost productivity of TBI totaled an estimated $60 billion in the United States in 2000.4

What are the long-term consequences of TBI?

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention estimates that at least 5.3 million Americans currently have a long-term or lifelong need for help to perform activities of daily living as a result of a TBI.5

According to one study, about 40% of those hospitalized with a TBI had at least one unmet need for services one year after their injury. The most frequent unmet needs were:

  • Improving memory and problem solving;
  • Managing stress and emotional upsets;
  • Controlling one's temper; and
  • Improving one's job skills.6

TBI can cause a wide range of functional changes affecting thinking, language, learning, emotions, behavior, and/or sensation. It can also cause epilepsy and increase the risk for conditions such as Alzheimer's disease, Parkinson's disease, and other brain disorders that become more prevalent with age.7,8

Collaborating Organizations

Brain Injury Association of America

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

Defense and Veterans Brain Injury Center

Health Resources and Services Administration

National Association of State Head Injury Administrators

National Brain Injury Research Treatment and Training Foundation

National Center for Medical Rehabilitation Research, NICHD, NIH

National Institute on Disability and Rehabilitation Research

National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke, NIH

North American Brain Injury Society

Social Security Administration


  1. Faul M, Xu L, Wald MM, Coronado VG. Traumatic Brain Injury in the United States: Emergency Department Visits, Hospitalizations and Deaths 2002–2006. Atlanta (GA): Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Injury Prevention and Control; 2010.
  2. Defense and Veterans Brain Injury Center (DVBIC). [unpublished]. Washington (DC): U.S. Department of Defense; 2005.
  3. Ivins BJ, Schwab K, Warden D, Harvey S, Hoilien M, Powell J, et al. Traumatic brain injury in U.S. army paratroopers: prevalence and character. Journal of Trauma Injury, Infection and Critical Care 2003;55(4): 617-21.
  4. Finkelstein E, Corso P, Miller T and associates. The Incidence and Economic Burden of Injuries in the United States. New York: Oxford University Press, 2006.
  5. Thurman D, Alverson C, Dunn K, Guerrero J, Sniezek J. Traumatic brain injury in the United States: a public health perspective. Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation 1999;14(6):602-15.
  6. Corrigan JD, Whiteneck G, Mellick D. Perceived needs following traumatic brain injury. Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation 2004;19(3):205-16.
  7. National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke. Traumatic brain injury: hope through research. Bethesda (MD): National Institutes of Health; 2002 Feb. NIH Publication No. 02-158. Available from: www.ninds.nih.gov/disorders/tbi/detail_tbi.htm.
  8. Ylvisaker M, Todis B, Glang A, et al. Educating students with TBI: themes and recommendations. Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation 2001; 16:76-93.

From the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. www.cdc.gov.

Comments [48]

All I can say is if you're a veteran try to get to DVBIC.  The folks are awesome >

Mar 1st, 2017 7:56pm

I had a concussion and symptom's were the same and even worse! I couldn't see any light. Now over two years later with lots of therapy and work slowly recovering.

Jan 21st, 2017 10:40pm

My 38 year old son had a work comp injury August of 2015. A big pipe hit him in the head. The side of his head swelled up really bad. They didn't send him to a doctor until a month later when I told him to get to the emergency room that he had a concussion but he ended up throwing up, getting headaches, then two months later he had a seizure and he couldn't remember what happened for 10 minutes. Now they had an EEG done with all the wires on his head. There's abnormal T on the left side of the brain, he's lost his memory off and on, and has anger issues now. Because he seen a psychiatrist and neurologist and they have him on all this medication because he's in depression and diagnosed him with a "neurological disorder" they called it. My son is changed. I don't know what happened to him. Can someone here give me any light that this concussion can do this to your brain like this? I think it's the medication because of anger issues but he also has severe headaches all the time. He's on medication for that. He couldn't sleep at night so now they have him on Ambien to sleep, Klonopin, and some other brain medicine for serotonin balance. I just don't know who my son is anymore. They've diagnosed him with post-concussion syndrome. We do have an attorney but I'm wondering will he ever get his memory back? They have him going for cognitive therapy and psychotherapy counseling. I just can't believe a concussion can cause a brain injury like this and he's only 38 years old. Please if anybody's had anything like this is there hope? Is there light at the tunnel? Will we be able to be normal again?

Jan 7th, 2017 10:28pm

I'm 47. Suffered a TBI 18 months ago. I haven't had any help from any organization. In my opinion it's been thrown under the carpet and and I've been left in a black hole to get on with it by myself.

Jan 7th, 2017 9:05pm

Hello everyone, I suffered a TBI about 5 years ago, doctors gave me a 5% chance of survival. I find a few complications now but am mostly recovered. After reading through the comments I think I'm doing better than most people who have one, thanks to all the help from the people at Clearview brain injury center and the doctors from UW Wisconsin in Madison. All I can say to anyone out there with a TBI is hang in there, there is help and support groups to assist you.

Jan 3rd, 2017 2:19am

My daughter sustained a TBI in a car accident almost a year ago. Please look up Functional chiropractic. Otherwise known as neurological chiropractor. I found 32 in the state of Iowa, thank God! Also youtube Dr Ted Carrick, at Carrick institute. You will find hope I'm the midst of your darkest days. Best wishes!

Dec 19th, 2016 10:56pm

Can anyone give me recovery statistics or expectations for someone who gets a severe TBI at 57 years old?  That is my husband, and he is in residential rehab. He cannot remember anything day to day, and the rehabilitation facility has decided he has dementia - and cannot be rehabbed any further.  He is 16 months out from the accident.  I'm just trying to find something on the odds of him making more of a recovery than he is at now so I know how hard to fight. They want me to put him in a nursing home.  Thanks for any information.

Dec 19th, 2016 2:47pm

I can relate as well....I take a rubber band, put it around my wrist, when I get the urge to cry, I give it a lil snap....and I can do it where no one even notices, and it "snaps" me out of it... literally changes me in a FLASH

Nov 4th, 2016 5:37pm

I have had approximately 6 TBI's where I was unconscious for more than 5 minutes. The last one I was paralyzed, in and out of consciousness for 3-4 hours or so. Back in 2000 I showed symptoms mocking schizophrenia. I was under a lot of stress, I was taken off birth control cold turkey which will show psychotic type symptoms, and my spouse was going out with friends from college ( all females). The next thing I know SSA sent me an appt. to be evaluated. I showed all symptoms of head injury. I was crying and laughing at the same time uncontrollably, started accusing and blaming everything on my spouse, became insecure and went through a personality change again. My spouse has never tried to sit me down and talk to me because he doesn't believe I've had that many brain injuries. He is satisfied with the diagnosis of paranoid schizophrenia without any tests with medical equipment. Well, they are just now wanting to send me to a neurologist for testing. I was finally told that having olfactory hallucinations alone I have brain damage. Go easy on yourself and remember, you bot alone when you say you can't control your emotions and there is help it there but, I know it's hard to find. I have finally broke and am going to try seeing a psychologist to talk about every thing I have experienced. From delusions and hallucinations to emotional loss. Hang in there. You will eventually Find something that works for you. It does help to talk to someone that is a licensed professional on head trauma. Good luck. If you have a hard time with uncontrollable crying do this - when you feel like crying is about to happen move your bottom teeth and protrude them beyond your upper teeth and hold it there, It sounds impossible but it works!!! I find myself in public doing this often.

Oct 11th, 2016 3:48am

Has anyone used mild hyperbaric oxygen therapy to treat their PPCS/TBI's?

Oct 4th, 2016 8:55pm

I have only had like 3 or four documented concussions, only one severe enough to cause temporary amnesia, but 3 months ago I wrecked my motorcycle and took a fall straight to the helmet at around 95 or 100 mph. Because i was riding without insurance I didn't go to the hospital, (because I knew they would call the cops) life has been hell ever since. I can't remember any thing, I get angry over nothing, I cry uncontrollably and worse than any thing I can't remember anything. My memory loss is seriously jeopardizing my career, I lost the keys to the front door of where i work and even didn't show up to work  thinking it was my day off and it wasn't. I finally went to a doctor who referred me to a neurologist. I am so scared rite now, my life is centered around extreme sports and fitness. What if the neurologist can't figure out what is wrong with me, then what, am i just screwed now? Do you think these doctors can even help? Please leave a comment because I just want to hide and never come out.

Aug 22nd, 2016 3:38am

Where was all this information was back in 1976 when I enter in a state of coma for about two weeks?, I guess there was none in that year. I am glad TBI and PTSD patients have been researched more.
I'll be 45 years old tomorrow 27th, and on September 18th it'll be 40 years of my head trauma car accident, I was five years old then, what came after that incident was completely unexpected and difficult still in today's days, I guess as an adult now, with less suffering and more acceptance, but the pain remains. On day at a time I guess...
Thanks for posting this sort of information.

Jul 26th, 2016 9:06pm

Your site is informational indeed. I survived from TBI in 1994. With less than a percent chance of survival, recovering and re-entry into society is a miracle indeed.

You can google-search for 'Takalah Tan' to read articles and see documentary clips on my pre & post TBI episodes. Society need be inclusive of and help enable all Post-Acquired Brain Injury Survivors and their respective carers!

PABIS Takalah Tan


Jun 27th, 2016 10:42pm

I got attacked and was that part of my brain that got it, had fractured skull with fragment of skull pushing on my speech and language part which caused bleeding in the brain. Had slurry speech and couldn't move my right arm, got operated on and after it my full right side went paralysis. Now I'm researching and wanting to find out if any one has experienced the same ? Awful experience I have had. 5 years ago now I have just come terms with it ? ?

Apr 18th, 2016 5:05am

I had septicemia with a brain abscess. They put in a VP shunt for the resulting hydrocephalus.

Apr 18th, 2016 4:16am

Has anyone had experience with a TBI (left frontal lobe) after age 60? My brother was injured on 3/11/16. So far we have no response other than pain reflex. Looking for anything, positive or negative. Thanks in advance. 

Mar 20th, 2016 7:25pm

I am a 29 year old with a TBI. Specifically, 3 brain bleeds which are currently subsiding. Accident happened in August. Chic was drunk. I was asleep. Was in a coma for about a week. Collarbone is still fractured and dislocated. Anyway, I was involved in a fight the other day. Our pos neighbor, tackled my youngest brother. Naturally, I lost it. Does anyone know laws against fighting someone with a tbi? I don't sleep well,anyway, but I didn't sleep at all last night. I don't know if there are any. I'm just eager to find resolution, in the matter.

Dec 26th, 2015 12:27am

Thank you all for sharing . I am a TBI auto accident in 2013 . Thank goodness I had full auto insurance , this helped me get medical help where needed. We all must get society and medical folks knowledge that TBI is real and it is very different from another TBI . We need help, we can not be ignored. I never had head pain like this every day since 2013 . Also I am very fatigued by afternoon . And sleeping is a battle . Anger / frustrations is a battle I work on daily . And I must follow a schedule or I can't handle things . Which is new to me. I am sharing little about how much damage I had . I got help thank goodness , my husband has been there for. Please know TBI person still has love for everyone and Needs love . Hang on to each day, in hopes it gets better .

Dec 11th, 2015 9:01pm

Traumatic brain injuries are not understood by doctors in this country. No recall of an accident other than a medical report I have and severe headaches and collapsing and no sleeping either. My eyes and ears are not registering to my brain what I see or what I hear. Brain dead but the body is still alive. Died at the accident and was taken to resus. The brain died and was not dealt with in time so now each day is blank. I have been battling with the doctors but they don't understand. Just throw drugs at me and don't listen.

Nov 26th, 2015 5:44pm

I was born with forced caused T. B. I. I had seizures till I was nine and had some minor learning disabilities but my I. Q is high. I had odd symptoms as well. Hallucinations, emotional labile, but very athletic. Now I am having issues with memory and coordination . I am 55years old. I wonder If birth T. B. I can cause issues later in life.

Sep 26th, 2015 3:17am

"Mild" Traumatic Brain Injury is an oxymoron! The entire classification of TBI is in desperate need of being reformed to correspond with reality. 

Dr. Greg J. Maloney,Ph.D.

Sep 19th, 2015 2:09pm

God Bless TBI It is very diffiult for them, for both the patient and the one who takes care of them, family friends and spouses.  It is hard for everyone to understand why the brain may react in the way it does. I know because I am one. I look normal I am physically fine but my I am a TBI  from a car accident in High School many years ago and I try to mask it every time I do something STUPID its not on purpose my brain just does it I dont know why? hard on a 34 yr man. Seizures, emotional problems, No sleep. I still work full time  have have  a beautiful 4 yr old boy and beautiful wife I am crying out God bless TBI you dont know what its like

Jul 2nd, 2015 1:40pm

On April 30, 2015, my grandson was in a car accident. Law enforcement believes he were ejected from the vehicle at highway speed or approximately 70 to 75mph.  He has what the neurosurgeon termed a severe brain injury, bleeding in the stem and at least one lobe, but would you believe no broken bones. He's been in a come since; how much is sedative induced versus brain injury is uncertain. At this time, we're hoping for the best while understanding he may be way worse than we hope when he finally comes around. We can see 'signs' of mobility meaning he has reflexes working in his favor, whether or not his brain will be able to make the connection for him to controllably move his extremities could be a whole different story when he is comes around. The hospital staff has been wonderful and keeps us as up to date as possible on his situation. The PICU doc and neurosurgeon have advised us while there's hope, he will have along road of rehab/recovery ahead of him, but he's doing better than expected a this point.  What to think of that, I don't know.  At any rate, your stories have made me feel a whole lot better just knowing people can rehab & recover from some brain injuries or have at least been able to keep them controllable.  I'll be bookmarking this page so I can find you all whenever I need a little help coping. You're all awesome.  Keep sharing your stories of success.  You have no idea how much you've helped this grandma regain her hope. Thank you so much.  

May 5th, 2015 9:30pm

I also acquired Hydrocephalus from a Traumatic Brain Injury and have had 30 Brain operations so far in the ten years since I was first diagnosed. I hope and pray that is it but I know there are more operations in the future for me.

May 2nd, 2015 4:58am

My traumatic brain injury involves hydrocephalus and multiple shunt surgeries. I haven't seen any stories about brain injury do to medical problems or illness. I had meningitis and it developed into hydrocephalus . The doctors called it TBI for me due to my multiple brain surgeries to correct my hydrocephalus . When you look at an X-ray of my head you see this White knife like shape into the middle of my brain then a tube running down from the shunt to my stomach. I have severe memory problems and headaches , and emotional problems . I'm unable to drive now because if my slowed reaction time. I don't know if I'll need anymore brain surgeries . Anyway that's my story .

Aug 11th, 2014 12:47pm

Your definition of "serious" brain injury included amnesia. That makes sense to me, but does not fit my experience with the diagnosis of "mild" traumatic brain injury that I was given. I was "technically" unconscious for 40 minutes, but because the person who hit me delayed reporting the accident for 20 minutes, and then told police the accident had "just happened," the ER personnel were told I had been unconscious for 20 minutes. Since my recollection begins the next morning, I question whether I was ever conscious that night, and since the accident, my event memories (as opposed to memory for facts, which seems unaffected) is very limited. I do not remember details of my day by the end of the day, and after approximately two weeks, my recollections are limited to whatever I wrote in my journal. My journal has become my "memory" of events since my accident.

Despite the on-going memory problems and ever-increasing focusing difficulties, and despite a golf-ball sized 1/4-inch deep dent in my skull 2 inches above my left ear, and slightly behind it, my medical reports still show I had a "mild" TBI, and my current diagnosis is post-concussive syndrome. I spoke with the police who had been at the accident, and they did not expect me to survive, based on the amount of blood on the pavement. How is it possible that I was diagnosed with a "mild" TBI? (a rhetorical question)

Aug 3rd, 2014 6:18pm

God Bless!

Jul 28th, 2014 7:48pm

Family members and strangers alike are often unaware of what is happening with the TBI patient. If there are no obvious signs of the injury, people can be ruthless and unforgiving of the inability the person has. There is a lot of joking and making fun of people who can't perform how they used to and if they behave somehow inappropriate there is not much tolerance for it. For an adult with TBI, it is like a double injury being treated like a child along with the inability to do what they could before. There needs to be more education to the public about what happens to the brain injured.

Jul 26th, 2014 12:06pm

I am a true survivor of a TBI. 26 yrs ago I fell from a horse and woke up 3 weeks later. There has been alot of fallout from the emotional/mood changes ie..a 20 yr marriage, a 17 yr job however with a the strong support from medical, faith, family & friends live goes on. I didn't give up, don't believe in a can't attitude. Help is out there if you really want it. NEVER GIVE UP.

Jul 11th, 2014 2:50pm

Veterans, the military hospitals and medical centers are doing much better with TBI/ABI across the board, as well as the PTSD issue.  They seem to deal with more brain injuries than any other large entity that I know of, so we vets can tap into that source, if the drive isn't too far away.  Good luck and have a blessed night y'all.

May 6th, 2014 2:00am

I can relate to you all, I've had TBI related injuries 10+ years due to work injuries.  I'm taking a supplement to help my brain "come back," but have angry spurts.  Does anyone else have them as you heal?  It's embarrassing and humiliating.  I also learned at a workshop that TBI is acquired in youth, and ABI is acquired in adulthood, which mine was.  The 2 are treated differently, as they require different types of programs due to differences in children's and adults' brains.  Most folks don't know that, so won't recognize ABI year training program in S CA for regaining all we lost, though. 

The best program I know of is called the ABI Program, available in S CA.   I plan to be in it this summer.  It's extensive, and trains folks in ALL our areas of our deficits.  It's Mon-thurs mornings for 2 years.  Their centers are in Covina and Newport Beach, and new classes start every 2 months.  If interested, contact Celeste Ryan, Instructor/Cooordinator at 714-241-6214 for details.  You need to prove your TBI/ABI though.  Good luck and God bless you all, it's a tough road indeed!

May 6th, 2014 1:57am

My mother has had three fall each of them hitting either their side of her head on(1)on the back of her head. All of these were due to imbalance. Prior to the past three falls in the 2months she had fallen from getting out of bed too quickly,resulting in a fractured hip. She is 88 years old but has her "wits" and is very coherent. Only recently she has been put on meclazine for vertigo 12.5 mg tid Prescribed by a neurologist. This mg did not work. She also has what seems to be as a slight migraine. Primary doctor told her to take Tylenol for the headache,which he considered it to be the safest drug to take that can be tolerated due to her other medications,mainly cardizam atenolol diovan prodaxa. She was told to increase her meclazone to 25mg tid. On her first dosage of 25 mg of me calzone 25 mg she got ENEN more dizzy and her bp(which is normally high (diagnosed years ago for hypertension ) taking 160 mg if diovan. Her bp was kept in a good range taking this amount. But since her past three falls(one of which caused a triple bleed to her head,yet she had three ct scans showing improvement) at that time after her first really bad fall she reported dizziness and headaches however the past two "minor"??? Falls , she fell and hit the back of her head and another hitting her on the opposite side of her head with major bruising (but she was not on her prodaxa at this time ) now her bp is on the low side approximately 106/62,which is remarkable since she has always had hypertension. I'm confused and being her care taker don't know what to do if anything. She sleeps a lot in fact has had over 15 hours(and counting) of sleep this far since last night till now) Any guidance would be helpful she had been in the hospital and rehab and has been home with my husband and myself now for at least three weeks. This is where she had her past two falls as described hitting her head. One thing to mention is that i administrated her .5mg Xanax yesterday trying to help alleviate any stress related problems that may have been causing her headaches. Upon awakening for dinner last night after the Tylenol and Xanax (prescribed prn) she did not feel as dizzy and again ate two good meals one for lunch and another for dinner. My concerns are her drop in bp and sleeping so long ANY ADVISE

Jan 18th, 2014 12:21pm

My 12 year old jumped from a moving train on August 26, 2010. He was diagonsed with a severe TBI. Our days and months after the accident were long. What kept me from going crazy was my Faith. Believe it or not it does get better. It will be a long journey but God is with you. My son now is back to school in the 10th grade. I thank God every day for letting him be with us. My prayers go out to you and your family. Stay strong.

Nov 25th, 2013 12:39am

My 19 year old son was ejected from a motor vehicle crash and sustained fractured skull, severed artery to his brain, facial fractures, 2 brain bleeds deep in his brain, plus numerous other injuries, this just occurred on 10/09/2013, this is fresh and a whole new scarey LIFE however we are blessed he is alive and I just have got to say thank.God I found this website!!! Your kinda tossed around when u have no health insurance, but I'm grateful still... just thank you all so far your posts and comments are easing a bit of our worries...

Nov 17th, 2013 4:30pm

I had a major head and back injury 15 years ago. It happened at work yet the insurance company fought me all the way. I partially recovered for a while but growing symptoms like insomnia and cognitive difficulties have led to me losing my job and family. So now I must recover from a mental breakdown due to losing everything and not being able hold the same job because of age-physical ability. I seem to be able to find some resources for getting medication and support groups and even doctors yet there is a common piece of recovery missing. Shelter. It seems all the resources one needs are out there, food, clothing, but no shelter. No safe environment for one to work their way out of a situation and be rehabilitated. This lack of shelter situation makes the other resources useless. No progress can be made. Most family members cannot understand mental illness and have deep fear and stigma toward it. This leads us to the streets or a jail. Where we become criminals recovery becomes virtually impossible.

Nov 6th, 2013 6:16pm

Not in every way, but in many ways I'm a "better" person now, and I seem smarter....but in a couple areas I'm much more, or almost completely naive. I was wondering if something like this has happened to very many others? And has anyone figured out a more accurate and acceptible, understandable, less offensive way of explaining to people that "I have a TBI, and I'm retarded" or I say "I'm spethal"

Nov 5th, 2013 12:38pm

thanks a lot, when did you put this website up

Oct 9th, 2013 11:48am

9-7-07, I was rear-ended while on a Kawaski Ninja that I dont recall owning. With my sixth birthday/literal divine integration coming in less than a week, I am completely independent. Not so bad for a "permanent vegetative state". I will be learning Biblical Hebrew, not only to enrich my soul with the direct relations of my "homeboy". I dont know who might comment, however its worth a shot to meet someone like myself. So, LA CHAIM!!!!

Sep 3rd, 2013 10:31am

I appreciate your posting here - I work with multiple populations as well as TBI survivors. I am a Hospital Liaison for a Mental Health Agency and my biggest issue with TBI persons is finding appropriate placement options. These folks don't always have family or friends that they can reside with. A lot of TBI persons, especially if they have other mental health issues are likely to remain in psychiatric hospitals because there are no placement options available that will provide a structured supervised living environment for them. There are several folks that require 24 hour supervision and with the TBI Waiver requirements in effect presently - they also have to meet a PAS-2000 (Nursing Home Pass) in order to qualify for this Financial Assistance. Unfortunately, if your body is in good working condition - you don't qualify - even if your TBI is severe. I have written my states Legislative committee and have individually contacted several committee members with this issue. the best response I received was "We'll look into this issue and get back with you." This is NOT the response I was really looking for. I would appreciate Legislation to actually investigate the REAL issues with this population: 1) Lack of Community Support Services; 2) Lack of adequate Supportive Housing options for Homeless TBI survivors; 3) Redesign of the TBI Waiver program from excluding a severe TBI person because their body is "too healthy" to receive this benefit; and 4) Financial Assistance for TBI persons needing other Community Mental Health Services.

Nov 9th, 2012 8:33am

I specialize in TBI case research and summarization of medical information for trial. I feel like the part that no one talks about is that the stats are pretty favorable that the patient will develop future conditions from the accident that happened 20 years ago. I try to keep current on research as they do so much in other countries in terms of trying to repair affected areas of the brain with medication and other intervention and wonder why the US doesn't. If you are a Plaintiff in litigation, be your own best advocate and give the statistics to your attorney so they will make sure you have a settlement that provides for reasonably anticipated future medical care. Of course, no one knows who could develop what but there is a good argument that you will deal with new symptoms or illnesses in your lifetime if you have suffered a TBI. I have personally watched someone I cared about suffer from seizures, stroke-like episodes and episodes of confusion that include non relation of time and place, he suffered a TBI as a result of a motorcycle accident many years ago. His way of dealing with it was withdrawing from the world and most people. I wonder how many people there are like him who have no idea. For the cases that involve litigation, there needs to be a much bigger focus on future medical care.

Aug 3rd, 2012 12:28pm

"What causes TBI? The leading causes of TBI are: Falls (35.2%); Motor vehicle-traffic crashes (17.3%)" Silver, McAllister, and Yudofski in their book by 2005 have named Motor vehicles crashes as the first, and Falls as the second causes of TBI. Sarah, Psychology student, Iran

Jul 31st, 2012 11:15am

I received a pretty bad head injury when I was in Junior High and was in and out of consciousness for almost 20 minutes. When I returned to school I had a bad head ache and very little memory loss other than the incident and the time I arrived at the doctors office. Then I joined the military and I received several small head injuries while I was in the Service but none were of much concern to me.However, I did notice problems with headaches and worsening memory loss or an inability to recall events as clearly and with detail as I was able to when I was younger. When I retired from the service I had another severe head injury which left me walking around unconscious for several minutes (as I was told) and no memory of who I spoke to or what I said. Since then I have had severe headaches and increasing problems with my memory. I have a hard time concentrating or studying even-though I have been told I was normal. If this is normal it really sucks. How can I receive an assessment for brain injury? The only income I have is disability and a small retirement pension from the military, my insurance is Medicare and I am struggling in college classes. After I retired

Apr 30th, 2012 5:00pm

thank you for the helpful information. :D RAINBOWS RULE SAVE THE EARTH RECYCLE

Dec 13th, 2010 9:41am

I would like to cite many of|your informational sources as reference points on my Mesa College Acquired Brain Injury (ABI) website. These are very good informational sources.

Sep 5th, 2010 7:41pm

ThAnk U sO mUcH 4 yOuR hElP

Apr 8th, 2010 5:19pm

"TBI" Camps are needed to assist veterans and their families and help to restore self-confidence and a "can do" attitude. As a "TBI" recipient, I can attest to the 30-40 years that it took to restore my "can do" attitude on my own. I'm sure that our Nation's Wounded Warriors deserve much more. You can help by helping to create awareness and acceptance of the "TBI" enabled veteran (who fought and sacrificed to protect your rights and freedoms) by society - especially by the employer community.

Feb 19th, 2010 1:18pm

thank you so much for posting this!!!!

Feb 9th, 2010 1:58pm

Great traumatic brain injury facts and statistics. It really does impact a lot of people!

Sep 25th, 2009 2:42pm

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